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Advice to young Farmer-. [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Advice to young Farmer-. Allow me to say , to young farmers especially let us be studious and inquisitive , as well as laborious ; let us be simple and frugal in our habits ; and avoid useles expenditures ; leave fine dress ; and fast hones , and showy dwellings to those who really need such things to recommend them . Let us ever remember that for health and substantial , wealth , for rare opportunities , self-improvement , for long life , and real independence , farming is the best business in the world . —Goldwait .
English Cattle . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
English Cattle . It is said by M . Bichards in the Paris Siecle that at the great Paris Fair the English cattle took the lead . The Durhams , Ayreshires , Herefords and Devons , were there on show and all made a fine appearance ., But he gives , the preference to the Angus breed . There were thirteen males and 26 females of this breed on the grounds and all bore a remarkable similarity of character . He thinks they will supercede the Durhams . They are from the counties of Farfar and Kincardine ; are generally . Without horns , of different colors but mostly black with white spots . — Valley Farmer ., . YY . . - .
Value of Sheep to the Farmer . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Value of Sheep to the Farmer . It is of more importance to the farmer than is generally supposed , that a certain proportion of his farm stock should consist of sheep . Speaking on the point , R . S . Fay , of Lynn , recently remarked at an Agricultural meeting in Boston , ( as reported in the N . E . Parmer , ) Sheep are gleaners after other stock , and will help keep the cattle , pastures in good condition by being turnecl into them occasionally , to eat the coarser plants which have been left . They will enrich the land . There is no manure so fertilizing as that of sheep ; and it does not so readily waste by exposure as that of other animals . Sheep may be made exceedingly useful in helping to prepare land for a crop . A German agriculturist has calculated that the droppings from one thousand sheep during a single night would manure an acre sufficiently . By that rule a farmer may determine how long to keep any given number of sheep on a particular piece of land . Mr . Fay said ...
Domestic Receipts [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Domestic Receipts CREAM TABTAR CAKE . —Half cup of butter , two of sugar , three of flour , three eggs t two spoonfuls of cream tartar , one do . soda , dissolved in one teacupfnl of milk , one tablespoonful of flavoring . Stir tegether quickly and bake in a quick oven . How TO MEND CHINA . —We cut the following invaluable recipe for mending china from an English almanac . It is thus made : Take a very thick solution ot gum arabic in water , and stir into it plaster of Paris until the mixture becomes a viscous paste . Apply it with a brush to the fractured edges , and stick them together . In three days the article cannot be broken in the same place . The witness of the cement renders it doubly valuable . CHEAP LEMON FLAVOR . —When lemons are plenty , procure a quantity , cut them into thin slices , and lay them on plates to dry in the oven ; when dry , put them into attight bag , or close vessel , in the store room , where they are both handy and agreeable tor almost anything . How...
From the American Agriculturist . Hints on Wintering Bees . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
From the American Agriculturist . Hints on Wintering Bees . In response to your request , I will offer a few suggestions onkeeping bees during Winter , without stopping to give all the reasons for the positions assumed . To ensure success , the first thing to be attended to is , to see that you begin the winter with none but good stocks . It will not do to consider a stock good because it has thrown off swarms , stored surplus honey , &amp; c , but it is important to know its condition now . This must be learned by close inspection . Turn the hive over on a cool morning , so carefully as not to arouse the bees . Should they chance to be disturbed they may be quieted by tobacco smoke blown among them . The best stocks Will show bees between nearly all the combs , unless the number of combs exceeds a doaen ; Where they are found only between three or four combs , the most favorable circumstances will be required to get them through the Winter . Without superior accommodations ...
Be FaitMul to every Trnst , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Be FaitMul to every Trnst , In those . scenes of confusion , fright , horror and agony , which took place on the Atlantic steamer Arctic , which struck another steamer and sunk in four hours , carrying down three hundred persons , there is one a , ct , between the . time of her accident and her sinking which looms up with a mournful grandeur never to be ^ forgotten , the firing of the signal gun . This duty belonged to Stewart Holland , a young man of the engitfeeMhg : department , Who , when ail his comrades-de-serted the ship , faced the danger and _ t oo _ at his post . ¦ ;¦ : ¦ About two J honrs after the Arctic % «« struck the firing of the gun attracted my attention , says the third mate , and I recollect when 1 saw Stewart , it struck me as remarkably strange that he alone , of all bplonging to the engineering body , should be there . He must have had a good chance to go in the chief engineers boat , and be saved ; but he did not , it seems , make the slightest exertions to s...
