ELEPHIND.COM search the world's historical newspaper archives
From:  To: 
click here to view elephind tips
Elephind Tips
To find items containing all the words:
John Quincy Adams
Simply type the words:
John Quincy Adams
To find items containing the exact phrase:
John Quincy Adams
Put the phrase in quotes:
"John Quincy Adams"
To find either of the words:
president, congressman
Type OR between the words:
president OR congressman
For more tips take a look at the search tips page.
bubble pointer to elephind tips
click here to subscribe our mailing list
Search limited to
Clear all
Title: Cumberland Free Press, The Delete search filter
Elephind.com contains 13,247 items from Cumberland Free Press, The, samples of which are listed below. All items from this newspaper title are freely available and can be searched from the search box above. You may also search the entire collection of 2,949 newspaper titles in Elephind.com.
13,247 results
To the Altar. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

To the Altar. To-day, another of our local couples go to the altar ; Mr. Peter Peterson, (of Anthony's tannery), taking for his help meet the ' Maid of the Inn,' Miss Lizzie Joyce. The event is causing a little flutter in our dove-cotes.

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

FAMILY . EMPORIUM, , Street Nopth, Parramatta. sr r. wilson's CASH Mice list, Six lb. Sugar and lib. Good Tea, 2s Sperm Candles, 6d per lb. Parafin „ „ Sago, 7lbs. for Is Tapioca, 7 lbs. for Is Oat Meal, 71b. bag, Is Fine Salt, 81bs for 6d Washihg Soda, 81bs. for 6d Whiting, 81bs for 6d Best Eice, 2d per lb., 71bs for 1/ Safety Matches, 2d per dozen Wax „ 3d per dozen English Pickles, 6d per bottle Champion's Vinegar, 8d bottle Fresh Salmon, 7d per tin Large Sardines, 6| per tin - Small „ 3jd „ Fresh Oysters, 6d „ Fresh Herrings, 4} „ Hoffman's Starch, 4jd per box C. S. Co.'s Golden Syrup, 5$d per tin Ditto Treacle, 5d per tin Corn Flour, 4d per packet Epps' Cocoa, 5d „ Soyer's Baking Powder, 5d tin American Brooms, 6d each Large Salad Oil, 7Jd per bottle Small „ 4^d „ ,, Castor Oil, 4Jd ,, Large „ 7J ,, Crown Soap, 4d, 6d, and 8d per bar Sand Soap, 4d per bar Sunlight Soap, lOid per box Extract Soap, Is per dozen Germea, Is per packet Granuma, Is per packet Biscuits, 3d per lb. Par...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
SMITHFIELD & FAIRFIELD. Council. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

SMITHFIELD & FAIRFIELD. Council. The regular meeting of the Smithfield and Fairfield Counoil wae held on Wednesday evening last Present: The Mayor (Ala. We SUmson), Aldermen Boger, Vallance, Downey, Spring and Paine. Bbfobtb. The Finance Committee's report veoom to £28 14s 2d. The Treasurer reported on the state of the Coonoil's aeoounta. The new half-year com menced onHhe 6th inst. The credit balance was £66 6s 4d. The rates oolleoted for the half-year just ended amounted to £906 18a 2d. The endowment due was £108 6s 7d ; special grant, £51 16s 8d. The Works Committee's report gave a list of works projeoted in different parts of the municipality. COBBSBPOKDINOE. Froip Board of Health re diofnoofl .animate. From Lands Department_(per Hon. Jaoob Qarrard) stating tnat the proposed work of surveying through Lawson Estate was merely a municipal matter. From Emu Gravel Co., re their prices. . From J. Gav. re rates charc es. From D. Due (alderman) resigning his seat The letter was...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

Thorpe's Hotel, CHUECH STREET, PABEAMATTA NOETH. i J~ j~ENRY THORPE, Peopbietob. Tbc following Brands always in Stock : — Shamrock Whiskey (qts.) 6/- Barke's ? ? ? Whiskey . . . . 4/- b't'le. Brown's 4-Grown Whiskey . . 4/8 „ ! Usher's Special „ .. . . 4/6 „ | Guinaess's Stout and Best Brands English ;Ale, 10/- per Dozen. / Wi- - J Lowndos' Bum a Speclalitar Visitors will find this one of the most Comfort able and Homely Hotels in Parramatta. — Tebus Moderate. ? IJIHE PREMIER OIL & COLOR STORES. Herbert Coates, The ONLY Paint and Glass Merchant, ' GEOEGE STREET, PABEAMATTA. Remember that THEBEBT 1b the OHEAPE8T in the end, and purohtte from me. Genuine White and Bed Leads. Best Linseed Oil Varnishes Frenoh Polishes Paper Hangings . Border and Dadoes / tf Window Glass, etc. / (& ' Bro&w&re, eto. oto. / . Paints KUxed to order, any shade, any quantity^ Qitaftg dottfe Insert manner £or -the Pnblio % vv % anqjfce tarip. '% ABCHITBOT % QUASTITS BTOYBIOB; O...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
GUILDFORD. Inquest. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

