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The Dairy Fair at St . Louis . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
The Dairy Fair at St . Louis . We have been informed by Mr . J . W . Sheppard , Secretary of the Mississippi Valley Dairy and Creamery Association , No . 600 Olive Street , St . Louis , Mo ., that the list of premiums , which have been offered through the Mississippi Valley Dairy and Creamery Association , to be contested for at the coming St . Louis Fair , are larger and more varied than ever offered before by any State Fair , especially that of Davis &amp; Rankin ( $ 500 ) , by reason of the co-operation of this Association . The exhibit will be proportionately large , making the largest display of the product of the dairy and creamery over held In the West . This will insure an equally large exhibit of dairy and creamery implements , making a most attractive department to all those interested in the making of butter and cheese . The Fair will open Monday , October 6 th , and continue for one week . Those who desire to make entry will look to their own interest by making a...
Farm Mills . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
Farm Mills . Writers have time and again set forth the advantages of grinding feed and sometimes cooking it before turning it over to the stock , so that almost every fanner knows that a feed-grinding mill is a necessary part of a well planned farm or dairy . Of tbe great number of feed grinding mills in use , none have a higher reputation than the French burr mill illustrated on this page , made by Nordyke and Marmon Co ., of Indianapolis , Ind ., whose advertisement may be found on page 498 . It is now about twenty-two 5 ears since this mill first appeared upon the market , and since its introduction thousands have been sold , and are now in successful use not only in every State in this country but many foreign countries as well . The grinding surfaces are of French burr stone , imported direct from France by the manufacturers , and at the factory are properly dressed and fitted into an improved iron and wood frame , most of its parts being self-adjusting , therefore being well a...
Raising Queens . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
Raising Queens . B . H „ H 0 USTONIA , MO . I write this because , first , there is such an amount of Ignorance among people concerning bees , even those , like Mr . Babcock , who should know better ; second , because I believe every farm journal should have , something in it concerning apiculture , and most of apiarists confine themselves to writing for the bee journals . * I see on page 461 of the August number of the FARM . FIELD AND FIRESIDE that F . L . Babcock , of Vernon , N . J ., madean important discovery last summer in regard to bees being able to raise queens from eggs laid in the cells of neuters or workers , etc . Nowtherc is only one thing to prevent what Mr . B . discovered being important and that is the fact that the discovery has been known to every professional apiarist ever since the days of Huber , or longer ; and also that the so-called neuters are all abnormal females . I supposed any intelligent bee keeper of the present time knew that the egg laid in a work...
About the Ice Box . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
About the Ice Box . BY 3 . In your August number , page 451 , under A Cheap Ice Box , the last sentence of the item , I think , is wrong . I cannot explain the philosophy of it , but from my experience , instead of bending up the discharge pipe as a siphon to keep the air out , I would leave it straight and make a corresponding opening through the cover . Without the circulation of the air , I have had tho ice melt away very fast and butter would become soft in the box , and upon giving it the openings it changed it , and made a good cool box . Why , I dont know .
Shoeless Horses . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
Shoeless Horses . A . H . MCGREW , INDEPENDENCE , IA . I notice there is a great deal of talk about horses going without shoes . The article in July number expresses my views on that subject . My team has not had a shoe on since one year ago last April . Last year worked ou a farm , this year since the first of April they have been on the road all the time , some of cobble stone , some gravel , but mostly dirt road , and have traveled over two thousand miles , and their feet are in better order now than when they began . Have not been lame ; drawn loads from 1 , 000 to 1 , 800 lbs . weight .
I How to Prevent Cabbage from Split -ting open . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
I How to Prevent Cabbage from Splitting open . MRS . PRANK HOWLEr , ARENAC , MICH . I subscribed for the FARM , FIELD AND FIRESIDE last February , and I do not regret the money I invested in it . I think it a noble and worthy paper , and I have gained a great deal of information from it , concerning tho garden . I look forward for it anxiously . I thought I would add my mite . To prevent cabbage from splitting open : After a dry spell as we have had here , then rain comes and the cabbages are liable to crack open . If loosened by pulling gently just a little , it will prevent further damage .
