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High Prices East. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
High Prices East. The present high prices of all kinds of provisions and produce abroad should serve as an encouragement to stock raisers, dairymen, grain growers, farmers and produce dealers of all kinds in our State. The war in Europe has created a larger demand, and its continuance has withdrawn the laborer from the field to other avocations, thus decreasing the crops, while an increased supply is needed. From a combination of circumstances not wholly explained, with increased crops, there is almost a certainty of high prices ruling for grains, flour, produce and provisions of all kinds, for some time to come, even till or after the new harvest. By reference to our extracts from New York prices, it will be seen that eastern markets rule higher than our own for flour, grain and produce. California can spare a largo amount of each and have enough left; and while we would urge a large shipment we would again urge shippers to look well to the condition of articles shipped, especially...
Land Titles. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Land Titles. One of the greatest obstacles to the improvement of our immense territory may now be considered as removed, and all those original claims like that of Fremont and Richie, may now be claimed from authority as already confirmed, for the same rules and principles that have been ap plied to those cases will be applied to all others, and in a brief time the difficulties will disappear, and peace, order and prosperity will take the place of riot, bloodshed and ruin. The generous proposition of General Sutter to those who have for years held his property, without rent, should awaken sufficient gratitude to bring them to a prompt and amicable adjustment. We learn that T. 0. Larkin, Esq.. a large land owner in Colusi, Butte and Sonoma counties, has manifested great liberality in the adjustment of claims. It is a pleasure also *o record the fact that C. M. Weber, Esq., of Stockton, has shown very great liberality to those who are upon the grounds lately confirmed to him. Acts lik...
Notices for the California Farmer,—April 20. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Notices for the California Farmer,—April 20. We have received from Messrs. Harper &amp; Bros.. of New York, the following works, just published by that House: "The Countess of Blessington,"—being the literary life and correspondence of the above celebrated lady, whose house was the favorite resort of the London literati, for some fifteen years. The above work is in two volumns, well got up and must be extensively sought for. M Prank," or " The Philosophy of Tricks and Mischief,"—being No. five of the series of story books for children, by Jacob Abbott. This is a very engaging book for the young reader, is neatly printed, and adorned by thirteen beautiful engravings. "Introduction to Practical Astronomy, with Astronomical Tables,"— by Elias Loornis. L. L. D., Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, in the University of the city of New York. Those investigating astronomy, whether for their own pleasure or otherwise, and particularly those engaged in government surveys...
Horticultural Exhibition—Fruits, Flowers, &c, &c. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Horticultural Exhibition—Fruits, Flowers, &amp;c, &amp;c. Ihe First Exhibition at the State Society's Rooms will take place on Saturday, June 2di The Exhibition will consist of fruits, flowers, vegetables, and other products of the seasons; and it is proposed by the Society to make mi monthly Exhibitions, if a sufficient interest is manifest. The Florists. Oaidoners, and Farmers are invited to contribute such specimens as they may have, and thus make known the products of the county and the State. The State Society's Rooms are located on Fourth street, between J and X streets, Sacramento city, where all who are interested are invited to visit. It is anticipated at these shows, a renewed and lively interest will be made manifest, as they will be offered free to all. The Rooms have been arranged and decorated, and appropriately prepared for these exhibitions, and it is hoped that the ladies of Sacramento and of the State, and strangers visiting Sacramento will find the...
The Fruit Trade. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
The Fruit Trade. Some thirty vessels are engaged in the fruit trade between New York and the West Indies. A much larger trade in fruits is carried on with ports in the Mediterranean, which supply annually something like seventy or eighty cargoes—principally oranges. The West Indian importations of last year are estimated as follows: 75.000 bunches of bananas from Baracoa, sold here at from $1 25 to $1 50 per bunch—s93,7so to $112,500; 2.000.000 Baracoa cocoanuts, sold at from $25 to $30 per 100—5500,000 to $600,000. twenty cargoes of pine-apples, from Matanzasand Havana, averaging 80,000 dozen per cargo, and sold at from $8 to $12 per 100—5128,000 to 192,000; 20,000 dozen St. Baits pines, sold at from $7 50 to $8 per 100—$18,000 to $19,200 ; 200.000 dozen from the Bahama Islands—sls,ooo to $10,000 ; ten cargoes of Havana oranges, averaging 350.000 at 3 cents each—slo,soo; have been received, thus far, the present season, the crop being more abundant than at any time during the last ...
Twelfth Legislative Agricultural Meeting. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Twelfth Legislative Agricultural Meeting. The ticelftti and concluding meeting of the series was held on Tuesday evening. The meeting was called to order by Mr. Flint, Secretary of the Board of Agriculture, who made some interesting remarks appropriate to the closing meeting. He felt that the discussions during the meetings just closing had been of an unusually practical and useful character, and that they had personally benefitted all who had listened to them; while the reports which had been published had been read and copied throughout .the length and breadth of the land. The subject for this evening's discussion, The Economy of Agriculture, was one which embraced all the practical details of farming, and not only those, but the broader question of the duty of the State to promote the interests of agriculture. He concluded by announcing His Excellency Governor Gardner, as the Chairman for the evening. The Governor, on taking the chair, expressed his interest in the cause of agric...
