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CONTENTS OF THE PRESENT NUMBER . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 August 1844
CONTENTS OF THE PRESENT NUMBER . Acknowledgments and notices , 177 A trip south , Budding , 178 The wheat crop , Chess , Green corn for winter , 179 The scarifier , Fair of the Union Agr . Society , County shows , 180 Ellsworth s report , New mode of celebrating the 4 th , 181 Washing wool , Canada thistle , Chess , Wild flowers , fruits , &amp; c , 182 The enemies of fruit trees , 183 Dwarfing , Strawberries , Lime against the curculio , Hollow horn , 134 Salt on hay , Rheumatism in sheep , Calves without horns , 184 Silk growing , A noble sentiment , 185 Merino sheep , Sundry observations , 186 Kane county fair , Rust in wheat , Extracts from correspondence , 187 Gophers , Early fruit , 187 Wheat sowing , Collars for oxen , Exhaustion of soil , 188 Guano , Chess , Prairie Farmer an aid to new comers , 139 Wheat crop in Clark county , Cellars , 189 Spirit of the agricultural press , Driving sheep , 190 Cutting bushes and protecting them , 190 Educational convention at Peori...
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND NOTICES . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND NOTICES . The life of John Tyler lias been politely presented us b y Wm . Stuart Esq . of thin city . As every body is anxious to know more of this distinguished gentleman , we presume the sale of this work must be extremely largo . A Jorrcspondent writes us with some earnestness for a history of the Hessian Fly , and a remedy for its ravagess . ] f ho will examine our April No . ho will find something to the purpose . About every subsequent No . contains something on the subject . Wp should suppose that these articles would hardly have escaped a reader of the paper . Wo are indebted to Benjamin Hod ge Esq . for a catalogue of Fruit and Ornamental Trees ; Shrubs , and Hoots , cultivated in his Nursery at Buffalo ,. N . Y . It is . a pamphlet of 40 pagcs , and contains , in addition tivtho names of shrubs and trees , direction s for cultivating them ,, of great utility . The Valley Farmer is the title-of a now agricultural , paper stared at Winchester , Virginia ....
TO CO ' RilisPON'B ^ NTS .: ' ! . ¦ ' . ¦ ¦ : [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
TO CO RilisPONB ^ NTS .: ! . ¦ . ¦ ¦ : Tom Jones said if wp wanted to heiir from hirh ^ nih , . $ ! Mi whistle . Will he please . consider liimself whistled toWory rnontii . Let hirflctlcrs ^ oshort andspicyli ko . the last . ; AVholV hoi ? , . f V Several article * for tho Educational Pepurtmont are on hand some of which Wp should have boon glad ; to : give in this ml had ¦ there bcen . roomV Wp must publish ; about soim uch wVeaclrNo concerning school houses , or we shall notfintsh in this vol ., and t ^ : appeal in bchalfof the Pedria invention had to bb inserted * nowtb &gt; bo of . any . use . ¦ - ¦ • • . • .-. ¦• . -i , . . r i : . - .. . ¦ ¦ ¦ .. . :. jir ^ :.. r ; : . j ,, !; . . .. ! , :+. IP A supply of ; colored papet * for the cdver was exhausted be fore we were aware of it , and wP are compelled to use white at ah increased price lur m dst of this No .
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted on the following terms : for one square or under , first insertion , one dollar fifty cents ; second , one do ar ; subsequent ones , seventy five cents . More than one square will be counted as two ; more than two , as three , and so on . Yearly advertisers charged eight dollars for one square , and four dollars for each additional square . A square contains twelve linos . Cards of six lines or less inserted for four dollars for the year . _ Communications upon patent implements and machines , accompanied with cash , inserted for $ 3 for one column or less ; $ 2 for each additional column or part of a column . O * Payments for advertisements to bo always in advance . For terms of the Prairie Farmer , see last page .