GUILDFORD. Inquest On Tuesday, an inquest was 'held at the residence of Mr. Samuel Golds bprough. on the body of a young man, Edwin John Shepherd, then lying dead at that place. The Coroner's jury having heard the evidence returned a verdict to the effect that the death of the yonng man had been occasioned through injuries re ceived in a cart accident on Mr. Golds borough's premises the previous day. It appeared that young Shepehrd, who lived with his grandfather (Mr, Golds borough), and worked on the letter's farm, went out about tea time to give his horse a feed preparatory to driving to the station for his uncle, Mr. J. J. Goldsborough. He had driven for his aunt, Mrs. Higgs, to Guildford, just previously, and to Fairfield for some horse-feed. He came into the house, and asked for a knife to cut open a chaff bag ; took one ; and went out again. That was the last seen of him prior to the accident. His grandfather heard the horse bolt, and found the young man, about 60 yards from t...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
THE GIPSY'S DAUGHTER. CHAPTER X. 'NOW, GIVE ME BACK MY HEART!' [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

THE GIPSY'S . . . . DAUGHTER. CHAPTER X. ' NOW, GIVE HE BACK MY HBABT 1' To the headstrong young Lord of St. Maurice, that little note seemed the cry of Rose Reynolds' dying despair. How cruel he had been to her t He imagined her drowned in tears, Bick, heart-broken. Tim flonf foal, nf hin Iiav ma.re seemed slow as he dashed along the road. In the revulsion of his feelings he - began to condemn his mother. In his 1 heart he condemned the gentle Lady ] Clemence as harsh, unsympathetic, pre- - judioed, not understanding Rose. He i said to himself that all these theories ' about social qualities, about fitness, station, education, as needful for happy ! marriages, were nonsense. What more was needed than youth, love, beauty ? Rose had waited until late on Friday evening, expecting Sir Victor to fly to her. She had sat at her window in the summer moonlight, sure that she should see him riding up, and they would talk and exchange vows like two people in a romance. When he did not come sh...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
ROCKWOOD. Alderman Jay's Resignation. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

B00EW00D. Alderman Jay's Resignation. Mr. J. T. Jay, ex-Mayor, who re cently resigned his seat in the Council, owing to personal differences with the Mayor, has been waited on by a large number of representative ratepayers, who ask him (as will appear from an advertisement) to consent to be re elected as an alderman for Central Ward, if necessary on the understanding that he shall only nominally occupy the position. Stress is laid on the vsluable services that Mr. Jay has so far ren dered, and it is submitted that his actual retirement would be a calamity to the Borough. Mr. Jay, in reply, states that he retired to remove one cause of friotion in the Council ; and, while ac knowledging the compliment paid him, he cannot at present see his way to accept nomination.

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
GRANVILLE ELECTORATE. GRANVILLE. Borough Council. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

GRANVILLE ELECTORATE. GRANVILLE. Borough Council. The regular meeting of the Borough Council was held on Wednesday last. Present: The foil Council with the exoeption of Aid. Marsh. ? * Rkpobtb. The Overseer of Works reported that the \ . street proposed to be dedicated by Mr. Jen ningB haa not been cleared or pegged out. He sfcL also reported that an expenditure of £6 would he required to convert the night-soil cart into a water cart. He also reported that fences had ' - been erected in Blaxcell-Btreet north and on the Woodville-road near the dam, and that a : f. f box-dj&in had been plaoed in position at the junction of Woodville-road and Derby-street. He also reported on letter from Mr. C. North re need of repairs in Alfred-street, recommending that Mr. North be required to lay pipes along the outside of his fence, instead o! an open drain, and also that the street in : front of the property be kerbed and guttered. The renort was received, the matters of lhe*al teration of...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
Accident. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

Accident Patrick Murphy, employed at the Sydney Meat Preserving Company's works, at Auburn, fell down while on the way from work at 8 o'clock on Saturday morning, and fraotured his ankle. He was taken to the Parra matta Hospital.

