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P. & A. Societies. EXPERTS AS [?]UDGES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
P. & A. Societies. EXPERTS AS TUDGES. The Agricultural Department lias shut clown on the system of allow ing their experts to judge at the ag ricultural shows. There is a justifi cation for this action. Agriculture is such an important part of the in dustrial life of the State, and the ex perts we have are so few, that tliey have no time to carry out the work of adjudicating. If they oblige one dis-, trict they have a right to attend others, arid if they judged at every show they would be doing little else the whole year." The Department may take this view, or it may not. But it is the reason why the cus tom should be nipped in the bud. The experts -will find plenty to do if they devote their time to tlie prac tical, educational aspect of the work. They would do much better work if they did riiore visiting to the farms to see the men at their work, than in attending a show. It is not to be supposed that their work while judg ing means so much waste time. The very opposite is...
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. E. S., of Tyalgum, writes: (1) Can you tell me if six months' written notice is sufficient to make a holder fence his half of boundary line between his holding and his next door neighbour? Answer-If not a rabbit-proof fence, six months' notice necessary. If a' rabbit-proof fence no notice is required. (2) Does the law provide that if.a farmer, being the owner of stock, and being the holder of .a .farm-divi ded from his neighbours by a run ning .stream, which is fordable at..any point, and therefore will not keep stock from trespassing on his neigh bour who has no stock; Must .the farmer who owns the stock fence ..off all his water frontage, or does .the law provide that the stock owner fence the remaining half of his side? Answer.-Communicate with Chair man of Local Land Board.
RURAL WORKERS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
RURAL WORKERS. A correspondent, writing- from Gos ford, says:-"Very little interest appears to be taken in this district in the ' seven bob a day' demand of the rural workers, for the reason, I suppose, that there are only a few orcliardists who employ labour. With tomatoes at od. and plums at 18d. a case, the gower gets absolutely noth ing for his year's work \and the capital invested in his farm. I sup pose that in the absence of a wages board to compel agents or con sumers to pay him a living wage, very few this year will make the half of 7s. a day-he will simply have to grin and bear it. Still, it is doubtful if workers are doing a wise thing in making it impossible for capital to be invested in the fruit industry ; and nothing seems less probable than that i\ew South Wales with all its splendid possibilities for fruit and wine growing will continue to go on from bad to worse under the system proposed to be inaugu rated. Californias output of £21,000, 000 a year is simply unthin...
SCARCITY OF LABOURERS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
SCARCITY OF LABOURERS. " G. J. G." writes : " Everywhere there is a scarcity of farm labour. On top of this we have throughout Australia the most promising year for the past genera tion, when everyone will be able to pay well for the labour they employ, and will require more help than ever to cope with the smiles of the boun teous season. And on top of that again is the fact that every State Government is determined to spend large sums of money on big railway works, which must deplete the labour markets very seriously, for men will flock to railway jobs, no matter how unattractive the condi tions may be, in preference to farm life. The excitement of the camp life goes for much. So what will the farmers and graziers do to meet this extraordinary position ? It seems that instead of being able to get additional men to help them they will be obliged to do with less. The position is really serious. It has been suggested by the Queens land Government that men should be imported to assist ...
The Reader's View THE P.P. BOARDS. Should They be Abolished? Editor, "The Land." [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
OQ. The Reader's View ,Y, ^ THE P.P. BOARDS. Should They be Abolished Editor, " The Land." For some time past a section of the community lias been advocating the abolition of the Stock Boards. This movement has become more pronounced since the inception of local government, the theory being advanced that if the shire councils took over the duties of the Stock Boards, the work of the boards could be done by tne councils and their oiliicers, and the stock rate abolished. It is quite evident that those who hold these ideas have not had the opportunity of studying the question from a councillor's standpoint. The franchise of the Local Govern ment Act (shires) is so totally dif ferent from that of the P.P. Act, that to amalgamate the two would be a glaring injustice. Under the Local Government Act a man who has land of the yearly value of £5 is rateable. This man may be a miner, or a small business man, and probably has not one head of stock. He is satisfied to pay his shire tax, because...
