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No Title [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
There are few able-bodied paupers hl. Holland. A tract of public land con. tabing five thousand acres is divided into six model farms, to one of which the poor person applying for public re lief is sent. Here lie is taught agricul ture, and is subsequently permitted to rent a small farm for himself. HIolland also has a forced labor colony, whither, vagrants are sent to do farm and other, work whether they like it or not. No living representative of the ant. maul kingdom has more than five toesv fingers, or claws, to each foot, hand, or lilmb. The horse is the type of the one toed creation, the camel of tile two toed, the rhinoceros of the three-toedd and the hippopotamus of the four-toed animal life. The dlephant and hun dreds of animals belonging to different orders are of the great five-toed tribe. to which man belongs. " '
FARM NOTES. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
FARM NOTES. It is by successive plantings of beet seed from the plants which showed the greatest percentage of sweet, that the amount of saccharine matter in the beet has been Increased from eight per cent. from the best up to 1.4 and even 18 per cent., as some of the improved French varieties have shown. Vilmorin, a FIrenc:h seed grower, look the lead in these experiments. It might lx' sup poscd rhat in testing the beets it would thereafter be impossible to use such beets for planting. But Vilnorin was very careful in testing to only scoop out a small portion of the bulk. number ing each specimen, and when tile test of each was completed. electing these beets for seed wh-ich yielded the richest juices. Under this 1?'tealt iln' t. ho\wevrer. the beets heclu'nol less productive IthlaIl those va:rieties grownl unlder natural conditions. Possibly also it c:l1lot 110e expected that beets yielding such high percentage of sweet should grow as large as do the varietids whose sap is not thu...
OUR GRASS PADDOCKS. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
OUR GRASS PADDOCKS. Mr A. W. keed, -of Fern Hills, VWarragul, who has to provide pasture for dairy cattle, sheep and horses, finds for his land, the deep chocalate soil common to Western Gippsland, interspersed with some of the grey color, that cocksfoot is the most suitable for its locality, the annual rainfall of which is recorded at 410 inches.
THAT £150,000! ITS ALLOTMENT AMONGST GIPPSLAND SHIRES. DISCUSSION BY THE WARRAGUL SHIRE COUNCIL. MINISTERIAL DISTRIBUTION OBJECTED TO. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
THAT £150,000 ! ITS ALLOTMENT AMONGST GIPPSLAND SHIRES. DISCUSSION BY THE WARRA GUL SHIRE COUNCIL. MINISTERIAL DISTRIBUTION OBJECTED TO. There are few subjects in which the ratepayers of Gippsland are more in terested at the present time than the proposal of the Government to allot a sum of £150,000-extendinmg over three years-amongst the 4th, 5th, and 6th class shires. The matter was introduced at yesterday's meeting of the Warragul Shire Council by President Smith, who said there were 29 municipalities in the classes named and that consequently there would be an average of between £5000 and £6000 foreach shire. He did not know why the Warragul Shire should come below the average, but knew of many reasons why it should come above it, and the question was, what action they should take to influence the Govern ment in satisfactorily allotting the money. He understood originally that the money was to be given in a lump sum, spread over the three years, of course, as explained in the Pr...
THE LOCAL MINES. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
THE LOCAL MINES. Long tunnel shares are selling up to £110. New Perseverance, Crossover, 25th -Main battery tram nearly completed. Expecting delivery of shoot timber laily. Bad roads cause of delay, N. main drive extd. 8ft; every indication of lode. Over back of drive little stone came down much mineralised. The Narracan Shire Council meets on Friday next, when the election of the President will also take place. It is generally understood that the honor will fall to Councillor Mahony. The annual meeting of the Warragul Ladies Benevolent Society-will be held at the Shire Hall at three o'clock this afternoon, and it is hoped that there will be a good attendance of subscribers. The South Gippsland Chronicle owned by MIr George Green, formerly of Warragul, has recently been enjoying a cvry pretty. sparring match, with its contemporary, the Alberton Staudard Continuing the fight in its last issue the Chronicle says:-" The Standard jumped at the tit-bit from the Warragul Guard ian, w?,ich...
