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MATCHES. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
MATCHES. A FBW years ago the manufacture of matches was particularly unwholesome, and productive of disease, caused by the poisonous nature of the materials used, j and by the want of proper ventilation in the workshops. In one factory, at Man chester, fourteen cases occurred a few years back, each sufferer having been engaged upon the work for three or more years. The disease attacks tho jaws, the first symptom generally being tooth ache, the next, a gradual decay of the jaw-bons. Pieces as large as peas work r ? - themselves out. Occasional deaths hav° resulted from this disease, but generally it has only occasioned great suffering for a time, and then disfigurement fov life. The factory where these fourteen cases occurred, carried on its work in two small rooms whjch have recently been thrown into one. One case was that of a girl, aged twenty, who after working foui years was greatly troubled with toothache. Her occupation was to put the lid3 on the boxes. At night the could see ...
COURAGE IN WOMAN. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
COURAGE IN WOMAN. -« THEBE is a branch of general education which is not thought at all necessary for women ; as regards which, indeed, it is well if they are not brought up to cultivate the opposite. Women are not taught to be courageous. Indeed, to some persons courage may seem as unnecessary for woman as Latin and i Greek. Yet there are few things that would tend to make women happier in ¡ themselves and more acceptable to those with whom they live, than courage. Now it is a great mistake to imagine that hardness must go with courage ; and that the bloom of gentlene&s and sympathy must all be rubbed off by that vigor of mind which gives presence of mind, and makes the desire to assist overcome sickliness of sensibility. There is a peculiar grace and dignity in those beings who have little active power of attack or defence, passing through danger with a moral courage, which is equal to lihat of the stiongest.
AUSTRALIAN NATURAL HISTORY. THE TIPPET GREBE, OR DIVER. Podiceps Australis.—GOULD. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
AUSTRALIAN NATURAL HIST THE TIPPET GREBE, OR DI VE E. Podiceps Australis.-GOULD. THIS beautiful grebe inhabits the] inland waters of Tasmania, and the whole of the Southern portions of Australia, wherever localities present themselves favorable to its existence. It gives a decided preference to those broad sheets of water whose depth is not too great, and where there is an abundance of aquatic plants, among which it constructs a floating nest, and rears its progeny. It not only dives extremely well, but stems the billows with amazing power, swimming against wind and tide. In Europe there is a similar bird, but the Australian Grebe is larger and has the frill of a blacker color. The beautiful frill which adorns the neck of this Australian Diver is acquired in the spring, and being worn during the breeding season, is again cast off, the face then becoming of a greyish white, or similar to the neck. The sexes are alike in plumage, both haye the frill of the neck to an equal extent, but...
GOULBURN. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
GOULBURN. FROM Marulan to Goulburn, by the great Sydney road, is a distance of fif teen miles more or less, through the identical blue gum and bark bush of New South Wales, undiversified save by a stray paddock dr other enclosure, ere the traveller arrives at the piecints of the corporate town, which are hilly ranges and vales of three or four miles extent. Stunted looking grain, which may.be oats or wheat, grows by the sides of the well-formed road. By the banks of streams, houses, or huts, and plantations of pumpkins, water melons, and cucum bers are more congenial products, and form addenda to the culinary department of provincial town housekeeping not to be despised. The usual and frequent ap pendage a public-house, with swinging sign, hailed by way-worn travellers who have shillings to spare, is often in view or frequented. Generally built of brick, the inns have often painted windows and clean veraudabs, offering temptations to travellers which would be more benefi cially held...
ADVANTAGE OF THE OVERLAND MAIL. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
ADVANTAGE OF THE OVERLAND MAIL. - ON the 27th of August, one of the Messrs.Benjamin Gibbons, of Bilston, after taking from the Dudley Bank wages necessary to pay the workpeople of the firm at Highfields snd Millfields respec tively, instructed one of his men to meet him on the road, «nd to take to the last named w orks the«' proportion of cash . which was required there. The fact was known to a clerk at the Millfields works, named Boatman, who Intercepted the messenger, obtained the money fro A him, and sent him on an errand in another direction. This money amounted to £3-50. With it, and other moneys be longing to his employers, he decamped, and by his adroitness in employing the messenger after getting the money from him, succeeded in obtaining so good a start of the police that be got clear away, and all efforts to find him were fruitless, until about the 22nd of September, the authorities learnt that he had sailed on the 8th of that month to Melbourne, in the steamer ' Monarch,'...
