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TEACHING THE YOUNG IDEA. Agriculture at the Schools. GOOD WORK BY THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
TEACHING THE YOUNG IDEA. Agriculture at the Schools. GOOD WORK BY THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT. it is not of absorbing interest to the man on tne land to know that great things are being done for the metropolitan population in the mat ter of education. One way to keep the rural population from leaving the country is to lurnish the country centres with the best educational facilities that the State can atford. The Department of Public Instruc tion is doing this in a systematic and 'effective way. Already district schools have been established in With Reaper and Binder. Boys Stooking Wheat. twenty-five important centres during tne last six years, their purpose being to afford facilities to country school children for the acquirement of the higher forms of education. These schools have been established at the following places : - Lismore, Grafton. Glen Innes. ln verell, Tamworth, iiaitland, Mudgee, Bathurst. Duboo, Young,. Wagga, Bowral. Goulburn, JBega. Hav. Orange, Taree, Cobar. Parramat...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Order Form Date To The Land Newspaper Co. Ltd. Hoskins' Buildings, 3 Spring street, Sydney. Dear Sirs,-Please forward your Weekly Newspaper, "THE LAND" to my address regularly, at a charge, including postage, of 5s. cash in advance, or 6s. booked, per annum. Name ............ Postal Address SPLENDID DAIRYING, AGRICULTURAL and SUGAR^LAND COOROOMAN ESTATE situated only 20 miles from Roekhampton, the Emu Park Railway runs through the property. Area about 3874 acres Freehold, splendidly im proved (Improvements costing over £3000) permanently watered by run ning streams. Price, £2 per acre for quick sale. Terms, one-fifth cash, balance extending o^r 10 years at 5 per cent. Intending Purchasers would be shown over the property by the New Zea land Loan and Mercantile Agency Company, Limited, Roekhampton, from whom all details or firm offer can be obtained. For Further Particulars and Firm Offer please apply by Wire to New Zealand Loan & Mercantile Agency Company Limited ROCKHAMPTON...
POULTRY DISEASES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
POULTRY DISEASES. Don't think you are going to make poultry keeping pay without care, and some little trouble. At the same time you will save a lot of trouble bv taking pains with your birds, for nearly all the worry with diseases and other poultry ailments comes to the careless or ignorant pouitry-keep er; one, for instance, who places ten birds on ground only big enough for two, for they are pretty sure to fall sick. You waste no end of time potter ing about with sick birds, and when j'ou succeed in curing some of them you are only putting a rod in pickle for your own back, as the cured birds will infallibly breed in their stock a predisposition to the same disease. The best and surest way in the long run of working up a satisfactory flock is to kill and burn every sick bird. Find out the cause of the trouble, by all means, but don't at tempt to doctor up the ailing birds. Knock them on the head, and get the thing over. Drastic measures like these will eliminate all weakly speci m...
TREATMENT OF BROKEN LEGS IN DOGS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
TREATMENT OF BROKEN LEGS IN DOGS. In the last issue attention was drawn to the treatment of simple fractures of the limbs wheie the parts were capable of being bandaged. Compound fractures are those which show the broken ends of the bone in communication with the air. In this case, far greater care must be exercised, as the break is compli-. cated by a wound. On no account must a wound, however slight, be treated in the manner described for simple fracture. Arrangements must be made for the continual treatment of the wound till it is healed, and this cannot be done under a bandage. Therefore, carefully bathe the wound ed limb with warm water, to which lysol has .been added in the propor tion of two teaspoonsful' to the pint. After: thoroughly cleansing the wound and removing all foreign bodies, the limb should be dried thoroughly, and a bandage and splints applied as des cribed for a simple fracture. When bandaging the limb, however, it is necessary to make arrangements to leave a "...
"APHIS FOOT" IN HORSES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
"APHIS FOOT" IN HORSES. The weather of late has been very favourable to the devolpment of what, in some quarters is known as "aphis foot" in horses. The aphides swarm in the clover and lucerne pat ches, and from the green food they find their way to the feet and noses of horses, and on to the backs of sheep after they have been shorn. Some times the horses are so far disabled as to be unfit for work. In answer to an inquiry by a "Land" represen tative, Mr. W. Froggatt, the Govern ment Entomologist, said the real cause of this trouble had not yet been ascertained, but it was not at tributable to aphides. lie thought it was more properly a matter for investigation by the pathologist than the entomologist. In any case, he had' not had a proper opportunity of examining the disease, or whatever it was, in its initial stages. People were in the habit of plentifully ap plying oil, kerosene being usually pre ferred, as a rough and ready sort of treatment, which was a drastic kind of treatme...
