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The Earth An Atom. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
The Earth An Atom. Al matter Is supposed to consist of a number of molecules, and mole cules, themselves, to consist of a num ber of atoms. It is possible that all matter may be one In essence and that it Is merely the difference in the num ber, arrangement and movement of the atoms in a molecule which causes matter to take the form of Iron, gold, diamond, etc. At present, it is im possible to demonstrate absolutely these assumptions. The most power Iul microscope fails to render visible the atoms of a molecule or even to disclose a molecule. Our earth may be but an atom, it, together with the other planets, revolving around the sun as a nucleus, forming a molecule of the universe, so that a being, stu pendous enough to take the whole fir mament of stars in its hands, would find the firmament present to him the same appearance which solid matter does to us. Indeed, the sun and its planets may be the archetype or mod el of all molecules with their conati tuent atoms, Identical forces...
Railway Time Table. TRAINS TO MELBOURNE. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Railway Time Table. TRAINS TO MELBOURNE. Pakenham 7.7 a.m., Officer 7.16 Beaconsfield 7.22, Berwick 7.27, Narre Warren 7.32, Dandenong 7.45, Mel bourne 8.47. Pakenham 7.32 a.m., Officer 7.43, Beaconsfield 7.50, Berwick 8.0, Narre Warren 8.10, Dandenong 8.29, Mel bourne 9.40 Pakenham 11.54 a.m., Officer 12.3, Beaconsfield 12.10, Berwick 12.16, Narre Warren 12.22, Dandenong 12.35 p.m., Melbourne 1.35. Pakenham 8.47 p.m., Officer 8.56, Beaconsfield 9.3, Berwick 9.9, Narre Warren 9.18, Dandenong 9.32, Mel bourne 10.31. Thursdays and Fridays - Pakenham 4.56 p.m., Officer 5.6, Beaconsfield 5.15, Berwick 5.22, Narre Warren 5.35, Dandenong 5.51, Melbourne 7.11. Saturdays - Pakenham 3.56 p.m., Officer 4.5, Beaconsfield 4.13, Berwick 4.18, Dandenong 4.40, Melbourne 5.45. Sundays--Pakenham 7.9 p.m, Officer 7.22, Beaconsfield 7.31, Berwick 7.36, Dandenong 7.56, Melbourne 9.0.
HOUSEHOLD HINTS. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
IOUSIHOLD HINTS. i Treacs will leave the scales quiteI easily if they are first dusted with flour. ??int sauce shodud he slightly warm ed before be:ng sent to table. This will prevent the gravy from becomin=g ":?t" when the sauce is poured on the plates. When potatoes are inclined to turn black in cooking, add a few drops of vinegar to the water in which they are boiled. This makes them beautl fully white and mealy. To remove the smell of fish from the frying-pan, fill the pan with cold water. put in a good handful of tea leaves. and let it come to the boil. This is much better than soda, and s!3 more economic.al If the boiler immediately after use. and while still warm, is rubbed all over with good household soap, it will prevent rust, and will help to make the suds when the boiler is filled for the next washing day. Time is often wasted by the bottom of a newly-baked cake sticking to the tin. To prevent this stand the tin directly It is taken from the oven on a cloth which has bee...
Why the Coal Merchant Kept up the Price. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Why the Coal Merchant Kept up the Price. Goaded to desperation, the long-suf fering householder had bearded the coal merchant in his den. "Look here," he said, "I have come to ask you why, In the name of hu manity. you send such a bill as this to the father of a large and growing family? Surely there must be a spark of pity in your composition. They say there is good in everybody, and I can not believe that your heart Is as hard as the anthracite for which you charge such fabulous prices." The coal-merchant appeared greatly moved by this pathetic appeal. "You are right," he answered earn estly. "We coal merchants are by no means as black as the goods we sell. We, too, have our feelings. You have spoken to me as the father of a fam fly. I will reply in the same spirit, and tell you that it is because I am a husband and a parent that I must do the best I can for those dependent upon me before it is too late." "Before it Is too late?" repeated the householder wonderingly. "What do yon ...