MODERATE DRINKING. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
MODERATE DRINKING. Let no man say, when he thinks of the drunkard, broken in health and spoiled in intellect-, I can never so fail.' He thought as little of failing in his earlier years. The promise of his youth was as bright as yours, and even after he began his downward course he was as unsus picious as the firmest around him, and would repel as indignantly the admoni tion to beware of intemperance. The danger of this vice lies in its almost imperceptible approach. Few wlmjjerish by it do so by its first access. Youth does not suspect drunkenness in the sparkling beverage, which quickens all its susceptibilities of joy. The invalid does not see it in the cordial which gives the tone to his debilitated organs. The man of thought and genius detects no palsying poison in the draught which seems a spring of inspiration to intellect and imagination. The lover of social pleasure little dreams that the glass which animates conversation/will sink him too low for the intercourse in which h...
CHARADES, &c. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
CHARADES, ¿cv I. A sunny blush was spreading o'er, The purpled eastern sky ; As morning breezes thro' my THIRD Went echoing cheerful by, To where a cottage reared its roof, Embower'd in ivy green ; Then passing on they skimm'd the plotf Where FIRST and NEXT were seen. They left the hill to teU the glen, The birth of radiant day ; Then in a forest of my WHOLE, Their voices died away. II. Around my FIRST my WHOLE was placed, And well the wearer's form it graced ; And outside WHOLE my SECOND'S seen : Now try and guess what WHOLE may mean« HT. When day was lying on the grassy Along the valley's bed ; The herd came down the mountain side, With slow and stately tread. The stream was splashing playfully, Against the mossy brink, As FIRST toward it made my NEXT, And stooped him dowR to drimk. Close where he slaked his thirst away, The zephyrs lightly blew ; And sang a tune amid the' leaves, Where WHOLE in clusters grew. CARACTACUS*
NOTICES. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
NOTICES. Questions on Australian and General Geography. -Miss Johnson, the authoress of this book, de serves the thanks of teachers and heads of families for having supplied so valuable an addition to the educational works of the colonies A large fund of information will be found in this book, care fully compiled and presented in a most agreeable and attractive form. The history, position, cli mate, and products of the colonies are given in a style well adapted for the young, and we consider it one of the most useful little works publishéd here, and have no doubt it will command an ex tensive circulation. CURE OF SNAKE BITES.-M. Sallet, of this city* offers a remedy for the above, proved by an expe rience of some years in various countries. He says : ' The part bitten must be washed at once with water, or even saliva, a d then enveloped in a rag dipped in liquid ammonia or volatile alkali. The injured part wi 1 not then swell, and there will thus be no danger. If there is no ammonia...
PUBLISHING FUND. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
-» PUBLISHING FUND. A. A. Abrams, Esq., Warialda . £1 15 0 A. C. Chapman, Esq., Dungog . 10 0 The following amounts have been received: Doyle, 12s 6d ; Falloon, 2s 6d ; Armstrong, 2s 6d : Watt, Ts ; Abrams, 25s ; Gibson, 7s 6d ; Mitchell, 2s 6d ; Robinson, 2s 6d ; Holmes, 2s 6d ; Duffy, 2s 6d ; McDonald. 2s 6d ; Bennett, 2s 6d ; Brown, 2s 6d ; Taylor, 20s ; Lowater, 5s ; Hopkins, 2s 6d ; King, 5s ; Denning, 2s 6d ; Hewton, 5s ;,Goudie, 5s.