REGISTRATION OF VETS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
REGISTRATION OF VETS. The Chief .Inspector of Stock in 2se\v Zealand is again urging the Go vernment to pass a law providing for the registration of veterinary sur geons. If viewed only from the standpoint of the stockowner, it is obvious that the latter should have some measure of protection against tlie individual who, posing as a vet., may by maltreatment and ignorance, do serious damage. The same posi tion exactly is applicable to Austra lia. Anybody who likes can pose as a stock doctor. The point , was em phasised the other day when the Commonwealth Government advertis ed for eight officers-presumably to be employed in the export of meat -but a condition Avas that they should be qualified under the ^British law. It Avas necessary that this should be the case, as Australia has no law to deal Avith the profession. .It is. necessary that this state of af fairs should be remedied. Indeed, the whole science has been sadly ne glected, especially in a country where stock spell so much...
THE BLOWFLY PEST. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
THE BLOWFLY PEST. Reports from inland tell of the be ginning of. trouDie Avith the blowfly pest. It is starting much earlier this; yea'r, and may be expected to continue right through till shearing time. A pamphlet issued by the .Agricultural Department (No. 809) on " The Sheep Maggot Fly,- with Notes on other Common Flies/' by Walter "YV. Froggatt, F.L.S., Govern ment Entomologist, deals exhaus tively with this pest, and lias had a very large circulation.- One leading firm, recognising its value, distributed >1000 copies of this valuable paper.
Agricultural Societies Shows [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Agricultural Societies Shows Secretaries of agricultural societies are invited to forward, for insertion in this column, early information of the dates of projected shows, and any alterations as soon as they are made: Society. Secretary. Gundagai P. and A. Society A. Mworthy ... Bangtilow A. and I. Society .. ^ . H. Reading . Tenterfield P., A.,;and M. Society ........ 1". .. Hoskm . Bombala Exhibition Society Sb . Tumbarumba and Up. Murray P. & A E. W. Figures . Macleav A., H., and I. A. (Kempsey) ...... E. Weeks Crookwell A., P., & H. Society M. P. Levy ... Gloucester A., H., and P. Association S. J. iiignell Nepean District A., H., and I. Socy P. C. Smith .. (Penrith) . Oberon .. . A. E. Burclier .. Berrima District A., H., & I. S. (Moss I. Cullen Vale) Cumnock . A. M. Martin . Cen. New Eng. P. & A. Ass'n (Glen ....... G. A.: Priest .. Innes) Campbelltown A. Association F. Sheather Cobargo A., P., and H. Society ..T. Kennelly Tumut A. and P. Associ...
LOOSENING A STUBBORN NUT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
LOOSENING A STUBBORN NUT. Sometimes a nut on a machine seems to defy all efforts to unscrew it. In such a case don't get mad and swear, but try this simple plan. Take an ordinary open spanner that fits the nut, heat it, and place it on the nut, and let it rest there for two to three minutes. The heat will expand the nut, and it will screw off easily. If no fire be handy, the span ner can be heated in a blow-lamp flame. It may be asked why the blow-lamp should not be used to heat the nut direct, but the objec tion to this is that the bolt is there by also heated, so that it would ex pand as well as the nut. The hot spanner dodge is a very old one, though not generally known. An ad justable wrench should not be em ployed, as such a tool is hardened, and would be rendered unfit for use by being heated.