SOWING GRASS SEED . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
SOWING GRASS SEED . t ) Y noBKttT J . cnoss . / Vo Hie Editor s of the Prairie Farmer : [ Since last spring , fhe farmers in this part of the Rock River country have been adding largely to the amount of land under cultivation . There has been more prairie and barrens broken this season than in any one season before . Some of the land first broken has been seeded with English grass , but nothing in proportion to the quantity broken—or needed . There appeal s to be an idea that the prairie will not bring tame grass ; yet I believe , with perseverance and proper management , we rnay raise good English grass on our dry prairies . For several years past I have been trying to raise timoth y and red-top , and have at this time about 50 acres that will yield from 14 to 2 tons to the acre . When I first commenced I mostly sowed with spring grain ; and almost always without success . With oats I never had any worth preserving , although I tried it several times . With barley it has done bette...
CROPS IN MIDDLE ILLINOIS ^ [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
CROPS IN MIDDLE ILLINOIS ^ BY j . K . DROWN . _ To the Editors of ike Prairie Farmer : I have long desired to visit northern Illinois , and be present at the Fairs of the Union Agricultural Society , but from a press of business and oilier causes T have been deprived of that pleasure . I have now a surplus of stock , and intend attending the Union Fair and as many of your county Fairs as I can , and to bring with me 30 or 40 head of my best cattle , for sale ; . and will sell on such terms as will enable all those who wish to improve their stock , to purchase . As you feel a deep interest in the cause of agriculture and the wclfaie of the husbandman , it will not be amiss for me to give you a . word as to the prospects of the fartning interest in this section of the State for the present year . Our wheat , which promised an abundant harvest earl y in the season , did riot yield half a crop ; much of it was not cut at all , on account of wet and rust . Our corn crop is better than- ^...
Mil . CHURCHILL'S INQUIRIES ; [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
Mil . CHURCHILLS INQUIRIES ; It will be . remembered that in the June No . of the P rafrie Farmer several questions were put by Mr . Churchill . As no solutions have been given b y our correspondents , we will take them up—premising that the track is still open for comment , in the way of confirmation or dissent . 1 st . Why does land , on which sorrel has grown for a number of years , cease to produce it , and produce whito clover ? We are not aware that there is any connection between the growth of the sorrel , and clover . It is not unusual for white clover to spring up on grounds where it had not previously grown ; and when it takes hold it usually appropriates the ground pretty much to itself—and of course tho sorrel stands but little chance . Clover seed will often liedormant in the ground a long time , when circumstances do not favor its vegetation . A single season of peculiar character will change these circumstances , so that all at once the seed vegetates , and the farmer...
__ v-- — SPIRIT OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRESS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
__ v-- — SPIRIT OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRESS . We presume that there are very indefinite ideas generally entertained of the quantity of wheat which can be grown on a given surface of land . We do not suppose that the quantity named below will very soon be the average yield ; but it is worth while to know what is possible . In an address by Daniel Lee Esq . of Buffalo the following statements are made : You all know that a single kernel of wheat will , sometimes , when its fecundity is highly stimulated , send up 20 stalks , and that each stalk will bear a head containing 100 kernels . Here is a yield of 2000 fold . Nature , then , has rendered it practicable to harvest 2000 bushels of good wheat from one bushel of seed . The most skeptical among you will not deny that 2000 kernels have been produced from one kernel , and that the same natural causes that produce such a result in one instance , will ever operate , at all times , under like circumstances , in the same manner . Hence , it...
THE UNION AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY SHOW . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
THE UNION AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY SHOW . It is not our wish to create any expectation in relation to ithe Exhibition of this Society at Plainfield , which will not be answered ; but from the indications we have seen , we are of opinion that measures of a very efficient kind arc in operation , to have an exhibition which will be in every respect satisfactory . It is the determination of the managers to pay all of the premiums awarded this fall , on the spot ; a measure which , if it can be carried inlo . effect , will be , incur opinion , productive of the best results . The means to do this , we learn , will be forthcoming . Measures too will be taken , whether successful or not , to clear the Society of its debts . It will be observed that the , cost of membership is reduced to fifty cents , and the payment of twenty five cents annually thereafter . The officers of the Society are confident that this measure will increase its funds . It is to be hoped that this expectation will not be...
