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The Wheat Midge . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
The Wheat Midge . This insect destroys much of the growing wheat in New York and other States . It had been supposed that the insect originated in this country , Such was the opinion of the French Entomologists , until a recent close investigation has shown that the American and European are one and the same insect . Dr . Fitch , Entomologist of the New York State Agricultural Society * in a recent publication , says : As this insect continued to be so destructive to the wheat crop in this country , year after year , the question presented itself forcibly to my mind , why is it that this Httle creature is so vastly more injurious here than it is in Europe—why does it not multiply there and destroy wheat crops the same that it does ours ? and I was able to give but one solution to this query . From all the foreign accounts , it appears that wheuever the midge becomes so numerous as to be perceptibly injurious , instead-of continuing its ravages . it suddenly arid totally disappears ,...
LARGE-TAILED FOX-SQTJIRBEL ' . ' '' ' M ' ' - [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
LARGE-TAILED FOX-SQTJIRBEL . M - This squirrel is . found . tiiroughoufc ffiinois , Southern Wisconsin , Eastern ; . Iowa , Southern . Michigan , Western Indiana , Northern Missouri and Eastern Kansas . It is said to prey upon eorn while standing in the field ; sometimes it is known to dig up corn newly planted ; but , generally subsists on nuts ; acorns ; seeds of trees ; and insects . [ An interesting article on tho natural history of this and other squirrels ,: com-mon-to Illinois , will be found , in tho Agricultural Patent Office Reports for 1856 , and also in the Transactions of the Illinois State Agricultural Society , for 1855-56 , prepared by ROBERT KEXNICOTT . ] DEscHiPTiON . 7-- p , onn of large [ female / in win ^; ^ ter much , stouter arid heavier : thnn ;| ha \ of \ tiQ \ Sciurusmigratorius ; length- fromshout to J ro 6 t y * of tail , 12 inches ;; tail , ( vertcbra 3 V ); 10 J : iriches * r ; . i tail to-endof longest hair , l 4 mche 3 , ; thindfdot , ^ from heel to l...
Wit fetsfey . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
Wit fetsfey . Berkshire Hogs . To the Illinois Farmer : A few years ago the Berkshire , breed of hogs was regarded as the best in the country , and almost fabulous prices were paid for them to increase thestock . Capt . Job Fletcher , jr ., of Sugar Creek in Sangamon county , has kept the stock pure ever since , and his fattened hogs this fall were all Berkshires . On Friday last he brought fifty hogs to Springfield and sold them to . H . Jacoby , Esq . The weight of these hogs was 16 j 57 S . pounds , averaging 331 2-3 pounds each . They averaged IT months old . These hogs had only received the usual care in raising and fattening . If any other lot of fifty hogs , of a different breed , taken from / one mans farm and brought to market , of the same-average = ige weigh morel—J have only fo say that ihey must be an extraordinary lbt . I ; im satisfied thattlie trueB &amp; vkshire breed of hogs is profitable to raise , and tha theymake good pork and lard ^ aW ^ itF - lesV to r...
Baking . Beets . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
Baking . Beets . ft is said that baked beets are carried about the streets of the cities iu Ital y , at al hoars of the day , hot from the ovens , foi sale . In this form they are said to bi . delicious when eaten with butter , salt a ** - pepper . Thousands hoy and eat them thm , not ui ) frequently making a meal in this way The beets , we suppose , are of fine , juieand sweet varieties . No baking wouhrender the mousier beets we have seen a fairs , eatable . These should be cut up ant fed out to cattle .