GATHERINGS FROM THE POSTOFFICE LONDON DIRECTORY. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
GATHERINGS PROM THE POST OFFICE LONDON DIRECTORY. THK thirsty souls of London need have no fear of beconing thirstier as long as there are 4,000 public-houses and 1,000 wine-merchants to minister to their deathless thirst. The bread to this enormous quantity of sack is represented by 2,500 bakers, 1,700 butchers, not in cluding pork butchers, 2,600 tea-dealers and grocers, 1,260 coffee-room keepers, nearly L500 dairymen, and 1,3-50 tobacco . nists. To look after the digestion of this enormous amount of food, upwards of 2,400 duly licensed practitioners, sur geons, and physicians are daily running to and fro through this mighty metro polis, whose patients, in course of time and physic, are handed over to the tender mercies of SOO undertakers. Neatly 3,000 boot and shoemakers add their aid to that of the doctor, to keep our feet dry and warm. 2,950 tailors do as much for the rest of our bodies. The wants of the fairer portion of the population are supplied by 1,080 linendrapers, and 1...
The Australian Some Companion, AND BAND OF HOPE JOURNAL THE SYDNEY UNIVERSITY AND GRAMMAR SCHOOL. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
ff\t Australian J|ame Companion, AND BAND OF HOPE JOURNAL ? THE SYDNEY UNIVERSITY AND GRAMMAR SCHOOL. OF those two important institutions for imparting to the youth of this colony a first-clatt education, the inhabitants may in some degree be proud. It ia necessary, however, from time to time to ask if they are really doing all the good they reasonably might be expected to perform. And it is the duty of every friend of education to offer suggestions which would render them increasingly effective. When we look upon the noble structure in the halls of which the flower of our young men are to finish their studies, the feeling which arises is one of admiration. As a building it is an honour to our land. Thia very feeling, however, occasions the reflection that a building so grand and costly is premature in a young colony, unless within it a iarge number of students are, at moderate expense, receiving culture of the highest kind. To find out whether this is so, let us enter, and inspect ...
THE HOLY HOMES. CHAPTER XXXIV. THE DOVE CAGED. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
THE HOLY HOMEd. CHAPTER XXXIV. THE DOVE CAGED. LIDDY'S new way of life was charming and innocent in the extreme. No snow drop sheltered beneath vernal leaves, no hire nestling beneath its mother's wing, no precious relic far down in earth or sea, could be more tenderly cherished, or more hidden from unhallowed eyes. The garden about the cottage was large, beautiful, and retired, the fields and woods adjacent, rural and solitary in the extreme, the village at a distance, no other habitation near. Then there was Miss Wayland to instruct her and be con stantly with her, and two servants to wait and do the work of house and garden. Nor were the days without many innocent amusements ; there were Walter's dog and darling Giddy the magpie, and fowls, and bees, and flowers. Miss Wayland and the girl were soon very great friends. The former told Liddy, that advertising in an Oxford newspaper for a situation as governess, Mr. Verdun had replied to it. At first she had refused to accept so str...
CORRESPONDENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
-* CORRESPONDENCE. ggp~ Those of our readers who can supply in formation in answer to the Questions asked from time to time, are kindly requested to do so. ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS IN OUR LAST. 112.-F. H., Kiama.-The condition» of the problem proposed by ' F. H., Kiama,' are fulfilled ll times in the twelve hours ; viz : once between 5 and 7, and once between every other two conse cutive hours. A separate calculation is required to ¿md each, but the principle is the same in each case. The process given in the example below is algebraical. To find the time when the hour and minute hands are opposite, between 3 and 4 o'clock.- Let x be the number of minutes past 3; then the number of minutes travelled by the hour hand will be 4f less, since the hands are to be 30 minutes apart, and since the hour hand had 15 minutes start of the other. Aiso the number of minutes travelled by the minute hand is always 12 times that gone over by the hour hand in the same time ; henc« x = 12 (x -45) lix = 54...
SPLINTERS. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
SPLINTERS. A FUXD has bee» commenced for the benefit of the widow and mother of thelate Captain Harrison and is making a satis factory progress.-During February, the number of wrecks reparted in London, was 154. In January there were í¿29, making a total during the present ye&r of 383.-The Queen has been pleased to extend the title of Lord Brougham and Vaux, hitherto limited to the present peer, to his surviving brother, Mr. William Brougham, and to his male heirs.-There are no less than five sub marine telegraphic cables out of order, viz., the Channel Islands, Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Red sea cables, and the one between Singapore and Batavia. - Lord Brougham has appointed Sir David Brewster vice-chancellor of the university of Edinburgh. - The Great Eastern Company have issued shares for an additional £100,000.-The cotton trade of Manchester is now estimated at one million per month. - On the Illinois River, America, fifty children were drowned, by the breaking of the ...