Experiments With Fertilizers . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
Experiments With Fertilizers . Perhaps no living scientist has done more for agriculture than the experimenter of Rothamsted , Sir John Lawes , who has devoted years to the study of chemical fertilizers . On one farm he grew grass for fifty years , the land being divided into tvflenty fields . The average yields of first cutting for twenty years , manured with ( 1 ) fourteen tons farm yard manure , and 200 pounds of ammonia salts , was 4 , 300 pounds . ( 2 ) Land manured , yield 2 , 125 pounds . ( 3 ) With 350 pounds of superphosphate and 400 pounds of ammonia salts , yield 3 , 225 pounds . ( 4 ) With 300 pounds of sulphate of potash , 100 pounds sulphate of soda , 100 pounds bulphat * magnesia , 350 pounds superphosphate and 400 pounds ammonia salts , the yield was 5 , 100 pounds . ( 5 ) The same as the last , except 600 pounds of ammonia salts were used Instead of 409 pounds , the yield was 5 , 7 G 2 % . pounds . ( 6 ) With 275 pounds nitrate soda the yield was 3 , 3 S 7 hi . For ...
Silk Culture . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
Silk Culture . WhUe some contend that silk culture cannot be made to return a fair profit for the labor and capital invested , there are others who think differently . A lady writing to the Housekeper states that last spring her family began reading on the subject and her little nine-year-old daughter sent for eggs ( about 500 ) , the cost being one dollar . She hung them in the cellar until the osage or mulberry leaves should start . She found a quantity of old laths , and of these she made her trays . She cut one-third off the end of each lath , and used the two-thirds for length ; and the one-third for width of tray ; she tacked these together edgeways ( like a coal sifter ) and drove tacks half way in , all around the under side , about a half inch apart ; then wound twine around each tack , first lengthways and then crossways , and drove the tacks closely down . She made twenty of these trays . We removed the carpet from a side room , cleaned the room thoroughly , hung a thermo...
What Can Re Grown from a Grain of Wheat . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
What Can Re Grown from a Grain of Wheat . MBS . MARTHA E . KENT , BOZBMAN CITY , MON . TER . You have published what a Dakota farmer did with a single grain of wheat , and now I wish you to tell what a Montana farmer did with a single grain of winter wheat . James Kent planted one grain of winter wheat in his garden , from which I grew 103 stalks , each bearing a full head . These yielded 4 , 664 grains , weighing one-half pound . J This will be planted in a few days , and next fall I will tell you what lt yields . I think Montana takes the cake . I like your paper very much , but I wish you published it weekly instead of monthly .
Mr . Cole ' s WoMerful Discovery . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
Mr . Cole s WoMerful Discovery . Mr . A . N . Cole , ot Wellsville , the veteran exeditor , says the Danville , N . Y „ Advertiser , has made discoveries in the matter of irrigation , and secured a patent therefor , which seem destined to work a great revolution , in the value of lands . By his system he grows strawberries to the size of peaches , and increases the size , beauty and perfection of all fruits to a degree to defy credence . He says in abetter in the Wellsville Free Press : I grow such turnips , beets , cabbage and cauliflower as have never been seen on the Atlantic coast . A full bushel of tomatoes to the plant can be grown , and that , too , of marvelous size and beauty . As stated in previous articles , a thousand bushels of peapods can be grown to the acre . All forms , in short , of vegetable growth are so developed as to do away with fungus—deadliest enemy of plant-life—se-curing root , stalk , bud , blossom and fruit in completest perfection . This is done by han...
