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THE TRANSPORTATION PETITION. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
THE TRANSPORTATION PETITION. A PROMPT reply was returned by the Private Secretary to the application from thc Chairman of the deputation appointed to wait upon the Governor with the Petition against the present system of Transporta- tion, for a day to be fixed for its presenta- tion, and on Tuesday at noon the deputation, headed by Mr. Anthony Fenn Kemp, assembled at Government House. His Excellency stated to the deputation that he had called for them so soon, as he wished to send the Petition home, and to write upon the subjects to which it referred by the first vessel. Mr. Kemp then presented the Petition and addressed the Governor to the following effect— SIR,—A numerous body of the colonists of this island having signed a petition to our gracious Sovereign, in reference to the present system of transportation, a meeting of the petitioners was held on Monday last, at which a deputation, con- sisting of myself, and the gentlemen who accompany me, was appointed to wait upon Your Ex...
THE LAST DEFENDER OF PROBATIONISM. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
THE LAST DEFENDER OF &nbsp; PROBATIONISM. WE have already briefly adverted to the ex- traordinary circumstance that the Herald, who professes such anxiety for the moral welfare of the community, should stand forth the antagonist of the Petition, and the defender of the convict system, especially after Bishop Nixon has declared against it. Can the Herald find no vacant spot, ne- glected by the various journalists, that to acquire a local habitation be must squat on the rank and miasmatic region of proba- tionism. What evil genius bade him nail the flag of the Apostles to the gibbet and triangle ? When so careful to guard the rising race from the heresy of the public schools, does his anxiety vanish before the tenfold greater perils of moral pollution ? The press, the guide and echo of the people, with exceptions that but confirm the gene- ral testimony, can observe no compensation in a system which even those who favour it from interest, defend with hesitation ; but has the m...
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. MEETING OF LICENSED VICTUALLERS.—On &nbsp; Tuesday a most respectable and numerous meeting of the Licensed Victuallers and others, assembled at Mezger's Hotel, to oppose the proposed Bill to increase the amount of the license fee at present paid by the publicans. Mr. Morgan being unani- mously voted to the chair, explained the objects of the meeting, and stated, that, at a preliminary meeting previously held, he had been requested to present a memorial to the meeting, now con- vened, with one or two resolutions : this would save time, and Mr. Morgan at once read the me- morial referred to, which embraced the following points :—It set forth the claims of the licensed victuallers to the consideration of the Government, from their large contributions to the revenue ; and adverted to the depressed state of the times as a reason why the present license fee—in many in- stances paid with difficulty-should not be aug- mented : the " hardships " to which the publi...
THE PUBLIC MEETING. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
THE PUBLIC MEETING. YESTERDAY, pursuant to an announcement, a Public Meeting was held at the Victoria Theatre, to take into consideration the best means of successfully and constitutionally resisting the attempt making by the Govern- ment to impose a system of extensive taxa- tion, in distict opposition to the feelings and opinions of the people. Soon after twelve o'clock, and immediately the doors were opened, a large crowd rushed into the house, which was speedily filled in every part. Alone, and, faithful to his trust, the true and venerablo patriot, A. F. Kemp, Esq., appeared on the stage, and no sooner was he observed than be was greeted with a si- multaneous clamour of applause, which he evidently felt as it was intended—a simulta- neous and hearty compliment. Soon after, the other gentlemen, who have taken a zea- lous and on active part in this proper and constitutional resistance, made their appear- ance, and Mr Kemp was called to the chair, amidst the loud and simultaneous ...
PETITION [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
PETITION &nbsp; To His Excellency Sir E. E. WILMOT, Bart., Lieutenant Governor of Van Diemen's &nbsp; Land, and the Honorable the Members of the Legislative Council, in Council as- sembled. This Petition of the Inhabitants &nbsp; of Hobart Town, in Public Meeting as- sembled, respectfully sheweth,— That your Petitioners regard the Lighting and Paving Act, and the new Road Act, as the dele- gation to eithers af a power to tax the people, which your Petitioners respectfully submit the Legislature of this Colony does not itself possess, it being an fundamental principle of the Britsh Constitution that no man shall be taxed except by &nbsp; &nbsp; his Representatives, have to submit that at a meeting of your Honorable Council, held in February last, a Resolution was passed, sanction- ing a loan from the Commercial Bank of £25,000 ; &nbsp; that your Petitioners respecfully, but firmly pro- test against any such loan as being illegal, and a ...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
To the Legal Profession. THE Undersigned respectfully informs the Gen- &nbsp; tlemen of the above Profession that he intends &nbsp; commencing business as a Law Stationer, in which he hopes to obtain their support. Deeds and Writings neatly and expeditiously copied and engrossed at 2d. per folio at his residence, Mr. T. Williams's, opposite Mr. Lindsay's, Argyle-st. HENRY JONES BATCHELOR. &nbsp; &nbsp; August 1st, 1845. &nbsp;
THE OBSERVER, AUGUST 1. SIR ROBERT PEEL. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
THE OBSERVER, AUGUST 1. &nbsp; SIR ROBERT PEEL. No life is of more consequence to his country than that of the Premier. No mind but his own could linger till the last moment among the prejudices of his Tory adherents, and then by forced marches overtake and modify the changes of the age. We are not to test his conduct by ordinary maxims nor compare his plans with his speeches. It is the singular good fortune of Great Britain to have reared a statesman who can reconcile the contradictions of party, who can adorn the doctrines of Toryism by his eloquence and destroy them by his measures ; who, like the believers of the " Tract Ninety " can subscribe in a non-natural sense, which liberates the conscience from the spell of words, and leave it to range unrestricted through the regions of innovation. He started the chains from off religious tests. No prelate could look with more veneration on those relics of antiquity, those expositions of the second great commandment ; but when t...
