ELEPHIND.COM search the world's historical newspaper archives
From:  To: 
click here to view elephind tips
Elephind Tips
To find items containing all the words:
John Quincy Adams
Simply type the words:
John Quincy Adams
To find items containing the exact phrase:
John Quincy Adams
Put the phrase in quotes:
"John Quincy Adams"
To find either of the words:
president, congressman
Type OR between the words:
president OR congressman
For more tips take a look at the search tips page.
bubble pointer to elephind tips
click here to subscribe our mailing list
Search limited to
Clear all
Title: Kyneton Guardian Delete search filter
Elephind.com contains 39,674 items from Kyneton Guardian, samples of which are listed below. All items from this newspaper title are freely available and can be searched from the search box above. You may also search the entire collection of 2,949 newspaper titles in Elephind.com.
39,674 results
INTERCOLONIAL RATES. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

INTERCOLONIAL RATES. To New South Wales, New Zealand, South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia, Fiji, British New Guinea, and New Hebrides. -Letters. For every Joz. or under .. .. o I Post Cards-Stamp or Card"!'.' o " i Letter Cards o I Reply Post Cards-each .... o 2 Registration Fee 0 3 Acknowledgement of delivery of registered article o 24 -Packets. Commercial Papers and Print ed Papers, maximum weight 4lb., _ maximum dimensions, 2ft. in length, ift. wide or less, 2oz. or under 0 1 Patterns and Samples, Pack ets _ or 2»Ierchandisc, etc., ma;;hnuvn jveight lib., di mensions not t® exceed 2ft. X ift., 2oz. or under .. .. o 1 -Newspapers. Each, every iooz. or und .. 001 ?Bulk Parcels or newspapers posted by a registered news paper publisher or newsven dor, 2ooz. or fraction there of o 2 -Parccls. Eor each Parcel of lib. or under 0 8 Each additional lib. or un der up to 1 lib c 6 I -Queensland.- j The tame as to other colonies for all postal matter except Newspapers, id. for every...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
POSTAL INFORMATION. RATES OF POSTAGE. VICTORIAN RATES. Letters. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

POSTAL INFORMATION. RATES OF POSTAGE. VICTORIAN RATES. -Letters. For every ioz., or fraction thereof . ;. ... J o i Urgent Letter-For each -let ter (in additon to ordinary. postage) .. o 4 PostCards ...... .. o i Reply Post Cards .. . . . . .. o 2 Letter Cards o 1 Registration Fee ..... .. o 3 Acknowledgement ot delivery of registered article o 2} -Packets. Commercial Papers, Printed Papers, maximum weight Sib., maximum dimensions 2ft. in length by ift. in width or depth, 2oz. or under .... 0 x Wholly Printed Matter, exr cept address, which may be in writing on exterior or cover of packet-For every 2oz. or under, up to 5lb. .. o oj Patterns, Samples, Packets Merchandise, maximum lib., not to exceed 2ft. x ift., 2oz. or under .. o 1 -Newspapers. For each newspaper iooz. or under _ .. .... o oi Within the Commonwealth and Papua, 40Z. or part of - 40Z o ol Magazines and Publications not published in the Com monwealth o 0} Published within the Com monwealth, 8oz o o* To New eZaland, Fij...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
Family Notices [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

WEDDINGS. MATTHEW-BOWMAN*. A very pretty, but quiet, wedding was celebrated by the Rev. Lithgow Tait. B.A.. at 4 o'clock 011 Wednes day afternoon, the "til inst., in St. An drew's Presbyterian Church, Kyne toii, between Mr. Douglas Xicoli Mat thew. younger son of Mr. Josului Mat thew. Mildura. and Miss Maud Bow man. only daughter of the late Mr. William Bowman and Mrs. Bowman, of Lauriston street, Kyneton. The church was prettily decorated with white flowers by the girl friends of the bride. Mrs. Lithgow Tait played the Wedding March and the Bridal .March as the bride entered and left the church' respectively. The bride who was given away by her only bro ther. Mr. Geo. Bowman,' was very daintily gowned in white embroidered silk voile: she" wore the orthodox wreath and veil, and carried a beauti ful bouquet-, of white roses, carna tions and lilies, relieved with aspara gus fern. She also wore a gold wrist let watch, the bridegroom's gift. She was attended by her. ?-..cousin;-? Miss M...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
KYNETON POLICE COURT. TUESDAY. JANUARY 6, 1914. (Before Messrs. Barlow, P.M., and Middlemiss. j.P.) ILLEGALLY ON HOTEL PREMISES. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

