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THE PASSING OF THE OLD GUARD. Lines on the Death of JOE YOUNG, of Brighton, Eng. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
THE PASSING OF THE OLD GUARD. . Lines on the Death of Job Yoi\\-i, of I5righton, Kng. Lay him duwn, the brave old guard Wlio never breathed surrender, Throw the scarlet blossoms down Into the quite grave; For death has stilled the gallant heart, The heart so brave and kinder; But just once more above it Shall the scarlet banner wave. Death, :)h! what is death but peace? Sweet peace arid quiet sleeping; And if our part we've nobly played What matter when we die? Then chant no mournful hymns to-day, With undertones of weeping, But Freedom's song, the song he loved, . Send .ringing to the sky. Fur did he not in Freedom's cause Spend all his life in battle? « Prison daunted not his heart, Nor made his spirit quail; Fur still he fought the greedy crew Who treat mankind as cattle — The cause that breeds such men as this Mml win, it cannot fait. — H. Mh,u.;k, in London Justice.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
HOW TO GET Nothing ! Read This! ? and Get to Work! Foil every TWENTY' SHILLINGS in NEW Subscriptions (whether quarterly, halfyear ly, or yearly) that YOU send in for Tiik .I.VJ'KHXATIOXAI, SotMAMST, tllO Executive will give you Five Shillings' Worth of Books lobe selected from the; following,- and' also from tho Socialist Literature list of the In ternational Socialist Literature Department, published in this issue. This ?offer will apply as from August 1. It is not made with reference to renewed subscriptions. Hooks containing '20 receipt forms will be issued to members and other approved can vassers on application. ' ' Names of new subscribers, together with amounts collected, must be handed in at the end of each quarter for audit purposes. Write at- once for a Receipt Book. The best way to do Socialist propaganda is to get sul isoribors for Tiik 1 xtkkxatioxa i. Socialist, the uncompromising, fighting organ of Rev olutionary Socialism; and, while doing this, you are presented wit...
Capitalism's Trail of Blood. Or, The Dignity of Labor. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
| Capitalism's Trail of Blood. ] . Or, The Dignity of Labor. I'm' if hi mid In', llu'. iirhv of nil i/inir iri'allh, (limit (1ml. ' in: linn- pniil it in full. Dumxii the last ten years, nearly 20,1)00 coal miners in the United States and Canada have been killed while engaged at work, and more than 50,000 have been injured. Of all wage-earners who die at ages from 15 to 24 years of age — in the very prime of life. — moie than 18 per cent, perish by violence. Of deaths of wage earners of ages 25 co 84, more than 15 per cent, are caused by accidenls and violence. Altogether there are more than i ,400,000 deaths in the United States in one year, of which 12G.00O are unnatural deaths caused largely by unguarded and unmuzzled machinery and insanitary conditions. By the collapse of a tunnel atMes seue, N.Y., 50 men were entombed. Fourteen dead bodies have been re covered. ?losonh. Rhotldo* met with a terrible death at the Clear Co.'s meat works, Wellington. He was blown up to the' rafters...
The Class War. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
The Class War. ])V J. DKUMKNTHAI.. That the history of the world shows that there is a constant struggle between the the working class on one hand to'obtaiu bet ter conditions for themselves, and the dom inant class on the other to retain or increase their powers, is a pregnant fact that ob trudes itself in every phase of historical de velopment. Every reform, every privilege granted to the masses, has only been torn trom the ruling class by force. Not one single in stance has ever been known to occur where the dominant class has voluntarily granted .airy rights or privileges to the class under neath. Herein is graphically seen the struggle between the selfish egoism of the numeri cally small dominant class, and the social or altruistic feeling- of the enslaved masses. This spirit of egoism permeates every nook and corner of our present social life and results in useless and heartbreak ing competition, wherein the most unscru pulous, the most dishonest elements of So ciety are devel...
