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Irrigation Record Published Fortnightly under the authority of the Commissioner for Irrigation at Leeton, New South Wales Australia. Address all communications to The Editor, "Irrigation Record," Leeton, N.S.W. Viticulture. LECTURE BY PROFESSOR BLUNNO. A Great Future Predicted. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
Irrigation Record Published Fortnightly under the authority of the Commissioner for Irrigation at Leeton, New South Wales. Australia. Address all communications to The Editor, "Irrigation Record," Leeton, N.S.W. Viticulture. LECTURE BY PROFESSOR BLUNNO. A Great Future Predicted. The local Agricultural Bureau is to be congratulated on its enterprise in securing a visit from M. Blunno, the Viticultural Expert to the Department of Agriculture, and it is to be regretted that not more than one hundred settlers attended his lecture, which dealt lucidly and compre hensively with what will undoubtedly be one of the most important industries on the Areas-that is, vine growing in all its branches. For the information of those settlers who did not hear M. Blunno, a full note of his remarks was taken-that portion of the notes relating to wine making is published in this issue, as it formed per haps the most interesting part of the lecture. M. Blunno's opinions in regard to several of the phases...
OPHTHALMIA. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
OPHTHALMIA. Following upon the notice recently pub lished regarding this* trouble, it may be of interest to settlers to know that in a recent issue of the "Farm Journal," at tention was drawn to the fact that a Transvaal farmer referred to kerosene as a simple remedy for this trouble. He states: "I found that kerosene, when ap plied pure, was very irritating to the ani mal, and when applied on cloudy or dull days it scalded the eyelids, and caused the hair to fall out. I, therefore, took equal parts of olive oil and good kerosene, mixed well together. I kept it in a clean bottle, and shook it well before using. I applied it every third morning by put ting five drops in the infected eye. This remedy immediately checks the disease when taken in the first stage, i.e., when tears are commencing to flow. In the more advanced stages I used kerosene pure. This must only be applied on a sunshiny day; that is my experience,; at any rate."
Assistance to Settlers UNDER THE AMENDING CROWN LANDS AND IRRIGATION ACT AND THE SAVINGS BANK AMALGAMATION ACT. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
Assistance to Settlers h ? UNDER THE AMENDING CROWN LANDS AND IRRIGATION ACT AND THE SAVINGS BANK AMAL GAMATION ACT. The amending Crown Lands and Irri gation Act came into operation on April 1st. The principal feature of interest to the general body of settlers on the Irri gation Areas is that instead of rents and water rates being paid half-yearly in ad vance, rents are payable at the end of the year, and water rates are to be paid either in advance or after the water has been delivered as may be prescribed. Further, any year's rent and water rates may be suspended for a period of three years-the payments then being extended over ten years, provided that the amount of rent and water rates involved does not exceed three-fourths of the value of the unencumbered permanent improve ments which have been effected by the settler on his farm. The amending Savings Bank Act also provides for advances of money to set tlers to the extent of three-fourths of the value of the interest of the hol...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
The Leeton Pictures __EVERY TUESDAY AND FRIDAY (Weather Permitting) COMPLETE CHANGE OF PROGRAMME EVERY NIGHT. GUIHEN & KEATINGE > Auctioneers, etc. , LEETON Agencies: BALTIC SEPARATOR Co. MAX MILKING MACHINES HILDYARD FARM WAGGONS NICHOLSON'S PIANOS MITCHELL FARM IMPLEMENTS MERCANTILE MUTUAL INSURANCE Co.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
About "Poilite" Asbestos Cement Sheets and Tiles (Genuine British Made) The more you learn about " POILITE" the more you will be convinced of its superiority over other materials. "POILITE" has all the advantages found in other build ing materials, with none of their disadvantages. ... It is weather-proof, ant-proof, fire-proof, artistic, strong, .. easily nailed into position, as cheap as weatherboard and does not deteriorate with age. "POILITE" Tiles make the most satisfactory roofing. Guaranteed British Standard Thickness. Write for our Catalog. NO YES BROS, (sydnby) Ltd. 115 CLARENCE STREET, SYDNEY. I
GRAMMAS. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
GRAMMAS. If any resident of the Hunter, Hawkes bury, the Manning, or any other of the coastal rivers of New South Wales were asked the question, "Whax is gamma?" he would probably look at you in sur prise, the question would appear to be such a silly one, the gramma being so well known to him; if, however, you asked a settler on the Murrumbidgee Ir rigation Areas the same question, he would, unless he came from the coastal rivers, probably know as little about the matter as an ordinary citizen of Sydney, where the name is practically unknown. The gramma is a vegetable of the same genus probably as the pumpkin or squash, The leaf--of the plant is of similar shape, but it is generally dark-green in color, mottled with whitish patches. Grammas are of various shapes, some of them being most fantastic. They arte also called by other names, such as Rios, American pears, &c. On the Hunter River one of the best known dishes amongst the farmers (is gramma pie, a recipe for which is g...
