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STATE ACCIDENT INSURANCE IN GERMANY. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
STATE ACCIDENT INSURANCE IN GERMANY. Some astonishing f-gures have just been issued in Germany respecting the State accident insurance of workmen. At the end of the year 1897 there wer... 442,000 industrial establishments, with 3,750,000 insured persons, and 4,045,000 agricultural settlements, with 11,000,000 insured persons. In addition to the numbers given above, the workers in the building trades have to be reckoned. The total number of workmen insured against ac cidents amounted, roundly, to 18,000,000. The number of accidezts in 1897 was 381,000, and the money compensation paid in lump sums, or annually to 515,000 persons, was L3,200,000. There exists, moreover, in Germany a system of insurance for all workmen or em ployes against disablement and old age. Disablement pay was granted in 1897 to 231,000 working men and women; old age pensions were awarded to 222,000 persons. The amount, together, made up L27,000,000. The contributions in the same year-in the proportion of one thi...
NEWS FROM ALL SOURCES. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
NEWS FROM ALL SOURCES, I A Persian carpet has been in use for 200 years in the main hall of the Shah's palace in Tehcran. Great Britain owns in Africa an area of 2,570,000 square miles, almost equal to the area of the United States. The State of Georgia was given its name In honor of George I1. of Eng land, who here established a colony in 1732. Of the 302,000 totally blind persons In Europe, 192,000 are in Russia - that is to say, one out of every 50 subjects of the Czar is blind. Official reports show that the pension roll of the United States has doubled in the last eight years, and now contatns fully 1,000.000 names. The smallest horse in the world is a Shetland pony, owned by the Marchese Carcano, in Milan. It is 2-1 inches high, and when standing beside its owner the pony's.back is only an inch above his knee. From an official list it appears that the number of persons who lost their lives In the recent riots at Milan was 82, while 63 persons were wounded, some of the latter b...
THE UNITED STATES NAVY. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
THE UNITED STATES NAVY.. Five; first-class armored cruisers of 11,500 tons each, and at least . twenty knots' speed, are provided for in a bill recently introduced into the United States Congress. The measure fixes a maximum price of four million dollars each for the cruisers, and further pro vides for thirteen additional torpedo boat destroyers, costing not more than 650,000 dollars each. The displacement of the latter boats would be 400 and 150 tons respectively, and the speed is to be "the highest possible." The total bill, would require an expenditure of over 30,000,000 dollars. The latter are in addition to 16 tor pedo boat destroyers and 12 torpedo boats, the construction of. w?ich has been already authorised, and for which tenders, or "bids," have been called. The destroyers will have a displacement of 400 to 435 tons; have a coal capacity of 100 tons, equal to a steaming radius of 2000 miles, have a minimum speed of CS knots, and carry two 3-inch rapid fire guns, five G-poun...
NEW METHOD OF COUNTING VOTES. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
NEW MNETHOD OFLCOUNTING VOTES. If all that is claimed for a new me thod of dealing with ballot papers can be substantiated in practice (and the system seems an eminently workable one), the "Globe" (London) thinks that there would be an end once and for all to the many difficulties which returning officers and candidates have to contend against in the counting of votes at clec tion time. The system is the outcome of the ingenuity of Mr Albert W. Hosk ing, whose proposals have evoked the sympathetic interest of many election agents and returning officers throughout the country. In the first place, -Mr HIosking would entirely change the me thod of voting ,allhough retaining the general character of the ballot paper. The marking with a cross, although ap parently simple, has many attendant pitfalls. A pencil in unaccustomed hands sometimes does strange things, and, moreover, in the hands of the "ready writer" it is known to commit such Invalidating indiscretions as the inscription of Bi...
A QUESTION OF GOVERNMENT. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
A QUESTION OF COVE IEU IENtT. Continental powers of Europe persist (says an American paper) in maintain ing the fiction that this government is still in an experimental state. Acting upon this absurd assumption, they pro fess a fear of any radical change in the conduct of our national affairs. As an organised government we have just pas sed the first decade of our second cen tury, and during that time, with the possible exception of P.ussla, we have undergone less change than any other civilised government on earth. This may strike the average reader as a startling proposition, but it is one of the verities of history. Great Britain has not changed the form and machinery of her government, but in the latter days of Victoria's rule she has departed much farther from the methods prevail ing under George III. than have the United States from the government of their original adoption. Germany has been a quick and ready witness against our stability, yet the German empire has been in exi...