ffllllet . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
ffllllet . Mr . Editor : W . B . shall hear from ene old farmer who has raised millet in Illinois years ago . In the year 1838 I received a little of the seeds in a letter from York State , and sowed it every year until I had about half an acre , that was so heavy that I could not cradle it conveniently , so I mowed and raked it with a horse rake . I should think I had about four tons to the acre , and very excellent for horses as it was lay and grain together . This is the beauty of it ; that the seeds are mostly ripe while the leaves are green . It is a hardy plant and easily raised , but I never before heard of the seed being hard to eradicate . I know I had no such trouble with it . I think some people s . re very foolish about weeds . For instance ; one of my neighbors said that mustard was a bad weed . We think it a very good one . But I do not like the Jamestown weed , nor cockle burr , nor the little burr we used to call tory weed . I began farming in Illinois in Greene Co ....
Preserve your young Trees . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Preserve your young Trees . Editor of the Farmer : I am afraid of applying coal tar or grease of any kind to the bodies of young apple trees to preserve them from injury by mice . I think such applications will injure the trees . It may preserve them from the mice , but I fear may be fatal to the trees . My plan is to tear all grass and trash away from about the roots of the trees , so that there will be no harbor for mice . Mice in such case will not remain about the trees . An additional preventive would be to raise a mound of earth about the roots—say six inches high—to be taken awy in the spring . I have no idea , that any man will have reason to complain of mice destroying his trees if he give them this care . PBARMAIN .
Mice [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Mice Mr . Editor : I notice in the Nov . No . of the Illinois Farmer the enquiry , how are the trees to be protected from the ravages of mice . It is not difficult if properly attended to . In Autumn mound up the earth from 12 to 18 inches high around the trees packing it hard leaving the sides as near perpendicular as will stand . Immediately after each snow fall , tread the snow around the trees . This attended to the mice will not trouble the trees . LEWIS ELLSWORTH . Du Page county Nurseries Naperville , 111 . Nov . 24 th 1856 .
• EGGS ! EGGS ! [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
• EGGS ! EGGS ! At this season of the year there is a great demand for eggs , and they are always at this time scarce and the price high . In onr Farmer we have told ladies how they can preserve eggs the whole year , at little expense . It can be easily dope . When eggs are plenty and fresh , they can be preserved in pots and kegs , if covered with lime water , and the vessels placed in a cool cellar . * We have seen eggs kept perfectly good a whole year in this manner . They . can be pnt up when at a low price , and can be sold in the winter when they are worth 25 or 30 cents a dozen . The time however , has gone by for putting up eggs , They are now worth in market 25 and 30 cents a dozen . This state of the egg market constantly occurs once a year . But we have no idea that one person out of a thousand will heed the advice we give them—to lay by eggs next summer in the way we have spoken of , for use the succeeding winter . That portion of the people who profit by present and pas...
THE ILLINOIS STATE JOURNAL . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
THE ILLINOIS STATE JOURNAL . A Literary and Newt Journal for the Family and Fireside . PROSPECTUS * FOR 186 T . In presenting our Arapectna for the coming year , we tatce occasion to return thanks for the very liberal . patronage bestowed upon the Daily and Wtddy Journal , elnce the paper passed into our hands . We hare endeavored to keep pace with this increase , by a correspondingeffort upon our parttorake the Journal still more worthy of public fi » yor and support . — In the amount and variety of reading matter fhrolshad , li stands unrivalled by any competitor In IUinois , and having recently at great expense , clothed it in an entirely new and beautiful dress , we flatter ourselves that Its typography and general appearance Is likewise superior . Of this however , it does not become us to speak at length—every reader can judge for himself . A heated partisan contest , jnst ended , has prevented onr paying as much attention to pleasing the palate of the general reader as conld ...
Send us Names . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Send us Names . Will onr friends , who feel interested in the Illinois Farmer , be good enough to furnish us with the names and Post Office address , of such persons—10 , 15 , or 100—as would be likely to want to read the Illinois Farmer , that we may furnish them withspecimen numbers ?
Yonr Fall Work ! [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Yonr Fall Work ! Is this all done ? Are your arrangements made for sheltering and feeding your stock ? The winter may prove severe and long . Have you everything in yonr power as food for your cattle , horses , sheep and hogs ? Vegetables which are out must not remain unprotected . Cover your potatoe heaps with straw and with earth , alternately , until they will be entirely safe from frosts . —Do this also for your cabbage , beets apples , &amp; c . A little neglect nOw will be ruinous . Have you made arrangements for your wood ; for schools;—for winter reading ? And withal , in finishing up yonr fall work , do not forget that your subscription for the Illinois Farmer is out , and , we look to you to double its circulation the coming year . Shall we not hear from you ?
