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The Light of the Stars. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
The Light of the Stars. It is possible to measure the light of the stars and planets by photography, but this Is a slow process, and during the last year an almost Instantaneous method of I measurement has been developed In Ireland. This consists In the use In place of the eyepiece of a telescope of a very sensitive photo-electric cell, which Is connected with a specially constructed as now employed at Mr. Wilson's obser-r vatory at Daramona, consists essentially of a glass cell containing the liquid oenan thol, one side of the cell hav ing an aperture closed by a quartz window, while a glass tube having a tightly-fitting aluminium wire passes through the opposite side of the cell nearly to this window. The outer end of the aluminium wire Is connected by. a platinum wire to one pole of the electro-: meter, and a platinum wire in the bottom of the cell passes to the other pole. The Inner end of the aluminium wire Is made sensitive by a coating of selenium, and when light passes throu...
Why Women Write Postscripts. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
Why Women Write Postscripts. ' Why women write postscripts' Is a problem that has been engaging the at tention of one of the London woman's weeklies. The answers betray that the sex understands Itself, ? and does not mind exposing Its amiable weaknesses. All are from women who ascribe, among others, these reasons : ' Because they seek to rectify want of thoutrht bv an afterthought'; ' Because they are fond of having a last word'; 'Because they write before they think, and think after they have written.' Our correspondent puts down the feminine P.S. to the same cause ' which leads women to prolonged leave taking In omnibuses— namely,' and rather profoundly It appears to tlie casual observer, ' that they lack or ganisation of thought.' Another wo man comes to the defence Of her sisters with tlie suggestion ' that when women have anything special to communicate they know that their P.S. is equivalent to N.B.' And yet another friendly soul turns a neat compliment In her reason : ' Proba...
What a Star Is. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
What a Star Is. -' A star, says Sir Robert S. Ball, Is a mass of matter heated to such an ex ten^ that Its effulgence is perceived far 'and wide. But this heated condition Is exceptional, and, though it -doubtless lasts millions of yeai-s, the temperature must finally sink to that of space, where it will remain through all eternity unless again kindled by some accident into tem porary luminosity. The normalAnd or uuuii y aiti-it: ul ctii uic uiuimr ul spuce Is cold and non-luminous, and therefore invisible to us. So vast are the myriads of; the visible stars— shown in thousands to the unaided eye, In tens of thousands in a.small telescope! In hundreds of thou sands In a moderate telescope, and in abounding millions In our mightiest in struments and most sensitive photo graphic plates— tliat the mind of man falls to realise their number. But a much mightier effect would be necessary if' we would seek to form a truly compre hensive estimate of the contents of the universe. We are to r...
Animals ami Plants. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
Animals and Plants. Land animals and plants are distributed in zones whose limits follow lines of equal temperature, but just when the tempera ture exerts its restraining influence has been a matter of uncertainty. In his recent study of the problem, for the United States, Dr. C. Hart Merriam has considered that not only the mean tem perature but also the total quantity of heat in particular zones must have an Influence. He measures the total quan tity of heat by the sum of the excesses over 43deg., the temperature at which physiological activity in plants and re productive activity in animals are as sumed to conjmence, and arbitrarily takes the six hottest consecutive weeks of sum mer as the hot season of the year. Charts constructed according to these considera tions, and compared with a chart of life zones.as mapped two years ago, show sur prising coincidences, leading Dr. Merriam to conclude that the various zones of the different species are limited northward by the total quant...
King David's Strategy. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
King David's Strategy. The following account of ancient mili tary tactics is taken from the' Literary Digest' :— - . .-.-, .-?? - r_ . A very interesting study on the ^sub ject of King David as a general Jwas recently laid before the French Arca demie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres by the explorer and archeologist, M. Dieuiaioy, as we learn from Biblia (a journal of Oriental research in archeo logy, religion, &c). In reviewing the tactics employed by David in his warfare against the Philistines, Hie learned scholar gives King David highest praise. He calls him not only the greatest strategist among the Israelites, who suc cessfully kept the enemies of the king dom at bay, but he considers that David invented and- employed tactics against the Philistines which have been imitated by modern warriors with marked success. ' Biblia' says : — ' M. Dieulafoy has dis covered the scene of King David's opera tions in the Valley of Rephaim, when by his rapid change of movements, as ...