THE WEATHER. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
THE WEATHER. The records of the preceding week for the Western and Southern por tions of the State show a marked cessation of the now becoming hostile elemental forces. In the metropolitan area we have had two wet days, registering somewhat less than half an inch. From the Western districts to the Riverina, conditions have been normal. Northern Tablelands and the whole of the North Coast, however, have been keeping up big figures, the chief centres averaging five and more inches for tho week ending 28th ultimo. The returns from the beginning of the year show Katoomba leading with the extraordinary figure of 34 inches, Picton follows with 23, Sydney and Port Macquarie 20, Tweed Heads 19, Kiandra 16. Bingara 15, Tabu lam 13, Coonabarabran 12, Mount Hope and Mungindi 11, Coonamble 9, and WaSSa an(l Albury 8 inches. The general verdict is that "its the best season for 20 years," but we can have too much of a good thing. The following table indicates the variations of the sun and moon .f...
Re The Western Division. Editor, "The Land." [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Re The Western Division. Editor, " 'juie Land." The visit of the Minister for Lands to the Western division, nortli-wester ly'from Hay, should be an eye-opener to- him. At Yass lately, in an nouncing the policy of the Labour Pailtyy &lt;;in the opinion of many per sons He unduly criticised the late Sir John Robertson, the father of free selection before survey. He showed the number of transactions in trans fers in connection with- freeholds and C.IVs as compared with homestead selection and settlement leases. He omitted to mention that the former was accounted ior by the fact of the large number of small blocks selected, on which it was impossible to make a home, and with which there eould only be one result. The 1861 Land Act made 320 acres the maximum area. That was the mis take, and all land £1 an acre in value. Later Land Acts, as far as this Hay district is concerned, made the living area up to 12,500 acres, or sufficient to carry 2500 sheep, and we capital value JLOS. ...
VERY FEW FRUIT FLIES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
VERY FEW FRUIT FLIES. The Queensland fruit fly is hardly m evidence ao all this year, probably because there is plenty of the in digenous fruit which it prefers to what has been acclimatised. Evi dently it is not love for the peaches but sheer necessity which makes it .attack them. At present fruit flies, .even the destructive Mediterranean variety, are a negligible quantity. 'The Australian genus is minding its own business in the bush, and the European has been pretty nearly an nihilated as far as .New South Wales is concerned.
BROWN ROT IN PEACHES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
BROWN ROT IN PEACHES. It lias been a very bad year for peaelies, great, quantities of which have been destroyed by brown rot. This is a disease which starts under the slcin and works through the pulp right to the stone, making the whole of the pulp brown and rotten. If the peaches are not knockel off the trees the disease spreads to the branches, the tips of which, with the first three or four leaves, become withered and brown, as if they had been scorched by a bush fire. Nec tarines as well as peaches are at tacked by this disease, wnich has de stroyed a great quantity of fruit in the Gosford and Hawkesbury dis tricts, where there has been coo much moisture, and some in suburban gar dens have also been affected. Peaches ?do best in dry climates, such as, say, Wagga and Bourke.
THE INTER-STATE CONFERENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
THE INTER-STATE CONFERENCE. Invitations .are issuer! to represen tative farmers and officials of the De .partment: of 'Agriculture to the dry farming cnvfpreure., to he held in Ade laide on .March .0. From replies re ceived, it. is' evident that the confer-, .enfrvwill :he thoroughly representa tive of Australia. &lt; i The. field for the extension of the -cultivation of> our cereal crops into the drier areas is obvious, and it will lie of the greatest value to all the f'+ates to he able to compare5 notes of . local "onchisions. and their opi nions of American results under system.