. *» "» | awtt . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
. *» » | awtt . Northern Sugar Cane . SBUTIX Pumil , Tuewell Oo ., NOT . 2 S , 18 M . Editor lUinois Farmer : We are situated about forty miles north of Springfield , on a new prairie . May 14 th , I planted 663 kills of Northern ¦ agar cane , on ground broken the previous season , and where water had killed out the wheat . May 30 th , planted 204 hills ; 21 st , 901 hills ; 29 th , 120 hills ; June 2 d , 960 hills . Mr .. Briggt , ( with whom I make a home ,, ) drilled in about half an acre . The season was backward and wet , and a good deal was killed oat . My three -first plantings , however , stood very well , to that in all we probably had an acre , or a little more . It was lata in ripening , say the first of October ; but when ripe , I was proud of my crop of cane . It stood from eleven to thirteen feet in height ; the moat genteel , graceful , majestic crop , I ever beheld . — Going into that part that stood well , reminded one of entering a dark swamp . My hills were thinne...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
Wnt gittoiss gmati . &lt;?&gt; SPRINGFIELD , TUU , JANUARY 1 , X 858 . OUR NEW HEAn . —Messrs . L . JOHNSON &amp; Co ., the celebrated type founders of Philadelphia , are preparing an elegantly illustrated head for the Farmer , which we had hoped would be ready in season for this number . As we were desirous , however , of anticipating the issue of the January number , we have been obliged to go to press without it .
The New Year . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
The New Year . Onr annual labor is again commenced . This is the first number of Yol . III . of the Illinois Parmer . We send it forth hoping that it will not only retain all its old subscribers , but that its patronage will be largely increased . Agricultural papers can in many ways be useful to farmers . Devoted to their welfare , the editors labor for their benefit . Whatever new and useful discoveries are made in the profession , are gathered and published . If well , or even tolerably well condncted , they furnish a vast amount of useful information , —tending to render the labor of the farmer interesting to himself and beneficial to the community . They enlist the attention of young farmers , — furnishing them with food for thought , — making them better men , aud increasing their capacity for usefulness . With a few words more , we commit this sheet to the hands of our friends . We greatly desire an increase in the number of our subscribers . We know our friends can do thii f...
I The Credit System . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
I The Credit System . &gt; The late revulsion in financial , matters is Jikely to be fatal to the credit system as lately understood . New York wholesale dealers in dry goods will greatly curtail their system of credit . Wholesale- grocers will require cash for goods —( that has been done for sometime . ) Thus it will be seen that merchants cannot give their former credits—unless they are possessed of large capitals—larger than usually belongs to them . So , that whether it pleases us or not , we shall have to submit to a greatly reduced system of credits . And , indeed , there is little propriety or necessity of this old system of crediting until Christmas . That system was founded on the former practice of the farmer selling off his staple crops in the fall . This is not BO now . Farmers sell off their produce every week in the year , if they choose . Beef and other cattle are sold at all seasons , and so of hogs , sheep , wheat , barley , and everything else . Farmers hav...
Good Sense . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
Good Sense . A friend from the country , said to us the other day : Sir said he , I want the Farmer the next year . A year ago this fall I read your Farmer , where you advised farmers to select their seed corn from the field . I havent had much confidence in book farming , bnt somehow or other I thought I would try yonr plan of saving corn for seed . I did so , and my corn never came up better than it did last spring . My neighbor took his from the crib and had to plant twice , and then the stand was a poor one . When I came by his house this morning I asked him to ioin a club to take the Farmer . He said he couldnt afford to So it . He lost enough by his bad seed corn to have furnished the Farmer to all his neighborhood . • I had a hearty laugh at him , and told him , what I have told you , about the agency of the Farmer in making me save my seed cornlast year , and that I couldnt afford to be without it . There is good sense in the remarks of oui friend ; but he failed to make his...
The Osage Orange Hedge , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
The Osage Orange Hedge , Scattered about the country , we . can now and good Osage orange hedges , —which answer all the expectations of the cultivator , and we also find hedges which are of no account , a nuisance where they stand . It is true that bad seasons sometimes affect the newly planted hedges * the dronght kills many plants before they get a fair growth , and this followed by a severe winter kills other weak plants . But this no more argues against tbe practicability of making good Osage orange hedges , than the loss of trees in an orchard argues that an orchard cannot be established . When we failfrom bad seasons in either case , we must go to work again . Experience adds greatly to the success of growing the Otsage orange for hedges . It seems to be now conceded that they should not be cut down the spring after they are planted , bnt should be suffered to grow until they get astrong root . Then they should only be uit back once in a season . By these means , if planted e...