Four Good Salad Dressings. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
Four Good Salad Dressings. A French Salad Cream. — Place the yolks of two raw eggs in. a small basin, and stir them till thick with a wooden spoon, adding by degrees the juice of half a lemon. Then add a gill of the best olive oil. Season with salt and pepper to taste, and, if possible, add a few drops of tarragon vinegar. spoonful of made mustard, two table spoonfuls of salad oil, and work well to-, gether. Add a teaspoonful of powdered sugar, a gill of good cream, and (slowly) two tablespoonfuls of vinegar. Season with pepper and salt, and scatter over the whole salad a little chopped lemon peel and parsley. Another Dressing. — Take the yolks of two hard-boiled eggs, and mash them with a wooden spoon. Add half a tea spoonful of made mustard, a pinch of salt, some pepper, four tablespoonfuls of oil and one of vinegar. Stir all well together, and the dressing is made.' If capers are liked, add a. teaspoonful, fine ly chopped, just before serving. Potato salad dressing, such as one h...
The Table. Malt Bread and Butter. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
The Table Malt Bread and Butter. The bread for this should be at least one day old and cut aa thinly as; possible. Those who are not able to buy malt bread will be glad of the following re cipe: — Macerate four ounces, of freshly ground pnle malt in lukewarm water for twelve hours, and then strain through a thick cloth. Place five pounds of flour In n nnn TtHtTi n omoll Iinn/Ifii) nf snU' stir into this the Infusion of malt, whicli In summer must be lukewarm; In winter It should be rather warmer, but not too hot or It will kill the yeast. Having mixed the Infusion of malt and flour, add two ounces of yeast, stir well together, and knead into a stiff dough, then leave to rise in a warm place, covered with a cloth. When ready, make into loaves, and bake In a good oven.
Cablegrams. ORLEANIST CONSPIRACY. London, Monday [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
Cablegrams. ORLEANIST CONSPIRACY. , 'w London, Mondav The 'Paris Figaro' declares that the Duke 6£ Manchester, who is now; in Paris, is implicated in on Orleauist conspiracy, ?MARCHAND'S EVACUATION. Tho ' Lautirite,'1 a Parisian journal, pays Captain Marchnud'a .forces must Atrnnunta Fashoda. since France is un able to oppose tho British iloet for more than a quartor oE an hour, NATIONAL DISARMAMENT. Tho ' Daily News' urges the in auguration of a gi eat national move ment for tho purpose of supporting the Czar's proposals for a national disarmament. CHINESE TRADE. The Dowager EtnpreBs has appoint ed two boards to supervise tho trade in Southern China. WRECK OF THE MOIIEGAN. There were 100 lives lost in tho wreck of the Mohegan. THE RAILWAY STRIKE IN FRANCE. The railway mon in France, who are on strike, have demanded ponBionB on retiring from the sorvice through old oge or disablement. They alt,o ask for arbitration. The men nro unorganised, and tho strike is collapsing. A MILLIONAIR...
Telegrams. SYDNEY, Tuesday. HOMEBUSH PRICES. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
Telegrams. Sydney, Tuesday. HOMEBUSH PRICES. ?At the Homebush. markets yester day, prime wethers realised. 12a lid ; medium, from. 5s. Cattle were up 10s a head on last quotations. Best bullocks, £7 19s; medium from £3. Cows, £2 10s to £5. C.E. FESTIVAL. About 6.000 persona attended tho Church of England reformation festi val in the Town Hull yeBtermgnt. The greatest enthusiasm prevailed, and Btirring addresses wore delivered by several Anglican clergymen, de nouncing tbo attempts at present beiug_ made by many of the Anglican churches to set aside the reformed principles of the Church of England. Resolutions were unanimously car ried, embracing a memorial to the Queen, protesting against the action of the Archbishops of Canterbury and York in addressing a brotherly letter to the heads cf the Latin and Greek churches. THE LATE CUP. The jockeys who were injured in the Caulfield Cup accident on Saturday are all progressing favourably. The settling passed off satisfactorily. The ring e...
