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"HOW I VIEW THE DEMANDS OF THE R.W.U." [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
"HOW I VIEW THE DEMANDS OF THE R.W.U." The' president of the. Glen Ihnes branch "(Mr. Herbert Osborne) writes: "Just at present the subject princi pally engaging the attention of the various branches of the F. and S. Association is the claims of the Ru ral Workers', Union. ..It; is evident that the scalc was, drawn up ..by people with the idea that by aiming at a star they .would shoot higher than if they aimed .lower. . If the rates as asked are confirmed by the Federal Arbitration Court, there is a good time ahead of the man. on the land. ' "Imagine what, chance a man .with practically no capital will have to commence, say, dairying. At present a man has to be a capitalist in a small way to comply with the "Dairies Su pervision Act,' and if further handi capped with the wages asked by the R.W.U., his start will be anything but rosy. The rates will not hit the estab lished man with an improved place and a banking account behind him, so hard, as lie will be able to trim his sails to...
JUTE GOODS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
JUTE GOODS. The bad weather has rendered the demand for jute very quiet, but in most cases prices have been main tained at steady, levels. This has been due to the fact that the mar ket in Calcutta lias remained firm at rates very considerably above those ruling here. It has been persistently stated from Calcutta that there is rather a shortage of raw jute, but speculators there have a happy knack of smothering visible supplies, arid bringing them out later on, to gene ral upsetting of prices, that natural ly the trade here do not place too much faith in reports from that side at this period of the year. However, there is no question that prices have quietly improved in Calcutta. Wool packs have been cabled down at equal to 2/5% delivered here for season's shipments, and some buying has tak en place, though not much. There is a good quantity held on spot, and merchants have been buying these goods so that the market has lifted somewhat, and is now about 2/3% to 2/4. Cornsacks in Cal...
QUALITY OF WOOL PACKS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
QUALITY OF WOOL PACKS. The foreign and the English manu facturers never get tired advocating ' the use of a better class of woolpack. This is what they call the jute-in wool trouble. There is no doubt that some careless growers do pack their wool carelessly in old covers, but there is no encouragement to do any better. The large producers would be onlly too ready to fall in with the idea, if the buyers paid more for the wool, or made an allowance for a superior class of pack. This season, it was made plainly manifest that men who did use these better class coverings got not a penny more for their wool. They made a thor ough test, by using the newer style of packs and the old ones. The wool in the former was not even in better demand, proving that the grievance on the part of the manufacturers is more imaginary than real. General ly, when a proportion of wool is baled in expensive packs, it is only the lead ing lines that are so treated, while second qualities. and.,,faulty'; sorts g...
AGENTS' REPORTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
AGENTS' REPORTS. -Messrs. Winckcombe, Carson, Ltd., report:-We had an excellent selec tion for our sale held on February 9, including among others the following clips:-Bendenine, 650 bales; JM/ YCK, 310 bales; Bunnamagoo, 250 bales; LY/Hilltop, 257 bales; Con ningdale, 200 bales; Angle/N, 150 bales. The New England offerings were distinctly attractive, and they met with the keenest competition, even with the very restricted American demand, selling up to 14d. All good wools sold at the highest rates of the present year. Now and then a line of superfine quality would reach the level of December. Bulky skirtings and fine crossbreds ruled quite firm. Only the more wasty lots showed any irregularity. Our top price, 14d, was paid for Moffatt Bros.' Yarrowyck clip, from near Armidale, an excellent, well classed clip, showing superfine quality throughout, with a fair weight of ileece. The prices paid included weth ers- 14d, ewes 13%d, hoggets, 13Vid, clothing 13d" 2nd combing 12%d, skirtin...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
DALGETY & COMPANY LIMITED Wool, Grain, and Produce Salesmen, Stock and Station Agents, Fat Stock Salesmen. SYDNEY Wool Sales held at Short Intervals During the Season. Excellent Warehouse Accommodation, Well-Lighted Showroom, and Careful Attention to All Consignments. DALGETY'S AUSTRALASIAN SALES FOR LAST SEASON, 368,000 Bales. Special Department at 140 Sussex-street for the Sale and Export of Wheat, and other Grain and Farm Produce, Butter and Dairy Produce. Agents for: QUIBELL'S SHEEP DIP. CLAYTON & SHUTTLEWORTH'S WOLSELEY SHEEP-SHEARING DAIMLER^DELAUNAY-BELLE MACHINES. VILLE, AUSTIN, F.N., and TANGYE'S PUMPS & MACHINERY other leading MOTOR CARS. ABERDEEN & WHITE STAR LINES OF STEAMERS. Offices: 15 BENT STREET. 0 WOOL VfiBctoottbe SKINS, HIDES, FAT STOCK, FARM PRODUCE THE LEADING SYDNEY SALESi$E!\l.