What of the Times ? [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
What of the Times ? The times are still hard—Farmers produce remains low . The prospect for the nest six months for an increase of prices is not flattering . What is to be done ? We answer , just what men engaged in other business do when low prices overtake them with stocks of goods on their hands . They sell on the best terms they can—lose as little as they can avoid—pay their debts as far as possible , and go to work again . TThis is the correct way of doing bnsiness , unless men owe no debts and have means to hold on to their produce . These low prices are not confined to one point in the country . They rule every where . There is no reason to expect famine prices for produce for years to come . Our true policy is to sell for the most we can get , pay our indebteduess and form our plans for the future . When the country recovers from its present financial distress , produce will bring higher prices—not as high as heretofore , but such as will furnish fair profits to the farmer ....
Great Yield of Corn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
Great Yield of Corn . At the late Indiana State Fair , a silver pitcher was awarded for the best five acres of corn . The award was made upon the decision of three disinterested men in each town , who examined the corn growing in the fitlds , and-measured one acre of each plot . They then made oath to the yield of ( the single acre , and of tbe whole five estimated from the acre actually measured . The award made , under oath , was for eight hundred and fifty-seven and , half bushels of shelled corn ou five acres , or one hundred and seventy-one and a half bushels to the acre . _ fc This corn was raised in Yanderburgh county . It shows what can be done when tbe com is properly cultivated on the best grounds . Here , in many cases , the object of the farmer docs not appear- to be to get the greatest quantity of corn from t ie smallest piece of ground , but it is to spread his crop over- the largest nnmber of acres pessible ! It is mnch easier and pleasanter to make eighty bushels of ...
The Sugar Prospect . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
The Sugar Prospect . We give some communications from cor * - respoudents in relation to the Northern sugar cane , and-its products . SIwo of these correspondents have made sugar , the present season , and they are confident that they-can give the process for making it without difficulty . We havo written to them for directions . Our faith is strong , that sugar will yet be profitably made from the Northern sugar cane . Mr . Kroh , of Wabash county , we think , it will be found , was the first man in this State who made syrup from the Northern or Chinese sugar cane .
Fifteen Varieties of Good Apples . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
Fifteen Varieties of Good Apples . Two premiums were awarded at the late Illinois State Fair for fifteen best varieties of apples for all purposes . The second premium was awarded for the following , which were grown in the Franklin Grove Garden and Nurseries , Lce conuty , A . R . Whitney , Esq ., proprietor . They were indeed , beautiful specimens . The list embraced the following varieties : Sweet June , Yellow BeUeflower , BocUog , WInasap , Early Pennock , Whitney s Russott , Keswick CodUn , WUlow Twig , Sambo , Little RotMnito , ( for elder , ) White Winter Peannaln . Swaar , Vfttnauae , or Snow Apple , Domino , Whits Pippin , Great Crops , and the mode of their Cultivation . Mr . HARRISON HANCOCK , of Tazewell county , entered for premium ,- to be decided at the meeting of the executive committee . of the State Agricultural Society , on the 7 th host ., the following crops , raised upon his form . ; Tho statement of the quantity of land and the amount of the crops , are duly ...