Methodist Church. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Methodist C?hurch. The June quarterly meeting and local preachers' mecti:1n of the Paken ham Moethodist cir:cuit were held in the church on S--urlay night last. There were present:--Mr Rowlands (chairman), MIessrs Prior, Perry, Ash man, W. Wright, A. VWright, James, Norris and Camp. Owing to the meeting having been held at night, several brethren were unable to be present. The chairman announced the members roll as 75. Very satisfactory reports were given of the Sunday Schools in the circuit, especially of the local school which has grown so rapidly in numbers, an als?o in the interest taken by the supeiinte:ldJet, olficers and teachers. It was decided to hold the North Nar Nir :sn S:indlay School Anniversary on Oco'-er Zath, and the Pakenham church a? .:iversary 6n Octo ber 21st. It w:, :ig-red to as' Chaplain-General R w. A. J. iioiden, B.A., to conduct the c'urch anniver sary services at Pakcnh.muI. It was arranged for Rev. W. Williams to conduct the Foreign Miasion annivcr sary ...
Another War Sacrifice. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Another War Sacrifice. A pompous country gentIeman was very wrath because the war authori ties had commandeered two of his best hunters, so he ordered out his motor-car and drove in hot haste to the officer in command to protest The officer listened, and when the Irate man ceased said, "Well, sir, you look a fine strapping fellow. How far have you come? Ten milcl? Well. that's a nice walk back for you. I want your car, too!" It is cheaper to pay ten to twenty rounds to any one at any time than go to law about anythUbg.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
The ' microbe ' bringing cough and cold SHas now a busy season; And bound to get a lasting hold Unless we list to reason. SNeglect may bring us to the grave. SThat's positive and sure; .But every danger we can brave With Woods' Great Peppermint Cure The annual meeting of the Morning ton Farmers' Society is to be held on the 26th instant, when the secretary will present the report and balance sheet in connection with the last show. The election of president will take place, and consideration will be given to the matter of the next show. Pneumonia, with its swift attack, Shows mercy to but few; And those who strength and good health lack Can't hope to pull safe through; When winter brings its cold and wet, Such things we can endure, If we but have the sense to get Some Wood's Great Peppermint Cure COMES THE * rees' A TESTIMONY TO I B:uck.inc;h rn Avenue, ~Sc t " I know Clemients Tonic is used extensively by the . profession, and nurses know its value and are sciddni 2' without it. Onc...
THE LAST SHOT. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
THE LAST SHOT. There was probably no incident in tho Frranco-Prussian war of 1'870 more dramatic than that which mtrked its close. Herr Forckenbeck. the Presi dent of the Prussian Chamber of De puties, was sent, with a colleague. to Versailles to congratulate King Wil liam upon his election as Emperor. Bismarck, who had just concluded the terms of peace with France, in vite, them to supper, and in the course of the meal said: 'This night at twelve o'clock the last shots will be exchanged between our troops and the French. and I have conceded to the French the honor of the last shot" Forckenbeck and his colleague left their host before midnight, drew out their watches, stood underneath a lantern of the Hotel do Reservoir, and waited. First there was a cannon shot from the German lines, then a solemn still ness. Then followed the last reply from Mont Vaterien. The tower clock at Versailles struck twelve. The war had ended.
Correspondence. ADVANCE PAKENHAM. To the Editor. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Correspondence. ADVANCE PAKENHAM. To the Editor. Sir,-I am glad to see another movement for the advancement of the town, as notified in your recent issues, and that is that Pakenham is to be supplied with a daily Bank, and that new premises are to be erected for a resident manager, who is also to have an assistant. The Bank evidently can see ahead, and knows that Pakenham is only starting what will ultimately be a flourishing town and district. It has appealed to me for a con siderable time that the time is oppor tune to alter the name of the Shire. Berwick Shire seems quite inappro priate as the name for our shire, and the sooner it is altered the better. As the seat of local government is Paken ham, and likely now to be for all time, I think it would be only fair to call it the Pakenham Shire. I think our councillors might add this to one of their duties at a not far distant date, and go through the necessary forms to have the shire re-christened. At present, addressing a letter t...
HOW SPIES ARE OUTWITTED. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
HOW SPIES-ARE OUTWITTED. Every Foreign Office in Europe acts on the theory that an army of spies is constantly on the alert to steal its secrets, and infinite precautions are taken to baffle their efforts. Very shortly after the first use of blotting paper it was discovered that it was quite possible to cause a blotting-pad to give up Jealously-guarded secrets by simply holding it in front of a mfr ror. Long after all the commercial world had forgotten the existence of such a thing, the British Foreign Office used a sand-shaker to dry its import nut documents. Then specially manufactured ink blotting-paper was used, but this was not found to be spy-proof, and a re turn to the sand-shaker was contem plated, when someone suggested the simple expedient of a small absorbent roller. These rollers have since been used for drying diplomatic documents. When such a roller has been run up and down a document once or twice. the cleverest spy in the world is at liberty to try his hand at deciph...
