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TESTING ON THE FARMS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
TESTING ON THE FARMS. The Swan Hill (Victoria) Agricul tural Association has instituted a good system of testing the cows en tered for the milk and'fat competi tions on the farms. It is Avell-known that a great number of cows, will* not stand the excitement of the shoV ?ground, and quickly go off, so that they; do not do themselves justice. This year the cows entered for the society's competitions were milked in their own yards, under the supervi sion of the Show officials. The con test, on these- terms, created much greater interest, and a much larger .entry than formerly, as the farmers were better satisfied that their cows would do themselves justice. This led to the testing of a great number of cows beforehand, by the local fac tory, to see if the animals were like ly to have a chance. It made the farmers take an interest in what their cows were capable of, and there were many surprises. Cows which were thought to be running high, were not so good as animals which were much less...
THE ENEMY WHICH MUST BE FEARED. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
THE ENEMY WHICH MUST BE FEARED. It is more than necessary that some .special attention should bo paid by the farmers to the spread of tuber culosis. Australia has been fortu nately able in recent times' to keep the disease within bounds, but no .one can promise any immunity from the disease .in an aggravated form, as has been the ease in New Zealand. The disease has, of late, made such serious spread amongst the dairy herds and. pigs of the Dominion, that special precautions became impera tive, and like most otlier matters that country has tackled the cleansing process in a proper manner. Obvi ously, what_ we Avant in Australia are .steps more preventive than remedial, .although it must not be supposed that we are free from a fair sprink ling of the evil. What should those .measures be? In Denmark, the heat ing of separated milk to a tempera ture of 170 before delivering it to the factory lias been compulsory by law for some years past, and most satisfactory results have accrued. Au...
THE CHILD LABOUR QUESTION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
THE CHILD LABOUR QUESTION. ITaving heard much (chiefly in Sydney, and but little, in the coun try) upon this subject, I "waited upon 'Dr. H. E. Fox, of Kiama, and found hiiu quite willing to furnish informa tion for publication under his name. "From what I have seen," said he, "most children, around here, com mence 'bailing up' and doing a little milking (more for fun than any thing else), at about the' age' of eight years, and there is very little truth in the rumours of their being set to work, and kept at it for abnormally long hours, before they are physically fit to do so. Mind you, there are a few exceptional cases, and I can only think of one or two wherein the children "are unfairly treated, and it speaks volumes for the feeling on the subject, when I tell you that the parents are generally looked! down upon, and regarded with dis gust, throughout the district." ... "It might prove a salutary lesson, and improve matters, if I were to publish their names-what do you, think, D...
AN ENORMOUS OUTPUT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
AN ENORMOUS OUTPUT. Few people besides- tliose engaged in -the-.export-' of dairy produce have any adequate idea of Avliat the in dustry really means to Australia. ?Discussing the matter, - the .other day, an expert estimated that this season, -\vhicli closes in June, will see :no less a. quantity than.: 40,000 tons sent away from Australia, and 20,000 tons from New Zealand. In addition, the Dominion, he says, Avill export fully 25,000 tons of cheese. Victoria will be the biggest contributor to. the Commonwealth's total, with 20,000 tons. New South Wales and Queensland make;.,- up the balance. And this is ? an enterprise which has grown in a comparatively few yeara-started .. 'from ? nothing, and without ; the example of any other country to offer advice. Yet, great as the industry . is to-day, it is nothing to wliat it will be if some unforseen disaster does not overtake it. In every State of Australia there are millions of acres of land more suited for it than anything else. Besid...
BENT ON PASTEURISATION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
BENT ON PASTEURISATION. The New Zealand Minister for Ag riculture is determined to get all the benefits possible out of pasteurisation. The spread of tuberculosis has been so' alarming 011 the Dominion of late years, that the experts are urging drastic steps to stamp out the dis- : ease. The pasteurisation of the skim-, milk and the whey is the only known method of protecting the young stock and pigs. Out of a total of GS3 creameries, factories, and private dairies registered in the Dominion, there are about 60 where the bye product is so treated. It seems that although it is the larger factories that have installed the plants, there is only a very small . percentage of milk and whey being treated. The Department recently announced to Uhe factories that while the Govern ment is reluctant to resort to any measure . of coercion it is felt that the seriousness of the position is such that unless the industry is prepared to effectively grapple with the situa tion that it will be necessa...
