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IMPORTANT INVENTION. REVOLUTION IN STEAM POWER. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
IMPORTANT INVENTION. REVOLUTION IN STEAM POWEB. in a report sent to the United States Department of Commerce Mr Ridgley, Consul-General at Barce lona, alludes to the possibility of a revolution in the use of steam power He states : Senor Pedro Puigjaner, a well known engineer of Barcelona, has in vented and submitted to practical trials a rotative steam engine which it is asseeted will cause a revolution in all countries where steam power is used. It is claimed for this re markable engine that it may be ap pUed to all purposes for which steam power is required, whether on land or on sea, and that it consumes but one-fifth the coal per horse-power that ordinary engines consume. For example, it is declared that a ship burning 500 tons of coal per day with the ordinary marine engine would burn about 100 tons with the new invention. It is alsn finimiwi that the small relative size of the engine is a great advantage, since it occupies but one-fifth -.ho space oc cupied by an ordinary mar...
A WISE MAYOR GRAMMAR AND GLORY. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
A' WISE MJWDRlIS -??????- ? .. **£] GRAMMAR AKD GUORY; 'M Job E. Hedges was one «f the p'i&gK& students of Princeton. 'While 'MaySfijlB Strong's secretary ne was compe«eagl|M prepare In a jiffy a mayor's m6Bafe^w|| the board of estimate Ani B,pp6rjj}-gi|^| ment. In the rush and tear one ^ler^^H grammatical erroT and two or three TX&9 presslons of doubtful rhetorical accjttaSSfjB appeared in the message. The followinfjja day a: New York city newspaper ^ev^^H criticised Mayor Strong fot -hE^^ffl cphererrt use of -the '3anguagei3%e£nt|||H| end Mr Sedges were father 4£a&£&iga§i9 '?See nefev-Mr Atajjbr,' featiJlr^^j^H 'youiknbwj can write *ad«-teak jw|g|S| mattcal' Engllsh^and I know 'yonSrgSMH 'Cl^.abi't'^Maw^ mmm *??. .^kI. _k» 'iiA* ^»sj. ^ iL-'tSSsS^^^M j)aper boyi that I was foft.-^ntw3ffj«SHB TCa^ -,;l-aon't wan}:»ou*o3be ttie*alfflg| :?p-!:ih-?neeai*sneSa't -.**. v .-Jlliffl ; ; '.'Job,' rep.Ued iMayi-r StronB,J'*n^^HH this newBp6*)ef *kaisa...
FARM AND FIELD. Unlformaity of the Fleece. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
||^^;lM||^)api^; ?'?U^'-^im^iio^^'Oa^iii^-1:: ' ; Af'\ LWent.^pf.^inifdPralty -in -O-«: fleece ie I : lotteh a defect: noticeable even :Jn prt« :.?-.') sheep, ^ina Yibhe ' that takes ^generations -'; of;t-reeaing to: *eilttty.'a*e difference In. £r tHe ' price foX, wool Jbittaini^3- ji^ flock ''}' masters owning the : eame ? breeds ol j. ? sheep is attributed to 'better quality,' , and no reason can be 'assigned why one :.j- -?Jsjjtetterj than the other. Investigation ' by. experts goes to show that the hlgher ' priced wool more often than not repre .y sents fleeces of more even character all . through. ? ^ It ; would i-e an Instructive study tor -anyone Interested In sheep-breeding to .take a fleece, carefully go over it. and note the many differences to be found in It. It .would astonish those who have never done so, and. at the same time It would .place before them Information as to variations of which they have at the - present time no conception. The fads, as they have been cal...
Ploughing Up Artificial Pastures. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
[?] JytlBcJal ^p«it&^to;4hat;jthetpraie plants become scaiioe and thin, *nd Weeds plen tiful. Very many fields are found In this state, and allowed to remain so— a most profitless proceeding. While we J1B.VG nrany light i and poor crops on arable land, worn-out pastures are quite __ as common. It may be the argument Is that there is not the expense of culti vation that there is with the^ arable. This is true, but unremuneratlve grass land is as undesirable as any other. The durability of pastures depends to a great extend on the clean state and good heart k of, the land when the seed Is sown, and aiiSo too, on the quality of the seeds. Some are really perennial and permanent others contain a great many weeds, and all such pastures fall away In a few years. Renovating may be attempted, and is often successful if begun In time, but, as a rule, nothing short of plough ing up and re-cultlvatlng makes really satisfactory permanent pasture. To say that a field has only been laid d...
