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Elephind.com contains 185,322 items from Prairie Farmer, samples of which are listed below. All items from this newspaper title are freely available and can be searched from the search box above. You may also search the entire collection of 2,949 newspaper titles in Elephind.com.
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PRIZE ESSAY [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

PRIZE ESSAY THE PREPARATION AND USE OP MANURES . Ill WILLIS GAVT . OltO , Late Associate Editor of the Albany Cultivator . ( Continued from page 112 . ) SALT . Common salt is an active and valuable manure , and has been used successfull y as such in nil parts of he world where it . can readily be obtained . In England , the p ickings or impure salt is used for this purpose ; and many experiments arc on record to show that the effect is most : marked and decisive . The following is one of a series of experiments instituted b y Mr . Sinclair , to test the value of salt as a manure . The soil was li ght and gravelly . No . 1 . Soil without any manure for four years . Produce per acre , 13 bush . 2 G lbs . 2 . Soil manured with stable dung to - the previous crop , ( potatoes , ) 26 do . 52 do . 3 . Soil with 5 bushels of salt per acre , and no oilier manure for four years , 20 do . 12 do . In the opinion of Mr . Sinclair , the effect of salt as a manure was to lessen the produce of stra...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
ORCHARD AND GARDEN [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

ORCHARD AND GARDEN CHOICE OF VEGETABLES . —Willi many there seems to be but little choice in regard to the varieties in the kinds of vegetables raised in the garden . It . seems to be supposed that : a bean is a bean , of whatever sort it may be ; and so of other garden products . We have found however , in our experience , a prodig ious difference . Of more than a dozen different kinds of garden beans , we have found but three or four that were at all to our mind . Many of them were so strong as lo deserve the appellation which the old Englishmen gave them , horse corne . First among all of this sort of vegetable , to our taste , stands the Lima Bean . It is rather a tender sort , and somewhat difficult to keep in seed ; but when a crop can be had , it fully pays for all the outlay of care it occasions . Of bush beans we prefer the cranberry , though there may he others as good . Wc advise farmers to select a few Varieties , and stick to them till they find better . The same remark...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
BR A KTiN ti—SIICK . ER S . ETC . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

BR A KTiN ti—SIICK . ER S . ETC . nr v .. HAWCNKSS . I have a crow to p ick with friend Starr , but have not time to do it . now . lie is at least 75 years behind the times , in regard to fruit culture . My maternal grandfather , I . Edson , when a young man , practiced the mode of grafting recommended by Mr . Starr , and although I respect his memory it is no disparagement lo suppose that many discoveries have been made and improvements adopted since his time . Where will Mr . S . get his large seedling stocks six feet high lo graft , upon . They cannot be had in this country—and by the lime they can be raised , those who plant graded trees will have plenty of fruit . A few of our tenderest varieties of apples should be grafted or inoculated on seedling slocks , a short distance from the ground ; but this ought to be done when ihu stock is small so that the woumfwill heal over the first season . The great majority of our cultivated varieties of the apple , do belter and make more h...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
TREES FROM SUCKERS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

TREES FROM SUCKERS . nr J . n . MAXI . OVE . The remarks of M . L . Knapp in your last , on improving seedling fruit , corresponds with my experience . I have in my orchard trees bearing that were seedlings planted in 1826 by me . Also , many that have taken from roots of ihe same which arc bearing . 1 have noticed a marked dillerence in the fruit , particularly one early kind , the fruit of which , last summer was nearly double the size and better flavor than the parent tree . If sprouts near the bottom of the tree , which have no roots , are bent over and earth p laced on the top , roofs will form and young thrifty scions shoot up of tapid growth and straight . I have seen many fine trees made in lhis way from seedling fruit ; also from grafted , where ihe limbs can be covered with earth . A writer in the Cincinnalli Chronicle says : Strawberries will be in bloom in a few days , and I would recommend persons then lo examine their beds . The staminate ( male ) blossoms will be foun...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
HOUSEHOLD AFFAIRS [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