Stock Crossbreeding Sheep. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
a & -J Crossbreeding Sheep. By "The Shepherd." There is no subject; in slieepbreed W that provides so much various in terest as the crossing of breeds, noi has it yet seen finality. It. is^ also a phase of the wool industry that is but imperfectly understood bj the majority, seeing the numerous mis takes made. At the same time, crossbreeding is of the greatest in terest to the fanner, foi by ' JJ can best assure himself of a fcood return in dual-purpose Arming, lo consult British writers on the sub iect may land him into difficulties, and I regret that some of the Aus tralian writers, have discussed cioss breeding from tlic British standpoint . only due to an imperfect knowledge o^the effect of oiir Australian cli mate and our unapproachable na: tive grasses and other fodder plants on the progeny of the mils There is one . fact that is m disputable; any of the typos o Bri tish breeds fed on natural, condi tions in England and in Austria will ".row a\ bigger carcase, an/I a h...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
The Farmers' Veterinary Institute Of NEW SOUTH WALES (Registered) "Under the approval of The Yorkshire Live Stock Insurance Co., Ltd." REFLEX of AMERICA'S LATEST SUCCESS The payment of Three Guineas entitles a Farmer or Grazier to Free Vet erinary Advice and Medicine at Wholesale Prices for a period of three years. On payment of subscription each subscriber receives one of the In stitute's Veterinary Cabinets, fully stocked with First Aid Medicines, Bandages, etc., Free of Charge. The success Avhicli has attended similar estab lishments in the United States influenced the for mation of the Institute in New South Wales. The management guarantees all Drugs, etc., to to be of excellent quality, and dispensed by one of the leading chemists of tne State; while the Vet erinary advice will be supplied by a prominent member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (London). All cor respondence promptly attended to. Tn urgent cases advice will be sent by telegram at the expense of the app...
SHEEP-SICK COUNTRY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
SHEEP-SICK COUNTRY. At times country clevotecl to stock breeding: Avill become ???."sick." There are several causes to assign for it. One of tlie principal is overstocking. In a seas-on like the present, the land becomes -covered with a thick coat of verdure, tlie whole of which is of ten mistaken for fodder plants. Any botanist will tell yon that a good many of the plants have little or 110 nutritive .value., and some are inju rious. The thicker the coat of green, the more moisture is retained. In some parts of the States, the semi arid ones, this retention of moisture is a benefit, in others it means the reverse, for it tends to ''sour" some of the best of the plants, and becomes the breeding ground for disease germs and bacteria. Putting on a greater quantity of stock does not improve matters. The only remedy is to cut down the high grass and other plants, and convert it into ensilage. It need not be cut very low, but just enough to. provide good feed for the sheep in the paddock...
GLEN INNES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
GLEN INNES. This branch is emphatically of opinion that the Association should become respondents in any case that may come on in the Arbitration Court. "We pledge ourselves to give the Association every assistance in collecting information, etc., in work ing up the case," runs the resolution.
PRECAUTIONS IN DIPPING. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
PRECAUTIONS IN DIPPING. Sometimes advice given by men, who have a thorough grasp of their subject,. t6 farmers and settlers, is disregarded because proof of its truth is absent. But it; must be remem bered that such advice is the out come of a well-tried experience. In our "Hints to Farmers," the neces sity of studying the sheep's health, from a wool-bearing point, of view, lias been made a strong point,: and the factors that militate against health, have been fully set forth. An example of the result of disregard ing these factors lias recently come to hand. The owners of an estate near Ba.tliurst decided to dip a flock of wethers, about the middle of last month. On their way to the dip the distance being five miles; heavy rain overlook them. Those in charge, ... evidently forced the sheep along at a great/pace, and tliey became over heated. Instead of resting the flock for a while, they were dipped straight away. The result was that about 1000 contracted pneumonia, and of these .2...
WALCHA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
WALCHA. The secretary reports:-The opi nion generally is that it is impossible to limit the hours of labour to 48 per week at harvest time, on account of the weather conditions. In regard to threshing machine men, our branch proposes Is per hour for every hour worked only, going to and from work not to be considered. Binder and Harvester Drivers: 40s per week and found, for practical men only. General Harvest Hands: 35s per week of 54 hours, and found. Permanent Farm Hands: 25s per week and found, 48 hours per week, time occupied feeding horses not con sidered. In regard to fruit-growing, maize picking, gardening, etc., we are not conversant with these industries, and therefore cannot,offer an opinion. In regard to "The Land,", members consider it just, the thing for tne man on the land. v .