AGRICULTURE. [From the Farmers' Magazine for February.] ESSAY ON GUANO. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
AGRICULTURE. [From the Farmers' Magazine for February.] ESSAY ON GUANO. THE design which gave rise to this essay was to present, at one view, a brief account of all the important facts which have been published respecting guano, These facts, having been observed at different times and by men of various pursuits, occur, scattered through many books and journals, which, to a large number of the purchasers of guano, may not be easily accessible, The writer, therefore, ventures to hope that this attempt to give a selection, from the information he has met with from these sources, may be of some, use, or may, at least, afford to others some of that pleasure which he has himself felt in examining into the nature and history of a substance, the mean origin of which on the one hand, and, on the other, its im- portant uses, present a very attractive con- trast. Guano is the name applied to those ex- tensive deposits which occur in Peru and other places, and which are the excrements of sea bi...
SCIENCE. [From the Polytechnic Review, for February 1845.] EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKES ON CLOCKS IN GRANADA. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
SCIENCE. &nbsp; &nbsp; [From the Polytechnic Review, for February 1845.] &nbsp; EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKES ON CLOCKS IN &nbsp; GRANADA. THE St. George's Chronicle records a com- municalion of Mr. Stephenson, that on the occurrence of the earthquake in that island on the 19th of January, those clocks, the pendulums of which oscillated from east to west were almost all stopped, while none of those whoso pendulums vibrated north and south were affected. This distinct motion from east to west is a novel phenomena, but a still more strange effect is noticed in the Mining Journal, that during the same earth- quake, the principal officers on board the Thames steamer, anchored then near the Island, noticed that the compasses on board revolved on their centres with great rapidity. This last important fact will, we hope, re- ceive the attention of the Electrical Society. We trust soon to have further reports.
ANASTATIC PRINTING. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
ANASTATIC PRINTING. AN invention of considerable ingenuity, and of vast utility, is at the present moment at- tracting the attention of all those interested in the progress of mechanics and arts ; and although a quantity of hyperbolical expres- sions have been employed which have rather tended to excite ridicule than serious con- sideration for the merits of this novelty, it is calculated to give an impulse of a striking character to the arts of printing and en- graving. It consists of a process by which letter-press and engravings may be produced from an original to any amount required. As far as we are enabled to judge, the sur- face of a metallic plate is so acted upon as to receive an impression from the ink of any printed copy applied to it, and from this impression there may be taken duplicates almost without end. To the student of che- mistry the first part of the process is not a matter of surprise, remembering the in- gredients of which ink is composed. The second stage, or...
CHEAP ILLUMINATION OF LONDON BY GAS. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
CHEAP ILLUMINATION OF LONDON BY GAS. AMONGST the new ideas afloat in men's minds is the practicability of preparing the gas for the illumination of cities in the immediate neighbourhood of the coal pits, and transmitting it through suitable pipes along the lines of railway, giving in its passage branches to the different towns. Thus not only would the mischiefs resulting from the effluvia, and the smoke of the gas manufactories in the neighbourhood of large towns, be prevented, but the gas would be prepared at an infinitely cheaper rate than at the present time.
THE SALVAGE COMPANY. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
THE SALVAGE COMPANY. UNDER this title, has been formed another new company. The object is to rescue the treasure and property which has been wrecked upon the different coasts of Europe. The calculation is, that four millions of wealth are annually consigned to the sea. The number of ships lost annually is very great. In the years 1835-6, this interesting and important subject was investigated by a Com- mittee of the House, of Commons, who, in &nbsp; making their inquiries, selected two periods of three years each, viz. first, from 1816 to 1818 inclusively ; and secondly, from 1833 to 1835 inclusively; and reported, according to Lloyd's books, that, in the first period, the total number of ships or vessels wrecked or missing appeared to be 1203 ; and in the second period 1702. About the middle of the last century, 100 vessels were lost in a single gale of wind at the port of Cadiz. Mr. Austin's invention is the one to be used by the company. It is different from the diving-be...