Correspondence. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
" Excelsior" asks a big question, in the solution of which many settlers are in terested. Sir,-Under the heading, " The Dairy Cow Again," in your last issue, you have touched upon a subject of the utmost importance to the Irrigation Settlement. It is becoming very evident that the great sunshine, land, and water scheme is pass ing through the first real crisis of its being, but there is comfort in the know ledge that this trouble is not peculiar to us, but is common to all such schemes here and elsewhere; is, in fact, a neces sary phase of development. Admitted that the trouble exists, the thing is now to discover the cause of the trouble; then, if possible, discover the remedy, and, next, apply it. We may take it, I presume, that certain in vestigations have already been made, and that the article referred to contains the official diagnosis of the trouble, as follows:-"The trouble under which the settlers were suffering were no doubt the same as that affecting this and other Austra...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
Sa voy c * i - « v"* ^ g 'i*?1-* "* * " \ V*/ nz^b >, *' . /? FISH AND OYSTER Meals at all Hours. Orders taken for Dressed Poultry,, etc. Motto--" Civility and Promptness." TIP TOP STORE. E A. MAAS. Leeton llllllllliil . . . . Fancy Goods, etc . . . .' SPECIALITIES: Ladies' and Children's Outfitters, comprising Ready-made Costumes and Underclothing* A-TRIAL SOLICITED. T Boots. " Tip Top " Shirts CLARK BROS. Groceries Drapery Boots Ironmongery Crockery Fancy Goods "The Busiest Store in Leeton." SPORTING REQUISITES Golf Sticks & Accessories Footballs, &c., &c. For an Improved Farm All Areas, SIGHT GEO. GREY & Co., On the Hill, at LEETON. Also for information as to the Cost of Establishing an Irrigable Farm. NO CHARGE. NO FEES. /!pA /VnRV ^ Auctioneers, Valuators, Agricultural & Dairying I U«v» WliL I 4X vVr*) Engineers, Machinery & General Commission Agents, wvClOIl#
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
BANK OF NEW SOUTH WALES. Established 1817. Head Office: GEORGEST., SYDNEY. Paid-up Capital .. .. £3,253,540 Reserve Fund 2,250,000 Reserve Liability.. .. 3,253,540 £8,757,080 DIRECTORS: The Hon. Sir CHARLES K. MACKELLAR, Kt., M.L.C., President. The Hon. REGINALD JAMES BLACK, M.L.C. THOMAS BUCKLAND. Esq. RICHARD BINNIE, Eisq. The Hon. Sir NORMAND MACLAURIN Kt., M.L.C. The Hon. JAMES T. WALKER. The Hon. EDMUND W. FOSBERY, C.M.G., M.L.C. AUDITORS: SHEPHEARD EDGECLIFFEi LAID LEY, Esq. ALFRED GEORGE MILSON, Esq. LONDON OFFICE: 29 Threadneedle St., E.C. 336 BRANCHES and AGENCIES in the Australian States, New Zealand, Fiji, Papua, and London. Agents and Correspondents throughout the World. Cable remittances made to and drafts drawn on Foreign .places DIRECT. Foreign Bills negotiated and collected. Letters of Credit and Circular Notes issued. NEGOTIABLE THROUGHOUT THE WORLD. A Branch of this Bank is now opened at Leeton for the daily transaction of business. J. RUS'-SELL FRENCH, General Man...