ZARA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
ZARA. Tlie secretary of this branch indi cates the following rates as being applicable to the district, which is mainly devoted to dairying:-Men, 20s. per week, wet and dry;, youths under 17 years, 12s Gd; 17 to 19 years, 17s 6d; 10 hours a day in summer and nine hours in winter. Women-equal pay for equal work. Parents to be allowed to employ their own children at milking, without en croaching on school hours (9.30 a.m. to 3.30 p.m.).
BARRAGANYATTI. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
BARRAGANYATTI. The secretary of this branch writes: -"My branch.being conversant only with dairying and maize growing con ditions, dealt only with these items, and the following motions were car ried:-(1) That the executive be re quested to obtain a clearer definition of the abolition of child labour clause, and further, that the branch considers that the R.W.U.'s interference with child labour to be beyond their rights. In connection with this we desire to know whether it is the union's idea to prevent a farmer's children from helping on the farm, or whether it is simply intended to prevent the farmer from hiring outside child la bour. (2) Re dairying:-This branch considers 30s per week for 60 hours (including Sundays) to be fair offer, and to include all work pertaining to dairying, such as separating, feeding poddies, etc. (3) Re maize picking. This branch objects to day wages, but would offer instead piecework at the following rates:-25s per 100 bushels in the cob or 16s per 100...
WESTERN LANDS AVAILABLE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
WESTERN LANDS AVAILABLE. A large area of Grown lands in the Cobar district, Western Division of the State, will be available for settle ment under various tenures almost immediately. The blocks vary in size from 8000 and 10,000 to GO,000 acres. They will be offered on the usual conditions, and the leases will be terminable on the 19th June, 1943.
THE BURGLARS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
THE BURGLARS. "For under the pretence of merely dealing with monopolies and making industrial arbitration effective as a preventive of strikes, are pro posals aiming at the vitals of State autonomy, by investing a Federal Court with the right to take control of the State purse out of the hands of the State Parliaments."-A public comment. , » Andy Fisher: "If that dose fixes him, Billy, we can nip liis pants, and anything else we want. But carefully, Billy, carefully!"
CLOSER SETTLEMENT GOVERNMENT SUBDIVISIONS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
CLOSER SETTLEMENT GOVERN MENT SUBDIVISIONS. Parliament has, under tlie provi sions of the Closer Settlement Acts, sanctioned the acquisition or resump tion of twenty-seven estates. Of these, twenty-three have been made available to the public in closer settlement farms, the remaining four being Crowther, YVarrali, Bibbenluke, and Maharatta. Crowther will be available on the 20th February, 1911. Warrali is awaiting the result of an appeal against the Advisory Board's valuation, which will be heard pro bably about June next. Bibbenluke and Maharratta are situated on the Cooma to Bombala Baihvay, now in course of construction. The former will be made available in October, 1911, and Maharratta early in Janu ary, 1912. On the YVarrali estate 45,000 acres have been resumed, and will provide about ninety farms. On the Mahar ratta estate 20,107 acres have been acquired ; and 16,210 acres on the Bibbenluke estate. The former area has been designed into forty-eight farms, and the latter will ...
Shall We Alter the Constitution? THE REFERENDA FOLLY. A RECAPITULATION. IV. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
Shall We Alter the Constitution ? THE REFERENDA FOLLY. A RECAPITULATION. IY. Those who have followed our ar ticles upon the proposals for the al teration of the Constitution, which are to be submitted to the vote of the people in April next, will have now, we hope, a clearer conception of what these proposals really mean. Let it now be repeated: Under a system of unification, power of eentrol and respon sibility for results would go hand in hand, whereas under the constitu tion as now aimed at the power of control will be in one set of people, vh'lst the responsibility for success ful results "will rest with another set. One lot of people will spend the money; another will have to supply it. Under a constitution providing for the unification of the Aus tralian States, every voter in Aus tralia would have flhe same repre sentation, no more, no less. If there were eight times as many voters in New South Wales as in Tasmania, then New South Wales would have eight times as many represen...
The Reader's View "GO ON THE LAND FEVER." [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
j-n The Reader's View "GO ON THE LAftD FEVER." "Agricola" writes:-I was charmed with that sparkling quotation you gave from some highly placed Italian patriot or official; but .1 am not sat isfied with what is being done in New South Wales to place men on the land. I have nothing to say against any particular officer of'the Lands Department. They may be all as good as can be got for the money; but the net result is disap pointing-mostly all cry and very little wool. After about. 50 years of experience in the business, the Great Circumlocution Office seems to be very well satisfied if it gets an ap lication fixed up bv the Land- Board inside of two years. What are two years to ' a young fellow with all ins life before him? They*' are liis best years, fullest of hope and en-: ergy? which with his little capital are : dissipated by the cumbersome and unbusinesslike methods Ave have enacted'into laws. Every year sees sonie new 'fetter rivetted oh indivi dual freedom in the "pursuit of l...