WHEN , WHERE , AND HOW TO GET A DROVE OF SHEEP . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
WHEN , WHERE , AND HOW TO GET A DROVE OF SHEEP . HY SOLON 1 W 11 IKSON . To the Tidilors of the Prairie Farmer : A long continuation of feeble health is my excuse for not communing with your readers for some months past . And I should not attempt it now , only that I promised you when at your office a few weeks since , and that the information I have to give is wanted now ( for I am not as well as when I last saw you . ) You state that particular information is wanted as to where a person shall go to buy sheep—when and how to go—the expense—cost of sheep , &amp; c . &amp; e . . The best information I can give is my own experience , and advice founded upon that experience . The nearest point where sheep can be bought to good advantage , is in sonic of the central counties of Ohio ; distance from Chicago , 300 miles ; the route , by La Porte , South Bend , Goshen , and Fort Wayne , la ., Wiltshire , St . Marys , Sidney , Urbana , Springfield , &amp; c . ; or el...
MR . CROCKER'S INQUIRIES . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
MR . CROCKERS INQUIRIES . lir AMOS STEVENS * 7 b the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : In the April number of your paper I notice a communication from S . S . Crocker of Kihderhook , N . Y ., making certain inquiries concerning Illinois , and intimating a dcsrc to become a Sucker farmer . For one , I feel a particular interest in the settlement of . our beautiful Slate with good enterprising practical farmers , who , while they shall add lo the wealth of that class , shall honor the occupation and be happy in its pursuit . As your correspondent manifests a praiseworthy attachment to the subject , and will doubtless bring industry and experience along with him , I feel quite inclined to give him the information he asks . Mr . Crocker judges rightly when ho sets down northern Illinois as possessed of superior advantages for farming . In richness of soil , purity and abundance of water , stone and bituminous coal—adaptation lo the growth of grain , fruit , and vegetables , and the rearin...
BOX PUMP . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
BOX PUMP . li Y B i x w E r . L i . A T ii li o r . To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : As a great proportion of our beautiful prairie is destitute of stock water above its surface , but affords an abundance just below , I think some plan of a cheap and durable pump would bo valuable to many . 1 therefore send you such a plan and specification as I think will enable any handy man to construct one . Specification . 1 &lt; ig &lt; 28 is a squaie box pump , with one side off , to show the parls . It may be made ol H or 14 inch plank , and for any length not more than 10 feet , 5 inches square in the clear ; if 15 feet , 4 inches ; if 20 feet , 3 inches , &amp; c . ; which will discharge ( by means of about the same amount of power which a man will be able , ordinarily , to put forth ) about 80 , 50 , and 25 gallons per minute . The pump should be made about half an inch larger in the clear at tho top than at &gt; the bottom , for the convenience of ta...
CRAWFORD COUNTY PAIR . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
CRAWFORD COUNTY PAIR . List , of articles upon which premiums are offered by the Crawford County Agricultural Society , at their second annual exhibition in October next . Crops , eye . For the best cultivated farml Best 5 acres of wheat . Best 5 acres of corn . Best 5 acres of rye . Best 5 acres of oats . Best 5 acres meadow . Best 3 acres clover . Best half acre tobacco . Best half acre hemp . Best half acre flax . Best half acre potatoes . Best bushel sweet potatoes . Best specimen prairie fencing or hedge . Domestic Animals . Best stallion standing in the county the present season . Best two year old colt . Best yearling colt . Best sucking colt . Best brood mare . Best two year old filley . Best gelding raised in the county or by a member . Best pair match horses . Best jack . Best jenet . Best pair mules . Best bull . Best two year old bull . Best yearling bull . Best sucking calf . Best milch cow . Best blooded cow . Best two year old heifer . Best yearling heifer . Best ram ...
TIMOTHY ON PRAIRIES . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
TIMOTHY ON PRAIRIES . i To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : In a visit a . fevf days since to the farm of Col . Smith on the Du Pago River , in this county , I was struck with the heavy growth of timothy . On inquiry he informed me he had sown the grass seed on the wild unbroken prairie , and allowed it lo wage its own war of extermination against the native prairie grass . From some cause , perhaps its own inherent weakness , the timothy had called to its aid the services of a perfect mass of white clover , and the prairie grasSs had disappeared forever . Nor did the conqueror appear satisfied with the limits assigned to it by the scattering of the seed ; but far out in the grassy botiom the tall waving timothy reared its head above the wild grass—and in every instance I observed it was guarded around its roots by that matchless wltite clover , which always makes the farmer smile when he perceives it visiting his possessions . The idea seems to be somewhat prevalent that the pra...
