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STATE POLITICS. THE PREMIER AT ESSENDON. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
STAfE POLITICS. . gg PREMIER AT ESSENDON. The i'remier, M. Watt, who is L?'g oppoie by' Mr. F. K~eane, ad I s n on~tuent5 at Es eadon e ,:: Monday night, and ou~l.ned the ( C~j:erflieflt policY. inl his speech Mr. A>.1~. said, inter abia:- A Counfey Government. :i~e are a country Government, iri: two of our memrcers rep es-n· aiopolitau e.e:.ori.eO, and we a a. 1 coot.nueid ,ea d.o 0 oUIsCe Ve . i. the u~e\el0pfie:~t of the coant-~y ~i~ticos. G heart o eear.) Tie we.l a'rin of the c.ty dwve..er d pends tL I h an unmeasured degiete upon nd work and produc s. Taie Gj'eru ar renles tuat the exte..s.n oi 0 tament and t..e ijcreas& or ru.a. uCiOno must te ac.L.e ed it t.e 1 plis ,erS'y and fujure on tLe State , a o to be sa eguart.ed. (Hear, hea ., a Wh her our ca.ee: be lobg or s..o.t, I ldi be oiie of hard piacoieal ,* . e do not inie..d to c~laae I * : rties. We, as a duinis.ry, 00 un. propose to waste our time in lslelic dscu..stion, but to pu~b tn .at '.iy witn thle deve....
WHY IMPORT CITRUS FRUIT? [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
WHY IMPORT CITRUS FRUIT? Why, asks an expert, do we import citrus fruit from Italy? We have conditions ' here favorable to the growing of first class fruit. We can produce citrus fruit here equal to what we receive from Italy, if pro per cultural methods are practised. The soil, is here, and the climatic condition. The Italian fruit has a thin skin, the correct flavor, and its keeping quality is world-renowned. Yet some of our locally-produced oran ges will compare favorably with theirs, but t6 oust the imported ar ticles growers should endeavor to produce more of this class. The thin skinned varieties are just as easily grown as the inferior types, and, as far as flavor is concerned, many of our up-to-date growers produce fruit every bit as good as that importeds- better in fact, but the drawback is that we do not get enough, nor does it always combine with the commer cially-essential thin skin.
Bad Health. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
Bad Health. One of the most general causes of bad health is the inefficient action of the Itidneys and the liver. It i 'the function of the kidneys and liver to deal 'with certain waste poislns which are being continuously manufactured in our bodies, and, when the kidneys and liver are inactive or diseased, these waste poisons remain in the sys tem, and cause us to suffer from rheu matism, gout, neuralgia, lumbago, 'backache, sciatica, blood disorders, anaemia, indigestion, biliousness, jaundice, sick-headache, general ddbil. ity, gravel, stone and bladder troubles: The reason that Warner's Safe Cure has proved so effective in the above mentioned complaints is that the me dicine heals and restores the kidneys and liver to health and activity when the uric acid and other waste poesons are duly expelled from the body through the natural channels. Warner's Safe Cure is sold by chem ists and storekeepers, iboth in the orig inal (5/-) bottles and in the cheaper non-alcoholic (Concentrate...
SMOKING WHILE MILKING. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
SMOKING WHILE MILKING. Do not allow dogs or loafers to be round at milking time. If any acci dent occurs by which a pail-full or partly full of milk becomes dirty, do not try to remedy this by straining, but reject all this milk, and rinse the pail. We remember one day, when on a visit, seeing a milking hand smoking a pipe. Suddenly, he spoke to the cow, and the pipe fell from the man's mouth into the bucket. He made one grab into the milk-bucket,4 put the wet pipe into his pocket, and went on milking! Then, what about the ash from a pipe or cigarette fall ing about everywhere? Sack the man or boy who smokes while milking.
PIGS FOR BACON. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
-PIGS FOR BACON. Certain modifications in the meth ode of killing lnd 'preparing pigs for bacon have been necessary in recent years- to meet the demands of the conisumer and curer. Among these has been .the movement in favor of less fat and more lean, what is pre ferred now being a tasty, mild-favor ed,.somewhat lean bacon, which is finely streaked with fat ~and of firm texture. It is occasionally found in dealing with carcases for either pork or ba con. that there exists an- abnormal condition in the texture of fibre of the flesh. It is soft; yields to pres sure, is flabby, and possesses an un natural greasiness. This class of fesh invariably cures badly, and pro duces inferior bacon. Observation has taught that it is mainly due to the various classes of food being used in improper proportions. Further experience has shown that this influence is more pronounced dur ing winter. Low temperatures exert a change upon the nature of the body fat. Animals exposed to cold are prone to prod...
DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHICK. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
DEVELOPJAENT OF-THE CHICK. Present-day poultry science gives these facts in the development of the chick: Twelve hours after incubation has begun the lineaments- of the head and body are discovered. CI6se observa-. uotn las found ne -heart to 'beat ,y the close of the day. At the end of 48 hours two vesicles of blood are distinguished, pulsations of which are visible. At the fiftieth hour an auricle of the heart appears. At the end of 70 hours undistinguished wings, and on the head two bubbles for the brain, one for the bill, and two oth ers for the fore-part and the hinder part of the head. The liver appears towards the fifth day. At the end of 131 hours the first voluntary motion is observed. Seven hours later the lungs and stomach become visible, and the intestines, the loins, and the upper jaw are seen at the end of 142 hours. The seventh day the brain, which is slimy, begins to have some consistence. At the 190th hour of, incubation the bill opens, and the flesh appears on the ...
IRON FOR FOWLS. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
IRON FOR *FOWL$. Iron is present in the fowl's body; part of this iron- is in an organised form in the red corpuscles of the blood. The total amount of iron is small, but nevertheless, it is of great importance, and a deficiency re* suits in anaemia. One frequently finds that eggs laid by insufficiently fed fowls have pale yolks. The coloring of the yolk is due to pigments, and, possibly, to the phospholipine termed lecithin. Iron, in an organised form, is found in the ash of the egg. Vegetable foods, es pecially clover and lucerne, are rich in minerals, and their use results in richly-colored yolks. Anaemic fowls may be easily treated by administer ing to each five drops of perchloride of iron in a teaspoon of well-sweeten ed milk.'* This is a very cheap tonic, and is better in many ways than the ordinary s'ulphate of iron (copperas).
GRIT A NECESSITY. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
GRIT A NECESSITY. A lack of this causes a slow supply of eggs, and if fowls have not the materials for digesting their food, It is impossible for them to get on, for the proper nutriment must be extract; ed from the food for the production of eggs. Oyster shell grit for lime, as well as sea shell or pebbly beach grit, is test for the purpose, as It is very hard and sharp, and a small quantity goes a long way. It should be kept in a trough in the run for the fowls to help themselves to.
COMMENTS WISE AND OTHERWISE. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
COMMENTS WISE AND - OTHERWISE. There are certain people in the world whom the' more you think of the less you think of them. Surely it isn't extraordinary to get pearls out of a matchbox. . Lots of girl. have.got diamonds out of pnugs before now. According to a Paris paper, "Seventy per cent. of the French people live in one room." But it must be a jolly big room. A Russian dwarf of 4ft.. has, we learn, fallen in love with a St. Peters burg lady of 6ft. 2in. That's nd fall ing in love-that's clinibing up to it. "It is rare indeed," says a contem porary, "that a householder can get a shock from his electrical installa tion." He generally gets that when the' bill' comes along.
Anonymous. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
Anonymous. A well-known author, on leaving his houise one morning, forgot a let ter that he had intended to post. Duir ing the afternoon something recalled it to his mind, and as it was of con siderable importance he immediately hurried home. The letter was no where to be found, and he summoned the maid. "Have you seen a -letter lyinig aboutV' 'Yes, 'sir." "Where is it?" 'Posted, sir." "Posted! Why: there wasn't any name oi address on tthe envelope!" "I know. there wasn't, sir; but I tuought it must ns In answer to one of them anonymous letters you've beei getting lately!"
NEWLY-ENGAGED GIRLS. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
.NEWLY-ENGAGED GIRLS. Why is it that a newly-enigaged girl is,a thorn in the flesh to all her dis engaged sister women? To begin with-observes a lady correspondent (who is not newly-en gaged)-she is odiously sorry for you because you don't happen to be a betrothed person also. You may have heaps of chances, may know that you are really -and truly qhuite nice, but the most ordinary girl who ever seiz ed upon her first proposal will patron lee you until you feel almost ready to accept anyone. When she isn't irritating you, the newly-engaged girl is rather funny over the ring more `especially. This sacred object for a few weeks appar ently occupies the place of sun, moon, stars and all light. If it can be said to flash, it does on every conceivable occasion. And then, in other ways, she is so hopelessly selfish. - But perhaps the personal vanity of the. engaged girl enrages her femin ine acquaintances more than any of heir numerous failings:.To. have to stand by and behold an insignifi...
