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THE GARDEN. ROSE MILDEW. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
THE GARDEN. ? T ROSE MILDEW. The New South Wales Bureau _of. Microbiology states that rose mil dew is caused by a fungus, Spbaero^ theca; It attacks the leaves, young shoots, and flower buds, often curl ing the leaves. On the shoots, calyx, and fruit tho fungus forms thick, felty patches that persist late into | the season, and here produces the . small black bodies containing tho spores to carry it over till the next | year. Sometimes the disease occurs in two stages - the first after the leaves are formed, and the second \ when tho young wood has mado 'growth and the flowers have com | menced to appear. This is the criti cal period and the fung,us prepares to ; carry, over the winter. Dusting with flowers of sulphur mixed with one third of its volume of lime checks the disease. Spraying with sulphuric acid, one part in 1500. of water, is ' one of the best remedies. Care must be taken in mixing or diluting. sul phuric acid. Put the water into an earthenware or wooden vessel, pour t...
CALVES AND TUBERCULOSIS. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
I CALVES AND TUBERCULOSIS. I i Ever) one connected with farming is now very, keen on the subject of ! fighting tuberculosis among our herds. It is pointed out, however, in a contemporary, that most of us arc working from the wrong end altoge ther. We are treating animals after they are attacked, and proposing -to have them examined and slaughtered, whereas nothing is done at the other end, as it were, to breed animals free of tuberculosis. It is well enough known now that a calf from a tuber culous cow may be perfectly, healthy,. and nearly always is to start with, and if wc feed it on healthy milk, and keep it away from tainted sur roundings, in ninety-nine eases out of a hundred it would grow up a good and healthy animal. The whole point, therefore, empha sises the fact that we should set about rearing our calves under proper conditions, and that we might in a short time bring forward herds whicli would be absolutely sound to begin with, and these would take the place of others mo...
MYSTERIES OF THE OCEAN. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
. MYSTERIES OF THE OCEAN. ? Evoryono know's that sailors got | tho credit of spinning yarns so tougli that no 0110 will swallow them ex cept the Marines,, who ore popular ly supposed to bo gullible enough to swallow anything. But it is doubt ful if the toughest sailor's yarn ever conceived could possibly he ono whit moro nmazing or incredible tlinn nro many well attested facts. THE CASE Of'' " THE 11ESOLVEN. ' Tho brig Hesolve.1, left in August 1884, with a crew of eleven nu told. Early in the morning of tho third day' after leaving port slio was discovered by H.M. gunboat Mallard quite deserted. 'Ihe com ?winder of the Mallard had h,s at tention drawn to.her owing to the strangeness 'of her behaviour. _ On hailing her niul getting no rc "lilv a boat was sent aboard her. bo far as could be seen everything was in proper order. Her log-book was posted to within six hours of being sighted bv the "gunboat. The galley fire was alight, and both the binnacle lamp and side lights were burni...
THE FARM. THE USB OF THE DISC HARROW. HOW TO MAKE A GOOD SEED BED [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
THE FARM. THE USB OF THE DISO HARROW. HOW TO MAKE A GOOD SEED BED On the beet use of the disc harrow, tho "Canadian Thresherman" sayo What tho self-binder means In tho | provinco of harvesting. macblnerj, it ia sate to Bay the disc barrow has bccomo among cultivating tools* Generally speaking, a deep seed bod is an absoluto necessity to the pro* tection of tho crop in a dry season, but it ie not expedient to plough deeply on certain soils. If the subsoil is sand or gravel and is very near tho surface, ploughing to a depth that will bring that siibsoil to the surface is not to be tfiought of. It is also known that the humus on new land does not, as a rule, extend to beyond three or four inches below the sur face, that depth should bo observed at the outset, but each succeeding yenr the depth Bhould bo increased until the subsoil is eight or ten inchcs deop. It has been well said that "tho soed bed is the plnnt's larder, and it should be deep and roomy." It is tho main feeding Aground...
