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AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY . BY P . H . JACOBS , N . J . THE USE OF KAINIT . In using kainit good results have been realized by some farmers while others have derived but little benefit from it . The article known ns kainit ( German potash salts ) is sulphate ot potash in the enide condition . Refined or purified kainit is too expensive an article for iarmerS ; but there is no doubt the crude potash is better than the refined , owing to the presence of magnesia , and other substances in it , which are acceptable as fertilizers . Sulphate of potash , as its name implies , is a combination of sulphuric acid and potash , or , if we prefer to use the chemical term , potassium sulphate , but it is best to speak of it plainly , and make it familiar to those who have not studied its characteristics . It is well-known that pure potash , such as we derive from ashes , is very canstic . Such a form of potash is destructive to plant life when used in any considerable quantity , or when brought in ...
DRAFT HORSES . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
DRAFT HORSES . The breeding of draft horses , always profitable , was never more so than at the present time . Although stallions and mares of the various foreign breeds have been imported annually , for nearly fifteen years , and the cry has often been raised that a glut is sure to be the result , the supply still falls far short of the demand ; and even third rate horses , if they only have the requisite weight , find ready sale at high prices . But for all this breeders of good judgment will loot ahead , well assured of the survival of the fittest . When the long prophesied glut does come , first-class horses will take precedence , and still go off to Eastern markets at paying prices , while inferior ones will be a drug at any price , and that is just the time the English draft or shire horse will come to the front more prominently . This shire horse has the preference of good horsemen in many portions of the United States for half a century , and still maintains his place in the...
LAMBS IN FEBRUARY . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
LAMBS IN FEBRUARY . The early lambs are those that bring the highest prices , and this is the month during which the ewes willjcomo in . But early lambs are no better than late ones unless the farmer keeps them growing and in good condition . The lambs that ° re dropped when the earth is covered with snow , and left in the fields to remain with the flock , may sometimes thrive and reach maturity , but the neglected little creatures become more or less dwarfed in their early stages , being inferior to lambs that are a month or six weeks younger . An early start is of great importance if profit from early lambs is to be expected . In order to keep them strong and thrifty they should be within access of shelter at all times , but not closed up completely , which allows them to run outside on warm days or remain in on damp occasions . The food of the ewes should consist of material which will supply bone , flesh and fat to the lambs . The supposition that sheep will eat anything is well...
EARLY HATCHING . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
EARLY HATCHING . BY H . S . W . Success in the poultry yard depends almost entirely upon early hatching , and the breeder who overlooks early hatching , overlooks thep rincipal feature of poultry raising . Chicks need proper care and attention after they are hatched ; this is an important part of the work and must not be slighted . The incubator is a valuaable help when early chickens are to be raised , for they can be set at any time , while it is quite difficult to find hens that will set early enough . The fact that eggs usually command from forty to fifty cents per dozen during the latter part of winter shows that , as a general thing , hens do hot lay much at this season of the year , and it is right here that the practical poultry keeper makes a point by having his hens IDEAL HEAD OF A PLYMOUTH KOCK COCK . set early and hatch out early broods . These early chicks will , with go 6 d care and judicious feeding , begin laying as soon as October and in this way get well started to...
THE FLEECE OF MERINOS . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
THE FLEECE OF MERINOS . As the breeders of Merino sheep have so successfully increased the weight of the fleece to almost fabulous weight , they have at the same time , increased the weight of the refuse , [ and that , too , entirely out of proportion to the amount of clean wool . Grease has been cultivated in the Merino fleece and dirt asserts itself with them at all stages of growth . But , whether the fleece be heavy or light , dirty or clean , it consists of wool of a quality that cannot be equaled . by any other breed . No substitute can be found for Merino wool . Its fineness is such that it is better f or purposes wherein the long-flbered wool is entirely out of place . It is an article alone and isolated , and its quality has placed the Merino sheep apart from other breeds as a distinct animal , bred for certain results . And as the Merino is especially the fine-wooled sheep , that distinction is a superior merit which should be sufficient for making the breed a favorite one...