COLONIAL NEWS. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
-. COLONIAL NEWS. THE Government has announced that, as the other colonies have refused co operation for the establishment of a steam postal line via Panama, no co-operation will be offered from hence for the estab Kshment of a proposed fortnightly mail via Suez.- A Bill for the appointment of a fourth Judge has passed the Upper House, and has been sent to the Assem bly.-The Bill for reducing the salary of the Governor-General, and limiting those of Cabinet ministers, has been rejected by the Upper House.-A considerable number of the unemployed have been despatched to the works on the Northern Railway line.-The foundation stone of a new Freemason's Hall was laid, with the usual ceremonies, on Wednesday, by Mr. Williams, the D. P. G. M. of the frater nity, under the English constitution. An oration was delivered on the occasion by the Rev. George King. Later in the day the event was celebrated by a grand ban quet.-A newspaper under the title of the ' Twofold Bay and Maneroo Tele grap...
JOHN POUNDS. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
y JOHN POUNDS. --4 THE crippled cobbler of Portsmouth, who led the way in the formation of Bagged Schools, was born on the 17th of June, 1766, and entered at the Royal Dockyard, in his boyhood, as an ap prentice-shipwright. In that capacity he broke his thigh by a fall, and was thus diverted from shipbuilding to shoe making, and finally settled down into cobbling-the sound of his hammer being re-echoed, from morn till night, by the feathered favourites which divided with John Pounds the occupation of his stall. Moreover, he adopted, when ' an old bachelor,' a crippled nephew, the son of a seafaring brother, and succeeded in placing him upon his legs by a cobbled copy of the ingenious device of a surgical instrument-maker. He also, having a natural turn for teaching, be came the lame lad's school-master. He could train jays and starlings, canaries and cats, parrots and guinea-pigs, to all sorts of tricks, and saw no more difficulty in dealing with docile children. He had discovered, ...
TEMPERANCE ITEMS. SYDNEY. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
TEMPERANCE ITEMS. SYDNEY. A Temperance Meeting was held in the Primitive Methodist Chapel, Kent-street, on the 28th ult., Mr. Wooster in the chair. Several addresses were given, showing the fearful effects of intemperance in the social circle and the community at large. The audience was not large but respect able, and very attentive. BALMAIN. A Temperance Meeting was held at Balmain on the 30th ult,, at the Church of England School. Several speakers ad dressed the meeting. The Rev. E. W. Jackson, of Gonham, Maine, writes :-' A single word in re gard to Temperance matters in our coun try. I am the agent of the Maine State Temperance Society, and have laboured extensively in the State the last year. Never has Prohibition stood so strong with our people as at present. Nowhere in the State are intoxicating liquors sold openly, and in most places not clandes tinely. I have just seen a large quantity of ale in durance vile, soon to be tried and executed according to the law in such cases ...
ART AND SCIENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal — 2 June 1860
ART AND SCIENCE. I _ THE GAS FROM SAW-DUST.-The 'Cres wick Advertiser' states that some of their compositors have had an oppor tunity of testing the value of Mr. Payne's patent for extracting gas from saw-dust. For whiteness and brilliancy of the light, they believe that this gas cannot be surpassed, whilst its purity is such, that it must meet the approval of consumers. The apparatus used may be viewed in the light of a model ; the internal diameter of the ietort being less than two and a half inches, and yet the quan tity of gas manufactured was sufficient to maintain an ample supply for two burners of the well-known fish-tail des cription. Several persons have visited their premises to inspect this novelty, and expressed both surprise and pleasure at the success of the experiment. A new era in the science of artificial intimidation beging to dawn upon us, and we consider the discovery of great importance to localities in the interior, as this light can be procured at a merely nom...