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY The Free Nitrogen of the Air . BY P . H . JACOBS . Although nitrogen is the most costly ingredient that enters into the composition of our fertilizers , yet it is one of the most plentiful substances known . It is usually sold in the shape of ammonia , which is composed of one part nitrogen and three parts hydrogen . The nitrogen in ammonia , honerer , is combined with the hydrogen , the substances thus united as ammonia possessing properties entirely different from either in its free condition . The air is largely composed of nitrogen , and although we are accustomed to the fact that the most essential element of the air is oxygen , yet only one-fifth is oxygen , while four-fifths are nitrogen . The nitrogen is simply a dilutant of the oxygen , for should we be surrounded by an atmosphere composed entirely of oxygen , the combustion within our bodies would be too rapid , and we would quickly burn up . Nitrogen , on the contrary , is a very inert substance , s...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
Merit and Pedigree . T The time was when the pedigree of an animal alone was sufficient to stamp it as first class and of superior excellence . Although pedigrees are still adhered to , breeders have discovered the fact that they have been entirely too exclusive ¦ in this respect , and that many good animals possessing superior merit have been overlooked because of supposed ignorable ancestry . As if determined to push their own claims , the discarded colts , when given the privilege on the turf , forged their way to the front , the neglected heifers filled the pails to overflowing , and the chance pigs attained weight not believed to be within their reach . Acting upon the suggestion that an improvement in stock might be effected by breeding only from animals of merit , though of good blood , breeders have done more within the past ten years to elevate the standard of stock than had previously been done in half a centurv . Among the .. notable instances of perpetuating the strains ...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
Select From the Top . In order to keep the character of a flock to full vigor and stamina it is important to be careful in selecting only thoBe that are the best . If you intend to discard anything let it be from the bottom . AlwayB reserve the best to breed from . The transmittal of good qualities can bedoneonly by those that are perfect , and he who is careful in selecting only those best fitted for the purpose of improvement not only elevates the poultry in his own yards but confers a favor and benefit on everyone who patronizes him . It is by sound judgment , careful observation aud unceasing watchfulness tbat the present breeds ore becoming better and better as time passes along . By all means , if poultry is an object , do not trust to any haphazard risks , or unfounded hopes , but rely solely on the best attention that can be personally glyen Insects for Poultry in Winter . To breed meal worms we must first get a small supply from a bakery , or some place where flour is exten...
THE GARDEN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
THE GARDEN Peas as a Fall Crop . We are just finishing our green peas for the season as this number goes to press , which may be a surprise to those who are accustomed to the luxury of green peas only during a certain portion of the year , but we kept planting them , and they continued to come in , until the peas ceased to be desirable . We continually advised our readers to sow them often , and . practiced the plan ourselves , the result being that we had plenty long after they were gone on neighboring gardens . Among the varieties which pleased us were the American Wonder and Champion of England . The former is a dwarf variety , being a cross of the Champion aud Little Gem , and is an early , wrinkled pea . It requires no sticks , as it seldom grows higher than ten inches . The Champion is a tall growing variety , and does best when supported , but we did not even give them a chance to raise above the ground . Nevertheless , they produced well , although more difficult to pick . N...
THE ORCHARD [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
THE ORCHARD How to Grow Grapes . 1 . Transplanting : Procure good , strong , two-year-old vines ; dig a hole four by four feet and two feet deep ; fill this level with the surface with forest mould , to which is added a good quantity of ashes and old bones ( broken up fine ) , or bone dust , and set the vine in the center , down to the first eye , or out of which there should never be more than two on a new vine . 2 . Pruning : The first of all , after transplanting , cut close , so as to enable the vine to make a good , strong root and stout body near the ground . Only one cane should be left , and not more than two eyes on it . Second year allow the vine to run as far as it will . In the fall select the two best canes , and cut back to only two buds , and cut the rest even with the old wood ; and before the sap starts in spring put up your trellis and tie your vines up to them . This year you may allow two buncheB of grapes to each vine ( not canes ) but no more . 3 . This brings ...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
A Remedy for Hoven . 3 . LE DUC , TOWER CITY , D . T . Your August number , page 448 : The charcoal you mention as a remedy for hoven is good , and I have known tincture to save cattle when they were unable to stand , and swollen to an enormous size ; but a simple and efficient remedy , when the medicines for internal use are not at hand , is to twist a hay rope ; commence it small , and when some two feet long enlarge it , four to six inches in diameter , then run the size down to match the commencement , and insert the larger part in the beast s mouth , distending it as much as possible , and tie back of the horns . The First Year of a Calf . There is not a farmer in the country who raises his own cows but who knows that the future value of a cow depends upon the first years growth as a calf . If the calf is half starved , stunted and ill-used , there is not one chance in ten that when it reaches the proper age it will make a good milk cow . The calf must have the very best of foo...