Potatoes Lost . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
Potatoes Lost . Notwithstanding the fine fall weather , we learn that many farmers have lost most of their crop of potatoes . They were calculating for just about a week or , ten days of good weather , when the cold weather came upon them . This is a serious loss not only to . individuals , but to the country . Large stocks of potatoes must continue to be brought from the north , to supply our market . In the northern counties potatoes are plenty and can be had at fair prices . EABLY NANSEMONO SWEET POTATOES , —We received a barrel of these-delicious ; potatoes , some days ago , from J . W ; Teri ^ Brock ; of Rockville , la . We submitted thenvfo ^ ffie trial of some of the beat ^ ters in ihia t ^ o ^^^^ j pronounced them most exeeUent / -superior to any they had ever eaten . ^ Tv e intei &amp; c t 6 get a supply of plants of this varietyfor planting ; riext spring . •• i ; : I ; ¦¦ : ~— : ¦ » - *** T ~~ - —* rs - * JL . ¦ B @ u Will some friend send us one copy of the April...
The Corn Crop [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
The Corn Crop Tho Cincinnati Gazette says that tho corn crop of the last season in Ohio , Indiana and Illinois , was greatly injured by frosts . It is certainly so in this section of Illinois . The season was late when corn was planted , and although frosts did not appear until late in October , Btill they came before tbe corn was ripe . — Corn meal , from the best corn , made now , in large ID &amp; SBBB , will be sure to spoil . The perfectly ripe corn the present season , will be very small in quantity ; and if the utmost care is not taken in the selection of seed , but little will be found to bo good next Bpring . We desire to impress upon our farmers the necessity of obtaining aecd corn in time . We should not at all bo surprised if it should bo worth three dollars a bushel next spring *
•«* New Works on Fruit , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
•«* New Works on Fruit , CHARLES DOWNING , brother of . the ever lamented A . J . Downing , hasrevised bis brother s work on Fruits . We have no doubt he well improved that excellent work . Dr . JOHN A . WARDER , of Cincinnati , it will be seen by the following circular , has also commenced a work on fruits . No man in the country is better ablo to do this well . Especially will he make a work -which will be authority in the west : At the urgent solicitation of many of the PoMOLOOISTS of our country , I have been induced to commence the preparation of a work upon the subject of FRUITS . Your aid is respectfully solicited , in notes , outlines , and descriptions . Collections of Fruits labeled or numbered , will be thankfully received and acknowledged , if Bent to your friend . JOHN A . WARDER , President Cincinnati Horticultural Society . , 4 «» B @ Su The Executive Committee of the Illinois State Agricultural Society , will meet in thiB city , on the 6 th of the present month . IgU...
Vermillion County . History of its Agricvltural Society . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
Vermillion County . History of its Agricvltural Society . The Vermillion county Agricultural Society was organized May 11 th , 1852 . The first Annual Fair was held at Danville , October 13 th ; there was but little stock on exhibition , and but few people in attendance . There were eighteen entries of horses , six of jacks and mules , fifteen of cattle , and forty entries of miscellaneous articles . Total numbcrof entries 70 . Total amount of premiums paid , $ 42 85 . Tho Society met May 26 , 1853 , and elected officers for the ensuing year . Tho executive committee met June 25 th , and appointed judges lor the ensuing fair . There being no record kept of the proceedings of the society from the 2 Gth of May , 1853 , until June 7 th , 1856 , it will be impossible for mo to give an account of the receipts and expenditures , or number of entries . The second Annual Fair was held at Danville , October , 1853 . There was perhaps double tho amount of stock &amp; c , on exhibition...
A Remonstrance [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 January 1858
A Remonstrance Editor of the Former : My husband takes the Farmer , and seems to be pleased with it . Some of your articles I most heartily r . pprove of . These are those which relate to woman s duties upon the farm . I do believe , as a general fact , that these duties are mare • ¦ oppressive upon females than they ought to be . How many young wives fall victims in performing cho duties that fall upon them on , tho farm ; . I can now » without going more than fire miles around me , call to recollec tion several young women , who ; when single , were hearty and robust , are nowin their gravest or are passing through what remains to them of life , withbroken constitutions and ill-health I do not believe that husbands mean to be cruel—I know they do not—but so it is , ambitious as they are to have large farms , which brings about the necessity of many laborers—which makes so much , work in cooking and washing , and all the various duties of women that theyoung wife , perhaps with chi...