A HUGE SKELETON. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
A HUGE SKELETON. A very fine skeleton of one of the great American dinosaurs, from the famous Lower Cretaceous strata of Wyoming, has just been erected in the American Museum of Na tural History. The specimen in ques tion is one of the species carnarasaurus, a reptile closely allied to the iguano don from the Wealden rocks of the south of England. It is. however, not a small animal like the iguano don, which was never more than three or four times as big as an elephant. The skeleton just set up in America, after some months of labor, is 60 feet long, and each of the thigh bones of the hind legs is is 5 feet 10 inches long. These in teresting reptiles, for among the exist ing classes the reptilia is the one to which they most nearly correspond, were remarkable for equanimity and good humor. They fed ofi the topmost leaves of trees, quietly seated, like a kangaroo, on the massive tripod formed by their hind legs, and colossal tail. If you met a carunarasaurns or an. atlanto saurus out...
AN INGENIOUS IRISHMAN. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
AN INGENIOUS IRISHMAN. "Tom Maguire is a genius," says the St. Louis "Post Despatch." "He is a yard foreman at the Laclide Gas Co.'s plant. A sewer pipe leading from one of the bItildings to the river hank, 160 feet away, became clogged. The pipe was 16 feet below the surface. Ma guire had been thinking about a plan for several days. One night he caught two big, grey rats, and these he de termined to put into the sewer. They were taken to the mouth at the river bank and released. The opening was then securely closed behind them, leav ing the animals with only one chance of life. That was to go straight ahead. And they did. Several more rats were caught and turned into the sewer, until a dozen were gnawing away in the pipe. The morning after the last de tachment jolnted the main army water began to trickle from the pipe. Iron rods and steam were then applied. In ten minutes the sewer was clear."
PIPER FINDLATER. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
PIPER FINDLATER. Piper Findlater, who arrived in Aber deen last month, has shut himself up in seclusion at his sister's residence, and declines point blank to be interviewed. The "Morning Leader" correspondent says Findlater was very faint when the train arrived, and had to get a glass of brandy before leaving the railway car riage. He limped very much while walk ing along the platform. " and seemed greatly relieved when he got into a car riage and pair that was in waiting. He will appear at a concert this evening if no obstacle is placed in his way, but the military and volunteer officers have withdrawn their patrona:ge. Before leav ing London, Findlater gave up his mili tary. clothing and accoutrements, and is now quite clear of the arny. In the course of correspondence with friends in Aberdeen he has expressed himself strongly about being compelled to give up his music-hall and other en gagements. It is said that he even went the length of declaring that he would return the Victo...
CHAMBERLAIN AND HIS WIFE. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
CHAMBERLAIN AND HIS WIFE, The speech of Joseph Chamberlain, advocating an alliance between Great hBritain and the United States, has (says an Anlmerican paper). attracted sa much attention that many persons, in discussing the subject, recall the visit which Mr Chamberlain made to T?ash ington in 1867, as chairman of the Fish cries Commtisosin. IIe was the social lion of the hour. A Baltimore lady who met him tells the following story to the "Sunll":- "lie was a big, burly' man. caring so little for his appearance that at one of the most f:ashionable dinnerls of the season his cravat got turned toalnmost under his ear. and his shirt stud came unfastened, and he sat calmnly oblivious to either accident. His brains and tcharm in conversation won him friends uwvherever lie x'lent. *One day lie called on a lady who hiuppi ned to be giving a girls' luncheon. She went out at once to see him, and laughingly said that if he did not mind being the only man pr'esent she would be delighted if h...