War Loans. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
War Loans. The splendid results of the various Australian War Loans which have been fIcated to date, the subscriptions to.which have reached upwards of £80,000,000, not only enhance Aus tralian credit in the International Money Markets, but also give the people of the Commonwvealth agreater measure of financial self reliance. This country now knows well that it is capable of finding some of the money required within its own borders. With the eighty million subscribed through the various \War Loans, the per capita subscription is approxi mately £16. A number of small in vestors subscribed to the Loans. but majority of the rank and file have yet to be reached. The object of issuing War Savings Certificates in as low denominations as £1 and War Savings Stamps at 6d and 2s 6d is to give everyone that chance for which they have been wait Ing. There is no more attractive form of investment of savings than per medium of War Savings Certificates. 17s 6d will buy a l£1 Certificate payable at...
Knitting Competition. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Initting Competition. - We have been requested by Mrs A.. S. Chirnside, of "Edrington," Ber.· wick, to publish the following letter relative to the judging of socks for warded to the Town Hall, Melbpourne, in response to a special appeal by the Lady Mayoress : " Town Hall, Melbourne, " 29th June, 1917. " Dear Mrs Chirnside,-I have had pleasure in judging the parcel of socks. of which you have so kindly been the means of collecting for our League's appeal. The best pair, every point considered, is that knitted by Miss Kathleen Kent, " Liskie Brae," Ber wick, and, next to hers, Miss Marcia Kent's pair, counted not so good be cause the casting on at the top had been rather too tightly done. The points judged on were: - General elasticity and even knitting; good pro portions; freedom from tightness at top, from tags unfinished and ends, from holes at ankle9, from inside seams and ridges; the toes smoothly grafted.--Believe mo yours sincerely, MARY MASSON."
Flower Show. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Flower Show. The prize list for the forthcoming flower show in aid of the Anzac Buffet Fund has been printed ahd is being distributed. It is recognised that the date fixed is rather early for the flower show, and the committee, in framing the schedule, have included only those flowers which should, under ordinary conditions, be in bloom about that date. There are 29 sec tions, which include the following: Cut Flowers, six distinct species. Cut Flowers, best collection. Sweet Peas, collection. Antirrhinums, three varieties. Pansy, six varietred Stocks, three varieties. Snowflakes, Vase or Bowl. Primrose Polyanthus, three varieties Primrose, three varieties. Penstemons, three varieties. Carnations, three varieties. Lupins, three varieties. Violets, best arranged Vase or Bowl Erica, best collection. Marguerites, best arranged Bowl. Gallardias, best Vase or Bowl. BULBS. Daffodils, twelve best blooms. Daffodils, six best blooms, distinct varieties. Daffodils, three varieties, one stem of...
Pakenham State School. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Pakenham State School. Achildren's entertainment is ~lways looked forward to with.interest; and, 'a was anticipated, the concert given by the pupils of the local State school -on Friday evening last, to raise funds in cdnn?ction with the British Red Cross Appeal, attracted a large audi ence., A good programme was provided, and everything passed off smoothly. With a view to assisting the child ren and adding interest to the enter tainment, a small orchestra was got -together at short notice, and they gave a number of interesting items. MIrs W. Close acted as pianiste and .Mrs Lowv, Mr Rowlands and Mr Kennedy as violinists. Notwithstanding that they had only two or three rehearsals they played well together .and gave a good performance. Their next appearance will be looked for ward to with interest. S Cr Close, shire president, occupied the chair, and the entertainment was Sopened with the National Anthem. SThe orchestra followed with a selee -,'tion; and the school children then , ? ...
Tried and Found Wanting. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Tried and Found WantTng. Mt. Smith. wit??a his sanetum. dsi. onursinG to his boy: "'My son. yoa haveo acqulred a habit of saynlg 'I for zat' seroral timesu In the day. now,. to eultivato the power of niemory LI very simplo Indeod. Concentrate your mind on each act as your perform It; enutre your thonghts on every occur ren?c rrom the moment you wake In tie mornonm until you po to sleep at nifghlt, and scoon your life will rise op as one beaultlfu! whole, but when I say I have been endowed with-a most remarkable memory. I only---" Mrs. Smith (encltedly. putting her head In at the door): "John, you've forgotten to puTI down your window bltinds. and two pollcemen are waiting to speak to you."