POULTRY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
POULTRY. .Moderate prices are ruling for most kinds of poultry, tlie only keen de mand being for hens, extra choice be ing quoted at 3/6 to 4/6. Roosters, extra choice, 3/6 to 4/6; good, 2/ to 3/; chickens, small, 1/ to 1/6; Mus covy ducks, 3/6 to 4/; drakes, 4/ to 5/; English ducks, 2/6 to 3/; tur keys, 'choice liens, 5/ to 7/6; cocks, 10/ to 15/; guinea fowls, 4/; pigeons, 1/6 to 1/9'per pair. ,
FRUIT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
FRUIT. All experienced salesman remark ed yesterday that he had "not seen all kinds of fruit so cheap for seven or eight years." What is described as a '"terribly l.arge shipment" of William pears from Victoria, and the over ripe condition in which it arrived here, depressed the market for pears, which are quoted at 2/ to 4/6 per gin case. Other fruit prices yester day were:-Apples, dessert, choice, 9/ to 10/, medium 5/ to 6/; small 2/6 to 3/; cooking, choice, 4/; medium 3/, small 2/, jam lots 1/6 per gin case. Pears, local Williams 2/ to 4/6, cook ing 1/6 to 2/6 per gin case; Victorian pears, 3/ to 4/6 per bushel case; jam lots, same case, 2/6 to 3/6. Bananas: Queensland, 7/ to 8/ per case, 1/8 to 2/6 per bunch; Fiji, Gros Michel, 4/6 to 10/ per case, 3/ to 7/ per bunch; Chinas, 12/ to 12/6 per case, 2/6 to 7/ per bunch. Oranges, se cond crop, choice, 7/ to 8/; medium, 4/ to 6/ per case. Lemons, local, choice coloured, 6/ to 7/, medium 4/ to "5/, small 3/ to 3/6. Mandarins, local, ...
Shire and Municipality Appointment of President. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
^ II Shire and Municipality II "The Land" will welcome discussion upon matters specialiy affecting shires and country municipali ties, and will as far as possible, furnish specific information in answer to questions. Appointment of President. Ashford Shire Council lias liad a peculiar experience in connection with the election of president. In consequence of portion of the Yalla roi Shire having been added to the area, the Governor appointed the day for the triennial election of council lors to be on 11th February, instead of 28th January. On Monday, 13tli February the Clerk convened the meeting by wire, for the election of president, to be held on 14tli. It so happened that on the 13th 4% inches of rain fell in the district, and on 14th, 3 inches fell, consequently a heavy flood Wiis experienced, and. it was impossible for the whole of the councillors to attend. Three mem bers, howeyer, turned up, -which includ ed Cr. Higgins, and a noiniriation was handed to the Clerk, signed by t...
VEGETABLES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
VEGETABLES. There is a great scarcity of cab bages in the market; in fact, they are almost unobtainable, except at high prices, and districts which ian supply them should do well. French beans are becoming cheaper, but bunch stuff is still scarce and dear. "There is a very good demand gene rally for all lines. Prices yesterday were:-Cabbages, large !)/, medium 7/6, small 2/6; pumpkins, large 6/, medium 4/ to 5/, sipall 2/; cucumber, Gd to 1/3; vegetable marrows, 2/ to 3/ per doz.; carrots, 1/6 to 1/10; let tuce, 6d to 1/3; parsnips, 1/6 to 2/; white turnips, 2/6; spinach, 1/3; beetroot, 1/; leeks, 9d to 1/1; pars ley, 3/; mint, 8d to 1/; herbs, 8d to 1/; watercress 2/; rhubarb, 1/6 to 2/6.; celery, 1/6 to 2/6; eschalots, 1/6; radishes, Od; horse radish, 8/ to 10/ per dozen bunches; onions, 4/ to 6/-; potatoes, small lots, Tasma nia!), 7/6; Early Rose, 5/6 to 6/6: sweet, 7/ ; Swede turnips, 5/ to 6/ per cwt.; French beans 2/6 to 3/6; green peas, 3/6 to 7/; chillies, 3/ to 4/ per bush...
AUSTRALIA'S MEAT EXPORT TRADE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
AUSTRALIA'S MEAT EXPORT TRADE. Last year saw a record in the meat export trade 01 tne Commonwealth to Great Britain, (she sent 876,469cwt. of beef and l,525,399cwt. of mutton. These figures show an increase over 1909 of 114.59 per cent, in beef and 61.63 per cent, in mutton. To the above has to be added the shipment? of tinned meats. New Zealand's figures are :-236,587e\vt. beef and 2,104,172cAvt. of mutton; and Argen tina, our most formidable . rival 4,898,869cwt. of beef and l,419,375cwt. of mutton. As the total quantity of beef imported into the United King dom in 1910, from all countries, was 7,577,374cwt., Argentina has by far the largest grip on the British beef import trade. The total quantity of mutton imported was 5,556,318cwtv. and in this class of meat New Zealand largely leads. The Hawlcesburv Agricultural So ciety showed its appreciation of the services of Mr. E. H. Street, who, for the past 16 years lias been an active member, by presenting him with a travelling case.<...