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

T. W. POLLOCK, IMPORTER OF DRAPERY, MILLINERY, CL0THIN6, fa fa fyy ? ? ? VICTORIA HOUSE, ... ^ Fuller's Buildings, Cliurcli St. NEW SHIPMENTS OF WINTER DRAPERY NOW SHOWING IN ALL DEPARTMENTS. Manchester, Household, and Furnishing— Blankets, all sizes, white and coloured. Flannels and Flannelettes, white and coloured. Longcloths, Damasks, Towels, Cretonnes. Art Mnslins, Art Blinds in new designs. Quilts, Table Covers, Floorcloths, Linoleums, Carpets, etc., etc. Dress and Costume Dress Fabrics of all kinds, new and fashionable, in Fancy Tweeds, Homespuns, Estamenes, Foules, Cheviots, Meltons, Cashmeres, Amazons, Velvet, Velveteens, Plushes. Rainproofs, Waterproofs, Macintoshes, Mantles, f Capes, Jackets, Costumes, Boas, &c.t & c. New Winter Millinery— Ladies' Felt and Straw Hats, Toques and Bonnets, trimmed and un trimmed, in all the newest styles^and colors. Children's Plush and Cashmere Hats and Bonnets. Bi&s, J'lumes, Wings, Ornaments, &c. Hosiery an...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
Brief Mention. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

Brief Mention. We should have stated, last lame, that Mr. J. Finl&json was elected treasurer of the Par* ramatta and District Philharmonic-Society. 1 Amohgst the social events of next week will i be the union of a painstaking and courteous I officer in the local O.P.S'e department with a i popular lady offfbial in a North Parramatta institution. The Under-Secretary for Lands has desired ub to notify that the deposit on application for appraisement of special area of conditional ; purchases has been reduced to two pounds. i | Mr/Hilton noticed an outrage in Parramatta , Park on Sunday, and he took steps to report | the matter. We trust the police will act. The ftmHhfipld Council Is well- I timed efforts to get in arrears of rates ; and I power has been given, on the Finance Com- ! mittee's recommendation to the Mayor, to 1 take action in directions which he may think , best In Mr. Fair, the Smithfield aldermen have a valuable Council Clerk, i Mayor Stunson, on Wednesday night...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
A Dance. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

A Dance. On Thursday evening, 1st inst., a jolly d&noe eventuated in oar district, — ; the merry-making of the Dundss ' Social Club. Mr. J. Muir presided ;3| over the business of the evening as -^a M.C., whilst the ' Orynthia ' string ?{!§» band discoursed the 'music to whioh the -:fg dancers steniwd. The affair was most ':3m successful in every way. In the room . : '$£& were — Miss Willianison (in a grey costume, trimmed with white insertion) ; Miss B. Williamson (navy blue, andslk . trimmings) ; Misses Thompson (green - Kfzsa and pink ; Franks (navy blue and gimp) ; . JjfM M. Madden (black) ; McGee (black, . '-r red bodice); B. Maddsn (red evening ' dresa — the trimmings of black lace) ; r-lcS E. Edwards (black) ; A. McGee (cream .;#£a| veiling) ; Muir (blaok, marone trim-'. mings) ; Gould (marone) ; L. Booth . . ]\%%B (navy blue) ; Evans (marone) ; Martin :~:WjS (cream and marone); A. Edwards. , jl9 (blaok and red).

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
DUNDAS. Municipal Council. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

DTJHDAS, Municipal ConnciL The rwular meeting of the Dondas Coondl . was hela on SSid ultimo. Preaent: The ; Major (B£r. F. C. Oox), Aldermen MdaoD, Bporway, Franks, and Johnston. laooimre Xkmmomma**. [-', Letters, invards, were read as nnder : From Johnson, Mister, Simpson and Co., ; ^ | v- ue meet uat Mr. Hlmpeon woua m I prepared to ezeeote deed ot dedioatkm of Ad' derton-road deviation on preparation d same *1^ by GoonoQ's solldtor. — Beodved, writers to be v'^ iniotmed that all legal expenses on the sabjeot mnst be defr^jed by Mr. Simpson. ' From the Lands Department, re application tor Qo&rry.-Btreet ali^iment enclosing oondi* ? tions. — Beoehed ; oonditions to be agreed to. ? . From Beecroft Rpgreas Asaooiation, re i Meadowbaok Beserve^-Bectived. , From Dondas Cricket Olub, asking to be ^ allowed to plaoe asphalt wicket in. Dondas Park.— Beoeired ; request to be aoceded to. ' ? / Befobtb. The Finanoe Committee presented a report recommending payment of accounts amount...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