Well-Balanced Fertilisers. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
^S^^Bal^d^^erUlUe,,. .... ^Mr:»Q?ey -Bpent on fertilisers Is . not few^Haia out to the l**t advantage, v because -the Ingredients are not in the SorSons.1116^0' ^ *»n'^. As an American agricultural paper points out:— If we buy a fertiliser con taining more of one element than we ireed, and not enough of another, then we waste our money. The three Im portant plant foods, nitrogen, pbosjrhor us and potash, must all be present In the soil If we desire any sort of good results. Should wo have a superabund ance of nitrogen or potash In the so:i for wheat or other grains, with not enough phosphorus, we must not look for a good grain crop, because we have left out the amount of phosphorua needed to produce the grain, if ,on the other fcand, we apply phosphorus and nitro gen, without the corresponding amount or potash, we have a weak, spindling straw and grain of poor milling or feed Ing quality. Each element has it own part to perform. Unless we hare the assurance, from actual experiments ...
POINTS OF LINCOLN SHEEP. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
^^^mmoS^^m^^m^-^?'^ ^^i^m^n\4toa^aeep;rik-* '?irtdS'''*' f-^ ^SPtS?!'.*1'-'11- '* ot ?? - t i-~ 'ten Urwofl working order: ma-' ^- *™ «w*s^«bt4eM than SOOIb .77. 10 ffe- ;- AppoaTMoe.'— Good carriage and arm- ' PX* \ unstrjr of - lom * ? . . ' i a %*=- ;Boay.-1^11 proportioned; goodbonemnd ft' ' ^ *-.,-*-«r«ngui; -broad hindquarters* les* ' Si ^h-:l£g*i&*'?a apart; breast wide and -!.*' vM^-^Sbrald'be'coTerM'with wool to U jf', ; the e»ne; toft on forehead- eyes [ ~Sk :?: «tpre»sl«» . r ears fair length and t. _ ^awtea or mowed in *o!or ? 10 - st* Legs.-Bro.iJ, uj «* well inert'; ? £-- .f. :* '?3«»**h*I«i,«--«1. white; feVblick ^-;:, A^prtsjao not dtau»lu-; wooUed to I'1- *v,Viif.fiH-» *»««8 *0d- bocks .. ..... ?.-. ID ' */.,.- -jJ^wce.igC».,iBWp tengtli.,.Md fctulltr «U
THE DAIRY. CREAM SOURING BACTERIA. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
^B^^l^sf. CfUZAM SOJmXSG BAQTEBIA. ' The jjaturai Eoiiring of cream is brought about fcy the -action of hacteria: which attack .theJsugar of milk, and change a portion or it iiito lactic acid.' The lactic acid change Is beneficial for butter-making, insomuch as the acidity developed gives ±he characteristic flavor distinctive p£ ^ripened cream butter, and greatly enhances the value of the product as compared with that made from sweet cream, v which does not keep op yield nearly as much butter from the same quantity of cream. Care must be taken, however, that the sour ing change does not proceed too far before churning takes place or the fer mentative changes resulting from the activity of the bacteria, will Injure the flavor, and keeping properties of the butter. The conditions necessary lo produce natural souring are summer j temperature, pure air and cleanly con ditions. The temperature at which cre^m sours quickest is between TOdeg. J and 98deg. Fahr.; while the temperature at wh...