WATER FOR CALVES. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
WATER FOR CALVES. The calf, that gets n good drink of water every day, no matter if it has all tho milk it needs, will do better 1 than, one which ii deprived of this very natural means of quenching its thiryt. Permanganate of potash will cleanse dirty, filters of all impurities. A solution should be passed through the filter until it comes out as pink as when it was poured in. Potato Balls.-A nico little supper dish can be mado by mnshing cold potatoes and rolliug. them into but ter. Brush over with a little milk, powdor with finely-grated bread crumbs, and frj till a golden brown. Serve on an oval dish with tiny sprigs of parsley.
THE DAIRY MILK PRODUCTION. QUANTITY AND QUALITY—EXHAUSTIVE INVESTIGATIONS. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
THE DAIRY MILK PRODUCTION. QUANTITY AND QUALITY-EX HAUSTIVE INVESTIGATIONS. A great deal has been heard of late of various phases of the question of the milk standard and the basic causes of the variations in the qua lity of milk. A very exhaustive con tribution to this subject is contained in a book on "Feoding of Crops and Stock,", by Dr. A. D. Hall, director of the famous Rothamsted Agricul tural Experiment Station in Eng land, which has been in 'existence sinco 1843. This able work contains a chapter on "Milk, Butter, and Cheese," which deals with a great many questions connected with the production of milk, butter, . and cheese, and the results of the experi ments in the variations in composi tion of milk are particularly inter esting. AVERAGE COMPOSITION OP MILK , As a result of about 200,000 an- i nlyees, the average composition of milk, for instai.ee, was found to be i | -Fat, 3.9 per cent. ; protein, 3.5 ; _ lactose, 4.75 ; ash, .75 ; and water, j 87.1. In any large number ...
A QUESTION OF COW VALUES. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
A QUESTION OF COW VALUES. Fortunate indeed is the dairyman who owns a good cow and;knows it. Likewise fortunate is ho who owns a poor one and knows it and has sense enough to send' lier to the blocto ra ther than sell her to his brother dairyman for a boarder. The good cow of the real dairyman have records and usually are not for sale. It is the dairyman who consi ders it too much bother to make a record who needs to learn something ! about cow values. | Is it not truo that more times than . one we have owned cows which we I thought were ;*ust ordinary indivi duals and which we were induced by the dealer to sell at a low price, but i later we had discovered that we sold the "gooso that laid the golden egg" ? Then again, have we not owned cows which because of their large milk flow at freshening time we liavo I held on to with the tenacity of a I bull dog, but which always stands j dry a good while ? The individual i record sheet will reveal some aston ishing facts about the performa...
AGUE AND LOW, NERVOUS FEVER [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
ACS U13 AND LOW, NERVOUS FEVEIl To 0110 quart of water add two ounces 'of,bruised lance-leaved Peru vian bark. Boil from tea to fif teen minutes and struiu while hot. From one to three ounces to bp taken whenever the shivering is felt. Rub the back with equal parts of rum and spirits of turpentine, and keep the bowels open with the following mixture : !Priod sulphate of mag nesia, an ounce and a half > sulphate of soda, six drahms; infusion of senna, fourteen ounces; tincture of jnlap one ounce ; compound . tincture of cardnmoms, one ; ounce. . Two tablespoonfuls to be taken every four hours until it. operates.
ANISEED. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 19 June 1914
: ANISEED. . The seed should be chosen . fresh, largo, plump, nctvly. dried, of a good smell, and a biting, aromatic taste, without, any bitterness. Used, wheu infused, , as a cure for flatu lence. Dose,, one tenspoonful and a half..
The Song of the Shirt. NEW VERSION. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 26 June 1914
I The Song of the Shirt. . NEW VERSION. ^ That thcr© is a distinctly humor ous side, even to Antarctic explo* ration, is illustrated by many amus ing incidents which Mr. Justice Murray and Mr. George Marston relate in thcic" book, "Antarctic Days" (Melrose). Both thcao gentlemen belonged to Sir Ernest Shackleton's last expe dition, and they relato how one of tho mombers, a genius, "hit upon the plan whereby you can always havo a clean shirt, ovon if you pos sess only two-always,without wash* ing, be it understood. You put on a shirt; in a woek or two It be comes dirty ; you don tho other one, and wear it till it is so much dir tier than the first that the first is clean by comparison, and you rovert to it, and so on, ad infinitum." A makeshift in regard to trousers was equally amusing. "Finding the trousers issued to tho shore party too complicated for everyday wear, or being, for some other reason, un happy in them, Mac determined to mnko himself a pair* out of a Jaeger blanket. Wi...
