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THE REFERENDA. One Reason Why We Should Vote No." [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
THE REFERENDA. One Reason Why We Should Vote No." Editor "The Land.-'-What sur prises me is that a sound lawyer like Mr. Holman should propose to make the Federal Senate more democratic. He must very well know that that part of the Constitution that allowed little States and big States equal representation in the Senate can never be altered by the votes of the people of the mainland, whatever else is al terable in the Constitution. The equality of power of each State must remain a cast-iron fixture, unless the people of Tasmania themselves con sent to the diminishing of their Sena torial power. It was the granting of equal power in the Senate that induced the Weak er States to join the Federation, else it would not have been likely that the smaller fish would come in to be swallowed by the big fish. The big fish have agreed to the compact, so they can never honourably break it. Therefore, do I wonder at such a man as Holman talking of manning the Senate on a population basis. The re...
The Reader's View F.A.Q. WHEAT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
F.A.Q. WHEAT. Editor "The Land,-The substance of your interviews with members of the various sections of the wheat ' trade on the subject of the f.a.q. standard is interesting, even though the same separate opinions are put forth each^ year. To the disinterested mind nothing can be said against the existing methods employed to deter mine a fair average standard of our wheat yield; but what should concern us most is the promotion of a more harmonious relationship between the producer and the distributor. To the oft-expressed complaint that farm ers receive no encouragement to ex cel in quality, I, as an experienced wheat broker, unhesitatingly say that the advantages of marketing some thing superior to f.a.q. are manifold. Whilst for export, shippers secure no more for wheat weighing, say, a couple of pounds to the Imperial bush el above the f.a.q., standard, millers appreciate its value by exceeding their buying limits for ordinary f.a.q. Furthermore, when the market is not buoyant-...
PARASITES IN HORSES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
PARASITES IN HORSES. Investigations have proved that the half-starved condition of horses suffering from this complaint great ly favoured worm infestation. It oannot he too well known that the Lest method of preventing the ill elVec'.s of "internal parasites" is the provision of plenty of good food.
LEASEHOLD v. FREEHOLD. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
LEASEHOLD v. FREEHOLD. The Editor.-The man on the land will always go for fixity of tenure. The only fixity of tenure possible is what we term freehold. Freehold is the right of the purchaser against all other individuals, or against any body of individuals, save the whole -that is the State. No individual can be the possessor of land, as he is the possessor of other property. While the State reserves to itself the right of taxation and resumption, there is no such thing actually as private pro perty in land. We are all only the nominal owners. Surely the right of taxation is enough security for the rectification of all land abuses. The State can not only tax a man's land; but, if it chooses, it can tax him off it. The leasehold system is neither good for the man on the land nor the State. The fear and insecurity of appraisement will sap the man's en-; ergy, just as the fear of the land lord raising the rent ruined the Irish farmers. The leasehold system is a fad, and will pass away...
DON DORRIGO FOREST. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
DON DORRIGO .FOREST. Editor "The Land."-I hope in your advocacy of the claims of settlement you draw the line at. the destruction of such an exceptionally valuable vir gin forest as that at- Don Dorrigo. It will remain a standing reproach to former governments, that since the tin-owing open of this fine terri tory to settlement, already there has been destroyed enough valuable tim ber to have paid twice^ over the cost of the abandoned railway from Coff's Harbour to the scrub. The Lands De partment made a grievous mistake in parting with the land first, and then shilly-shallying over the construction of a railway, on which to convey the timber treasures of the great for est to a profitable market. The selec tors, finding no means of getting the timber to the coast, had, perforce, to burn it, and millions of feet of valuable brush-woods and hardwoods have gone up in smoke-a scandalous waste of the bountiful gifts of Na ture. Surely it would have been time enough to have devoted this v...
Women's Affairs Fashions of the Week SOME HATS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
Women's Affairs (By "THE WIFE"; Fashions of the Week ft SOME HATS. Hat shows are going strongly this week. The big hat and the small are' both on view. Taking a broad and comprehensive view of the sea son's millinery, it is a distinct in centive to tne home milliner to try her 'prentice hand on her own autumn hat. The big blocked hats of stretched satin or velvet are enor mously in the majority, and they re quire 110 trimming at all except one feather or perhaps a rose. I saw a " modified Miss Gibbs" shape in the new currant red shade of straw trimmed with a small animal and a couple of black roses. The tiny dead beastie was spread-eagled around the brim, and the roses were of the shade known as raven's wing, a soft grey shading to black and tinged with a little gold tissue, it was prettier than it reads. Tea-cosy toques" are in vogue, made of folded velvet and trimmed witn a tassel or two. They are small and close-fitting, and really quite pretty and becoming, fitting ovef the face...