HOUSEHOLD AFFAIRS To DESTROY BED Buos- —As the hot season approaches , there will be desperate endeavors on the part of the vermin nations to extend iheir settlements . Nor will domestic affairs he at all neglected by them . But as their interests generally clash with those of the tenants of buildings , closets , and particularly of beds , a contest for superiority frequently takes place . In these contests it is very desirable to be armed with proper implements , as on that the success of the war mainly depends . Hot water , pepper , tobacco , and smart-weed arc frequently relied on ; but we believe that in such cases the victory is very generally , finally , with the biting and odor-bearing party . We advise the use of mercury or quicksilver ; as the most effective instrument that can be employed . It is not material in what form it is applied , provided it is strong enough ; but wo believe the pure article beat into the white of an egg is perhaps as cheap and effective as any . W...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
Vmvsa ^^ mmmmm ^ mm m m n ! ¦¦¦ t « nm * mmam ^ mm ^ maimmm * t ^ mwn * m LIVE HE DOES . — NO . II . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

Vmvsa ^^ mmmmm ^ mm m \ m n ! ¦¦¦ t « nm * mmam ^ mm ^ maimmm * t ^ mwn * m LIVE HE DOES . — NO . II . IIV W . 0 . ( lltKKXI . KAF . To Ihe Editors of the Prairie Farmer : Your ready insertion of my first : article on this subject encourages me to write again . I have read and reflected on the several articles on hedges in your number for May , and will now g ive my views on some of the points staled or alluded to in them . Your remarks on the necessity of planting hedges in ground which has been subdued and meliorated by culture cannot be too strongly impressed on the minds of your readers , as to plant the young thorn setts in the turf of the newly broken prairie must in every instance prove a failure ; good mellow ground and careful culture being as essential lo their growth as to that of any of our garden vegetables or field crops . It is doubted by some whether any of the numerous varieties of the native thorn will with the best of management produce a good hedge , But here in ...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
A GOPHIUl TRAP . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

A GOPHIUl TRAP . 11 Y JOHN KINO . To the Edilors of the Prairie Farmer : As frequent inquiries are made relative to the best mode of catching gophers , I send you a cut representing a trap which has proved very successful in using up those strange and troublesome little animals . ( Fig . 2 i . ; A box two feet in length is made ( tongue and groved , ) the inside sufficiently large to admit a gopher . With a spade you can ascertain where ihe animal has been last operating , and ihe direction he has gone—his drift will he open—level the ( rap and the end No . ft is placed closely against the hole or drift , carefully excluding the li ght . The end No . f ) is closed by nailing on n square piece of tin , through which small holes are punched in order to admit the light . As soon as everything becomes quiet the gopher reeormoiiors the premises—observing the light , it pitches furiously into the trap for the purpose of shutting it out—touching tin ; trigger at No . 7 it is caught . Slill...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
THE GOPHER AND GROUND SQUIRREL . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

THE GOPHER AND GROUND SQUIRREL . The following communication on ihe same subject presents as simple a method . If one is not effective the other may be . nr JOHS SIIKUFKV . To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : On page G 7 ( March number ) of your paper , I sec a communication b y Agricola , in which he says that the gopher commences almost at ihe heels of the plantej ( of com ) and continues his operations until the seed is rotten in the ground . You are mistaken , Mr . Agricola , unless your gopher has different habits from ours ; for a true description of a genuine gopher see the editor s note to Dr . Weed s article on page 39 . Our gopher does no other harm to a corn crop ihan to throw up mounds in ( he field and perhaps cover some up . They arc very destructive on nurseries and onion beds if suffered to be among ( hem . Our prairie ground squirrel ( a very nimble little animal , striped , and rows of spois between the stripes , and lives in the ground , ; has tho traits which ...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
Q V E R I E S [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