BUTTER MAKING . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
BUTTER MAKING . No one should attempt to churn cream without first testing its temperature with a themometer . 62 degrees is the standard rule in winter , 60 in summer , and will apply to the dash churn , and patent churn alike . The buttermilk should be removed before the butter becomes a solid mass , so that the water may penetrate , and wash out all the milk , without too much handling of the butter . Butter will not keep well in warm weather , unless all of the buttermilk is extracted and the best test of this is to wash it until the water is not colored with milk . An ounce of dairy salt to a pound of butter is rather a generous degree for most . people , but each butter maker may vary , this rule , to suit her taste , or her customers ; this should be worked in very slightly indeed , and set away from twelve to twenty hours , until all the grains of salt are dissolved . It should then be worked thoroughly , but in this last working lies ono of the secrets of the art . The mass...
DAIRY NOTES . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
DAIRY NOTES . The mangers for cattle should always be low . Nearly all the mangers and racks of our farmers are high . When a cow has to reach up for food there is a tendency to abuse the throat and neck muscles . There are several diseases that arise from this very cause . A steer that -weighs 1 , 000 pounds is worth twice as much as one that weighs 500 ; but a milk bow that produces 200 pounds of butter is worth much more than twice as much as one that produces 100 , for the latter eats as much as the former and gives little or no profit . The creamery system is growing to huge proportions . Iowa , which is taking the lead for rapid advancement , shows by her butter factories how profitable they are to the villages and towns and proprietors . Better butter can be secured , and the farmers find that the new industry gives them more chances for profit , for milk cows and pasture lands . Butter has a great affinity for odors . If in a cellar with roots and vegetables itisbjound to ab...
GARDEN AND ORCHARD , [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
GARDEN AND ORCHARD , THE TREE BEAN . In reply to many inquiries we add the following notes on this remarkable variety . It should be known that the name and reputation of this bean , like many other good things , has been used to impose upon the public by unscrupulous parties sending out the ordinary White Navy for this . Tree Bean is the best name for the variety , although it has been called the Mexican Prolific Tree Bean , Calfornia Prolific Tree-Bean , Devonshire Tree Bean , Imperial Tree Bean , etc ., but all are one and the same thing . The variety originated by selection of much branching and very prolific plants from the White Navy , which it closely resembles in every particular , except the branching habit , groat prolificacy , and much larger growth . It is a little later than the Navy , maturing about the same time as the Medium . Por cooking it is fully equal to the Navy and by some thought superior , requiring less time to bake . As material for • Boston baked beans we...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
Before buying an expensive Harrow , would it not pay you to send for an Illustrated Pamphlet of The Thomas Harrow and Pulverizer , In Oak or Iron Frames ? It Is used by 160 ) 000 of the best farmers and has been manufactured for 15 years . It combines effectiveness with cheapness and durability . Por sale by over 1 , 000 dealers In all parts of the United States . Agents wanted In unoccupied territory . Address , THOMAS HARROW CO ., Geneva , N . Y . Mention this Paper .
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
n ICT 7 Early mammoth , double eared , yollciv UIE l _ L field Corn . The best of 20 years T ^ n-n selection . 3 lbs . by mail , paid , $ 1 . 00 ; SKKU one peck hero $ 1 . 00 ; ono bus . $ 3 . 00 ; flflDII 5 bus . $ 10 . 00 : 100 bus . $ 100 . Sample bUnn 10 c . G . A . Dcltz , Chainbersbnrj-, 1 : .