Wife's Separate Estate. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
Wife's Separate Estate. "W.G." inquires:-"A married "wo man holding c.p. and c.l. lands as separate estate. Lands are worked in conjunction with husband's holding. Will husband require to include de tails of liis wife's holding in his re turns ?" Answer: No; if the estate is held by the wife in her separate right. In answer to the question as to whether, or not conditional leases are taxable under the land tax, the Fede ral Attorney-General's Department has advised tile Land Tax Commis sioner that a conditional lessee's right to convert is a right to purchase within the meaning of section 29 of the Act, and that therefore he can not claim exemption under that sec tion. Further, lie is liable under sub section 2 of section 28 as the owner of a leasehold estate in land. In regard to the contention of some land owners interested ? in this class of tenure that they are exempt under section 26 as holders of land under right of purchase from the Crown upon conditions which have not been f...
Federal Land Tax. C.P. AND C.L. LIABILITY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
Federal Land Tax. C.P. AND C.L. LIABILITY. We have received a, number of en quiries as to the position of condition al lessees, hr relation to the Federal Land Tax. The following are typi cal: "Hay" writes,-"I have e.p. afifl c.l, lafid, comprising eight series of 2560 acres, each of which 5120 acres is c.p., 15,360 acres c.l. The unimprov ed capital value of the whole, as fix ed by the Land Board, is 10s per acre. There is about £800 still due to the Crown to make the c.p.'s freehold, and I have the right to convert the c.l.'s. There is about £4000 of improve ments on the eight series. The pre sent selling value is £S000-£1000 per block, under existing tenure. "Will the land tax be assessed on the selling value as c.p. or c.l., or must the whole area be assessed as on a freehold basis ? In the event of the latter, what tax will be due on the holding?" The cost to make the 20,480 acres freehold, at 10s per acre, £10,240; im provements, £4000; total, £14,240. "As this land takes five...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
Try WEAVER&PERRY Fat Stock Salesmen: Sydney With a Consignment. THE COMMERCIAL BANKING COMPANY OP SYDNEY, LIMITED ESTABLISHED 1834 Capital Paid Up : £1,500,000 Reserve Fund £1,420,000 Reserve Capital .. £1,500,000 £4,420,000 Duectors: GEORGE J* COHEN, Esq.. Chairman; HOE. H. E. KATER, MX.C., Deputy Chairman ; Hon. H, MOSES, M.L.C,; A. J. ONSLOW THOMPSON, Esq.; Hon, JAMES BURNS, M.L.C. General Manager, T A. DIBBS. BRANCHES THROUGHOUT QUEENSLAND and NEW SOUTH WALES, .Agencies throughout the World, Head Office: George St. Sydney. London Office*. 18 Blrchin Lane, E.G. Interest allowed on Fixed Deposits, Advances made. All usual Banking business transacted GOVERNMENT SAVINGS BANK of NEW SOUTH WALES Head Ofllce-fflOORE STREET SYDNEY, The Commissioners have Money to Lend to Farmers and Settlers from £50 to £2.000, repayable by instalments extending over 30 years. Low rates of interest and special repayment privileges. The Savings Bank Department accepts DEPOSITS FROM Is. to £500. I...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
The Farmers' Veterinary Institute Of NEW SOUTH WALES (Registered) "Under the approval of The Yorkshire Live Stock Insurance Co., Ltd." REFLEX of AMERICA'S LATEST SUCCESS The payment of Three Guineas entitles a Farmer or Grazier to Free Vet erinary Advice and Medicine at Wholesale Prices for a period of three years. On payment of subscription each subscriber receives one of the In stitute's Veterinary Cabinets, fully stocked with First Aid Medicines, Bandages, etc., Free of Charge. The success which lias attended similar estab lishments in the United States influenced the for mation of the Institute in New South Wales. The management guarantees all Drugs, etc., to tc be of excellent quality, and dispensed by one of the leading chemists of tiie State; while the Vet erinary advice will be supplied by a prominent member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (London). All cor respondence promptly attended to. In urgent cases advice will be sent by telegram at the expense of the app...