Won the Bet. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
V/Won the Bet A young lieutenant who Indufged in a good denal of betting was transfer red from one Army post to another. When he reported to his souperior om cer he was treated very coolly. "Yoaung man." Isald the oficer, "I have a letter from your former colonel, and he tells me you, although efficient, harve a weakne;ss for betting. I won't stand it in this regiment, sir; do you un!erstanld? You could not lure me to betL Wht do you bet about, anyway?" "I'll bet you five pounds." said the li?uten?nt. "that you have a setr a, your !eft shoulder." 'What. sir?'" repled the enlonel. "i'l take on that bet" Off cameo t:he coat. then the shirt, but no scar was ooen. The command er then admonished the lieutenant. and afterwards wrote the following Ilter to the young mnan's former colonel: "Just as you said. This youngster was not in my oflee two minutes before he bet me five pounds I had a scar on my left shoulder. Of courze he lost but I hope he will he beneflited by the experience'." The...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Ilar)7~32 WORKERS* COMPENSATION FiR!. IC CE NT. Loass by Sush ?,2rs and by tL Companr. 4 AGETS WANTED. DALGETY & CO. LTD PAEL!OURE GAner! Agents for The Phoe~-L Insures CROPS and STACKS aa!nst d:arnao by FIRE and Croaps against damage by HAIL STONES. The Union Trustee Co. oi Australia Limited HWAD OFFICW: 3U COLL.rS ST., MELBOURNJ2. Alsao in Syda ad Esydeyai. For term, or s-y ct:er ?e?nadenl conzzrnlng thea comgany, le_~3o calI or write. SAML. COOKE, Manager. PJJLTIR WA~ TEa -WYLhAD S HyLada buy Dtcc?tingn. Cnic?era. Turkey, at ler Ib. Ils h wehi: csL syland'a pay To: Prices tor Old Here. ay breed. ifln d'a ztve you conmmIseon and curtafe. rate ·crl free. Slylund's wIll por yo a montbly p~;ee Oath obtain 308 befomo *8Ulng . u here.. DAVID HYLAND? & SONS PTY. LTD. £xportra, Sennitta Freezing Work,. Melboturne - """ P . S _ CA L V E S Will Pay you if you send your Carcase Porkers and Vealers to us. Latest Cool Storage. HIGHEST PRICES REALISED. CUR SALES TAKE PLACE DAIL...
SUGAR HAS BEEN DEAR BEFORE. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
SUGAR HAS BEEN DEAR BEFORE. One of the earliest records of the price of sugar in Great Britain aDp pears in the accounts of the Cham berlain of Scotland in 1319, in which it Is set down at 1/9½ per Ib. In 1459 sugar continued to be a great luxury, and in that year a certain Margaret Paston, writing to her hus band, who was a gentleman and land owner of Norfolk, begs that he "vouchsafe" to buy her a pound o: sugar. In the accounts of corporate bodies, and the household expenses of private persons, during the six toenth and seventeenth centuries, the item of sugar appears from time to time. In a list of viands provided for the iuneral repast of Sir John Red ston, Lord Mayor, in 1531, for in stance, sugar is set down at 7d. per Ib., while in the books of the Station ers' Company the price is variously recorded as having been, in 1554 and 1558, lOd, per Ib. and I/1½ per Ib. re spectively. Thirty years later as much as 1/6 per Ib. was charged.
Australia in Arms. The Call of Duty. [Newspaper Article] — Pakenham Gazette and Berwick Shire News — 6 July 1917
Australia in Arms. The Call of Duty. Australian military history practic ally commenced with the great war. But how glorious has it become! From the historic landing on April 25. 1915. at Gaba Tepe to the recent British victory at Messines, the sons of Australia have well played their part In the great fight for freedom. Our soldiers have fought splendidly in the great operations on the Western front, but the deadly toll of war is -hewn in the heavy casualty lists pub lished so frequently. The conse quence is that reinforcements are needed urgently. The Australian di visions need about 17,000 reinforce ments monthly, but, unfortunately, the Cemnlonwealth is yielding less than a third of the required number. Our fighting men, war weary and overtax ed by reason of their reduced numeri ca" strength, deserve relief. Their heroism andti endurance enable them to bear the fatigue and dangers of the vreat offensive with equanimity, but their very cheerfulness and willing nes to carry on con...