Q V E R I E S BY A . C H I ) KC 11 H . I .. To which critical answers arc solicited from the editors and contributors of ( he Prairie Farmer or others . Why docs land on which sorrel has grown for a number of years cease to produce sorrel and produce while clover ? Docs the growth of plants produce a chemical change in the soil ? if yea , do different plants produce different changes ? Nature depositcs her manure for her plants on the surface . Is it beneficial to change the order of nature in this respect ? and why ? Do the roots of plants furnish a solvent for their proper food 1 From vegetable matter , which leaves the most carbonaceous matter , natural decomposition or charring by heat ? Can potash be extracted from charcoal or from the carbonaceous matter left after natural decomposition , except by burning or ( he use of oxygen as a decomposing agent ? Can a soil in which a critical and careful analysis can delect no lime produce good wheat ? or can lime exist in combination w...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
PLOWS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

PLOWS . BY A . SPENCER . To the Editors of the Prairie Farmer : I noticed some time since lhat . you invited through your columns the result of experiments in farming and in farming utensils . Therefore I will give yoo a description of a new crossing plow I have lately purchased of Messrs . Scovil & Gates of Chicago . It is made of steel excepting the standard and a small portion of the land-side and that is of cast iron . I have experimented on my farm with a great many patterns of crossing plows and never until now have I found one that would run free , clear and scour ; but inthis I have found all those desirable qualities . I have given it . a thorough trial in all the different soils on my farm and in a wet time and to my great satisfaction it has failed in n « spot that I have tried il . I have entirely dispensed with my former companion when plowing , u paddle , which until now has been of great service in keeping my plow clear . Most , of the plow venders will to...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
A TRIP SOUTH . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

A TRIP SOUTH . WHILE visiting ihe middle portion of the state , a month or two since , we made some observations upon matters connected with the object of our journal , which wc shall present to our readers , with such reflections as suggested themselves to us in connection . This we shall do without , aiming at any system but shall pen down our observations , as they may happen to present , themselves to our mind . Timber . A traveler in passing through Kendall and Lasallo counties and those which lie south of these in the same tier , till he arrives in Sangamon will have on his left a large prairie , which extends with broken intervals , nearly across the state ; and in places wc were told one might visit the Wabash without touching timber . This prairie is indented and studded wiih groves more or loss frequent . Confirmatory of a statement made in a liirmer number of this paper , we were gratified in noticing the progress which the young timber had made and is making wherever it ...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
MORTAR FOR BUILDING . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

MORTAR FOR BUILDING . MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT A New York paper recommends the starling of a new business in that city— the making of mortar for sale . The mortar commonly used there is said to be of a very miserable quality , having no petrify ing or adhesive properties . When the walls of a building are broken , after standing a few years , it is no uncommon thing for the bricks to fall apart as easily as before they were laid up , requiring only a little brushing to clean them entirely . In the erection of Trinity Church , ihe trustees have the mortar prepared by a mill driven by steam ; and the utmost care is used in having the proportions of the materials right , and in having it properly worked . The mortar thus made becomes , after a little time , as hard as the stones it cements . The getting of good mortar is one of the worst difficulties attending building operations in many parts of the West . Much of the lime used is wholly unfit ; nor is the sand used any better—either fro...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
IRON VESSELS—THEIR ADVANTAGES . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

IRON VESSELS—THEIR ADVANTAGES . 1 st . Greater strength . 2 d . Less weight , and consequently she may he propelled faster by the same power , whether wind or steam . 3 d . She has more room inside for her crew and provisions , 4 th . She cannot ho burned . 5 th . She will last for ever , and cost scarcely anything for repairs . This comparative indestructibility keeps her ever read y for sea , and exempts her from the great expense attendant , upon the preservation of wooden vessels in ordinary , and the loss of time consumed in fitting the latter for sea . Cth . Her hulk-heads being water-tight , she may not be sunk , though one part of the vessel bo pierced by shot . 7 lb . A Paixhan shell cannot , lodge in her side . 8 th . She has none of the vegetable matter of wooden vessels about her , which produces disease by decomposition . 9 lh . The utmost cleanliness of tho berth-deck is indispensably necessary lo the health of ihe crew . Hers being iron , may be washed at all nines . ...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
PROGRESS AND IMPORTANCE OF MECHANICAL INVENTIONS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