The Illinois Farmer . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
The Illinois Farmer . This is the last number of the 1 st volume . There are some few subscribers who have not found it convenient to pay for it ; these it is hoped will promptly remit pay for the 1 st and 2 nd volume . Wo appeal to the friends of Agriculture to send us , at this time , a helping hand . —We believe our paper will be worth to them far more than its cost . They can extend its circulation greatly with little effort . FeW farmers , when its character is properly presented to them , will refuse to subscribe for it . We want a sufficient subscription to enable our printers to do their work well , and afford a stimulant for editorial exertion ! Our prospectus for the next volume will be formd on our first page . We respectfully invite the readers special attention to it . If we can have a subscription for ten thousand copies to begin the next volume withi we shall be most happy . We ought to have this numder . The general subscription terms are the same as heretofore;—for ...
Illinois State Agricultural Society . ' [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Illinois State Agricultural Society . The Executive Board of the Illinois State Agricultural Society wtU meet at Springfield , on Tuesday , the 6 th of January nex $ , to complete all unfinished business , prior to the election of a new Board . The regular biennial election for officers of the Society , will-take place on Wednesday , the 7 th January , being , the time prescribed by the constitution . H . C . JOHNS , President , DwATOit Dec 1 , 1856 .
Transactions of 111 . State Agricultural Society [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Transactions of 111 . State Agricultural Society VOL . H . The Executive Committee of the State Agricultural Society has authorized the preparation of a Second Volume of Transactions , to be submitted to the Legislature at the opening of the session ^—January , 1857 . In this connection the undersigned solicits the co-operation of the friends of Industrial progress , and-especially the officers , and judging committees at fairs , of our county , and other associations in Illinois . Premiums are offered for the best Essays , and the undersigned beUeves ths . t copies of the first and second volumes wUl be awardede for every report , or brief practical article accepted , for the pages of the forthcomlngwork . Premium treatises are not to exceed ten pages of the volume , and must be sent to the Corresponding Secretary , at West Northfleld , before the first of December . Papers on other subjects , and reports of committees may be delayed tin the 15 th of December , and should be carefu...
Premiums at the State Fair [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
Premiums at the State Fair Those who were awarded diplomas at the State ? air are in . formed that they are now ready , and win be sent to order , by S . FIUNCIO , Recording Secretary , Springfield , Illinois . The medals win be ready abont the end of Decemberr-at . least such notice was given by the President , Dr . B . C . JOHNS , of Decatur , Illinois . |@ - We shall be under great obligations to onr brethren of the press , if they will copy or notice the prospectus for the 2 d Volume of the ILLINOIS FARMER . We will reciprocate when opportunity offers .
British and Foreign Apiculture . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
British and Foreign Apiculture . The London Farmer - Magazine has an interesting article on this subject . It assumes for theifact that Russia , France , Belgium , and the rest of the European continent , are making efforts to develop their whole agricultural resources . Russia , espei cially , will make great and unusual efforts for this purpose . Railways are to pervade that empire , and her exports in grain ire to be directed to England ; and , it is suggested that they may in a short time be greater than the demand . Population may increase ; but it is supposed that the production of grain will fairly Outstrip it in the race , if the nations but set about the task in earnest . It is not believed that England , with her worn out soil , with crops which barely pay the cost of their production , can success 1 fully compete , especially with Russia , in the production of grain . The London Farmer goes on farther to state , that England is losing the advantages which rightfully belon...
The Ehubarb Plant . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
The Ehubarb Plant . This plant has rapidly came into use as a material for making tarts , preserves , and wine . In looking over a work on gardening published in 1820 , it says of the common Rhubarb : This may be propagated by seeds or offsets ; they are to be sown or planted abont two feet apart each way . When the leaves make their first appearance in spring they come forward like round balls , the size of a large hickory nut , and are nearly equal to srooseberries for tarts , &amp; c . The common rhubarb of 1820 would not compare in size or excellence with the same plant at the present day . It was then quite small and the buds were only used , It was cultivated in gardens more as a curiosity than as an article of profit . Itwas found on trial that the stalks were just as good for use as the buds . —The plant was then highly cultivated , improved , in size , and by constant planting of seeds and hybridizing we have at length plants that produce monstrous foliage—a single ...
State Pairs [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 December 1856
State Pairs It would be . useless for us to attempt to give satisfactory notices of all the State fairs . Those of Wisconsin , Ohio , Indiana , Kentucky , and our own , were never more successful . Tne St . Louis Fair was a splendid aff . iir—rendered so by its splendid grounds and excellent fealures to show off the exhibition to the best advantage . No State Society can compete with an exhibition got up in the manner of that at St . Louis , —so far as the arrangement and display of articles is concerned .