Page 16 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
THE BATCHELLER BARREL CHURN . t The Cheapest and Best . No Ironrim in top for butter or croam to adhere to . All sizes made up to 300 k Bullous . LevernndHoller I liiiaer Workers , also all I siius Box Churns fur ** creameries . AU goods warranted as represented . | . _ - 1 Dairy Churn at wholokj __&amp;„ sale price whore we have _ H noaEont . Send for circu- _ ¦ __ : lars to H . 1 , BATCIIELLEB -HP * SON , Kock Falls , 111 . _ gflc * r Mention Earm , Eieltl &amp; SHEDS ! -WILL SELLONION , BEET , CARROT , CABBAOE , TURNIP SEEDS cheaper and better than any Grower -n Amor ica . All warranted true to name . Oharles J &gt; . Mornin , Seed Grower , Mil lord , Conn . Found od I 860 . Write for price list ol Seeds . JL « , ___» -IF . YOU WANT TO _ m OTT SELL A PUMP that wm BEJv f _ W __ fpve your customers entire satfflW ^^ BjjR isfaction , take the agency of our DM _ fW _) Cf ar V */ ooc ) purn n . Over / J-JI mH \ WttMhaveEtenTolalntheU . . Jlffi—M IsmUm S Prices ...
Page 16 Advertisements Column 2 [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 February 1884
0 Whitney &amp; Holmes Q RGANO STIUCT 1 . Y FIRST-CLASS , _ ,. „_ ESTABLISHED 10 TEAKS . These splendid Instruments hy their extraordinary merit have became everywhere known us the Standard Orjrant ) of the World , and the verdict is unanimous that they are Superior In Tone—Matchless in Mechanism—Peerless among : all Keed Instruments Bend for latest Catalogue . WHITNEY Ss HOLMES OKGAN CO .. Quiiicy , Illinois . Uention Farm , Field and Fireside . art the ASTHMA AND HAT FEVER Their cause and cure . Knight s new hook sent free . Address , L . A . KNIGHT , 15 East Third St ., CINCINNATI , 0 . j @~ Mention particilarly this paper . _ C _ B _ i _ f i -TTTiffiy HflAfffWi 1 Vt ^ rlHlifr - ! AND N ° T Br- __ BgnT _ - V _ 7 iy ™^ ^ ^ WCTr » gl _ Wwil ! Al- OUT SOLD SM ^^ lf oa ^ CIIDflDC EDUCATIONAL CulfUrc EXCURSIONS IfifiA Combinlngr unequalled advantages loot Send for Descriptive Circular , Eree . Riglster early . JS . XOUEJEE , Franklin Sq ., Boston HAVE YOU SEEN A GIASS PEN ? , ...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 March 1884
less centuries . The bottoms are mainly covered with a deciduous growth of vinemaple , alder , crab-apple und salal-borry , with only occasional firs aud pines , and , as a rule , are confined to narrow valleys , and must be cleared , at a cost varying from $ 15 to $ 20 per acre before they can be plowed , The soil of the uplands is somewhat inferior to that of the river bottoms . That of the undulating foot-hills and more tillable mountain-faces is red , brown or black loam . Tho more elevat - ed lands afford excellent natural pasturage , and also produce good crops of grain and the hardier fruits and vegetables . East of the Cascade Mountains the soil is a dark loam of great depth , coinposed of alluvial dexosits aud decomposed lava overlying clay sub-soil . Tho constituents of this soil adapt the land peculiarly to the production of wheat . All the mineral salts which are necessity to the perfect growth of this cereal are abundant . FISHERIES . The waters of Oregon and Washington...
NEW YORK NEWSPAPERS. [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 March 1884
NEW YORK NEWSPAPERS. A first-rate newspaper in New York will require about ten editorial writers, whose daily duty it is to furnish leading articles and editorial paragraphs. Many of these writers have their special duties, but there must always be five or six men who are able to turn their hands to subjects of any description as they happen to come up. A competent writer of leaders will be paid from $100 to $150 per week; and no man fit to supervise them and perform the functions of editor-in-chief can be had for less than from $150 to $200 per week. The reporters are of two classes: first, those of the regular staff, who are paid by the week at rates varying from $20 to $60. These perform not only the routine duties of reporting, but are always prepared to be sent off upon special service, in which case their railroad fares, carriage hire, hotel bills and other expenses are paid by the office. Then there are a number of reporters attached to each paper, who are paid according to t...