LUCERNE AS A SOIL RESTORER. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
LUCERNE AS A SOIL RESTORER. Mr. S. P. Keys, writing in "Hoard's Dairyman," says: -When we come to the question of the upkeep of the fer tility of our farms, we find that we face quite a serious problem. From what source are we to restore the humus, or vegetable matter, that is being rapidly exhausted by continu ous cropping? Manures and commercial fertilisers, while valuable, are not always obtain able. Farmers waste the barnyard manure, and feel that they cannot af ford to buy commercial fertilisers. To fill the bill there must be something within easy access of every farm. The answer to this is-green manures. The king of legumes used in green manuring is lucerne. Not only does it answer every requirement of a green manure, but is is also one of the most valuable of the standard crops. You may be cropping a given piece of land to lucerne, obtaining each year from five to seven cuttings, and at the same time you have at hand the means of restoring the fertility of the -soil upon whi...
FATTENING POULTRY. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
FATTENING POULTRY. The best and, at the same time, most economical method of fattening all kinds of poultry is to keep them in confinement for a short time before they are required for table. A good deal of judgment, however, has to be exercised in deciding the length of time this confinement is to last, for if overdone, even in the slightest de gree, the birds rapidly lose flesh and go back in condition. Strange as it may seem, once this begins, no amount of feeding will restore either their weight or condition till after they have regained their liberty again. For this reason the poultry must be conftned for too long a period before they are required. i
FOR THE FARMER. HOUSING POULTRY. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
FOR THE FARMER. HOUSING POULTRY. If all poultry houses of the closed in type had an end or one side of them knocked out, disease would dim inish by one-half, and the profits from the birds compelled to roost in them would, probably, be doubled. It is impossible to conceive anything more insanitary and conducive to disease than the ordinary type of fowilhouse one ses in the country. It is cramp. ed, dark and without any ventilation, except the many draughty cracks. It is little wonder that going from the foetid atmosphere into often an un. sheltered yard the birds contract colds, and soon become a prey to dia ease. It were far better to let the hens roost In trees. The sleeping quarters of fowls should be merely draught-proof shelters from extremes of weather and, it winter eggs be de sired, they should have dry scratch ing quarters for bad weather. Always have your poultry houses open to the north.
CRICKET. NOTES AND COMMENTS. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 8 January 1914
CRICKETS NOTES AND COMMENTS. BY THIRDMAN. There is some uncertainty as to the affect of the holidays upon the four competition clubs' players. Usually the "tired feeling" overtakes players in the extreme north, and often a reversal of the form shown earlier in the season is noticeable. I would remind all players that the associa- tion matches will be resumed on the 21st instant, when the Bohemians travel to Mystic, and, seeing that those two clubs are leading, so far, it behoves the players or both to get into form (and where form had been already struck to retain it). it is recognised that the months of January and February are hotter than December and November. Still there is work to be done, and sleep- ing on the field is not conducive to deeds of greatness. The defeat of the local combination by Balranald was rather more de- cisive than was expected, although &nbsp; few expected "our boys" to hold &nbsp; their own in the match just con- ciuded, considering the pe...
Sheepskin Drying. [Newspaper Article] — Swan Hill Guardian and Lake Boga Advocate — 12 January 1914
Sheepskin Drying. A farmer,,speaking recently in an Agricultural iBureau meeting, stated that oii the majority of farms insuffi. cient care .was given to sheepskins. TFhe ·speaker said that toe had see.n sheepskins thrown over a wiie feince, and left there to blister in the sun, very much to the detriment of then selling value 'of the skins. It was advisable always to dry tV;em in the shade, and for this purpose they should be hung lengthlways over a rail. A still better plan was to hing the skin head downwards on the wall, - it from- a beam in the shed,.stretch ing it well at the top, and placing two or three light sticks &lt;across, with a plough share' tied on to the bottom to stretch it. Skins dried in this way would return up to a shilling each more than those that were carelefaly handled. If skins were to -be kept on the farm for any length of time they should be brushed over with weevil wash. This would prevent their destructiont by weevil Cleaninless ip Next to Godli...