KYNETOK POLICE COURT. TUESDAY. JANUARY 6, 1914. (Before Messrs. Curiow, P.M., and Middlemiss. j.P.) ILLEGALLY OX HOTEL PRE MISES. Cornelius McGrath and Denis Ma-, loney. both young men residing- at East Trentham, were charged by Li* censing inspector Jones, on the in formation of Constable Downes. with being on the premises of I lie Club Hotel, Tyldcn. at a time when the hotel was not open for the sale of liquor, inspector Jones prosecuted, and Mr. Frank Stevens appeared for the accused', w ho pleaded guilty. Constable Downes deposed thai on Sunday. November 16, at 5 p.m., he saw the two defendants on the pre mises of the Club Hotel. Spoke to them, and Maloney at first denied be ing 011 the premises, but afterwards admitted it, and said he had gone there to get a drink and had got it. McGrath made a similar .statement. Subsequently, in the presence of Con stable Smith, the two accused signed a written document in corroboration of their verbal statements. Mr. Stevens asked the bench ...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
STATE POLITICS. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

STATE POLITICS. Nominations closed on Tuesday for the seats in the Legislative Assembly rendered vacant by members having accepted portfolios in the Watt Min istry. Sir Alwxander Peacock (Alien dale), Mr. if. S. W. Lawson (Castle maim: and Maldon) and Mr. John Murray (Warrnambool) have been returned unopposed. Mr. Lawson re turns thanks in this issue. The other nominations are: Essendon.-Watt. William Alexan der, Park street, Moonee Ponds, mer chant. Keane, Frank, 45 Victoria street, Coburg, wood worker. Prahran.-Mackinnon, Donald, ot Ackland street, South Varra, bar rister. Webber, William Menry. of 7 Arg-o street, South Varra, secretary. -Borung.-McRae, Farciuhar. Wall up. farmer. Hutchinson, William. Hast Melbourne, landowner.

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
KYNETON WATER TRUST. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

KYNETON WATER TRUST. The monthly meeting' of the above was held yesterday, there being pre sent: Cmrs... Murray (chairman). Clark and Hurry. Correspondence. A. Watkinson, licensed plumber.- ap plied for permission to put in a three quarter-inch service at Mr. j. C. Rcn nie's new house in Donnithorne street, to alter water lap for Mr. Daniel in Boweii street, to lay water for bath heater for Mr. G. Trethewey. on Boundary road, to extend service to Coffee Palace, to lay water to cistern to supply hot water .service for Mr. II. Castles in Piper street, to put in half-inch pipe and ?hi>'t stop cock and erect stand pipe in garden for Mr. J. D. Jones in Maxwell street and to put in li-inch service at Mechanics' Insti tute from main to the building line and to lay from same to a point in side the building.-In regard to the request re Mechanics' Institute, Mr. Watkinson is to be requested to make his requirements more definite in re gard io whether the service connec tion is required fro...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
XMAS WINDSOR. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

XMASV WINDSOR. , The' double number is exceptionally j varied and full to the brim of attrac tive features. The fine-art subjects include facsimile colored plates re^ producing pictures by Sir John E. MUlais, P.R.A., B. W. Leader, R.A., Sir John Gilbert, R.A., and Sir . Law-: rence Alma-Tadema, R.A., accom panying a survey of the ! pictorial treasures of the Guildhall Art Gallery of the City of Loudon. Tn lighter vein will be found some very enter iaining humorous cartoons in colors. In all there are no fewer :than fifteen coloured plates inculded in the num .ber. Many - famous novelists contri bute their latest stories, to the .fiction programme of jthis remarkable issue, and other writers of note are respon sible ; for important "features, -"'among them Sir 1-1. Rider Haggard/^Anthony Hope, Halliwell Sutcliffe,- ;J3eatrice Harraden, the last-named?, contribut ing a fascinating story located'in Mit tenwald. the violin village.- .Sir H. Rider Haggards contribution is< a. ...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
SOCIAL AT MT. ST. MARY. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