SOME INVENTOR'S CHANCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
SOME INVENTOR'S CHANCE. The world wants a new description of butter box. The white pine of New Zealand, and the hoop pine of New South Wales and Queensland is just the thing, but the rate of con sumption is so great, and the timber so scarce, that there is trouble loom ing up. Someone predicted that a paper-mache box would iill the bill, but the right sort of paper box has 2iot yet materialised, despite the en couragement to do so which the Box Trust gave it when the prices were raised six months ago. Other soft timbers, have been tried, but have failed, as the odours are opposed, to the best interests of the. butter. It has been suggested in New Zealand now that poplar wood might be tried. The wood of this tree is white, clean and colourless, and will, in all prob ability, answer the purpose, accord ing to an expert opinion. Experi ments are to be carried out. ! ? The point which occurs to the writer is ?that.the supply of .poplar would not be large enough to keep the industry goin...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Feeding: for Profit MILK FLOW AND BUTTER FAT INCREASED BY SCIENTIFIC FEEDING. Twenty-four page pamphlet giving information of much value to Dairy Farmers. Written by H. M. Somer, Secretary Royal Agricultural Society, Sydney. MONEY IN POULTRY A thirty-two page pamphlet by "H.A.", a Sydney expert, show ing What breeds to select; What profits may be made; How to regulate houses; How to treat diseases; i ; How to feed profitably. HORSE SENSE A sixteen-page pamphlet, written by F. H. Molesworth, late Prin cipal of the South Australian Government Agricultural College, giving practical advice to practical men on the feeding.of horses. A Copy of any or all of the above sent Post Free on application to LEVER BROTHERS LIMITED, L Department, SYDNEY
DECLARES THE DIVINING ROD USELESS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
DECLARES THE DIVINING ROD USELESS. Evidently there is not much faith in the divining rod in America. In a report, just issued by the United States Geological Survey, compiled by M. L. Fuller, the various kinds of rocks and deposits that contain and convey underground water are enu merated, the several types of wells are described, and measures are dis cussed for the protection of springs and wells from pollution. The report, which is issued as Water-Supply Paper 255, also con tains a section on the divining rod. Iii speal>jpg of the divining rod, Mr. Fuller says: "No appliance, either me chanical or electrical, has yet been devised that will detect water in places where plain commonsense will not show its presence just as well. The uselessness of the divining rod is indicated by the facts that it may be worked at will by the operator, that he fails to detect strong water currents in tunnels and ether free courses that afford no surface indica tions of water, and that his location...
Yarrowlumla Shire. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Yarrowlumla Shire. The following resolution was car ried at last meeting of the Yarrow lumla Shire Council:-"That owing to the important position occupied by the balance of the Yarrowlumla Shire, after absorption of the area comprised in the Federal capital, it is advisable that the shire, in its re duced state be retained, provided an endowment equal to the increased re quirements is obtained." It was also arranged to present a petition by de putation to the Minister for Works, advocating that that portion of the shire which remains outside the Fede ral area, shall comprise the Yarrow lumla Shire.
What is Garbage? [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
What is Garbage Dubbo householders are much con cerned just now as to what is consid ered house garbage. Tne municipal authorities interpret it to include liouse-'sweepings, kitchen refuse, vege table parings, and so forth. Liquids are not to lse regarded as garbage. It is a hard thing to carefully discri minate as to what should and what should not, be put in the garbage tins for removal by the collectors, but the council's inspectors can generally be relied on to see that only what is reasonable shall be removed.
Shires' Association Executive. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Shires' Association Executive. Ah important meeting of the Shires' Association Executive was held at the office, Spring-street, on Wednes day and Thursday, 22nd and 23rd February. Present. Councillors It. J. lliggins (Presi dent), A. K. Tre tiro wan (vice-pre sident), J. Lam rock (treasurer), W. T. Missingham, W. Kruse, G. A. Pendergast, A. Knox, S. W. Webb, and J. Mcl'neniey. ' Welcome. The President welcomed Councillor J. Mclnerney, who had been ap pointed to tne executive at the last meeting in plate of Councillor Hay, who-.had'severed his connection with the Crookwell Shire. Councillor Mclnerney briefly re sponded. Minutes. The minutes of last meeting were read and confirmed. Insurance Fund. The President reported the result of his interview with a professional accountant on the subject of estab lishing an insurance fund in connec tion with the Association to cover all branches of insurance, including those under the Workmen's Compen sation Act and Employers' Liability Act. A di...
FLOUR. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
FLOUR. Official quotations for Hour have undergone no alteration since our previous report, find, in fact, the whole tenor'of the market has re mained on a dead level. Bakers have only been buying from , hand-to mouth, none of them showing the least desire to anticipate require ments, while export orders have shown a lack of volume. For ship ment, some fairly cheap parcels could have been picked up locally, but even these prices have been beaten in Ade laide and Melbourne, where they con tinue to sell under Sydney levels. Current quotations in the three leading States are as follow 1910. 1911. Sydney .. ..... £10/5/ £8/5/ Melbourne .. .. £10 . £S Adelaide .. ... £9/5/ . £S/2/6 These prices are for leading brands in bakers' lots, and not for export parcels.
