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MADAGASCAR. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
MADAGASCAR. WE have been kindly favoured with a number of L'Indicateur Colonial, dated Bourbon, 28th June, received per Water witch, from which we translate and condense thc following- particulars of a serious occur- rence in which tho English and French troops wore dofeatcd, and the residents of Loth nations compelled to quit the island. Both tho English and French merchants resident ot Madagascar were menaced with an expulsion from tba territory, unless they became naturalised before a specified pe- riod. The period had nearly expired when the French corvettes Le Berceau and La Zilie, arrived in tho bay of Tamatave, under the orders of Captain Desfosses, com- mandant of the French station, and the English vessel, the Conway, Captain Kelly, despatched by the Mauritius government, previously arrived. The commanders con- sulted and agreed upon demanding ex- planations of the commandant at Tama tavo, to which ha replied that " he had no explanation to give either to the French or | En...
EDUCATION AND DEAN DAVIES. To the Editor of the Observer. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
EDUCATION AND DK AN DAVIES. To the Editor of the Observer. Sin,-The petition of the Clergy within thc Deanery of Longford, with its appendix, relative to Education, deserves not only attention, but, in my opinion, a searching scrutiny into thc facts and statements it contains. Five hundred pounds is its prayer; its object, to show the inutility of any and every system of instruction disapproved of hy themselves ; and which docs not plant and nurture in the ductile mind of youth tho ripened bigotry of old agc. Theyfearlhat the yoke oferror mnysic too loosely on the shoulders of tho rising genera- tion, and that all creeds rony, in harmony with the enlightened spirit of thc age, amalgamate on the comprehensive principles of christianity. I For myself, though a warm friend to the exten- sion of knowledge, circumstances, both past and present, incline mo to look with a dubious eye over such documents as the one newly sp ring front «lie Longford Deanery. We ali know with what facility im...
COMMISSARIAT. COMMISSARIAT OFFICE. Hobart Town, June 28th, 1845. TREASURY BILLS. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
COMMISSARIAT OFFICE. Hobart Town, June 28th, 1815. TIIKASUI1Y JIII.I.S. Notice is hereby given, thnt tenders will conti- nue to be rercivecl ns hitherto, nt this office, every Wednesday, until 12 o'clock, for Hills to be drawn nt 30 days' sight on the Hight Honourable tho Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, in exchange for Ilritish silver or gold ; when those, at the most favornblc rate, will, if upproved, bc accepted. On such occasions, however, ns the sudden de- parture of a vessel, by which remittances hnvc to bc made, special tenders will be received without reference to thc particular day thus appointed for ordinary cusca. Thc tenders to he (in duplicate) endorsed " Tenders for Hills," and to state the nmount of cnoh bill, together with the name of the pnrty in whose favour it should bc drawn. : GEO. MACI.F.AN, Deputy Commissary-General.
COMMISSARIAT OFFICE. NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. Hobart Town, 15th July, 1845. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
COMMISSARIAT OFFICE. NOTICE TO CONTRACTOHB. Hobart Town, 15th July, 1845. NOTICE ¡a hereby given, that the following; stnnding rules must bc invariably observed by nil parties wishing to become Contractors with this Department. 1. Every Tender to bc in duplicate, scaled, and endorsed on thc envelope, in accordance with thc description of supply to which it refers. 2. Printed forms of Tenders can ho obtained nt thc several Commissariat Offices ¡ and in every ense that will admit of it these must bc used ami signed by a responsible party engaging to heroine surety for thc due fulfilment of thc Tender if ac- cepted. 3. Separate Tenders must bc made to corres- pond with each advertisement respectively, even in cases where they may be called for on the samo day. ORO. MACLEAN, Deputy Commisjiiry-Gcncral.
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. PUBLICANS* LICENSES-Applications for licenses j were made yesterday before a full bench of magis- j trates, hut wc are obliged to delay the report of >. proceedings, j MECHANICS' LECTURE.-We are obliged to postpone thc notice of Dr. Bedford's interesting lecture to our next. NEW TOTAL ABSTINENCE PUBLICATION.-A "Tasmanian Total Abstinence Song Book" has just been published. Aa a specimen of thc pro duction we give thc following. By the way, is it not a pity to omit the tune to which these striking verses should bc sung.' MODERATION MUDDLERS. Ye men of sops, and little drops, Ye moderation muddlers, Ye arc thc seed that raise thc breed Of rcg'Iar drunken fuddlcrs. You all preach up a little sup, And think you're mighty sure all ; You talk away, but still we say, " Abstain's thc only cure all." CHIEF JUSTICE or NEW SOUTH WALES.-We understand, on good authority, that tho office of Chief Justice of New South Waless, vacant by the recent death of Sir James Dowling, ...