Spain. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
Spain. A communication from .Madrid states that the gravest dissatisfaction exists among the leading Cardinals (including ox-Papal Nun cios) in Spain, owing to the action of Car dinal Merry Del Yal, Pontifical Secretary of State, in not consulting the Congregational of Cardinals on the extraordinary state of ecclesiastical affairs, as was done in Pope Leo XII I 's time.. It is considered that every decision regarding opain is duo to the inlluence of Cardinal Merry Del Yal. After the recent great demonstration of women, a petition signed by 22,000 women against Clerical domination was presented to the Governor. Anti-clerical meetings were also hold at Saragoisa. Toledo, Rons. Algeciras, Oreusc, Vitoria, Tortora, Honda, Baracaldo, TonorifVo, and other cities. The attack on the conduct of the Molilla campaign, and the horrible repression of the outbreak in Barcelona last year, was the occasion of a scene in the Chamber of De puties on July 7, when Pablo Iglesh s' (?io cialist) said tha...
That Hysterical Howl. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
That Hysterical Howl. 11V A.I AX. Down with Wade! down with V/ade! is the cry we hear echoed on every side. Mr. Wade appears to be the most unpopu lar man in Australia to day. The reason is no; far to seek. The Wade ad ministration has absolutely failed to satisfy the people. The Liberal and Reform Party is the party of vested interests. As the leader of a party representing i clans the premier must legis late for that class, and as :i logical sequence all class legislation must fail to satisfy the mass of the people. The Coercion Act, which will propably throw the Liberal (misnamed) Party out of office, is one of those brutal pieces of class legislation which are to be expected as long as the masses tolerate class government, moreover the Act was prssed with the con nivance of the Labor party who -are now using it as a political cry in their thirst for power. The premier has never shown himself to be a dominating personality. He is really only the mouthpiece of a corrupt party. He ...
Germany. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
Germany. The lockout in the shipbuilding yards to the west of Dantzic is complete, and 'So, 00.0 ? workmen are idle. Work in connection with several of the German battleships has been suspended . The proletariat of Leipsig demonstrated for the introduction of universal suffrage for the municipal elections and against the Councils Bill, which , was then under on orlmvitmn nnfl wliiitli iiioiins a nnw division of the wards — very unfavorable to the So cialists. The T jw n Hall was surrounded by a strong force of police during the debate, and at half-past nine in the evening a troop of mounted police arrived and drove the demonstrators away. The Bill was passed, only the Social-Democrats voting against it. ' Shipbuilding linns, having locked out their employees, are now sending their work to Kiv.;'and to be done (the cable reports) . Which means that English unionists will help to defeat their German comrades. [This incident illustrates the 'patriotism' of Capitalism. The German Capita...
Marxian Theory of Value. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
Marxian Theory of Value. The key of Marx's economic doctrines is his theory of value, with an exposition of which 'Das Kapital' opens. He begins by separating value in use j from value in exchange. Value in ii.se i.s utility, arising from the adaptation of an article, to satisfy some human need. Air, water, sunshine, wheat, potatoes, gold, and diamonds are examples. It does not necessarilv imnlv exchange value. Many goods are very useful but not ex changeable, because they are free to all. Such is the case, usually, with water. On the other hand, no good can have value in exchange unless it is useful. Men will not give something for that which satisfies no want or need. Both value in use and value in exchange | are utilities, but as they differ, there must j be some element in the one which the other ! does not -per :ac contain We find what that is by analysing the constituent elements of different goods which possess exchange lvalue. How can we compare them ? Only j because they co...
Great Britain. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
Great Britain. The National Society of Dyers has de manded an advance of 3s per week of 54 hours. The present wage-rate in York shire is 24s. The Newport dock laborers, who claim to be paid by the tonnage rate, refused to load H milder Bros.1 steamer Beacon Grange, do-. spite the (act that the arbitration award was in favor of the day rate. The Shipping ^deration thereupon imported a number of tree laborers, some of whom were stoned. Throe arrests were made. The parliamentary committee of the Trades Union Congress has passed a resolu tion of sympathy with the German ship wrights who have been locked out from the Baltic yards. The resolution also calls upon British trades-unionists to give every assist ance, linancial and otherwise, to their Ger man comrades.