imiatiBiTanaiiaiiaiiiaEnisiiEOEiiisiiaiifaitafiaiianani^isnisnEnEni^EiiaiianatfiiriBiiianigiariiiiiaiiBitiaiianaip ! W iT WON'T TAKE YOU A MOMENT | wm- ./2/v TO READ THIS! ? ? I TTAVE yon ever triedyfe. jf. PERRY for Provisions? If not, do go at once. He keeps ml PI everything yon can mention in the provision line, cooked or uncooked, winter or summer, its jj=j all the same. If you 'can't call or send, WRITE , A. NOTE — it will have the same attention. pul IBUTTEB, for instance, is one ot his special lines. Quality and Price cannot be beat. Send for a iCjl sample pound of his Creamery Butter, or send word to the shop for the cart to call. BACON — He n=j keeps the very best Hand-cured from 4d lb. POBE, Fresh and Pickled Daily fed. This year he is UO] getting in from Mr. Bennett's Farm, Castle Hill, BUCKING PIGS to order. POULTBT of every jefj description. Fowls, dressed, from 8/- pair. We also dress yonr own poultry, sent for and delivered all ready for the table at a r= wmn-H charge...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
WOMAN & HOUSEHOLD. The "Winden" Ball. PARRAMATTA. TASTE AND REVELRY, AT THE MASONIC HALL. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

WOMAN & HOUSEHOLD. I - The ' Winden' BalL PABEAMATTA. TASTE AND REVELEY, AT THE MASONIC HALL. - The friends of Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Gibbons, - of Pennant Hills Road, Car lingford, .were entertained by the host ind ' . hostess of ' Winden ' at the Masonic Hall, Parramatta, on Friday evening last. Mm. n.ni1 Mr. ftihhnnn r w n i v nrl tlipir guests of the evening at the portico ; and welcomed each and all heartily. Mrs. Gibbons wore a handsome gown of black satin, trimmed with cardinal. The hall had been tastily decorated ; and a pretty sight it was when the dancing was commenced. Bich and graceful costumes were the order of the evening ; and it would be impossible to do justice, adequately, in cold, news paper matter, to the enthusiasm re flected in the ladies' toilets. Near the hoBtess we noticed Mrs. Neich (Gran ville) ; Mrs. B. F. Bitohie, in creme silk ; two siBters from Harris Park ; and Mrs. C. Cox, in a satin with abloom or sheen making its true golden-pink tint almost im...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7. (Before Messrs. F. W. Edwards, P.M and R. Harper J.P [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

WEDKEBDAy. AUPTOT 7. (Before Menrp. P.M., and B. [?] Miss Elsie Henderson, in creme ; Mrs. W. Coates, black and velvet ; Miss Trollope, cream and pale blue ; Miss Gooch, cream satin ; Miss Neich, helio trope : Mrs. G. H. Phillips ; Mrs. Hawke, black merveilleux ; Mrs. Berry, Hos pib&i nurse ; miss n. r-eriy, onepnem ess ; Mrs. Harvey Murray, black silk ; Mrs. Marsden ; Miss Cox, black velvet and old gold; MiBS Marsden, cream and blue silk ; Mrs. B. Cochran, black silk and pale blue trimming ; Miss M. Marsden ; Miss C. Marsden ; Miss Moore, pink crepon ; Miss Kempson, Nurse ; Miss Morgan, pink veiled with creme; Miss Frazer, pink and white; Mrs. J. Gibbons : Miss Sewell. cream and buttercup veiling ; Miss Leonards, L number of gentlemen were in fanoy dress. Mr. C. Cox, Mr. F. W. Tod hunter, Mr. Oakes, and others, danced in costumes representing the army. Mr. A Gibbons, who assisted his father with the duties of M.C., was an English admiral. Mr. Coohran, lunr., was a great suc...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
Parramatta Police Court. MONDAY, AUGUST (Before Mr. F. W. Edwards, P.M.) [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