WHEAT AFTER WHEAT . " . " ,, " ' [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
WHEAT AFTER WHEAT . . ,, Mr . T . C . Peters of Darien , N . Y ., in thd , New Genesee Farmer says that wheat may bo raised on the best lands , year after year , by the following method : My p lan is , to sow plaster and clover in the spring ; feed the stubble until about June of the next year ; then turn out , and let the clover get a rank growth . Turn it under deep and well , roll the land with a heavy roller ,, and let all the after cultivation be with good htirrpw . s . The land should have an application of lime every three , ov four years—say from ten to twenty bushels to tho acre j or leached ashes , if convenient , at the rate ; of at least fifty bushels to the acre . If any man will followthese directions faithfully and truly , and finds that his land :, falls-off under that treatment let liim send irt his bill ( or damages to me .
A WORD TO CORRESPONDENTS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
A WORD TO CORRESPONDENTS . Among the ways in which agricultural papers are useful to the community , not the least is , in calling out as correspondents a great number of fanners , who were previously unaccustomed to state their experience and ideas upon paper . Such an effect cannot but be beneficial , in giving an increased interest to the business of the farmer , and inducing the trial of better modes of cultivation and management . The Prairie Farmer , as its readers will testify , has been made the vehicle of a great amount of practical correspondence . That correspondence is of course more or less unequal . Some of it will be of more value than the rest , even of that communicated by the same author . Every reader of sense will , of course , when he meets an article which he docs not consider valuable , or with whose doctrines he does not agree , reflect , that although the article may not be useful to him , it may be to somebody else—perhaps to a great number . And that , alt...
THE PRAIRIE FARMER . ' [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
THE PRAIRIE FARMER . SEPTEMBER , 1344 . OFFICERS OF THE UNION AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY . UNION IS STItKNCTII . LEWIS ELLSWORTH , of Dul ago Co . President . SETII WASHBURN , of Lake , j WILLIAM VAN OIISDEM ,, of McHcnry , SHEPAIW JOHNSTON , of Kane , JOSEPH VIAL , of Cook , I vic ( , , VciiacllU , SAMUEL GOODRICH , ol Dti Pajc , IIOBKRT STRONG , of Will , JAMES MCCLEI . I . AN , of Kendall , , of La Salle , J M . II . DEMMOND , of Will , Treasurer . M . L . DUNI - AP , of Cook , Recording Secretary . E . W . BREWSTER , of Kane , Corresponding Secretary .
SPECIMENS OP WOOL . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
SPECIMENS OP WOOL . We have received through Mr . Underbill a card of samples of Lincolnshire wool , from the flock of John Allenby Esq . near South Leicester , England , who we arc informed is the largest wool grower in that county . This card , as wc infer , was brought over by Mr . Hickling , of the firm of Walker &amp; Hickling ; Ottawa , 111 . It was accompanied by the following note . The Prairie Farmer will be sent as desired . Our thanks are tendered to all concerned in forwarding this card . One of the samples is 21 inches in length . An average flock of these sheep , lo wit , The Longwooled Lincolnshire , will clip 9 lo 10 lbs . wool , A ram belonging to Philip Skipwonh Esq . in the above county , sheared 28 lbs . wool , good and clean . Some extra flocks will average 13 lo M lbs . to the fleece . John Hickling Esq . of the above county had a flock which averaged two fleeces to thetod ( 28 lbs . )
SMUT IN WHEAT . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 September 1844
SMUT IN WHEAT . In the New York State Agricultural Societys Transactions we find the following in relation to the cause of smut . Our readers will notice that it confirms the remarks made by us a little time since in relation to choice of seed . To be most valuable for milling , wheat should be cut as soon as the berry has passed from its milky lo its doughy state . Wheat cut then , contains more of the gluten and less starch ; if suffered to stand till the berry becomes hard , the gluten is diminished and the slarch is increased , which reduces the quantity and quality of the flour ; but for seed it should never be cut till fully ripe . One cause of the increase of smut , of late years , is the cutting of wheat intended for seed , too green . Wheat cut before it -. fully ripe , should not be sown . If wheat growers would adhere strictly to the sowing of no seed that is cut before it is full y ripe , they would find smut disappearing without the preparation of brine and lime . The f...