Home-made Bread. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Home-made Bread. Messrs. Editors : Your correspondent E. D. P., must have experienced much gratulation to find his important inquiry, how to bring butter in the winter, without spending three days in fetching it, so gratuitously and satisfactorily responded to by so many members of the Cultivator family ; and as good butter deserves good bread, 1 will go out of my way a little, for the purpose of bringing my mite to cast into your treasury. Now, is there one in one hundred of those who live in the country that does not advo cate the use of home-baked bread in preference to that obtained of the baker ? But is there one of all these who has not at times been disappointed in the expectation of obtaining it as it should be, in consequence of ill flavored, dark colored, bitter yeast 1 I trow not. Here it may be well to observe, I never use any " lightening "for bread but brewer's yeast, if that can be obtained by almost any means; knowing by painful experience the difference, when in the...
Butter-making. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Butter-making. Messrs. Editors: I would notice one very essential point in butter-making which has been entirely overlooked by your correspondents who have written upon the subject of late, and that is. good butter-cows. There is as much difference in cows as there is in hutter makers; these last may be improved, but cows which make white, soft butter, that is a long time coming, cannot; so they had better be sought out and put to some Other use. It is most generally the case, that poor hutter costs the most, on account of its being hard •Co churn, sell, or eat. I have practised butter making fifteen years, and am fully convinced of the truth of the above. Every new cow which comes on the place, and they come often, I give a fair trial by herself, and if she proves satisfactory; well; if not, she is put to some other use besides making butter. Ido not scald my milk, neither put stones or carrot juice in my churn ; only let me select my cows, and I can have good,, yellow, solid butte...
WHERE DWELLETH MUSIC ! [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
WHERE DWELLETH MUSIC ! Shk seeks a wild homo in the ocean's roar, In the floating breezes she lores to soar, In the moaning wind, in the waterfall— Oh, the spirit of music dwells in them all. This fairy being hath many a tone, And 'tis by her freaks that her pathway is known, For the blackbird's song in the rustling tree As the spirit passes grows firm and frco. Her presence is Mt with the deepest sway When the gorgeous daylight is passing away, And the ling'ring sunbeams their brightness cast, Each one in radiane outvieing the last— They rest on the church, and its towering spire Glows to the earth with a brightening fire; Then to the bruok, as it dunces so free, In the tiny streamlet a rainbow see. Though we cannot see her, I know she is nigh When twinkling stars are gemming the sky, And the glorious moon hi the silver-cloud Is sailing enwraped in her vestal shroud. Oh, there's solemn music at daylight's close In the hush of fair Nature's calm repose; Ye need not search lor that s...
BEAUTY. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
BEAUTY. Never yet was there the beauty That with time would not decay • Never yet was there the flower, Bowed by dew or washed by shower, On the heath or in the bower, But would droop snd pine away ; Never breeze, thuugh sweetly sighing Through the grove and o'er the plain, But had kissed the frail and dying That can never bloom again. Time and beauty chime together Till we press our childhood's hour; But when most we need the charming Of our graces, Tune's alarming Speed is all our grace disarming, And we chill bcueuth his puwer. Reason bows at beauty's shrine; Passion thinks her all divine; Men adore, admire, and love, O'er the earth for beauty rove; Find her but a tender flower Blooming in the sheltered bower ; Rive her from her parent stem — Gaze awhile upon her bloom— Gaze upou her hundred graces— Press her o'er and o'er again; But she dies in their embraces, Fleeting time her bloom erases, Time und sorrow leave their traces— Each is lord of beauty's reign. — Life Illustrated. ...
Sketches Connected with California History. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Sketches Connected with California History. PROLOGUE. [concluded.] And but yesterday, as we must put all in, was concluded by James Gadsden, engineer, soldier and minister*plenipotentiary at the city of Mexico, a formal treaty on the 30th day of December 1853, which surrendered unto the party of the first part, for and in consideration of the sum of ten millions of''pesos duros," paid unto the party of the second part, all that additional piece or tract of land adjoining and bounding on California and New slexico aforesaid, and commonlyknown in Spanish and Jesuit cronicles as " Piroeria Alta," and " Apacheria Bronco," and containing, a little more or less, 50,000 square miles of land, and abounding in gold, silver, copper, iron and lead, and fruitful in salubrious valleys of cotton, tobacco, tropical fruits, figs, grapes, olives, dates, almonds, pomegranates, tunas, also wheat and grains, cattle, horses and sheep, ten pueblos and the most level, and the shortest route for a rail roa...