HEALTH OF TOWNS COMMISSION. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
HEALTH OF TOWNS COMMISSION. The first volume of the Report of the Health of Towns Commission, which we noticed in a recent number of the Journal, contains the evidence on the causes of &nbsp; disease, and the means of prevention ; the second, the more bulky of the two, comprises that bearing on the supply of water to towns, drainage, surveys, &c. We purpose, in the present article, to call attention to the fearful details of the former, which opens with an explanatory report by the commission, stating their object to have been the institu- tion of inquiries ' into the present state of large towns and populous districts in Eng- land and Wales, with reference to the causes of disease amongst the inhabitants ; the best means of promoting and securing the public health ; the drainage of lands ; the erection, drainage, and ventilation of buildings ; and the supply of water in such towns and dis- &nbsp; tricts, whether for purposes of health, or for &nbsp; ...
TIME'S SONG. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
TIME'S SONG. O'er the level plains, Where mountains greet me as I go, O'er the desert waste, Where fountains at my bidding flow, O'er the boundless beam by day, On the cloud by night, I am rushing hence away ! Who shall chain my flight. War his weary watch was keeping, I have crushed his spear ; Grief within her bower was weeping, I have dried her tear ; Pleasure caught a minute's hold, Then I hurried by, Leaving all her banquet cold, And her goblet dry. Power had won a throne of glory, Where is now his fame ? Genius said, I live in story. Who hath heard his name ? Love beneath a myrtle bough, Whispered, why so fast ? And the roses on his brow Withered as I past, I have heard the heifer lowing O'er the wild wave's bed, I have seen the billow flowing Where the cattle fed, Where began my wanderings ? Memory will not say ; When will rest my wearing wings ? Science turns away. A TRUE Christian living in the world is like a ship sailing on the ocean. It is not the ship being in the water...
MISCELLANEA. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
MISCELLANEA. An order has just been issued, regulating the education of women in Russia. The emperor, in accord with the empress, has determined to submit their mental culture to the jurisdiction of a central board of directors, divided into three sections—for St. Peters- burg, for Moscow, and for the provinces respectively. Prince Peter of Oldenburgh is appointed President of the Board. A patent has been taken out for a new lithographic printing press, capable of being worked by steam. This invention will have the effect of saving much of the labour of the lithographer, who heretofore had not only to lithograph, but also to work at the press ; the impressions also are more uni- form, and the printing altogether better and cheaper. Mr. Isaac Farrell, of Dublin, has taken out a patent for an ingenious invention, by which he proposes to apply the principle of thc Archimedian screw as a substitute for the locomotive engine on railways.—Irish Railway Gazette. The Journal des Débats of T...
SOUTH AUSTRALIA. EXPORTS OF NATIVE GUM. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
SOUTH AUSTRALIA. EXPORTS OF NATIVE GUM. The success which has attended the export of South Australian gum has confessedly given " a spur " to the settlers in New South Wales, to whom advertisements (breathing a more than usual degree af public spirit) have been solicitously addressed, by a Mr. S. Elliott, of Church-hill and Chatlotte-place, Sydney. From the first advertisement, which appeared in April last, we make the following extract :— " NATIVE CUMS. " ' The Editors of the South Australian computes that not less than 200 tons of gun have been col- lected this year, which, at £40 per ton, (the last season's fetched £60 in London), is worth £8,000.' —Adelaide Observer. " As a spur to the numerous parties who have applied to the undersigned about collecting Wattle Gum, he has copied the above paragraph, and would advise them not to lose the present season for doing so. S. B. can assure them of an advance of £10 to £15 per ton, immediately upon delivery in Sydney, from one of the fi...
VIOLENT HAIL STORM IN AMERICA. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
VIOLENT HAIL STORM IN AMERICA. WE were visited on Tuesday night last, between 10 and 11 o'clock, with the most severe hail-storm, accompanied with wind and rain, that we have ever known. The &nbsp; fall of hail lasted some three or four minutes, covering the ground completely. Many of the stones were the size of a hen's egg some even larger. The wind came from the N.N.W., and all the windows exposed were &nbsp; completely shattered. Fowls were killed from the roost on many plantations, we are informed. Our planters who had not finish- ed cotton-picking are now saved the trouble, as well as the time of their hands ; the truth is, the cotton is all beat out of the bolls and spoiled. We fear, from the violence of the wind and the battle of the elements, that we shall have some fearful disasters to recount. —Ouachita Courier, Louisiana, Nov. 9.
THE CONDEMNED CELL. [Newspaper Article] — The Observer — 1 August 1845
THE CONDEMNED CELL. &nbsp; FOUR human beings condemned to expiate &nbsp; their crimes by an ignominious death now await the execution of that sentence upon them, in the gaol of this town. They have ceased to be dangerous to society ; they are as beings cut off from it ; powerless for evil, and awaiting less the terrors of man's wrath than a call to the dreadful presence of God, they are now objects of religious solicitude to every mind in which survive even the bare instinctive emotions of religion. To the veriest wretch that ever polluted the earth we believe there breathes not a counterpart in him who would disturb that wretch in his preparation for eternity. We ask, what assistance does the Executive give to these men in the religious preparation which they so much need ? Does it afford to each that solitude in which he can review the past without distraction, yield himself to the agonies of repentance, and give expression to that prayerfulness of soul without whi...