Untitled [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
To stt in Sunshine calm and sweet . CONDUCTED BY HELEN STANNABD . THROUGH LIFE . We slight the gifts that every season bears . And let them fall unheeded from our grasp , In our great eagerness to reach and clasp Ths promised treasure of the coming years ; Or else tee mourn some great good passed away , And tn the shadow of our grief shut in , Refuse the lesser good we yet might win . The offered peace and gladness ofto-dt , y . As through the chambers of our life we pass . And leave them one by one , and never stay , Xotjcnowlng how much pleasantness there was fn each , until the closing of the door Has sounded through the house and died away . And tn our heart we sigh , For evermore . Porches . When King David gave out to his son Solomon the designs for the building of the temple , he Included the pattern of a porch . Tho veranda , porch or piazzi , as it is variously called , should be one of the main features of a country house , to which it adds style and expression . Promising...
From an Autobiography . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
From an Autobiography . LEAF VII . As he tore fiercely along , joggling me roughly , I should hove cried out with the awful pain , but he held my mouth with an iron grasp . Writhing my nose tree at last , I gave a long , low howl ol anguish . That s right ! he cried , shaking with rage , Sing away , for your time lis short , and it s music to me . Horrible words burst from his lips , and his face worked fearfully with passion . The rain now fell in torrents , still he strode on with savage , deadly purpose . It s a pity you cant swim , my beauty , he liissed between his teeth , Just as we came in sight of a long bridge spanning the river . A thousand pities , and he laughed brutally , as I moaned and shivered with pain and terror . I knew then the doom he destined for me , and oh ! I longed with bitterest anguish for one more glimpse of Charley darling s sweet , fair face . Never more , never more , the wind and rain seemed sighing , and the cruel water came in view . I could not be...
THE CHILDREN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
THE CHILDREN BY CUASl . ES DWKEXS . When ihe lessons and tasks are all ended . And the school for the day is dismissed . And tlta little ones gather around me Te bid me good night and be kissed , O , the little white arms that encircle 3 fy neck in a tender embrace ! O , the smiles that are halos of Heaven , Shedding sunshine and love on my facet And when they are gone I sit dreaming Of my clitldliood , too lovely to last ; Of love that my heart will remember Wlien it wakes to the pulse of tlie past . Ere the world and its wickedness made me A partner of sorrow and sinWhen the glory of Qod was about me . And the glory of gladness within . O , my heart grows iveak as a womaws . And the fountain of feeling wllljlow . When I think of the patlis , steep and stony , Where the feet of the dear ones must go ; Of the mountains of sin hanging oer them , Of the tempests of fate blowing wild—O , theirs nothing on earth half so holy As the innocent heart of a child . The twig is so easily bende...
A Brave Girl . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Fireside — 1 October 1884
A Brave Girl . One summer afternoon , two children were amusing themselves on the seashore . A long row of sand pies were baking in the sun . A sand house was fast disappearing , blowing away ln the strong sea breeze . The children , tired of running about , had seated themselves in one of a long chain of sand hills that separated the ocean beach from miles of marshy meadow . On one side lay the ocean , sunny and calm ; on the other , the meadows , covered with long , waving grass , and gay with stunted wild roses . Through the meadows ran several pathways leading from the distant villages to the sea . George , said tho eldest child , wouldnt yon like to live here , and feel the wind on your face , and hear the ocean sing all your lite ? No , said George , decidedly . I think it would be lonesome . The ocean doesnt sing to me ; it moans . I think , when I am alone here , it is crying over the ships it has torn to pieces and the men it has beaten the life out of . Why , at night , De...