Dennie and his Father; [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Dennie and his Father; OR, THE DOUBLE PLEDGE. On the shores of the beautiful Horicon, nowknown as Lake George, in the eastern part of New York, there lived, a few years ago, a clergyman. His happy family of five daughters, and a darling son. a boy of more than ordinary promise, were growing up under the influence and instruction of such parents as few children could boast. Happy among themselves, with their home amidst the most beautiful scenery in nature, life seemed to them a bright and glad rcaljty. But occasionally a shadow of anxiety might have been detected on the. usually calm brows of both father and mother. The time at which my story commences was before the days of temperance. It was when every family kept a supply of ardent spirits constantly on hand ; and children were accustomed to the dangerous beverage daily. So it was in this family. The little " Dennie," accustomed every morning to his glass of bitters, and to treat every time a friend called upon tho family during ...
Prices of Produce in New York, April 27. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
Prices of Produce in New York, April 27. VEGETABLES and household PBODUCTS. Rnshcl. Parrel. Lone Island potatoes $1 75®$0 00 |4®s4 23 Jersey do 1 75® 200 4® 450 Mercer's extra do 2 00® 250 5®5 50 Sweet do 2 00® 350 6® 650 Onions 2 00® 500 5® 550 Beets, parsnips, turnips, bushel $1 00 ®$1 75 Green peas, peck 200 ®0 00 Asparagus, &amp; bunch 0 75 @ 1 00 Tomatoes quart 050 ®0 00 Squashes, each 0 62Va® 0 87Va Cabbages, each 025 ® 0 37V* All the small bunches of produce, bunch.. 010 ® 0 12VS Cranberries, f barrel 13 00 ®15 00 Butter, State 028 ® 031 do Delaware county 028 ® 031 do Orange county 031 ® 034 Cheese, best 0 12Vi® 0 00 Lard, best 0 12Va® 0 15 meats. Beet, roasting pieces 0 16 ® 0 20 Steaks, choice 0 18 ® 0 25 Mutton 0 15 ® 0 18 Veal 0 15 ® 0 18 Pork, choice 0 16 ® 0 18 Tongues, each 0 75 ® 0 00 GAME. Turkcvs, V IB 0 15 ® 0 18 Chicken., *&gt; MS 0 15 ® 0 18 Geese f&gt; o'a * " Wild geese, each 1 25 ® 0 00 Canvas backs, 9 pair J 25 • 1 50 Quails, *&am...
MARRIED. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
MARRIED. On the 26rh May, If thin city, by Itcv. Dr. Scott, L«nac S. Church and Miss Sarlh L. Foard. On the 23d May, in San Jose, Julius K. Rose and Miss Nelly A. Ellsworth. On the 25th May, in San Jose, Dnniel J. Potter and Caroline A. McKoe. On the 241h May, in San Jose, Joseph O. McKee and Miss Rachel Clevenger. On the 23U May, near Sacramento City. Holvin C. OaWloj and Miss Elizabeth Wlialey. On the 23d May, in Sacramento, Halsey Smith and Miss Cordelia Bullard. On the 22d May, in Sacramento, Henry W. Bragg and Sarah E., daughter of Capt D. Martin.
DIED. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
DIED. On the 28th May, in this city, Frederick, youngest son of W. H. and Sarah L. Graves, aged 0" months. On the 29th May, at Oakland, Henry, infant son of Henry and Jane Reed, of San Francisco, aged 1 year, 3 months and 29 days.
SAN FRANCISCO MARINE LIST. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 31 May 1855
SAN FRANCISCO MARINE LIST. ARRIVALS. May 23—Bark Madonna, Boyd, Port Madison, 10 days; lumber. May 24—Bark Chas Devens, Haley, Astoria, 5 days; flour. Bark Success, Davenport, Coos Bay, 4 days ; coal. Bark Ella Francis, Mitchell, Newcastle(N S W), 86 days; coal. Brig Wyandot, Woodley, Humboldt Bay, 36 hours; lumber. Brig North Bend, Lent, Oregon, 6 days, lumber. May 25 —Brig Wfllinguley, Pinkham, Puget Sound, 8 dys; piles. Schr Harriet, Holmes, Mendocino, 24 hours; lumber. May 20 —Steamship Sierra Nevada, Bletlieu, San Juan, 13 days; with passengers, etc. Clipper ship John Fyfe, Lnwton, Glasgow, 150 days ; mdse. Brig J B Lunt, Richardson, Columbia River, 4 days; lumber. Schr Odd Fellow, Sudden, Santa Cruz, 36 hours; lime. May 27— Steamship America, Haley, San Diego, 60 hours, via intermediate ports, with passengers and mdse. Bark Mallory, Elliot, Clallam Buy, 7"days; lumber. Brig Leonesti, Howard, Puget Sound, 10 days ; lumber. Schr Queen at the West, Dame, Santa Cruz, 30 hours; lim...