THE MARKETS. LATEST QUOTATIONS. Warragul. PARKES & ROUND. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
THE MARKETS. LATEST QUOTATIONS. Warragul. PARKES & ROUND. IMessrs Parkes & Round agents, Queen st., Warragul, and Neerim South, report having held their weekly sale of pro duce by auction on Thursday last. There was a large attendance and spirited bidding. Prices were as follows: Butter, Is to is 3d lb Onions, spring, ld a bunch Onions (dried), 161b Is (small) 101b 5d Poultry, 2s 6d to 3s 5d per pair Geese, 4s 3d a pair Eggs, is dozen Rhubarb, 2d per bunch Seed potatoes (kidney) Ss cwt, (Brown's beauties), 8s cwt. Potatoes, (Brown's river) 15s a bag Oranges, Sd per dozen Lemons, 10d a doz. Carrots, ld a bunch Turnips, id a bunch Cabbages, 3d to 6d each Cauliflowers, 6d each Celery, 3d stick Chaff, 2s 6d per bag Beans (canadian wonder), 41b a is . Cocksfoot grass seed, 34d lb Apples, 2s 9d a case Pears, 2s 6d per case
WAR AND WRITERS. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
WAR AND WRITERS., The eTfeet of the war upon the pub lishing business :has been much dis cussed, though with no conspicuous agrement as to what the facts are. much less than their explanation. If ihe book trade is alleged to be dull, the rejoinder is made thli it is :t1 ways dull at this time ,, the year. About mere degrees of ,iulness it is impossiblb to debate etitertainingly. Behind this question of priliting and selling books is the question of pro ducing and reading them. TIow does the war affect writeirs? - 1low does it influence readers? Ilere again the trumpet of 'the -literary periodicals gives forth an uncertain sound. Tlir "Librar' Jour nal" reports an immediate and general effect of the w?ar upon the patrounag of .libraries.. One libr:irian writes that hlis April circulation was the lowest ever recorded-"people are so busy reading 'extras' they have no time for books." Another reports: "The war is killing library circulation - we canunot begin to supply the demand for bo...
ABOUT BEES. DYSENTERY. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
ABCUT BEES. DYSENTERY. Bees, li1ke animals, are subject to dis ease (writes the "Journal of Horticul ture") and one of the commonest is dysentery. Bee-keepers had often themselves to blame if troubled with it to any serious extent, as it is caused by carelessness in a variety of I ways. Dysentery usually appears dur ing late winter or early spring, and stocks may be known to be affected with this disease when the combs and floor board are covered with a chocolate or yellow disagreeable smelling excre ment voided by the bees. Also when the bees take a flight on line days they soil everything in the neighborhood of the hives. Bees, after a long confinement in win ter, will at the i rst opportunity take a spring clea'nsing flight, when the ordin ary foecal matter will be much in evid ence in the neighborhood of the apiary. If bees are in good health in well con structed hives, and are able to take a flight occasionally, they will not disfig ure their surroundings again. The case, howev...
SOME WAR PROBLEMS. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
SOME WAR PROBLEMS. One of the things which naval experts here will be thoroughly settled by thO Sl;anish-American war is the degree of accuracy obtainable in modern naval gunnery in actual warfare. It is said that, although the art of the gunmaker has been for years pitted against that of the armour manufacturer, the great est difficulty experienced at. sea is not the piercing of the enemy's armor plate, but the hitting of the ship at all. The main trouble, naval officers say, is that in aiming the big guns only - very minute picture of the ship aimed at can he seen. Prof. Alger, of the United States naval war college at New port, recently declared that at a conve nient fighting distance a ship of thd size of the Indiana appears to be about one Inch long. This, he added, was the case when the ship was looked at undea ordinary conditions. In actual warfare, however, this picture would be con siderably lessened by the fact that the man who aimed the gun would have to pay quite as much...
MR. GLADSTONE'S LOVE OF WALKING. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
MI.. GLADSTONE'S LOVE OF WVALKING. No account of Mr Gladstone would ie comple e, Sir WVemyss Ieid thinks, th:a.t did nordeal with his love of walking: All through life he retaincd his love for this form of exercise, and he practised it just as regularly in London as in the country. Indeed, it was said that he wallked more in the streetsfthan in his own l'park. In the busiest periods of his busy life, when he ?ans the head of a Government or cngaged in that most ar duous of all tasks, the formation of a Cabinet, he would find time for a long walk daily. even if lie had to snatch it from the hours that should have beet. given to sleep. After an exciting debate in the House of Commons, perhaps after a critical division, lie would leave .New Palace Yard with a hurried step. and set out on :I tramp that might carry him as fatr as HI-ampstead Heath and nat bring him back to Downing street until far in tile night. Occasionally he caused un easiness to hisi family by his determina tion to g...