At Mirrool. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
At Mirrool. Ploughing at Mirrool is proceeding apace. The single*furrow mouldbotard; which many claim does the best work, and which was largely in evidence last year, has given place to the multifurrow plough this year-larger areas and general pressure of work have compelled the change, the economy in time being a con sideration which few can afford to ignore. The most popular appear to be three furrow ploughs of various types, includ ing both disc and mouldboard, the re quisite team of four or five horses being about the handiest for the average set tler; but larger teams are sometimes met with, there being several five-furrow disc ploughs at work. Encouraged by the success achieved at Lee ton last season, the settlers here are determined to place every possible acre under wheat and oats for hay. The reported decision of the Manager to discontinue the practice of hiring out horses will upset settlers' calculations to a certain extent, as few are able to own and upkeep a big plough ...
Lime, Green Manure, and Lucerne. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
Lime, Green Manure, and Lucerne. Has any lucerne grower on the Areas ever taken the trouble to ascertain whe ther his soil is acid or not? All the authorities are agreed that lucerne, par ticularly in its early stages, does not do well in acid soil. Leguminous plants (of which lucerne is one) largely depend for their supply of nitrogen on the activity of the bacteria which exist on the root nodules. It appears that these do not flourish in an acid soil. This matter was recently referred to in an article in the "Murray Pioneer." It was pointed out that a great deal of .disappointment had resulted on the irrigation areas of the northern districts of Victoria owing to the stiffness of certain soils, and the cause of the stiffness was put down to deficiency in lime and humus, the de ficiency in lime making the soil acid, and the deficiency in humus having the usual well-known effects. There is reason to believe that some of the soils on the Irrigation Areas, particularly the stiffer one...
OUTBREAK OF PHYLLOXERA. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
OUTBREAK OF PHYLLOXERA. Vignerons on the Irrigation Areas will be sorry to hear that phylloxera has' broken out at Walla Walla, on the Cul cairn to Corowa line. Already one vine yard there has been practically ruined by the ravages of the pest. Walla Walla is, of course, a considerable distance from the Areas, but the fact that phylloxera has made its presence felt in this locality gives added weight to the representa tions which have been made from time to time through the columns of the "Record" as to the necessity of the greatest pre cautions being taken to guard against the introduction of the pest into the Areas. It can be kept out if the whole of the settlers treat the matter in the right spirit, but once introduced the damage is done for all time. Settlers are par ticularly requested not on any account to get parcels of plants or cuttings by post or to bring them in private luggage.
CONCERT. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
CONCERT. A very successful concert under the auspices of the Mirrool Irrigation Settlers' Association was recently held in the Grain Store, Mirrool, the. following artists con tributing:-Miss Collins, Mesdames Baker, Hews, Boyle, and Messrs. Hews, Atkinson, Thornett, Fraser Scott, and Mr. F. In man, of Leeton, also the Mirrool Glee Club. Mrs. Hawkins acted as accom panist, and her services were much appre ciated . The financial result of the concert was very .satisfactory, and it is intended to devote the proceeds towards the purchase of a piano for the Settlers' Hall which the Commissioner is going to erect at Han wood Village. The thanks of the com mittee are extended to the Commissioner for the use of the grain store on the occa sion.
As Others See Us. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
As Others See Us. It is always interesting to get the opinions of men who know. Recently a well-known business man largely inter ested in agricultural matters-particu larly dairying-visited the Areas and had a few interesting observations to make with regard to what he saw. These observations are passed on for the in formation of " Record" readers. In the first place, like most men who come to the Areas with an open mind, he was astonished with the magnitude of the scheme. He frankly admitted that he had regarded the Murrumbidgee Irri gation Scheme as something after the nature, of a Government toy. Of course, a personal inspection soon removed the false idea, but it seems a pity that in spite of the advertising that is done and the efforts made to place the true facts of the case before the general pub lic, a great deal of misconception still ap pears to exist regarding the Scheme, even in well-informed circles. Being largely interested in dairying, and haying had considerable expe...