WHEAT. No Improvement in the Market. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
WHEAT. No Improvement in the Market. No change for-the better has as vet manifested itself in the wheat mar ket . (hiring the past week. In fa.ct, any movement recorded from day to day has been downwards, prices now rniing being distinctly lower than at this time last week. London and Con tinental operators have remained con sistently quiet, and this, coupled with' the heavy shipments and piling up of stocks in most centres, has render ed a lift in values impracticable, and checks anything in the nature of speculation. The wheat is available, and consequently operators prefer to pick up their requirements just as they want them, and. not rush in, and, perhaps, disturb prices. There is no doubt tiie world's supply is very full at the present time, and unless something unforseen occurs, tliere does not seem much chance of wheat, prices lifting very much .on the other side of the world. At any rate, not while Russia, India, and the Argen tine are pressing to sell their crops,. and also...
AGENTS' REPORTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
AGENTS' REPORTS. Messrs. Winchcombe, Carson, Ltd., report:-We held our lust sale of the weekly series to-day, selling 4325 bales at auction and privately, out of 4675 bales offered. The .market-ruled 'firm at the best rates of the current year for all descriptions of greasy wool; so also did the best scoureds, but there was some hesitation in con nection with faulty scoureds. . The selection, as might be expec ted at this late period of the season, was not a comprehensive one, still, competition was keen, all sections of tlie trade participating. Quite a num ber of southern wools are marketed without any attempt at skirting hav ing been made. They sell relatively well, in face of the limited supply of greasy wool now available. Our most noteworthy offering was W. W. Higgins' "Ottley Vale" clip, from Inverell, a bright-coloured wool, of excellent spinning quality, but carrying a fair amount of weight. Among the prices realised were 1st combing 12%d, 2nd combing 11 %d,. hoggets ll%d, ...
LONDON SALES' LIMITS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
LONDON SALES' LIMITS. When the 1011 series of London . sales . were : arranged, it was decided . that'there should be no limit for the first two series-namely, the Janu ary sales, and the next ensuing series, opening on Tuesday, March 14. The - lnintsj if any, for the remaining four series were to be fixed, later. A cable on-vWednesday last, now. informs us that the limit for the third series, opening .Tuesday, May Otli, lias been fixed for 160,000 bales, aiid that there w.'il be no limits for the remaining three series of sales, opening on July 11, September 26, and November 2S, respectively.
LARGE STOCK BRANDS. Proposal for Re-Allotment. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
LARGE STOCK BRANDS. Proposal for Re-Allotment. Advice has reached lis that the Pastures Protection Boards' Council has under consideration a scheme for the cancellation of all large stock brands. In this State some hundreds of brands stand in the names of own ers now deceased, and in this Avay are out of use. The stock owners desirous, of securing the brands in question, are unable to do so as long as the present state of affairs exists. The idea of the P.P. Board Council, is to cancel at the end of this year, every brand now in existence; mak ing a fresh allotment, when each per son now owning a brand may. apply to have his old brand re-gazetted at a, nominal fee. When this is done, it will leave all the obsolete brands available for the convenience of stock men who now wish to secure a brand. The wool clip in Eastern Kiverina/ though fairly good, has shown the effect of the dry autumn. In the season 1910, according to the annual estimate made by Stock Inspector Lyne. there Avas. a...
CASINO. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
CASINO. The stock inspector reported to the. P.P. board on Friday, that since he reported three months ago, seven outbreaks of pleuro had occurred in cattle, two holdings had been quar antined, and 32 aft'ected animals were destroyed. The disease was directly traceable to bullock teams on the Ten terfield road, between the Range and Casino. Nine teams had already been inoculated, and he recommended that the rest, between 50 and 60 teams, comprising over 1000 bullocks, should be quarantined and similarly treated. It was decided to do this. A letter was read from the Chief Inspector of Stock, Mr. Symons, in reply to a re port by the district inspector, in which Mr. Symons said it was patent that, these outbreaks in the district were becoming altogether too frequent, and if drastic measures were , not taken serious results would ensue. While the quarantining and inocula tion of such a lot of bullocks would upset the routine of timber trade for a short period, he considered it much bett...
Dairying. AN EIGHT HOUR DAYIS IT PRACTICABLE? [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
EIGHT HOUR DAY IT PRACTICABLE? "Indaba" writes from ku-ima: "Continuing my mission ,n se^11 of reliable information upon tins question, I waited upon j Mayor of Kiama, and at once pei ceived that lie had given the mat ter some little consideration. lms gentleman, by the way, has been daii y fariuing all his " VE oT alderman for 30 yeais, ,an^ ' f;mes cupied the mayorial chaii live times in the course of his caieei, a (, therefore, his opinion, upon the ques tion at issue, should be well uoith recording. ,, "As a successful man, Mr. Love,5 I suggested, "it could not fail to be both instructive and interesting it you were to briefly outline the methods bv which you won your prosperity, and this would, at the same tune, place the public in a position to fudge whether the restrictive mea sures suggested would be likely to help a new beginner entering upon the dairy-fanning industry at the present juncture." "Very well," agreed Mr. Love, "I'll commence at the beginning:-My father was an ...