Why I am a Socialist. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
Why I am a Socialist. 1!V. K. .1. Hli.VDY It is a long story, rich in incident, full of the varied emotions and experiences that make up a human life ; its telling would take too many chapters. I will only give a short synopsis of it here. Why am I Socialist ! Because, first of nil, I want freedom and fresh air, a cer tainty of livelihood, a sufficiency of food, clothes and coverinir. I wish tooniovcivil and domestic security and peace. I wish to know that if I live to be old, the weariness of want will not added to the weakness of age. I wish to feel if Death comes to me soon that those I love who are dependent on my efforts will not be stinted and stunted by adversity. Adversity is a worn-out term that should have no place in the bright lexicon of human progress. I am a Socialist because I am a son of Progress, a child of the twentieth century with its broader, more humane outlook on the in herent rights and privileges of Man, Woman and Child. My father fought for the emancipation...
United States. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
United States. Interviewed before his departure for Eu rope, whither he goes to attend the Interna tional Socialist Congress, Victor Berger said be thought it possible that the Socialist Party could control the peace of the world by instituting an international strike in time of war. He pointed out that in Germany '1,I» r!in?° tlie awi'ilto* numbered 2, ouu.WU, and included in their ranks thou sands of soldiers. Identified with tlWr cause w.M-e also a large number of railway workers. In the event of war these men would strike, and there could be no wars nowadays in which the railways would not lie absolutely necessary.
S.F.A. News & Notes. Broken Hill. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
S.F.A. News & Notes. Broken Hill. Tin-: debate at Burke Ward Institute between Labor Party advocates and Socialists was poorly attended. J. Brady was in the chair, and Bcilkin took up the cudgels on behalf of the Labor Party. Me made some remark able statements. Speaking re the land tax, Mr. Beilkin declared that if a man had the (?aortal to take un ten million acres of land, he had the right to do so, and no Govern ment should have the right to refuse that man the land, ??provided he employed labor. Then he proceeded to say that the only way to do away with capitalism is by land values taxation! Me defended the Labor Paity's conscription scheme, and said the only way to prevent' war is to be prepared for it. He did not deserve to be called a man who would not light for his country. Australia, he said, is oru country, and one of the grandest planks the Labor Party or any Government had ever had on its platform was that of na tional defence. [Tom Paine's words were ringing in...
The Passing Show. CONDUCTED BY OTUS. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
The Passing Show. i;i)Nl)LXTKI) I'.Y O'lVS. Tin-: special school to train the young in tho urt of murder which is. to be established at Albury is likely to cost JMO.OOO, And ? yi:t the ' Labor ' Government which por | potrates this monstrous- crime couldn't hoc \ its way to give a decent pension to aged SJ workers, bccaus.c tho cost would lie' too fc great! Tlic Illinois (U.S.) .State Legislature, in its session of of l'.KJi), passed a law limiting the hours of labor of women employed in factories to 10 per day. After the date iixed for the coming into operation of the new law an injunction was granted by the Circuit Court restraining the factory inspec tors and State Attorney from enforcing the Act, on Ihciji'inmil that it was unconstitutional, inasmuch as it tleprircd women of the riijhl nf freedom of con tract accorded them by the, Con st it Fd ion!'' '' ' ' ? On April 21, the Supreme Court of the State, before which the case had been laid, evidently viewing the case from the sta...