LEETON PROGRESS ASSOCIATION. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
LEETON PROGRESS ASSOCIATION. The last meeting of the Leeton Progress Association was a busy one. It dealt with the proposed Town Fire Brigade, and is pushing it along. A con cert in aid of the establishment of the Fire Brigade will shortly be held. The Leeton Town Band is also a project the Association has in hand. Mr. Pascoe is taking a leading hand, and a public meeting has been convened for the 2nd May at 8 p.m. at the School of Arts. All bandsmen are cordially invited to attend the meeting. The Progress Association is also con vening two public meetings at Leeton on the 27th instant, for the purpose of expressing the public feeling over the delay that has occurred in connection with the erection of the much-needed up to-date post office, and also the police station and court-house. The Settlers' Association is co-operating in the matter. The progress body is also taking a hand in the formation of an Ambulance Corps for Leeton by convening a public meeting to consider that matter...
TOMATO PULPING. Cessation of Operations. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
TOMATO PULPING. Cessation of Operations. Owing to the fact that the tomatoes coming forward for pulping at the Com missioner's plant are of a very watery nature and poor flavor, it has been de cided to cease pulping operations on Saturday next, May 2nd. If this course is not pursued, the pulp produced is liable to get a bad name, as pulp made from inferior tomatoes must necessarily be of poof quality. Questions have recently been asked by settlers in regard to payment for tomato pulp, and it is felt that some explanation is- required. As a matter of fact, the pulp cannot be disposed of immediately, as far better prices are realised if a guar antee can be given as to its condition. That it is sound can only be proved by holding it some weeks, as, generally speak ing, there are losses through " blowing' if any defect in the tin is present. It will therefore be seen that even after tis 2nd proximo it will be some weeks before the pulp can be disposed of and settlers notified as to the ...
LEETON TOWNSHIP WATER SUPPLY. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
LEETON TOWNSHIP WATER SUPPLY. A paragraph was recently published in the "Irrigation Record" to the effect that the Commissioner was endeavoring to ar range for a reduction in the rate now charged in respect of the Leeton Town ship water supply. It is worth pointing out, however, that at the present time the rate charged is not an exceptionally high one, although the general opinion in the Settlement appears to be that it is. As a matter of fact, 18d. per thousand gallons is the usual rate charged in most of the country towns in the State. There are only one or two of the exceptionally large centres, such as Bathurst or Orange, where the rate is a little lower. It has been felt necessary to make this announce ment as some of the Leeton residents using the supply appear to think that they are in a worse position than house holders in other country towns.
Lucerne at Werribee Central Research Farm. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
LuCerne at Werribee Central Research Farm. The Victorian Government has recently established a large Central Research Farm at Werribee, on the Geelong railway line, 18 miles from Melbourne. It is intended to carry out general research work, ana the fact that about 200 acres is com manded by the irrigation system which supplies Bacchus Marsh is no doubt re sponsible for the fact that the depart ment has decided to go in largely for experimental lucerne cultivation. At the present time only about 50 acres have been planted, and of this area only 15 acres is in its second year of growth. The lucerne has, however, made wonder ful headway, and from recent cuts as much as 27cwt. per acre was obtained, or perhaps even more. Mr. Wilson, manager of the farm, stated that he thought that some just mown at the date of the visit would yield 30cwt. per acre. Considering the quality of the soil, and the fact that it was supposed to closely approximate that of the Goulburn Valley, it was thought ad...
MORE ABOUT PIGS. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 May 1914
MORE ABOUT PIGS. In a recent issue of the "Stock and Sta tion Journal" there is an account of some experiments carried out in Germany which should be of interest to pig raisers on the Irrigation Areas. The experi ments were designed to test the value of potatoes as compared with maize as the principal food for pigs. Forty-three young pigs, 12 weeks old, and weighing about 441b., were put up for five ..months to fatten. They were given a fixed basal ration, which on the average amounted to a little over 21b. grain meal and 3oz. of fish meal per head per day. In addition to this, one lot got slightly over 21b. maize meal, while an other got between 91b. and 101b. potatoes. Both lots made good progress, producing on the average about lib. of pork daily and lib. live weight increase for about 41b. meal. The interesting point, however, is the profit. The maize was valued at £8/8/ per ton. Th»e potatoes were charged at 33/6, and the grain or pease meal cost £9/6/8, while the fish meal was...