TEXAS. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
TEXAS. HuMOun, which usually outsteps the pro- gress of events and scatters its thousand voices, has so often warned these colonies of corning war that wc cease to expect what is delayed so long. The vanity of thc French army, wounded by defeat and excited by more recent, though unequal victories, will perhaps bc restrained by the pacific policy of their king. At present the chief danger lies on thc opposite side of thc Atlantic, where a party has gained the as ccndant, ostentatious of enmity to Great Britain. The rancour of the republican press might not bc proof of the nation's mind, but the chiefs of the people since they are carried to their seats by the flow of popular favour, must he taken as an in- dex of the general mind. "When the Presi- dent of the Congress charges the British nation on a question like the Slave Trade with disguising participation by the show of aversion, the whole world is conscious of the lie, and Sir Robert Peel did honor to himself and his country when...
THE GAZETTE. ROADS' DEPARTMENT. 25th August, 1845. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
TUE GAZETTE. HOADS' DEPARTMENT. 25M stiigust, 1815. RitlDncw.vrER FERRY.-Tenders will lie re- ceived "t tili« office, until 1 o'clock, r. M., on Saturday, the 13th of September next, for renting, for two years from the 1st of October next, thc Government Ferry now established ot Bridgewater across the River Derwent, together with the Punts, Hunts, and Buildings belonging to the Go- vernment ¡it the snid Ferry. Conditions may lie ascertained on nppiientinn to the Roads' Oflicc, corner of Melville nnd Argyle structs. Security will be required for the payment of the rent. The rent to lie paid quarterly, at thc ofliee of thc Collector of Internal Revenue. Thc covers of the Temiera to bo superscribed " Tenders for renting Bridgewater Ferry." i* RFD. I' ORTH, Director.General of Hoads.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
FOR LONDON. To Sail on the 25ÍA September. THE A 1 British built barque SONS OF COMMERCE, 450 tons ' register, E. C.Williams, Commander ,,,,, Imm "? having thc whole of her oil on board, ' and thc greater part of her wool engaged, will sail as above. This ship carries an experienced surgeon, and has admirable accommodations for cabin, inter- mediate, and steerage passengers. For freight or passage, apply to Titos. D. CHAPMAN & Co Mocquaric-strect, 14th Aug. FOR SYDNEY. ' THE A I Brio; ELIZA KINCAID, . James M'Whcrter, Commander, will j ' sail for the above port, in n fewdnys. ."."".^^ For freight or passage apply to Capt. M'Whcrter on hoard, or to ASKIN MonmsoN. New Wharf, 1 Aug. 19th, 1815./ FOR MELBOURNE. (To leave Launc&ton on Saturday, 6th Sepl.J THE fine new packet brig "SWAN." 150 tons register, WILLIAM BELL, _ Commander. For freight or pas- sage, apply to JAMES RAVEN. Launceston, August 28. Valuable Sheep Farm, con- taining 4,600 Acres. TO BE LET, for a term o...
SYDNEY MARKETS. AUGUST 16, 1845. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
SYDNEY MARKETS. AUCTUBT IG, 184-5, Thc quantity of wheat received from our agri- cultural districts during the week lins been very I small. Twenty-nine londs paid dues nt thc Corn Market, and realised 5s. to 5s.8d. per bushel. Thc I 3500 bushels wheat per ll'Uliam, from Launceston, sold, wc understand, at tis. Gil. cash. The sales were readily effected, and thc growers appear sanguine that there will he an advance. English harley, 3s. to 3s. 4d. : oats, 3s.; maize, 2s. Gd. to 2s. Od., advancing; hay, large quantities have come to market, and sell at ts. to 4s. Gd. per cwt. ; fut cattle, £Z-5 ¡ sheep, several Mocks in prime con- dition have been sold to thc butchers nt 1 Os. per head. Thc Commercial Market shew nn upward tendency. Stocks of every description of imported goods (except sugar) arc lighter than they have been for many years. Spirits and Tobacco in thc Do 30th August, 1815 :-? Rum on 7th August .... Received since .... Home Consumption HOI Exportation . 355 Urandy . Recei...
Markets. HOBART TOWN, 1st SEPTEMBER, 1845. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
I HOBART TOWN, lit SEPTEUBÍR, 1845. Wheat. Os. Gil. to 5s. Sd. jier bushel. Barley. 4s. Cd. to 5s. 3d. ditto. Oat. 3s. to 3«. ld. ditto. Maize.,1s. Cel. ditto. Hay, pressed .. £3 5s. per ton. Ditto, loose.... £3 ditto Straw . 305. to lO.i, ditto. Potatoes. £2 12s. Cd. per ton. Carrots. 3s. per doz. Eggs. Iud. ditto. Cablings.. ls. ditto. Cauliflowers .. ls. Cd ditto. Onions.20s, cwt. Fowls. 2s. to 2s. Cd. per pair. Ducks. 3s. to 3s. Cd. ditto. Geese .3s. Gd. to ls. each. Turkeys . Cs. to 7s. ditto. Butter. ls. Cd. to ls. Od. lb. Apples.... 8s. to 12s.per bushel. Shingles ...... 5s. Gd. to Gs. per thousnnd. Sawn timber .. 5s. to Gs. per 100 feet. Posts nnd rails.. 18s. to 2.5.1. ditto. Pnlings, broad.. 5s. Gd. to 7s. ditto. Ditto, narrow .. 4s. Gd. to 5s. ditto.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, &c. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, &c. The OBSERVER will be delivered in Town every Tuesday and Friday mornings. A Country Edition, containing the Intelli- gence received from Launceston, the Interior, or other places, on, those days, will be posted in the evening. SUBSCRIPTION.-10i. per quarter in ad- vance ; 13«. credit. ADVERTISEMENTS.-Tieehe lines and un- der, 2s. 6d., and 2d. Jar every additional line, for each insertion. Considerable reduction on Advertisements continued for any length of time. Advertisements are received at the Publishing Office in Collins Street on Monday, till 12 o'clock, and on Thursday till the same hour. Adver- tisers must state the number of insertions desired, on their Advertisements, other- wise they will be continued until counter- manded, and charged accordingly. 2Vb verbal communications attended io. %* CoMMUNiCATioNs/tv the Editor, or Orders for the Paper and Advertisements, to be addressed, or left at "TUB OB- SERVER" Office, (MR. GEORGE EOL WEGAN'S)...