GOD, THOU ART PITILESS! [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
GOD, THOU ART PITILESS! (Ion, Thim art pitiless.— Tlmu dost permit Tin; priest to us.i- thee as a hangman's con I — Tliou proppest up the layman's shallow wit, Driving the beggar from ihc laden hoard — Thou art tlii! easy text of those who hoanl Their gifts in .secret chest for death to s.ee. ' Mighty and strong siiid glorious. i» the Lord!' .t.iii' iji(j[.Mii;t r.uiMi j^uiiu iiuiu iui uu.iv in inu . While ijwnl men dying deem thy grace a dream, While women wail for Thee and men lilaspliemo; A thousand forms of Thee the. foo.is.h pivueh— F ir stretch Thy temples over all the lands. In each of these .some burlmroiis Image stands, And men grow atheists in the shrine of each. --UOIIHIIT HlVIIA.NWX.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
I use, in English, as well as in so many other languages, Ihe term ' Siistorical Materialism,' to designate that view of the course of history which seeks the ultimate cause and the great moving power of all important historic events in the eco nomic development of society, in the changes in the modes of production, distribution, and exchange, in the consequent division of society into distinct classes, and in the struggles of these classes against one another— PREDERICK ENGELS.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
AD J M 1 through this pur.i I\Pfl V hrk graph indicates iicu main ^ Y0UU SUB. SCRIPTIOX HAS EXPIRED, and must be renewed if you desire the paper to be con tinued. Receipt of Sample Copy of this Paper is an invitation to you to become a Subscriber. Jhejnieraat^^ Official Organ of Revolutionary Socialism in N.S.W. Uinlcr the control of Joint Kxecutivcs, I iitcniatioiiiil Socialists. H. E. HOLLAND, Editor. Offices : 61 Goulburn-street, Sydney. llciuli|iiarti!i-.s : L'7-l Pitt .Struct, Sydney. All liti.siiK'.SM Coiininr .iration.s to he adihv.-sud In the Mnuajrer. All l.ili'i-iiry C'iiiiiiiinir:ilioni; to he suldrew-ed to tl-f I-Milor SUBSCRIPTION: \nstr:ili:i — -Is. per j ear ; Is. per quarter. Ni'\v /ealiind — Ns. per year ; L's per (ptarler. Oilier C( iinlrie:— S.J per year ; _'s per i|iiiii'lor. ?/?/„. /„/ -n;ilm,,nl Swiiili*! mil I,,- .-viil /?7.7-.'A' OF r!l.\l;t;l-: l-: Srlmnh 11/ Ails, on mwlttimi Hull it !* /-//// Jili-il. Obluinablc from The liilenialioiial .^oeiali-t (iroup. ...
Russia. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
Russia. The following incident illustrates the treatment of political exiles in the extreme north of the province of Archangel. On May 21 fourteen exiles were arrested a; Ust-Zylma without any provocation what ever. ' Among them was an artist named Sergei Sacharow. The prisoners were frightfully ill-treated by the police, especially Saoharow, wio was so oiuuiii.y iju.ili.-ii -uy -i Cossack as to lje carried away unsconscious. After two days the police returned with the dead body of Sacharow, who they said had poisoned' himself on the way. The post mortem examination, which did not take place till the third day, showed the traces of severe ill-treatment. The Socialists in the Duma brought m an interpellation on this point. ButStolypin's party would not admit that it be taken as an urgency matter, and sent it to a Commis ? sion, where it will probably remain for two \ years. ? .
Finland. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
Finland. Many arrests have been made at Ilelsing fors and Viborg, and eight prisoners from Kel'singfors (among them our woman com rade Ljuba Pstronmov) and ten prisoners from Yiborg have been sent to the'. Russian frontier, where they wore received by the Czar's gaolers. All will be brought before a military tribunal, and most of 'horn are in danger of the death sentence. Russian military justice has begun its work in Fin land. Another frightful crime— a great massacre — is being prepared, &w-.h-*lke, of July U-.
PRESS FUND. [Newspaper Article] — The International Socialist — 27 August 1910
PRESS FUND. ?£ s d Already acknowledged - -10 1 o Per O. Jorgcnscn (Hook ;-')) — Bladshaw2s,H'.l). ls.Showed Is 0 -I 0 Per Miss A. G. Kerr (Boole 21))'— J.W.K. Is, A.G.K. Is - 0 2 0 (iarlish - - -00 :- ? R.B. - . - - 0 2. 0 C. Jones - - - 0 2 -- 0. Martin - - ' - 0 1 0 15. Welzel - - -010 Newman - - -010 R. Wenzel - - ' ' -010 Loos - - -010 : Gormi - - - 0 1 0 ; 13. H. Kunze, .Queensland ? - 0 1 0 A Friend - '. - -01-1 £-11 -I C Advanced as Loans. Already acknowledged . - (- 0 0 Total - - -17 A (i All communications to be addressed to O. W. Jorgensen, secretary, Press Fund Com mittee, 27.-1 Pitt-street, Sydney. Perth tram strikers had the Co. practic ally beaten when the Government stepped in and prosecuted the strike-leaders. The Courts of Capitalism have been called to the work of union-smashing. The militant attitude of I^abor-leader Scaclden is refresh ing- in these days when Labor Party men are generally found against the strikers. Next ,\veek we hope to be able to print u spec...