Parramatta Police Court. MONDAT, AUGUST 6. (Before Mr. F. W. Edwards, P.M.) John Smith, for drunkenness, was fined 5s; in default, ' the rising and for using ob scone langaage was fined 10s, or seven days' imprisonment. Wages. Charles Beldane proceeded against James Brown for wages. Mr. Jhonson appeared for j This was a claim for balance of wages, £16. Complainant stated he was employed by defendant at work ploughing on the railway line at 6s per day lor a total of 323 days. He had reoeived. in. cash £49. 17s Cd, and in rations ,(62, weeks-at ,10s) £81; leaving balance ''us alleged! He had fepplied to de* fendant who had offered to jjive him two horses .and a gray and. ta\ take him into '^partnership; bat he (complainant) had de clined the off«r.. .Defendant, had aslcad him to nufo^pp kuj bnt -he had replied that that was complainant's duty. He had kept a reoord of his time throughout. He had been working with the defendant for five yean off jubd on/*Had-.a contract with the Depart-...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
PROSPECT AND SHERWOOD. Municipal Council. [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

PROSPECT AND SHEBWOOD. municipal Council. The regular meeting of the Municipal Coun cil of Prospect and Sherwood was held on Monday. Present: The Mayor (Aid. Nollerl, Aldermen. Muston, Hollier, Jamieson, Gleadali, Jones, and Miller. Incoming Correspondence. .better from uretnmi ana Deane re (jougn town reserve, notifying that legal oosts in the matter were £7. — After an explanation by the Mayor, the letter was received. Letter from 11. J. Lukey, secretary Australian Gaslight Co., notifying that charge per annum for lights had been reduced to £4 10s for or dinary public lights, and £20 10s for 80-candle burners.— Roceived. Letter from Chapman and Hazelwood, Sydney, re arrears of rates in name of Boyd and King. — Received. Letter from Under Secretary, Pablic Works, declining to undertake tbe repairing of Park road leading to MerrylandB station, the im provement being considered a purely municipal matter. — Received. Letter from Board of Health re liccnse for slaughtering of pigs. — B...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
SMITHFIELD Church Society Meeting [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

[?] Meeting. [?] [?] some length, pointing out thetirgenby of the Society's claims, and the need for general support in' all .mparts of the colony. Recently, he said, a Diocesan Festival was held in the city, which proved a great success and gave evi dence of a fresh' impetus of interest and effort in connection -with the Church Society's work. It was felt tw tbe Council of the society and the Bishop of the Diocese that there was scope for more; work in. tbe (sountiy districts, in aid of their' good cause .; and hence the speaker's visit to Smith field, that evening; He was convinced if the local people of St. James' parish, only had sufficient faith in themselves, they would find their hands strength ened to the utmost. — At the close of the address, a collection was taken up ; and the proceedings were brought to a close in the orthodox manner.

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
"The Shaughraun." [Newspaper Article] — The Cumberland Free Press — 10 August 1895

'The Shanghrann.' On the 6th inst. the Auburn Bijou Comedy Club staged onoe more (and thin time for the benefit of the Auburn Literary Institute) Dion Boucicault's weU-known drama, 'TheShaughraun.' xne oasb was as umiuwd . — uajiwiu Molineaux, Mr. Thomas Simpson ; Bobert Ffolliott, Mr. A. Stevenson; Father Dolan, Mr. T. Lunn; Corry Einchela, Mr. G. Elliott; ? Harvey Duff, Mr. H. Oliver ; Conn theShaugh raun, Mr. E. H. Clark ; Sergeant Jones, Mr. W. Bitohie ; Smugglers, Mr. G. ' Avis and Mr. F. Fumess ; Arte O'Neal, MissMoores; Glare Ffolliott, Mrs. Iiunn; Mrs. O'EeUy, Mrs. Hilton; MbyvMiBs Stevenson ; Bridget Madigan, Miss Harris; Nancy Malone, Mrs. Taylor. Appropriate and incidental musio was supplied by the Auburn Amateur Orchestra. It is unnecessary, since we criticised the piece at length a few days ago, to say very much as to details of the per formance this week. Things generally were run off without a hitch; and ' Moya,' ' Arte,' Mrs. Lunn, Mrs. Hilton ; the other ladies ; Mr...

Publication Title: Cumberland Free Press, The
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: NSW, Australia
x
Loading...
x
x