SOCIAL AT MT. ST. MARY. ~<y» The New Year was successfully inaugurated by a very pelasant and enoynble social held in Mangan's barn on January i. A large gathering of local residents and numerous visi tors from Melbourne and Bendigo and the Buffalo, near Gippsland. This wa.s a distinct testimony of the un doubted popularity of these happy re unions. The music was all that could be desired, and was provided by the capable hands of Mr. Ulmer. who pre sided at the piarra^rrrd ably assisted by'Mr. N. Panljij^Tpft^uul Mr. A. Ken nedy. who discojirse(T exce 11 ent violin music. "* "" During the evening' impromptu dances by Miss .' wtettl&r£V£ifcd Mr. L. Parkhtirst,' vi^itftte'ffbrii M'el4 bourne, ' and Mr'.' 'Cuis'-CrborcSj^'of Kjaietoii, were most deligliVrul^mif tures 6'f the'':vM\oym(iht; . MlS-.yiKu^ j Mr. ,'Jl' UtiVter' was a most' cSpkfole master of'ihe ceremonies, and he saw to it that-all was kept moving with extreme pleasure throughout the merry evening. The ro...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

Trade Addresses. FiCTIQN. FASHIONS. ? ME CHANICS. TKEATRELANB. ; LATEST MAGAZINES - FROM' AMERICA JUST TO HAND. Including;: THE GREEN BOOK. THE BLUE BOOK. MEW STORY MAGAZINE EVERYBODY'S MAGAZINE ALL-STORY. COSMOPOLITAN SMART SET SMITH'S MAGAZINE. ' . McLURE'S. THE ARGOSY. MUKSEY. : - : CAVALIER TOP-NOTCH MAGAZINE. POPULAR MECHANICS. RAILROAD ?:id CURRENT ME CHANICS. AMERICAN LIFE. WOMAN'S HOME COMPANION LADIES' WORLD WOMAN'S MAGAZINE ELITE STYLES THE DELINEATOR. THE LADIES' HOME. All Obtainable at FOUND.-Our TAILOK. opposite j Shire Hail. Every Garment Made on the, premises, «--. Satisfaction! Gcaran- j teed. ,r'\. V. LAMES. Prs.ctfcn.! TaiKir,. j K^tb'n. - i Trade Addresses. And' then-Xmas. WHAT TO GIVE? WHERE TO GEiT^T?' \v. We anticipated these/ijuerics 4,. months ago, with th'e' hap^Vu. »' result that our Stock. ie> l/ter-._.. ally teeming- with NOVELTIES and GIFTS"""*" at a price that will surprise and please you. CSesfca' Stores. '?Phone 90. P. G. FZCK, A.R.V.I.A. Architect...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

Trade Addresses. Music Hath. Charms -HERE ABE SOME OF THE LATEST All BEST SUSS Instrumental Numbers. £ill siit Sixpence. By Post 7d Each WALTZES. Woodland Whispers Wedding Bells Royal' Visit II Baccio Rose of the Morn L'Entente Cordiale Wild Woodbine Perle D'Orienl Only a Faded Rose Pearl of the Night Kashmir Gems of Erin Donamvellen Dreaming Eyes Dainty w, Aubade Over the Waves ? Tuberose Only For Thee Sweet Phyllis QUADRILLE. The Alberts SCHOTTISCHE. Zena , GALOP. The Toreador MARCHES. 'hurch Call (Church Parade March) Australia (Waldmere) Royal Artillery .(Territorials) Advance Guard (Royal Pageant) Country Life POLKA. The Bird's Nest MAZURKA. Lily of -the Valley Sternenzauber TWO STEP. Tete a Tete The Half-Holiday. With the Fleet The West End . Dreaming; Daniel British Imperial Chimes SONGS. One Word Mother Only a Faded Rose *" In the Meadow Where the Violets . Bloom Your Eyes Say Remember, Though Your Lips Say Forget The Light of Day (a beautiful pa thetic song) Little Miss Sno...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

It Never Fsi'r.. nsin;r Ch:ii:;eberIainV (.'o'au'ii Rc niecy." say;: Mi. Herbert H. \Y'oo<{ hentl. Vv*e«t\vort:i, X.S.W. "V.'c |.;:w six ch'Mj'en ;t:id r.ev«r use any:;:ini; else for the treatment of coughs, colds and I)ronciii:'{ complaints. I confi dently r<Tni;;nTnii ! . "iKinibeWTin's Fen?'."'1;' C .-..nv iri.'.iV (;;-p-eciaSiy -v oh; !>k>>, have youn.cr i-'ni'J.rc-n J health to safe guard. If ii<n-cr fails to irsve relief in all case-." For pale oy T. P. Hayes, .Kyneten: Charles Ixlr.tti-esvs, Malntf bury, and a!! chemist? anC storekeep ers. Whooping Cough.-"Mj' little boy 1 . '1 v.'ii lopitip; cough very badly," savs Mr.s A. Henderson. The People's . 47 Elgcn Rd., Moraington, "I tried several cough medi cinci without any of thetyi doing him any ;,ri'>n<i; then f tried Chamberlain's C'oii'."!') Remedy. <jn>j he uol iminedi-\ic relict, bince then 1 hat t abvays kept a bottle of this Wonderful medicine by me, a...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
The Guardain KYNETON, THURSDAY, JAN. 8, 1914 [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