GOOD ADVICE TO DAIRYMEN. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^;ZB^^M^0%UE^ot^he iold ^bis'^hear^rs -'^that' -^Hn~ ^lils -bplntbp fanners -'would have to substitute for the present motto of 'Faith, Hope and '? Charity' that of 'Cultivation, Separa tion and KefrlgeratVon.' He pointed out that Taranaki was now carrying 120,000 dairy cows, whilst the land was really ! capable of carrying 240,000. The so ciety hoped, through Its efforts, to edu cate the farmer in the matter of provld- ' Ing winter feed, In which direction he was pleased to say there was already | a vast Improvement. , Captain Young also impressed upon his hearers the lm- ' portance of conducting their farms on ] tfie most up-to-date lines. The price of land at the present time was high, and, it was therefore imperative that they should go in for a higher class of farm ing to make it pay. There were thou sands of acres of land going to waste which should be utilised— gullies, for I Instance, .-which were found on almost every farm. They could be made to bear feed of so...
ERRORS IN SEPARATING. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
ERRORS IN SEPARATING. According to Professor Webber, of the U.S.A. Department of Agriculture, there are two errors in operating separators, made because of ignorance. The first consists In allowing too much milk to I pass thorugh the machine. As there is a iirau 10 me practical speed at which the machine can be safely run it is not a good practice to try to overcome this error bv increasing the speed beyond the safe .point. The feed outlet is usually fixed so that too much milk will not run through, but cases have been known where operators, anxious to shorten the I time of separation, have enlarged the ' opening, allowing too much milk to pass. ' This error is not so common as the se cond, which is to allow the speed of the machine to become too alow. The slow -speed does not generate enough force to aklm ^property, and the result is loss of butter fat In the skim milk. The num ber of revolutions a minute required by a machine 1b usually Indicated on the machine or in the instructi...
THE BEEKEEPER VALUE OF GOOD QUEENS. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
THE BEEKEEPER VALUE OF GOOD QUEENS. Everywhere observation reveals de generation of stock through In-breeding from poor stock (writes an English apiarist). This, It is said, comes about by those queens which are fitted to pro duce the best offspring ceasing to pro- , duce, while the prolificacy of the worst Is never disturbed. This seems remark able, but It will be more easily under stood wheo ft is remembered that the rickety, Improperly-bred queens and drones will breed and produce puny, de- ! ??, These fttcts were moi overlooked ' ,?hy'i Mr Cowan, the editor ot the 'British. Bee Journal,' for as far back as' the year i 1883 he made the following statement:—'] 'In America, beekeepers had at last come to the decision that they must have young selected' queens if they were to do any good. After two years a queen could be exhausted of her laying powers, 1 and he thought It was to the beekeeper's advantage to replace her. If English beekeepers would pay more attention to selection and...
CONSTRUCTION OF PIGGERIES. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 23 October 1907
CONSTRUCTION OF PIGGERIES. It is acknowledged that the housing accommodation provided for pigs Is fre quently open to improvement. The lack o£ proper piggeries is doubtless largely due to the fact that pigs can adapt themselves to most conditions, says the 'Journal' of the Department of Agricul ture for Ireland. Contrary to the gene ral belief that pigs are naturally dirty animals, there is no class of stock which will derive more benefit from comfort able and cleanly housing. The general health of the animals is thereby im proved, and such ailments as rheuma tism and cbllls are much less common. Moreover, the risk of swine fever is les sened. The labor required to keep clean a properly-constructed piggery is small, the pigs are more easily fed, and the animals will put on flesh more rapidly when provided with a dry, warm house. CONSTRUCTION OF A PIGGERY. In the construction of any type of pig gery the aim should be to. provide a rainproof structure which can be freely ventilated an...