SKINS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
SKINS. Opossum Skins.-Grey, first 22/ tc 22/6 per dozen; second, 14/ to 20/; third, 7/6 to 12/ ;^red, first, ^17/ tc 20/ ; second, 12/ to 16/ ; third, 6/ to 11/ ; rumpeu, top, 13/ to 15/ ; first, 8/ to 12/ ; second, 5/ to 7/3 ; torn and weevilly, 3/ to 5/. The Australian Mercantile Land and Finance Co., Ltd., report: Rabbit Skins.-No auction sales held this week, prices at late auc tions being-as follows:-Prime 9d to 10'/od, good average 7'/ad to 8%d, fair to medium, 6Vl>d to 7d; kittens, does and lower sorts, 4d to 6d per lb. Sheep Skins.-Prices, generally speaking, were on a par with the best rates ruling last week. Butchers' lines of short are making from 3V»d to 4y3d, according to length. Hides.-Medium and heavy weights advanced a/»d per lb., light and light mediums firm at late rates. We quote N;S.W. Butchers? heavy picked sorts, 7%d to 9d; best lines, heavy, 0%d to 7%d; good, 6%d to GV-jd; me diums, best, 6%d to 6%d; good, 6%d to 6%d; lights, best, 5ysd to G%d: good, 5%d to...
Women's Affairs Fashions of the Week. THE HAREM SKIRT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
on 2) Women's ASfairs | r-\ ' (By " THE WIFE") /*\ /] lyr^ , v7 V-/ &lt;-A Fashions of the Weok". * - - ^ - ?> .. > teXivi#'."*/ THE HAREM SKIRT. The fashion files which have come to .hand;.; this week, contain descrip tions of the celebrated harem skirt, which lias been so much in evidence in the cables of late. These advance reports take the new "scare" very ' lightly, and- treat it as something quite v in the ordinary way of gar ments. "If your stockings be blue, keep your petticoats long," ran the old refrain when the craze for, learn ing came' into vogue among women. The new refrain about the harem skirt, is "If your trousers are bag ged, keep your tunic quite long." The harem skirt consists of a pair of very baggy Turkish trousers, such as the Eastern women wear, caught in at each ankle with elastic; over these is worn a tunic, coming to just below the knee. The dress is quite feminine, and extremely graceful. I, myself, have seen the Turkish women in Egypt, and ...
RURAL WORKERS AND ARBITRATION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
RURAL WORKERS AND ARBITRA TION. As a result of the dispute between the employers and employees in the fruit-growing industry at Renmark, South Australia, the President of the Federal Arbitration Court, sent a wire, to both parties, calling^ a con ference for last Wednesday* night. The employers obeyed the summons, but the political boss of the U.L.U. forwarded the following telegram: "Re the Renmark troubles, will not send representatives, trouble does not extend beyond the State. Federal Re frendum not yet carried, object to you anticipating same, your Court is too expensive for workers; besides, tliere is no finality, employers always fight jurisdiction, We will settle quickly and more satisfactorily, with out your aid, thanks." The limit in sheer cussedness is about reached in the foregoing wire, and very amply demonstrates what reliance may be put upon some bran ches of the employees in connection with appeals to the Arbitration Courts. In view of the fact that at the present ti...
Reserves and Renewals. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Reserves and Renewals. All councils having a good plant should annually put aside to a re serves and renewals account a sum to enable them to effect renewals or repairs thereto. We note that '"lun dagai has set aside £54 17s 2d from the revenue of the town water sup ply for that purpose.
Sawdust Roads [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Sawdust Roads We have before heard of roads being made of sawdust, and could scarcely realise that such a proposal was worth consideration, but we now hear that the engineer of Erina Shire states that he is much impres sed with the way that this material has consolidated. This is a question that more should be heard of. Of course, it would not be possible to allow sawdust to supersede the good old blue metal, but for ordinary roads, which are only formed, the experiment might be further tried, where sawdust plentiful.