INDECENT EXPOSURE. NEAR BRUNGLE.. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
INDE5CENT EXPOSURE. NEAR BRUNGLE. At the Uundagai Police Court oh Monday morning ErneBfc Jones -was brought upou remand, on a charge of wilfully exposing himself on Tarabandra road, ntar. Bruuglt, on 14lh September last. Mr. Griffin appeared for accused, who pleaded not guilty. Sirah Freeman, an aboriginal woman, re Biding with her husband at Brungle, de posed : I remember the 14th Septimber Jast ; I left lirungle at 8 o'clock on the morning of that day ; Kate Walker accompanied me, and wo proposed going to Miss Biennan's Gocup ; we went along Tarabandra road, which leads to Gocup ; we turned off near the school house, which is close to tho Gun dagoi road ; then we touk tho Tarabandra road; don't know exactly how far we went, but went past H.irgreavea', and ban? some dinner ; whilst having dinner We saw ac cused, who came up to where wo were and said, ' Good day' to us ; he stood for a few minutes, and I said to Kate Walker, ' We'll go on Kate!' don't know iphe heard us; we then wen...
STATION AND FARM. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
STATION AND FARM. i Tun aboriginals in tho North of Queens i#- lnnd receive 10s Gd per week for coffee pick B 'ing, a wage that would not tempt a white I inun to try his hand at the gamo, 5 Olivk oil growers in Queensland hud bet fl tor persevere with their industry, for in E mnny parts ot the old world the olive ia I seriously threatened by a terrible fungus, a I- minute organism wuii a i'»s '«»'«i «.jfciuu oninm oleagium. In Italy. the fungus has inude oonsklerable progress, and in the South of Franco it Iuib also been teU. Spuin as ytt is immune. Greiifc loss would occur to Italy if the disease were to spread, for the area devoted to the olive in. that country is two and a quarter million acres, producing about 90,000,000 gallons of oil annually. The wheat yield in Queensland fchi3 year is put down at about half of last yehr. The tuberculin tost for tuberculosis is being largely resorted to by breeders of stud cattle in Queensland, and so far as kuowu to tho officers of the Stock...
A LOST LETTER. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
A LOST LETTER. Young latli b should exercise a little cxre with tboir correspondence, ns the following letter was found in thendnn-streot. 'J he owne-r can obtain same by applying at this officu :— ' , ?'Dkak Nklliis, — After a very hot and diulydiivo weanived sufely in Gundngai. Iho first thing to be thought of was,, of oouiso, our shot.ping. lVo rnsite inquiries from sevoial of our friends as to whore iwo could obtiiii bo^t Value for our money, and the-y all advi ed us 'to go to Solomon's, Us be kept first-class goods 'nnd was selling cheaper than any store in town.- Eollowing the advice of our friends, wo proceeded to Solomons', nnd,- after viewing their price Xist, we wero quito saliified tlut wo bad come to the right placo. leaving an order for groceries we pioceodul to the drapery depart men b, where the prices were quito as low as Sydney quotations. After spend ing the sum nt £5 m dress material, &o., \\;o were fui priced to. find in our account that we bud been allow...