Stock The Importance of Good Cattle. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
AO taw The Importance of Good Cattle. ,..,r 111 mixed fanning it is just as im portant to have well-bred cattle on the place as well-bred sheep. They . cost less to rear and fatten than 11011 .-descript mongrels. The presence of many of the latter at the Homebush ; Yards provide evidence of much care lessness in breeding. At one time, when bulls and cows brought 1000 guineas and upwards, the small set tler paid a good deal of attention-to the shorthorn, for a good steer and a good heifer meant much money 30 ?to 40 years ago, and it was during, that period that the best of the milking qualities of the breed were made manifest. When a falling-off in our beef export occurred, and a ?^greater expansion took place in the dairy industry, prices for high-class stock fell, and kept falling to such an extent, that for a bull, that some five years previous would have brought from 1000 to 1500 guineas, not more than a third of these prices was obtained. The meat export trade and conversion of ...
SHEEP AND WOOL INSTRUCTION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
SHEEP AND WOOL INSTRUCTION. The Department of Agriculture lias been shaking itself up lately in a manner that will receive the com mendations of farmers. Mr. Mat thews, the sheep and wool expert of the Department, is now touring the west and south-west, giving a series of demonstrations and lectures.. The subjects to be treated are:-Charac teristics of breeds relative to their wool and mutton-producing qualities, suitable breeds for given localities, the rearing of early lambs for ex port, wool considered from its com mercial standpoint, wool-classing, in cluding the handling of small and large clips. The itinerary is a large one, and the subjects of wide import ance. But the range of them is too extensiATe to be properly treated at one lecture. Each of them would fully occupy the best part of a day to be discussed from an economic stand point. The rearing of early lambs for export is a most important branch of the sheep husbandry, and it is one of the first to be studied in dual fa...
BRADFORD TOPS FIRM. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
BRADFORD TOPS FIRM. Now that the clip has partly pass ed into consumption, and almost the whole of the balance of it is in second hands, there is no longer any neces sity for the primary markets to be influenced by the forward selling of tops on lower than spot quotations. Nor, is there any necessity for cur rent prices to be lowered; conse quently, the "bears" are hibernating till next wool season, or they have been transformed into "bulls." Cable reports of the Bradford top market are now naturally of an optimistic character, the market is firm, and. quotations are unchanged, so far as merino qualities are concerned, and %d higher for coarse . crossbreds. Quotations compare as follow: - Feb. 22,1911. Feb.23,1910. Merino. " d. d.' 64's ' 26 .. 27% Super GO's ....25% .. 26% Common GO's 24% ... 25% Crossbred.; ? 46's 14% .. V 17% ' 40's 13% .. , 15 .
SHEEP PESTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
SHEEP PESTS. In the last .annual report of the Stock Department, the Chief Inspec tor stated that in no less than 47 of the pastures protection districts, the stock inspectors reported the blow-fly pest to be very prevalent. The causes are put down to the wet season, poisoning of rabbits on a large scale, which provided an addi tional breeding ground for the fly, and the destruction of insectiverous and other birds, natural enemies of the fly and maggot. This season is even wetter than the last, and the high-grass affords increased protec tion to the hatching of the pupae; thus there is a fear that the blowfly will give as much, and perhaps more trouble than last year. Messrs. Cooper and Nephews offered handsome . prizes for essays on the pest, and; about 100 were sent. in. The prizes have been awarded, but the essays: are not available for publication, having been sent to the firm in Eng- j land. This is a pity, as some of thei essays might have been of great bene fit to the sheep-...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
DALGETY & COMPANY LIMITED Wool, Grain, and Produce Salesmen, Stock and Station Agents, Fat Stock Salesmen. SYDNEY Wool Sales held at Short Intervals During the Season. .Excellent Warehouse Accommodation, Well-Lighted Showroom, and Careful Attention to All Consignments. DALGETY'S AUSTRALASIAN SALES FOR LAST SEASON, 368,000 Bales. Special Department at 140 Sussex-street for the Sale and Export of Wheat, and other Grain and Farm Produce, Butter and Dairy Produce. Agents for: QUIBELL'S SHEEP DIP. CLAYTON & SHUTTLEWORTH'S W°LS;Y "tSHEEP"SHEARING DAimEHMESi.ELAUNAY-BELLE MACHINES. VILLE, AUSTIN, F.N., and TANGYE'S PUMPS & MACHINERY other leading MOTOR CARS. ABERDEEN & WHITE STAR LINES OF STEAMERS. Offices: 15 BENT STREET. SKINS, HIDES, FAT STOCK, FARM PRODUCE Winehconebe, Garson, Ltd, .THE LEADING SYDNEY SALESMEN.