WIRELESS WAVES AND BIRDS. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 26 June 1914
I WIRELESS WAVES AND BIRDS. ' Observations made in parts of tho world whore there are many wire-, less stations indicate that birds are disturbed in a singular way by the wireless waves. It is stated that gulls are apparently the princi pal sufferers, but that also large numbers of doves are in some way prevented from finding their way homo when thero are wireless sta-1 tions in the line of flight. This | : strange phenomenon is attributed \ to some effect of the ether wavoa | I not yet understood. i
Tuning-Fork Tests. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 26 June 1914
Tuning-Fork Tests. ? The tuning-fork is the latest mar vel of medicine. . Dr. James Can tile, a doctor who learned ninny strango clinical secrets during his adventures in China, nnd who is to-dny one of our greatest experi mentalists in tho field of tropical medicine, has discovered that tho tuning-fork can prove of great help to physicians. By vibrating a tun ing-fork and moving it about against the body, the density of the organs situated beneath can bo gauged almost to a hair's breadth. The fork used gives out tho note of C sharp; it- has a specially-de signed striker attachment, so that it need not bo removed from its position for tho purpose of revi brating. T»r. Cantilo in certuin cases coin pared tho results of his tuning fork method with those obtained by means of X-rays, and found that tho former were absolutely accurate. Ho believes that'tho method will be very useful when dealing with bro ken ribs and other bones, and he is | now trying to tabulate tho different sounds ma...
To Tell the Age of an Egg. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 26 June 1914
To Tell the Age of an Egg. The method, explained bolow, of easily ascertaining whether an egg is fresh or otherwise, comes from the Agricultural Society of Saxony. All tho apparatus required is a ves sel filled with water. Placed in tho water, the egg, if fresh, will remain resting at tho bottom of tho vessel in a horizon tal position. If, however, the egg is not quite fresh, it will rest with tho big end raised higher than tho j small end, and tho higher the big | end is raised tho older^ is tho egg. An egg three weeks old rosts diago nals at the bottom of the water. A three months old e%g stands actually poised on its small end. An egg that is more than three months old will Moat. The reason why the egg acts thus, and itself answers the question. "How old are you ?" is simple. As an egg pets older it-unlike some persons-becomes more buoyant. The water contained in tho white of'the egg evaporates, and this cnuscs . the empty spare at the thick end of every egg to become enlarged. T...
MUSIC AND LABOUR. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 26 June 1914
MUSIC AND LABOUR. 1 An interesting development in*con necticm with the loud-speaking tele phone is its use for distributing music during working hours in fac tories, warehouses, and other institu tions where men are engaged in work of a monotonous character. It has long been known that work requiring mechanical skill without the necessity of montal concentra tion cnn.be promoted by supplying tho workers with somo kind of plea sant amusement that will not take the attention from tho work, and the loud-speaking, telephone ap pears to make this possible on , a scale not hitherto thought of.
GLEN HUNTLY-ROAD LINE. [Newspaper Article] — Malvern Courier and Caulfield Mirror — 26 June 1914
. GLEN BCUNTLY-ROAD LINE. In connection with the suggestion that a saving might be effected on the Glenhuntly line by cntting out one car during the slack portions of the day,- the Mayor of Caulfield, Cr Murphy, reported that in company with Crs. Hall and Fiske, lie had seen Mr Dix. the manager, and Mr Cameron, chairman of the Trust, but nothing further than that contained in Mr Dix's report was elicited Tjie committee came to the conclusion that the tramway was built with the knowledge that the coundil would be faced with considerable loss in oper ating it, and while Mr Dix had1, presented a business-like statement, the committee felt that this was not the time to assent to curtailment in view of the general development and' the building going on in the city. Cr-Fiske added that the curtail ment was not recommended by Mr Dix, though he pointed out that a saving might be effected. It would, however, have reduced the service on the best part of the line, viz , from Hawthorn-road to E...