WARRAGUL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. TO THE EDITOR. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
WARRAGUL AGRICUL TURAL SOCIETY. TO THE EDITOIR. - Sir,--As the committee of the War ragul Agricultural Society are appeal ing to the public, by means of a bazaar, to be held in the early part of December, to help them reduce the existing liability on the show ground, I would ask your kind permission, for space in your widely-circulated journal, to allow me to explain how it came to pass that the society became so deeply involved, and why the Committee should expect a hearty and generous response to their appeal. To explain how the Society got into this position it is necessary to give a brief history of the Society from its birth. In December, 1884, the Warragul Agricultural Society first came into existence. The first show was held in March, 1885, the stock beingexhibited in the old sale yards, where Lyons' stables now stand, and the produce, etc,, was on exhibition at the Athen ieum. Notwithstanding that they had to contend with so many dis advantages the show was a great success,...
ACTION AGAINST THE RAILWAY COMMISSIONER. A DARNUM CASE. DAMAGES CLAIMED, £249. VERDICT FOR PLAINTIFF. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
ACTION AGAINST THE RAIL WAY COMMISSIONER. A DARNUM CASE. DAMAGES CLAIMED, £240. VERDICT FOR PLAINTIFF. At the Warragul County Court on Tues day, before Judge Casey and a jury of four, an action was brought against the Coitissioner of Railways by a lad named John Isaac Charles Swift, through his father. John Swift, c!~-ihing £249 damages for injuries received through agate oni the railway premises at Darnunm falling on him. The following constituted the jury: R. Higgs,. H. Waterton, W. Martin, and G. Lockwood. _Mr. Corr appeared for the plaintiff and iMr. Williams for the defendant. John Isaac Charles Swift, a lad twelve years of age, who walked with the aid of crutches, deposed that he lived at Darnunm with his father and mother. Remembered the 29th January. On that day he went to the Darnum railway station with Willie Ellis, to herp him to roll barrels. Saw Mr. Ellis at the rail way station. Came back with Mr. Ellis. who was wheeling two boxes on a barrow. When they came to big gat...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
Public Notices. A. HANCOCK, BOOT & HOE AREHOUSE, QUEEN ST., WVARRAGUL. Special Notice. A.H. keeps the Best and Largest Stt of BOOTS and SHOES in WTarragiul.,. A. H. has been in business heig-f r nearly seven years, and knows e.tctly the class of Boots to suit the distjct. The business has gradually grown laser, which goes to PROVE that the custonleirs are satisfied. You can get Boots aul' Shoes at all prices, cheap and good. i ;i;rIS--dONEr 0on the PREMISES. BooTS & SHOES OF I VEiY DESCRIPTION MADE TO ORDER. Now, Come Along to the Shop and See for Yourselves. Note the Address: A. IIA~ACOCK, QUEEN STREET, WVARRAGUL. Luncheon Roomns, VICTORIA ST., WARRAGUL. MRS. TOYE, Proprietress. LUNCHEON PROVIDED DAILY, And Other Meals at the Shortest Notice. CUSTOMERS Attended to Personally, and every effort made -to ensure their comfort and satisfaction. PROMPTITUDE, CIVILITY, AND ATTENTION AT lwrs. TOO E'S LUNCHEON ROOMS, VICTORIA ST., WVARRAGUL. WARRAGUL PHARMACY, QUEEN STREET, ...
DEFINITION OF NEGLIGENCE. AN INTERESTING STATEMENT. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
DEFINITION OF NEGLIGENCE. AN INTERESTING STATEMENT. His Honor, addressing the jury, said: Gentlemen,-This is an action of negligence. You may not quite understand what that means until I explain. Whenever anybody invites a person to come to his place of busi ness the law imposes on him the duty of pro tecting the person invited. If an auctioneer, a publican, a shopkeeper, or anybody else chooses to invite the public the law requires that person to pursue the duty of keeping his place in a tit condition so that no accident shall happen to them. Any neglect of that duty is what we lawyers call negligence: Therefore in a case like this we will have to consider, first the duty and then the neglecj of the persons concerned. You must not rul' away with the notion that because the law requires a person to keep their premises in a safe condition they are to be put in a condi tion of insurance. You are not bound to insure them, but you are bound to do every thing that can reasonably be expec...