AGENTS' REPORTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
AGENTS' REPORTS. Dalgety and Co., Ltd., report:-At the end of last week arrangements were made for a revision of the ros ter of sales to complete the weekly series in the Sydney market, with a view to securing the offering of the remaining stocks by Thursday, the 2nd proximo. Carrying out this plan, extra lots were offered on some of the selling days during the past week, and for next week's auctions there will also he slightly more than the usual number of lots, which will per mit of the main part of the selling season being closed on Thursday next. There have been 42,000 bales offer ed at this week's sales, to the usual attendance of the trade, and under a good demand and brisk competition satisfactory clearances have been effected. No important change in the market has taken place, and prices continue on a level, of the rates established at the close of last month. After next week there will be month ly sales, the first series of which it is expected will be held about April 3. W...
WHEAT. A LISTLESS MARKET. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
WHEAT. LISTLESS MARKET. Market conditions have not been favourable to the wheat holder during the week. In fact lie has had to face somewlmfc lower- prices;- and"immedi ate prospects donot point io improv ed conditions as far as can be judged. The trend of London values has cpn .tiriued downwards which, of course, has b^oi re/lected;' in: local shipping prices; Eiiglish and Continental'ope rators have remained very much-in ? the background, still adopting the policy of just purchasing for imme diate' wants,: and- leaving the fixture to look after its own supplies. Just at the close of last week cables ad vised the placing of a number of Aus ; tralian cargoes, but the prices were ' Generally on the low side,. and the ' movement was said to be simply due to some "shorts" covering up. At any * rate, since then the demand on the other side of the world has con tinued exceedingly dull. In fact, the world's markets at the present time seem playing a waiting game. For the same reasons the ...
FLOUR. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
FLOUR. Millers generally have been/com plaining of the dullness of the de mand for Hour. Bakers have mostly only operated from hand-to-moyit.li, evidently not taking any risk about present prices, but it is doubtful whe ther quotations will be officially re duced unless an unlooked-for slump occurs in wheat. Exporting has been quiet as well; the fax*t of the mat ter being that Melbourne and Ade liiidc priccs arc much cheaper than ours, iirnl consequently the bulk of the outside orders go to those mar kets. Quotations (o(licial) in the lead ing States compare as follows: 1910. 1011. . Sydney .... £10/10/ .. £8/5/ Melbourne .. £10 . . £8 Adelaide .. £9/5/ . £8/2/6 The prices arc for leading city brands and .bakers';, lots. .. ;
AFTER A LEAN YEAR. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
AFTER A LEAN YEAR. "The increased expense in production, consequent upon the Rural Workers' TJnion claims, (if allowed) would mean the swallowing up of all the profits; and the ^pbable abandonment of. wheat-farming."-A Branch report, "The Land," 17/2/11. Tiie Farmer;: "Now, are you. sure, there's .nothing else on me that you'd .like?? . .... R.W.U.:' -"Oh, I've got everything worth having, thanks, and, any how, we're riot like you bloomiri'.'capitalists. We don't want>. every thing a feller's got!" .
Notes of the Week. Mr. Nielsen's Experiment. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 24 February 1911
Notes of the Week. Mr. Nielsen's Experiment. As we surmised last week, the Minister for Lands has announced his intention ot sett ling the Bun-iii' juck area on tlie perpetual lease h o 1 (1 principle. There is to be no freehold on the big irrigation scheme. While we shall rejoice if it turns out otherwise, we fear that the Min isterial announcement seals the fate of this grand enterprise. The Aus tralian is not inclined to intense cul ture. In Victoria the farmers open ly objected to what they called "Chi nese methods," although to do him justice, the Chinaman- in China, is perhaps the best agriculturist in the world. He lias always understood the value'of irrigation .and of fertilisers, and rotation of -crops in China has been practised from time immemorial. Nevertheless, the intensive working of small areas is against the genius of the present Australian, and he must be coaxed into irrigation work. The'best reward which could be offer ed him' would be the freehold, so that lie mi...