PROGRESS AND IMPORTANCE OF MECHANICAL INVENTIONS . IT would be a most interesting inquiry—how for civilization has been aided by mechanical inventions . It would not perhaps be an easy question to settle whether civilization owes most to invenlion , oi invention to civilization ; but certain it is that the successful epoch of one has been coexistent with the reign of the other . During the existence of the old republics they bore a correspondence with each other . We may understand something of the dependence of civilization on the mechanic arts , when we reflect that the line arts—particularly poetry and literature—attained their very highest glory during an age of barbarism . Nor does it appear , either , but that the greatest poet of the earth might live and write while the world was sunk in ignorance and vice ; or that the effects of his labor would be to ameliorate in any great degree its condition . From the history of the world the contrary would in fact seem to be establishe...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
CONTRAST OF TEMPERATURE , ETC . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

CONTRAST OF TEMPERATURE , ETC . To the Edilors of the Prairie Farmer : I send you the following : Chicago , Jefferson , 55 miles west of Chicago , sunrise . sunrise . Jan . 7 18 ° plus 9 D plus 8 0 zero 13 minus or below zero 10 5 p lus 0 zero 14 26 17 plus 17 12 0 19 28 18 20 Jl snow 6 clear and pleasant , wind W . 25 12 9 26 8 2 27 2 3 28 4 plus 2 minus Feb . 6 10 3 plus 10 10 0 15 29 snow 22 cloudy , wind S . W . I have compared your table with my minutes and noticed the above as essential variations . My thermometer I believe is correct and has a fair exposure on . North side of my building . My minutes are taken at sunrise , at 12 and at 3 P . M . You will see I can only compare with yours at . sunrise . From the above wc see there is something of a contrast—much more than I should have expected . I had supposed you had colder winter mornings ihan we had here ; but through the whole of ihe months of January and February I find at sunrise yon arc front 1 lol , i ° above me . It ...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
METEOROLOGICAL RECORD [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

METEOROLOGICAL RECORD From April 25 to May 24 , 1844 , kept at Chicago , Illinois , N . Lai . 41 ° 45 , W . ton . 8 * 7 ° 35 , for the Mechanics Institute ,- by SILAS MEActiAitf . Height of Barometer Thermometer , in inches and hun ths . external . Day Is fcg g LbS of the Sun-9 o cl 3 ocl 9 o cl g . • „ • 3 g month , rise . \ . M . P . M . P . M ; = * * * ° E t / J 35 CO Ol April 25 I 28 . 96 28 . 8 ? 28 . 6628 . 60 47 50 50 50 49 . 25 26 ! 28 . 62 28 . 60 26 . 62 28 . 90 44 13 43 39 42 . 50 27 29 . 05 28 . 98 26 . 96 : 9 . 00 40 13 44 II 42 . 01 , 28 29 . 10 28 . 86 29 . 00 29 . 05 33 60 53 14 47 . 5 C . 29 29 . 13 28 . 77 26 . 83 28 . 72 43 60 55 19 51 . 7 £ 30 28 . 80 28 . 40 28 . 36 28 . 40 51 72 78 10 65 . 2 C May 1 28 . 33 28 . 25-28 . 20 28 . 22 < J 4 70 69 58 67 . 7 f 2 28 . 24 28 . 00 27 . 96 . 8 20 60 76 77 34 69 . 2 J 3 . 28 . 44 28 . 45 28 . 47 28 . 60 53 54 60 54 55 . 2 f . 4 28 . 63-28 . 10 28 . 4 J 28 . 50 46 62 63 55 56 . 5 C 5 28 . 63 28 . 30 28 . 31 28 ....