SPORTING. CHATTY NOTES. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
SPORTING. . CHA'I Ty NOTES. 1)Y GKAKOO. ? Tho expatriated Austmlian horse Mer man finished third -in the Osarewitch Stal-.es, run at Newmarket, Knglund, on '?ve(lnc-dny lust. This horse han bacn run ning very consistently siuco his arrival in the oW eoiiutry. The terrible uccident in the Caulfield Cup on Sn'urday wus much diccussed in town on Saturday niglit, ana mucn BympAuiy wua ??xpp.'ssrd for this parents of the jockey Flaimgun, who was well-known liy several (JuiuluKiHtes. A filly by C.minge from Bluctto recently realized 3DU guinea; in England, and a colt. tiy tho same sire from Galathett fetched 070 guineas. These prices were topped hy n yearling colt by Trenton from Golden Auue3, who changed hands for 1150 guin eas. Tho initiatory pio:luoe of. Australian sires is thus being fully ' apprcoiiilod,, by buyers of thoroughly d Btock in Kuglunel. My selections for the Caulfield Cup iu l.i&t Satwdny's issue were not far oat. 1 tipped Hymettus nr MnMsinis-a to win, with Wait...
Russia in the Pacific. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
Russia in the Pacific. The strength of the Russian squadron In the Pacific will be greatly Increased by the contemplated, addition of the four armoured vessels about to be commis sioned for service on that station. Of these ships, one, the CIzol Vellky, is a new first-class battleship, 8880 tons, more powerfully armed than any vessel of ours in uiui. ptt-i l ul uie wurm; iiie iviex ander II. and Catherine II., two more of the squadron, are also powerful battle ships, the fourth being the coast-defence ironclad Ganjut, also a new and power ful ship. ?
A Double Brain. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
A Double Brain. A case of double brain action of much apparent significance has been recorded by- Mr. L.'C; Bruce in ' Brain.' In one condition the patient spoke in English, in the other his language was Welsh. In his English period he was the subject of chronic mania. He was right-handed, showed fair intelligence, ami remem UUJBU UJCilJJJ/ LJifc: eVCilLK UL IJUJVIUUO JU1IS lish periods, but had no recollection of the occurrences of the Welsh portion of his existence. He wrote by preference with his right hand, in the usual way ; but on request would write with his left hand, in that case producing1 mirror* writing— that is, traversing the paper from right to left. When in his Welsh stage, however, he was left-handed and th-3 subject of dementia. His speech was almost unintelligible, but. was all in AVelsh so far as could be understood, and he had no Idea of English. His mental and physical conditions altogether were the reverse of what they were In the English stage. These observat...
The Great Pearls. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
The Great Pearls^ The Iman of Muscat possesses a pearl weighing 12% carats, -through which you can see the daylight. . It is worth about £33,000. The one owned by Prin cess Yousoupoff is unique for beauty. 'it was sold by Georgibus of Calais, in 1620, to Philip IV. of Spain, for 80,000 ducats ; the present value is ajbout £36,000. -Ljie X u^jtj, uii iiia auuu»aiuii, uuuuiuii luu owner for the time being of a pearl left by one of his. predecessors upon the throne of the Vatican whicli cannot be of less value than £20,000. The Empress Frederick lias a necklace composed of thirty-two pearls, the total value of which has been estimated at £35,000. Her mother, Queen Victoria, has a necklace of pink pearls valued at £16,000. That of tlie Baroness Gustave de Rothschild, made up of five rows of these precious stones, is valued at £40,000, while that of the Baroness de Rothschild is oven more costly still. Both these ladies have given orders to their jewellers to bring to them any ' pearls o...
Salvation Army Matches. [Newspaper Article] — The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural & Mining Advocate — 19 October 1898
Salvation Army Matches. How keenly the foreigner cuts into English industry is shown in the case of the Salvation Army matches. ISnor mous sums have been spent in adver tising these matches, yet, according to an interviewer, they have not ' caught on.' Shopkeepers find' it much more profitable to sell other makers' matches. Xlltjy UUH uuy J.uiei£u &a-ii2i.it:& u.l j.j.u. the gross,' said the officer, ' and they sell them at lMid. a dozen. The price we pay for labour compels us to charge 2s. a gross for ours, and they are retail ed at 2%d. Yet we cannot possibly do it for less and pay fair wages. Unless people will buy of us from conscientious motives, we stand very little chance of being able to continue that part of our business. Foreign competition Is so keen that English makers cannot hold their own and pay a living wage.'