THE AMERICAN EAGLE SPEAKS [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
.THE AMERIOAN EAGLE SPEAKS The following is from the New York ..`.un," .?nd has been -4"eceived .with _nmuch favor in the States: I am the American eagle And my wings flap together. Likewise I roost high I And I eat bananas raw. Blanco may sit in his Morro Castle and howl, .But he can't sit on Me! S VWill he please roll that in 'his C .igarette and smoke it? I am mostly a bird of peace I And I was born without teeth, BSut I've got talons TEhat reach from the storm-. Beaten coast of the Atlantic ', 'To the golden shores of the Placid Pacific. And I use the Rocky M'ountains As whetstones to sharpen them on. I,. .I never cackle till I 7 Lay an egg, 1 And I point with pride .To the eggs I've laid In the last hundred years or so. I'm game from The point of my beak To the star-spangled tip Of my tall feather. And when I begin 'To scratch gravel Mi:ind your eyes! I'm cock of the walk And the hen bird of the I. Goddess of Liberty. The only gallinaceous . E pluribus finum On record. 1 I'm an...
No Title [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
The summing up of Judge Casey in the railway case at the Varragul County Court was interesting and important insofar as it contained a lucid legal defini tion of the term "negligence." We therefore reproduce it fully in our report of the case on our front page. The stud notice concerning the fine draught. colt, "Colin Clyde," owned by Mr It, W. Harvie, Ellenbank, will be found in this issue. The professional notice of MIr J. Dodds, music teacher, WVarragul, will be found on this page. A meeting of the committee of the Warragul Racing Club was held on Monday, 21st ult., when Messrs. D. Connor, Howell, Stanton, 3Matchett, and Hill were appointed a ground committee, with power to make such improvements to the race track as were considered necessary. A donation of £2 2s to the fundsof the club was received from Father Coyne, on behalf of the St. Patrick's Day Racing Club
CRAWFORTH V. J. and M. LYNCH [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
CRAWFORITH V. J. and 3I. LYNCH This was a case in which plaintiff claimed £56 13s for work done during occupancy of defendant's land--clearing, grubbing, etc. Credit had been given for stock, etc, supplied by defendants to £20 leaving a balance of £36 13s, the amount claimed. Plaintiff alternatively claimed £10, part of compensation agreed be tween plaintiff and defendant in consider ation of the plaintiff giving defendant's possession of defendants' land and chat tels. The defendants counterclaimed the sum of £32 13s 6d, damages for not carrying out the work as agreed upon and value of goods supplied by the defendants to plaintiff. All the parties to the suit resided at Neerim at the time. Plaintiff was represented by M1r Corr, and defendants by Mlr Jas. Gray. George Crawforth, farmer, Noogee, gave evidence in support of his claim, and was cross-examined at considerable length by Mr. Gray. At the conclusion of the plaintiff's evidence, His Honor suggested that an endeavour should b...
FLOWER SELLERS IN NEW YORK [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
:FLOWER SELLERS IN NEWYORK ! At one time and at one season and "a.ither all sorts of things. are vended, Ithrough the city's streets, but one sees '"io turnout mnore-picturesleue than that LC the flower peddlers seen in the "priung. There are likely to be two opeddlers with the waggon, so as to cover both sides of the street at once ,ttid to make the shouting easier. It is a lovely, lazy, hazy day. and ilthe horse moves along slowly and corn tfcrtably. The wagon is filled from end Ito end with flowering plants in brilliant juloom, a moving mass of beauty.. The Sfvendors. each with a flower pot under *lsi.' arm. with a generous-sized. green ,ialked, red-topped plant projecting tihlirefromn. walk, one on either side twI:lk, leisurely along. the horse and tpryS-gon following as leisurely down the ;ccatre of the street. It all makes, a .urious and attractive little city show. ~tdl no.mistake; and as they go: "Flowers! Flowers!" shouts one easy "in?mving vendor, the red-topped ftower eoc...