That Tunnel Affair. To the Editor of THE PICTON POST. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 30 October 1907
„. That Tunnel Affair. To the Editor of The Picton Post. Sir. — I have no wish or desire to enter into a newspaper controversy concerning ?' That Tunnel Affair ; ' but ' Scrutator ' has made such a miserablcaeSort to hit below the belt, under cover .of a ' nom-de-plnme, that his remarks call for reply. His. iiisln nations are as Hi-cal.iM for as thev are ' untrue, and 'were he the unerring party which he- professed to ' be, he would not seek a pen name. In replying to his letters I Iv.ivt' not soughtto hide my identity and while, naturally feeling » little unkindly, jo aii unknown iodivii'uaj B.nfl ? fiffht J;f ai i^Jkjjj bp t h^^'^xt j»jjfl|; influence of delusions My letter' ?was mvarnished andj certainly did. not call for ' the mean attack. However, as ' Scrutator ' seems to have so many witnesses who were evidently not liable .to make a mistake as I might do, I must give way to his very superior opinion, and sign myself according to my baptismal name v '^ I am. sir, etc. Oct. 22...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 30 October 1907
Poiliaps- our readers have not considered llie advantages they may derive by joining Lliu Pioton School of Arts, an up-to-date institution. There is the reading rdom. ivell stooltod with papers and magazines, Also, tlie library of about 2000 volumes, iddeti to regularly every quarter. Members 5an suggBst any work they would like to iiave added to the library. Members also lave the advantage of a good billiard room. Die foe charged is tho lowest in the State, icing only 3s per quarter, or less than M -or week. Ladies are charged 2s. Resi Icnls «f Wilton, Bai-go ana other places uorc than three miles from the institution ;an take t^'o books at a time, and change Jiom whenever they are in town, whether Me library is open or not. Wo urge upon jur readers to join at once — the librarian ivill Uike their subscriptions at any time.— * ? — ' jp- -^_ \» 'TTHERE are times Wb«a the night'* rest doein't : fit you forlhtrd&y'tworH. TKose o.rc the times for a stimulant that will brace you...
Picton Pips. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 30 October 1907
Picton Pips. Mr. KUnpton has token over tbe Club Hotel from Mr. I^ngbridge. Kathleen McNeill was sentenced to three months on Monday on a charge of vagrancy. , We have passed on to the School of Arts oar copy o£ 'The Golden Fleece.' It is a pity some candidates for parliamentary honors do not pay their electioneering debts. Senior-constable CoHis has been appointed local inspector of weights and measures. - Or Parry's youngest son , Cam pbel I Alexander, died on Tuesday night at miilnitrht. We sympathise deeply with the family. One often hears tlie expression 'My child caught a nevere sold wliiob developed intojdiptfierWj^wlien, tho truth = pfy^tiat, germ. When Chamberlain's Cough Remedy is given, it not only ourea the cold, but greatly lessens the dange/ of diphtheria or any germ disease Iwing contracted. There is no danger in giving the remedy as it contains no opium or other harmful drug. For sale by C. H. Pickard, Ficton and Thirlmere.— (Advt.) i The Mayor was appointed return o...
RIDING ATTACHMENT FOR HARROW. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 30 October 1907
BIDING ATTACHMENT FOR HARBOW. ,For those farmers wbo feel that they have walking enough to keep their health fairly good withont walking be Iblnd the harrow, a correspondent of the 'Prairie Farmer' describes a home-made cart that he has used for over five years. Take an ? old buggy axle and put on the wheels from a walking corn-plough. Fasten the ends of two pieces of 2 x-4 scantling. E feet long, on the axle, Just inside of the wheels, with clips or books. Bolt a piece of 2 x 4, 18 Inches long, across the front enda of the side pieces. Put this underneath and bolt rigidly with four bolts. Bore a hole through the exact centre of the draw-bar of your harrow as shown in the accompanying illustration, Fig, 1, and another through the middle of the 18 Inch ill Get two eye-bolts intsr-locked as 'seen hi Fig. 2, to attach to the cart. Use a washer each side of each stick, and draw the bolts tight. For a seat use any Iron seat with a PIG. L— HIDING ATTtlCHMBNT. FOR HARROW. long spring and b...
CLOSING WERE GATES TIGHT. [Newspaper Article] — The Picton Post — 30 October 1907
CLOSING WIRE GATES TIGHT. A wire gate can be closed as tight as though it were stretched by a wire stretcher in the simple manner shown in the' illustration. A repreeeibia ? piece lot strong wood about three feet long which is used as a. lever when placed' in the wire loop B and 'behind the post D to tighten the wires of the gate enough 'to get the wire loop C over the top end 'of the gate post. — 'Prairie Farmer.'