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
SPIRIT OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRESS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

SPIRIT OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRESS . Good Butler . As this is the time when knowledge on the subject of butter-making is to be put in practice , we commend the following from the Boston Cultivator to all butter-makers . For some reason the larger proportion of butter which we have seen offered for sale since we have been at the West has been far from first quality . Some of the reasons for this are incident to the circumstances under which it is made . The dairy woman has perhaps but a single room in a log house for cooking , sleeping and keeping milk and making butter . Under such circumstances we might as well look for alligators to grow on cotton trees as for good butter . Smoke , heat and dirt are active conspirators against it . There must be a cool , clean place to keep the milk and the butter , to begin with . When these are secured the following remarks speak for the rest : Good butter sells in this city for twice as much as poor . Now consider the vast difference in the profi...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
C III C A G 0 _ P RICES . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

C III C A G 0 _ P RICES . Corrected , May 28 , 1344 . PROVISIONS . $ els . If cts . Beef 1 * 100 2 25 . ® . 3 00 do . Mess Fbbl 5 ....- ® . 5 50 do . I rimo do 3 75 . ® . 4 00 Pork P 100 2 50 . © .: ) 50 in demand do . Mess Fbbl © . !) 00 do . One hog do 7 00 . ® . 7 50 Lard -Pits 6 . ® .... 7 Butter do 7 . © ... 10 Cheese do 5 . ® 7 BREAD STUFFS . Flour , superfine Fbbl 3 50 . © . 3 75 do . fine do 3 00 . © . 3 25 do buckwheat P 100 1 50 . ® . ! 75 Corn meal Fbush 44 . ® ... 50 r , T } MM Wheat , winter , in specie , pbush 05 . ® ... G 8 do . spring , .. . pbusli 50 . © ... 55 Oats do 23 . ® ... . ! Barley do 25 . © ... 30 Corn , shelled do 45 ® .. . 50 GRASS AND FIELD SEEDS . Timothy Fbusb 1 25 Blue Grass do none Red Top do 1 50 Red Clover do 6 00 . © . 7 00 White do Pft 5 none in mniket Flaxseed Pbush .. 85 . © ... 90 Tobacco seed Ppaper 12 Hemp P ^ ush 55 . © ... 75 Millet do : none Gorman Panic Grass do 75 SUNDRIES . Cider Phbl 4 25 . © . 5 00 Salt Pbbl I 50 . ® White Fish do ®...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
OUR MERCHANTS . [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

OUR MERCHANTS . We notice that our merchants are bringing on very largo stocks of goods and of very excellent patterns and fabric . We hope our friends from the country will give those advertising with us a call when they como to town , as we do not believe that they will do bettor .

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
THE PRAIRIE FARMER , [Newspaper Article] — Prairie Farmer — 1 June 1844

THE PRAIRIE FARMER , Devoted lo Western Agriculture , Mechanics , and Education . Published monthly at Chicago , Illinois , at $ 1 per annum . John S . Wright and J . Ambrose Wight , Editors . Vol . iv . 1844 . One of the largest and cheapest agricultural papers published . Printed on good paper , with new type , and embellished with engravings . Its diameter has become established as being an eminently practical paper , owing cbielly to the large proportion of matter supplied jy its able correspondents , most of whom are themselves farmers , nearly three hundred in number , and residing in all parts of tho West . Almost the entire western press pronounce it , for a farmer in the West , the best agricultural paper published . The contents in general ns follows : Original correspondence ; Editorial articles ; Reviews of leading agricultural papers , presenting their more impottant parts ; Mechanical department of two pages ; Educational department of about two pages ; departments ent...

Publication Title: Prairie Farmer
Source: Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections (UIUC)
Country/State of Publication: Illinois, United States
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