KYNETON, THURSDAY, JAN. 8, 1914 The Back Page.-In Garden Notes .this week Mr. Gray gives full instruct tions to rose growers liow to sccure {rood autumn blooms. The Glenlyon Shire Council will also be found on the back page. The opinion of the engineer of Glenlyonshirc concerning ilie unsuitability of pumps; for mineral springs will be read ..with interest.,The Bendigo Markets; and.an .account from. the "Age" of the- privations; of, some shipwrecked sailors are .among-other items of interest. . A Message of Goodwill.-In Octo ber last ? year-: the>committee- of !th.e Kvneton Ladies' Benevolent Societv celebrated- the fiftieth birthday ot their society;, an account of which^ap-.: peared in the ? "Kyneton Guardian^..,01 October 9-' 'This ."account ,;.\vas for warded by one of the members of the society .to Miss Henderson, of Edin burgh,, whose-father and nno.ther, the M late Rev.""ft. and Mrs Henderson," were , the originators of'the society,, ifrs. Henderson being its first- secret...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
GLENLYONSHIRE COUNCIL. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

GLENLYONSHIKE COUNCIL. . The. monthly meeting of the above ivas held on Monday, there being- pre sent: Crs. McCarthy (president). Keogn. i.x;icDonalfl. Main. Currv and .brenmer. Correspondence. _ Ihe Public Works Department in tur.ateu that the council's request for assistance in constructing a Monier pipe cuivert over -. creek in the Hast ivulinp: nad been scheduled for con sideration at the next allocation of .the _road_ 7. ><e.-Received. _ The Under Secretary invited atten tion to the/fact rha;. under the pro Vs;0",' °* t!V Licensing Districts .'\cL tile council was required to fur nish' on or i>C''ore January 31 next a rc-iurn showing l!:e number of male persons enrolled on the municipal roll . in respect 01 i ateajde property situate ,5\ :"'i" iieensin^ ih'strict lorminsr part .. ot the shire.- the Secretary said' he ,h?._d torwarded 1110 information, and ? this i.cik.n was endorsed. Ruoerliion and Co.. insurance br*"> : ker-;. Aielbournc. drew attention 10 ...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
BENDIGO STOCK MARKET. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

BENDIGO STOCK MARKET. J an. 6.-Cattle: The supply of cat tle forward for to-day's sale was the smallest number penned for some time: 374'were penned. The quality all round was very moderate, the bulk of the yarding consisting- of medium and just useful sorts of light bullocks and cows, and a few pens of clean heifers. Distributed through the sale, however, were occasional pens of prime medium weight bullocks. All the local and usual outside butchers having pretty well killed out during the holidays, there was a good de .mand for best cattle, and shortly after ?the opening sales competition bccame brisk,.-and prices showed an increase' -of -from-10/ to-15/ 011 the rates pre vailing, at. the last sale of the year. Quotations: Bullocks. £9 to £10; good? useful do., £7/10/ to £8/10/; medium sorts, £6 to £7; prime cows, £6/10/ to £7/10/; good useful do.. £5 to £6; medium sorts. £3/15/ to £4/10/;: prime ..clean heifers; £6 to £7/2/. . Sheep.-3S05 penned. .The bulk of .the,offering,-consis...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
TERRIBLE TALE OF THE SEA. SHIPWRECKED SAILORS' PRIVATIONS. STARVING AND STORMTOSSED. REACH LAND AFTER NINE DAYS. FEARS FOR THREE LIVES. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