Page 1 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 March 1884
H If Thou Seekest the BEST E VAPOFor Sap , Sorghum , or Apple Jell . Send lor circular and price list . Warren Evaporator Works , Warren , Ohio . Mention Farm , Field and Fireside . WILHELMS IMPROVED MILK-COOLING CAN , And System of Gathering Cream . -4 , 000 Cans in use in the State of Ohio . __ pp |—__ -. surpasser any other can . ffl §»|[ il [_ £ wl _____ playing cooling attacliIHffii ^ H ment . Cut No . 3 ropre- No . _ . ^ Qii ___ - ^ Can measures in height M mmWS &amp; . No . 1 . 12 inches ; dianaetor , 12 ¦ ____ H | __ inches— -will hold 6 gal- langMl ) lons-of Milk— -with a glass ¦ rraduated 8 HHV Inchis running down thecan-whe-reby *^ gj _ ss s * the cream is measured ; prices , S 1 . 35 No . 3 . and 81 . 50 . I make a specialty of building Creameries and furnishin ™ all the necessary apparatus at the very lowest prices , and give full ins— rctious on Butter Making . JOHN AVI-HEXM , Jr ., Woostor . Wayne Co ., Ohio . Mention Farm , Field aud Fireside . This out repre...
THE MY--. [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 March 1884
THE RIVER. • -. he lights of the city glimmer In the swift , black wave below ; Like ghosts that Hit in the gloaming The white ships coma and go . White and dim and stately , The good ships seaward go ; Luck to you , captains and sailors , However the winds may blow ! White and dim aud stately , Tho good ships homeward throne : Welcome , captains and sailors , Sfour voyage has been long I And sweethearts eyes shall glisten , And wives shall joyful ho , As the little children listen To your tales of tho stormy sea . But what are the wrecks you tell of To the wreck of a lovo like mine V The river murmurs and glitters ; Auove the cold stars shine . . 9—
FALSELY ACCUSED ; OB , Helen Rolleston ' s Lover [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 March 1884
FALSELY ACCUSED; OR, Helen Rolleston's Lover. THE MOST INTERESTING AND FASCINATING STORY EVER WRITTEN. BY CHARLES READE SYNOPSIS. The reader is introduced to merchant Wardlaw and son--the former the head of an old and honored mercantile establishment in London, a man of strict integrity, and hard us iron; the latter, a fast young man, has just passed the Oxford examination under the severe tutoring of his intimate friend, the Rev. Robert Penfold. The son has led a fast life at college, gambled and in debt, and hopes to take up his business and pay his urgent obligations. The son is a remarkable imitator with pencil and pen. Another two thousand pounds signed by Wardlaw Sr. and endorsed by Penfold bus been discounted by a bill broker and found to be a forgery. Penfold is arrested, found guilty, and sentenced to penal servitude in Australia. The son, Arthur Wardlaw meantime falls madly in love with General Rolleston's daughter, Helen. The general accompanied by his daughter, is sent t...
I WOUID . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 March 1884
I WOULD . BY I. N. T. . If a certain saucy maiden . Whom you worship just afew , Should remark , The sleightngs splendid , I would go if I were you . And if , further , she should mention That the stars are set in blue , That your bay s a perfect beaut . -, I would hint the some thing too . If while riding in that cutter , With just room enough for two . The seat appears to have no back , — Ahem 11 would if I were you . Should the sleigh bells seem to whisper What your heart is whispering too , That her lips are very tempting , — Then I would if I were you . But if , through your cruel boldness , A quarrel should ensue , And she offers to forgive you—Then I would if I were you . If tho pretty creature loves you I tell you what Id do , Geta preacher in the morning ;—- J would sure if I were you .