CHOICE PEACHES AT YANKO. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
CHOICE PEACHES AT YANKO. The first fruits 01 the Yanko Ex periment Farm orchard have just been dried. There is a special in terest in this orchard, as it was .planted three: years ago as a way .shower to settlers on the Northern Murrumbidgee irrigation area. The Elbeta peaches have tuned out a .great success, the fruit being of ex .cellent quality, ricn, and juicy, and yet with plenty 01 substance in it. Mr. W. J. Allen, Government Iruit Expert, is of opinion that (better dried peaches are not produced any - -vvhere in Australia, and as regards the fresli fruit, it is much richer in flavour than that which Sydney -people are accustomed to get from the .coastal orchards. The currants have made the strongest growth of any .of the vines, and Mr. Allen is in clined to the view that the Murrum "bidgee country is going to be par ticularly good for currant production. 'There will also be a drying of sul tanas and lexias this season. The sample of dried apricots turned out fair . average fr...
LAKE COWAL LEASES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
LAKE COWAL LEASES. A large meeting was held, in West Wyalong 011 Saturday last, at which were representatives from the South Avestern District Council of F. and S. A. The Wyalong and District branch of F. and S. A., the West Wyalong Progress Committee, the Wamboyne branch of F. and S. A., the Bena branch of F. and S. A., the Hiawatha branch of F. and S. A., the Stock and Station Agents' Association, The Shopkeepers and Traders' Association, to consider the question of resump tion of scrub leases 59 and 98 of Lake Cowal. After discussion, the follow ing motion was carried,-"That this meeting strongly urges the Minister for Lands to reconsider his decision in connection with the Lake Cowal Scrub Leases 59 and 98, and urges him to resume the whole of the said leases, as we are of opinion that the compensation asked for is reason able."
COLLIE BRANCH. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
COLLIE BRANCH. The visual monthly meeting was held on Saturday last, Mr. S. K. Mur ray, vice-president, in the chair. Other members present were Messrs. W. Pearse, J. Meers, S. Sadler, P. McGrane, G. W. O'Connor, J. Mit chell, Stanley Murray, and C. W. Brown. Minutes of previous meet ing were read and confirmed. Corre spondence was also read and receiv ed. Marthaguy Shire Clerk wrote, stating tnat road formation asked for on Collie-Warren road, would be re ported on. General Secretary wrote, asking for branch's co-operation in placing Association on more complete basis, and to have roll properly and. fully entered up, also commending "The Land" to all settlers. Mem bers preesnt expressed their high ap preciation of the new paper, and all signified their intention of becoming subscribers. Gilgandra branch wrote, suggesting that Collie and Cobocco branches join in sending a representa tive to give evidence before the Works Committee on abattoir ques tion. It was decided to postpone th...
Veterinary AEWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
Veterinary u u Correspondents, when asking for advice on general cases of disease, sould be careful to supply the following information: j Age and Sex. 2 Date on which sickness commenced. ; Full symptoms of disease or injury, with particular reference (when indicated) to the breathing, presence or absence of pain, condition of the bowels. 4 State if other animals are affected. 5 If hand-fed, state nature and quantity of food given. 6 Mention what treatment has been already carried out. AEWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. fco. llansome writes, asking what is jlio treatment for ? ? a colt nine motlis old, with a swelling under . i ' ° th/ belly, Avhich he .lias noticed- for soie months. Colt appears healthy, anj is . in . good condition. This is, no dobt, a rupture, or what is known as umbilical hernia, and is caused by a portion of the bowel or caul pasing through the navel. As re gails treatment, it is - certain tln»t vey many cases" of this affection get wel without treatment of any sort Tli...
THE ANGORA GOAT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
THE ANGORA GOAT. Interest in the Angora appears to be .....spreading,', and the time is not far; distant,, apparently, when this type of goat will be found in every part of the. State where there is .a considerable percentage of rough country and the special qualities of the animal in its combined character of scavenger and active producer may be profitably,; turned to the fullest account In the mountain country -where - timber is thick and under growth; dense, and prolific, the An gora is especially useful apart from the question of the mohair industry. One. of: the first to .utilise the goat in connection witli the orchard is Mr. . Barberie> of Batlow:, where the country . is mountainous" and the splendid big timber, which in some (parts towers in endless array of giant trunks staigilt into tlie sky, is filled in about the butts by masses of scub. A great scavenger is the Angora. She will browse contentedly and wax fat and' sleek in country which would starve a sheep and test t...