HORTICULTURAL. THE ORCHARD. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
HCR ICULTUIAL_ THE ORCHARD. As requested by a North-Eastern d:uIL grower, we give the following instruc tions for combating the peach leaf turl. This is a very destructive pest, and too much care cannot be exercised in pre venting it extending its ravages. The leaves of infected trees dry up and ulti mately fall. If fruit Is formed, it soont drops when the leaves are much affect-, and the whole tree is unhealthy and barren. It has been erroneously thought th.t this disorder is occasioned by ap-. hfdes. Aphides are frequently found in the folds of the infected leaves, as they very often infest leaves of many, plants and trees that are unhealthy, but on the same tree curled leaves ma con stantly be seen which have no trace of .aphides upon them. In the first stage of this attack the green skin, or epider mis of the leaf, becomes much thick.ned&lt;8 and assumes a velvety appearance. The leaf becomes more and more curled anid contorted, and is finally of a light rd~i color, gene...
HOW TO HAVE WATERPROOF BOOTS. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
IOW TO HAVE WATERPROXF?? BOOTS. Dry foot-wear is such a paramnount necessity, if we would .continue in good health, that I think it well to give this way of waterproofing boots and shoes. Mix half a pint each of linseed oil and neatsfoot oil, and boil them for a quar ter of an hour, stirring it well at times. Brush the boots or shoes thoroughly, and then rub in the oil, standing near the fire. Let it sink in well. Do'this occasionally. As the merits of ammonia become understood (observes "'Black and White"), its use spreads in many direc tions. Its cleansing powers are as great as they are healthy, and a table spoonful of Scrubb's Cloudy Fluid Am monia forms a refreshing and useful addition to the morning bath . It has a softening effect upon the water and - bracing effect upon the skin, and, added toaho t bath, it induces something of the pleasurable sensation experienced after a Turkish bath. A large shilling bottle also fulfils other requirements by removing stains from clothes a...
THE KITCHEN GARDEN. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
THE KITCHEN GARDEN.' I The planting of the main crop of pota-. toes should be pushed on with as fa.nt as possible. The later varieties requiris more room than that advised for tho early kinds. The rows should be at least thirty inches apart, and the tubers 12 inches in the row. Make successional sowings of peas. Yorkshire Hero, Anrti clpation, Daisy, will be found suitable foad present sowing. If plants of herbs ard not available, now is a good time tcl make a sowing of seed. The drills slzoldl be a foot apart, and just deep enough td cover the seed when well above that ground; thin out the plants to a foodt apart. In the autumn the plants may) be taken up and divided, and replanted for the next season. Apart from the sort' usually grown, such as savory, thyme, sage, and marjoram, there are many) which are very useful for flavoring} soups; others possess medicinal quall ties, for instance, rue is a splendid rno* medy for roup in fowls, balm makes 31 cooling drink in case of fever, e...
CONSERVATORY AND POT PLANTS. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
CONSERVATORY AND POT PLANT'.. The weather during the past week han had marked effect on all depaxrtments oi! the garden. Active growth has com menced, and every care must be takers that it does not receive a check. Ach) mines that are growing strongly will need staking before the shoots becom r long, otherwise they are liable to bet broken. In staking, the stick should a} ways be placed behind the shoot, so .as to be out of sight as much as possible. Rai; fia is the best tying material to use, and this should be rolled between the fingeiu and thumb before using, to prevent. i sect pests from ottaining a breeding place. Achimenes\ in baskets require plenty of moisture, and should be turnedW around to the light every few days', tai promote an even growth. Ferns arcs starting freely, and require A moist at mosphere. The paths of the houses should be damped down morning anim evening. Any ferns that were not re-, potted must be given occasional watet-r Ings of weak manure water. At this4...
POST CARDS. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 30 August 1898
POST CARDS. The following is an extract from the "' Postal Guide ": "Private cards bearing adhesive stamps are allowed to be used as post cards be tween places in Victoria, under the follow ing conditions, viz. : "That they be made of ordiniiy card board, not thicker than the material used for the official post card, and measure not less than 4in. by 3in., nor more than 5.in. by 8½in. " That there be nothing affixed, writ ten, printed, or otherwise impressed on the front thereof except the address and stamps in payment of postage, and the following words when printed only, viz.: -' Post Card.' The address only to be written on this side."