HYDROMETERS. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
' HY'DIIOMF.TKRS. The following- remarkable example of tho commercial advantages which have resulted from thc inc of the hydrometer, is men- tioned by M. Dupin, in hi« work entitled, MetluuûijM appliquée aux Arts. Brandies have, according to their greater or less de- gree of concentration, a greater or les» spe- cific gravity. Tho French, who Hrst mea- sured tlie«e degrees of concentration hy ineaii9 of hydrometers, gained tho advuntogo of being nblo to malic their brandies alway* and with certainty of those preciso degrees of strength which werj ri quired hy the dif- ferent markets to which they cirried them. The Spaniards, whoso strong full-bodied wines are eminently suited to distillation, endeavoured to enter into competition with the French in the sale of brandies; hutas they were not acquainted with the method of measuring their degrees of concentration by mean9 of hydrometers, they were obliged tr» content themselves with the following clumsy and awkward substitution. A drop ...
STATISTICS OF THE JEWISH POPULATION. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
STATISTICS OF THE JEVISII POPULATION. TUB followiug statistics of tho Jewish pop Intion will ho interesting to our readers. They aro gleaned from a much more full account recently published by M. Bernouilli, Professor of History in the University of Basie. The total number of Jews scattered over thc world, is variously estimated ; some writers limit them to four millions of souls, while others reckon them at five, at six mil- lions, and upwards. If we admit that the number of Jews out of Europe is equal to the number of those who inhabit this portion of the globe, the sum total must be at least six millions, as we cannot reckon tho Euro- pean Jewish population as less than threo millions. The numerous differences which present themselves between tho movements of tho Jewish and Christian population, are worthy of attention. lu the Prussian states, the Jewish popula- tion, from 1?22 to 1840, increased from 144,737. to 194,558. If we subtract from this number 410, gained by tho annexat...
LAUNCESTON. ARRIVALS. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
LAUNCESTON. ARRIVALS. August 25.- Bnrquc Tenasserim, 228 tons, M.Kenzic, muster, from Hobart Town ; Kerr, Bogle, & Co., agents. August 25.-Government brig Governor Phillip, from l'ort Artbur, with coals. DEPARTURES. Nil. IMPORTS. Vessels rejiorted inwards ¡luring the mci. August 25. - l'cr barque Tcnnsserim, from 7Iobart Town-l'art of original cargo from Mau- ritius : 1,910 bags sugar, 32 casks ditto, 15 cases brandy, 10 boxes raisins, Kerr, Bogle, and Co. Shipped at Hobart Town-31 bags sugar, 2 cases cottons, 3 cuses hats, 2 bales bags, 2 cases slops, 1 jnr oatmeal, 2 cases congreves, 3 mats cottons, Kerr, Bogle, & Co. ., 1 ton tlax, 8 boxes gunpow- der, 33 boxes soap, 28 packages furniture, Order. EXPORTS. Vessels reported outwards during the week. Nil. VESSELS IN HARBOUR. Barque Elizabeth and Jane, laid up . llenown, loading for London . Tenasserim, discharging Brig .. (lovernor Phillip, discharging . Scout, ditto .... .. IVilliam, just arrived from Sydney Schoone...
USE OF TEA AND COFFEE. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 2 September 1845
USE OF TEA AND COFFEE. Ono of tho roost remarkable facts in the diet of mankind is the enormous consump- tion of toa and coffee. Tho slightly stimu- lating and narcotic properties of these sub- stances do not seem sufficient to account for tho fact, that upwards of 800,000,000 of pounds of these articles are annually con- sumed by the inhabitants of the world. Il has, however, been found that they contain a certain activo principle, which, though small in quantity, is yet supposed to form an important part in tho human economy. This principle is called theine in tea, and caffeine in coffee, but they are identical in composi- tion ; and what is very remarkable, this Banio principle has been discovered in the Paraguay tea, a species of holly used for infusion by the natives of South America ; and a princi- ple very similar, called theobromine, is found in the nuts from which cocoa and chocolate aro prepared. Now, according to Liebig, there is found in the blood a principle call- ed by...