TERRIBLE TALE OF THE SEA. SHIPWRECKED SAILORS' PRI VAT 10.VS. STARVIKG AND- STORM-;. TOSSED. . «? REACH" LAND -AFTER .-NINE " _ DAYS. , . ? t _: . FEARS FOR THREE LIVES. Eight members of the crew of the American schooner El, Dorado .were brought to Sydney ,011 Saturdays by the: Knight of the,Garter from Easter; Island, "where they landed after^ ter rible :1 privations; -' having- travelled a > thousand" miles, in a 22-iootcr 'after their vessel broke up (writes^ the Sydney correspondent of the "Agc'r).'! They lived for- nearly .six-months;: on.. the island. Jack Wilson, the first mate, who was one of the party,-spoke. of the schooner as a crazy craft,-ivthat-\ used to make about 3 inches of water in the best o'f weather. They -"had been 73 -days out from Columbia River bound for .the West- Coast of Africa, when .they ran- into bad- weather. Pumping became ineffective to-keep . the water in check.? and - there was' nothing for it but. to abandon the ship. A 22-footer was made read...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
The Flower Garden. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

The Flower Garden. The summer pruning of roses should now be proceeded with. This is a very necessary work wherever roses are grown, and especially where the winter pruning was not attended to. The operation is very simple, the object being: To prevent the forming of seed, which exhausts the strength of the plants: to confine the sap to certain growth? which are to produce the autumn blooms, and to givo the plants a neat appearance by removing dead flowers and straggling shoots. This work should be done as soon as possible, before the young shoots which bear the next crop ot flowers are too far advanced. The first thing to do is to remove any dead branches and also weak or unhealthy ones. Then all the shoots that have recently borne (lowers should be cut off at a point about half an inch above a point showing a healthy "eye" or wood bud. This is usually the third eye below the old flower. It is im portant to use sharp tools, either knife or scccateurs, for the work so as to ensure a...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
GARDEN NOTES. (Written Expressly for the "Kyneton Guardian.") [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

GARDEN NOTES. (Written Expressly for the "Kyncton Guardian.") Questions on all matters relating to horticulture, if :u]drcssed "Gar den," care of this ollice. 'and sent by Tuesday of cach week, u'ill be an swered in Thursday's issue.

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
Family Notices [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 8 January 1914

In Memoriam Notices. HUNT -In loving memory of my dear father, who died 7th January, 1911.     , p. May his soul rest in peace, Amen.

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
NEW LIFE FOR DEAD ACRES. BACILLI TO WORK AS PLANT FEEDERS. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 10 January 1914

NEW LIFE FOR DEAD ACRES. -o BACILLI TO WORK AS PLANT FEEDERS. Mopes of the great part that is to be - played in the fertility of the soil by "beneficient bactcria" arc quite revived by a series of experi ments now being brought to a con elusion by Professor Bottomley. Some years ago he succeeded in harmonising bacilli, endowed with the capacity of extracting nitrogen from the air, to several new varieties of plants: but the bacilli have not in the intervening years quite pjayed the part that was expected. Some of them "proved lazy" and some would only work if the soil was exactly suit able. Now Professor Bottomley has turned a cousin of these bacilli to a more generally useful work: and pro bably a regular factory, with, the bac teria as the hands, will presently be started. Professor Bottomley hopes, indeed, that his discoveries may lead to the establishment of a great indus try: and the expectation is more im mediate than the slight sketch of the discovery given recently at the Br...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
KYNETON STOCK MARKET. [Newspaper Article] — Kyneton Guardian — 10 January 1914

KYNETON STOCK MARKET. " At Thursday's market 92 cattle and 0886 sheep ,were yarded. Receipts, £29/1.«/6. .Messrs. VV. H. Fysh &; Co. report: Heavy supply fat sheep' and lambs to good attendance - local' and - visiting butchers, and : competitor - was brisk and well > sustained . at- prices in ad vance ofi. those ruling: at the last sale of the old year, while a strong con tingent of.-graziers competed for the various lines of stores at prices well up to the best of recent sales. The supply of iat- cattle jproved ^vithin re quirements- and the' market ruled in sellers* favor. . Only a 'few; store and dairy sorts -forward, - which met? ready sale at current values; We booked 67 cattle .and: 2740 sheep., and; quote: Fat bullocks, £//to/ to> £9; fat;cows, £4/10/ to £6/17/6; fat heifers. £5 to ? £5/10/;; springing cows, to- £5;. milk ers. ? £3/16/: to £4/2/6; store cows, to £2/15/: bulls, £3/17/6:to £4/5/; yearlings, to ?£ 1/19/; calves. 17/6: to 19/6. Sheep.-Crossbred: wet...

Publication Title: Kyneton Guardian
Source: Trove [National Library of Australia]
Country/State of Publication: Vic, Australia
x
Loading...
x
x