AN INCIDENT OF HIS LAST DAYS. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
AN INCIDENT OF kHIS LAST DAYS. On the anxious evening in the middle of February last, when he left the Villa. Thorene at Cannes to return to Eng land. he knew as well as those :ibout him did that he was going home to die. In spite of his weakness and his physical sufferings. he was serene :and cheerful In his bearing, and nothing was allowed to escape his lips. that could add to the grief :ind anxiety of his flrIends.:nd re lations, W'hen he reached the. outer porch of the hotel which had sheltered him during more thatn tw. months of pain and sorrow, he turned rounld and faced it The eagle eye lighttd up 'once mole as it swept over the farces: of his iriends. from the owner of the sumn!t uous mansion to the h:umblet of the domestics who waited upon hinm; iuld then, as though moved by an inspiration that'he could not. resist, he revercntly uncovered his head, anld in a low, sol emn voice prayed to Gl1dl that the house and all. in it .might bl% blessed of Him, whilst he -rendered up h...
How to [?] State of Health [?] [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
flie Na ibi 'e State of Health 'rw Weh Siztim persons who carry neavy thick hair are not apt to be nervous, though su perabundaut locks are by no means a sign of great physical health. A fair weight of medium length, slightly oily hair indicates good health and disposition, and early baldness is considered to indicate lung trouble and rather watery blood. Curly haired peo ple are usually good natured. When it is crisp and close in the curl, the owner is not, as a rule, overgenerous, and those with loosely waved locks are much more sentimental. The straight haired, who form the greater part of the community, are the history mai:ers of the world, and the most beautiful women seldom have ro markably long hair. Usually women who are conspicuous for their long hair are plain if not ugly.
How to Make Apple Turnovers. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
How te. SIare Apple Turnovers. Male a very rich "short" pastry, roll it out and cut into squares about five inches uiicl. Set in the middle of each a largg pared and cored apple, drop into each apple a piece of butter about as big as the end of one's thumb, fill up the holo with sugar and put more around theoutside of the fruit. Into the sugar stick two inches of cinnamon and press 3 cloves into the flesh of the apple. Lay a slice of lemon on top of all this; then take up the four corners of the pastry, pinch them into a knot over the apple and let them bake in a good, quick oven so that the pastry may be well browned.
How to Keep the Breath Sweet. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
How to Iteep the Breath Sweet. Clean the teeth with a brush, pass a flat silk thread between them and rinse the mouth two or three times with warm or cool, but never cold water. A few drops of tincture of myrrh or lister ine in the water will be found excellent, both as a disinfectant and to remove the taste of foods. A swallow of this will do no harm. Cold waters are not good, as they shook the teeth, the processes of mastication leaving them sensitive to cold. Gentle laxatives should be used whenever uscessary.
How to Care For a Saint Bernard. [Newspaper Article] — West Gippsland Gazette — 9 August 1898
How to sare For a Saint Bernard. A St. Bernard puppy should never be taken away from his mother until he is 6 weeks old and only then if healthy. A few days before the puppy is taken from his mother he should be given daily a little hominy made thin or some of the patent pepsinated puppy food, given according to the directions which accompany the biscuits. This food pre pares the puppy's delicate little digest ive organs for the most trying ordeal of his life, the severance from natural to artificial diet. A puppy should lap the hominy or puppy food, whichever is se lected, of his own free will and never be fed with a spoon. When the puppy can feed himself, he should then have placed before him a bowl of milk, which should be boiled and allowed to cool to the temperature of blood. Great and sudden changes in diet must be avoid ed. Milk is the most valuable food for newly weaned puppies that can be given, and as it is advisable to give them, if possible, the same cow's milk, which is...