DEMAND FOR UNSALTED BUTTER. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
DEMAND FOR UNSALTED BUTTER. Fully 70 per cent, of the butter now sent from Australia to Great Britain is unsalted. , It used to be supposetl: that salted butter would carry the best, but this is not so. As a matter of fact the;,experience is that the unsalted gives' the best ac count of itself at the other ...end of the journey. This has been proved by certain factories purposely': splitting consignments, and sending the two parcels to take their chance.. The result lias invariably been that the unsalted brought several shillings more ????per cwt. than the other. It seems that the blenders can do more with it, and this partner in the game has to be considered. Most of the Australian butter is handled by the large distributing- houses,, and blend ed for the retail market. The result is that a much more palatable article is put up than if the average Aus tralian product had gone into sale in the form in which it reached Tooley street. At the same time blender is one of the foes of hon...
NEXT BRISBANE SERIES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
NEXT BRISBANE SERIES: ; ; Jt;. was expected a. fortnight; ago ' tlmt owing to the persistent heavy Train in the northern State the next Brisbane sales would occupy only one' day. Since then, there have been breaks in the weather, and the pros pects of more AVOOI coining into store . than was anticipated, brighter. Con sequently, Tuesday and Wednesday, March 7 and S, have now been set ..apart' for sales in Brisbane, when some 17,000 to 18,000 bales are likely to be catalogued ,by .tlie combined selling houses. .
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
DALGETY 81 COMPANY LIMITED Wool, Grain, and Produce Salesmen, Stock and Station Agents, Fat Stock Salesmen. SYDNEY Wool Sales held at Short Intervals During the Season. Excellent Warehouse Accommodation, Well-Lighted Showroom, and Careful Attention to All Consignments. DALGETY'S AUSTRALASIAN SALES FOR LAST SEASON, 368,000 Bales. Special Department at 140 Sussex-street for the Sale and Export of Wheat, and other Grain and Farm Produce, Butter and Dairy Produce. Agents for: QUIBELL'S SHEEP DIP. CLAYTON & SHUTTLEWORTH'S WOLSELEY SHEEP-SHEARING DAIMLER^^DELAUN AY-BELLE MACHINES. VILLE, AUSTIN,. F.N., and TANGYE'S PUMPS & MACHINERY other leading MOTOR CARS. ABERDEEN; & WHITE STAR LINES OF STEAMERS. Offices: 15 BENT STREET. 1 J! I f \ I SKINS' H,DES' FAT STOCK, FARM PRODUCE WUOL Wincficombe, Carson, Ltd. THE LEADING SYDNEY SALESMEN.
The Market Mirror WOOL. CLOSING-UP SALES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
=£> CL The Market Mirror WOOL CLOSING-UP SALEo. This week lias practically seen the 'disposal of the balance of the lfllO 11 New South Wales wool clip.'" The stores'are not yet swept bare, be cause a number of owners -have jiot .accepted bids that (lid not come up to their reserves. What some grow ers have felt is that the position is a very sound one for all, but tlie--very choicest of wools. . The demand of late has been strong on the best de scriptions of greasy, but values for -such liave-not-improved on the limits of buyers operating in November and early in December, owing to the ab sence of American competition . for wool suitable for United States im port requirements. It is the medium and useful grades that have harden ed, owing- to the fact that supplies, are-now seen- to be- well within the world's consumptive demand. The season now practically at- a. close, al though four months of- the current statistical wool year have .yet. to run, lias been too much the sport of "...
BRADFORD TOPS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 3 March 1911
BRADFORD TOPS. There lias been 110 change reported 111 the Bradford market this week. All qualities are firm, and prices un changed. On the corresponding date-, last year, although there was no ."-quotable change, the rates were liar-, dening. Quotations compare as fol low:- ; . . March 1,1911. March 2,1910. Merino. d. ? d. 64!s . 26 .. 27% ? Super 60's ... .2o% 26% Common 60!s 24% 25% . Crossbred. 46's ........ 14% .. nys 40's- 13% .. ^15