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THE ART OF MILKING. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
THE ART OF MILKING. The process of milking is one of the most important of the works of the farm, of which the dairy for pro fit is an attachment. There are few milkmen who can he taught anything about milking, and it is the rule to find those willing still to learn in the ranks of those who know most about it. These latter are not in need of teaching; they are learning all the time, and they know that one of the first relations to be estab lished between the man and the cow he is to handle in the bails is the sympathetic. The cow must feel confidence in the man, and man must know the animal and her peculiarities, if she has any. Then shouting, scolding, and swearing at the cows is to be protested against, for there is no thing affects the nerves of the milk er and causes her to hang up her se cretions as quickly as a lot of rear ing and bustle in the yard. There is no need in the world for any of these noises, and the good milker knows it.
MILKING MACHINES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
MILKING MACHINES. The difference of opinion about milking machines is very striking. Yon will meet one man who swears by them, another lias tried and dis carded them. And a man does not put out a machine that means as much as the mechanical milker, un less he feels pretty certain about its value, or want of value. Again, a man will not continue to use the ma chine on his cattle if he is not satis iied it is a good tiling. So there are the two opinions all the time. Now, the idea of the milking ma chine is just the thing. It is a labour saving device in a business where labour is, and always will be, a great trouble. Therefore, this is a matter that should be fully threshed out. There are many farmers reading "The Land," who are using machines and are satisfied with tliem. There are sure to be others who ha^e tried them, and are not satisfied. An ex change of opinions would be valu able all round, and we would like to hear both sides. Of course we know machines got a bad bump at the ...
STUD DAIRY HERDS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
STUD DAIRY HERDS. There ought to bo chances for en terprise in the establishment of more high-class dairy studs. It is true that we have .a fair number now, and we have the Government also found ing herds. But those facts should not aetor others from venturing into the, Imsiness. As .the years roll on .the demand for good stiid sorts must increase, as it is proved to the dairy men that it pays to put good blood into their yards. For years the in dustry has been carried along on the loosest lines, but those who do not want to be out-distanced in the race will need to bestir themselves in the right direction. The time was when a man's, farm did not represent a great deal of capital-often little more than the deposit he had paid to the Grown. But those days are past. -Any good dairy country with in a reasonable distance of a fac tory, or a place where there is the prospect of one, is worth money. This appreciation in values tends to put tlie owner on his mettle. If he has any business ...
The Market Mirror WOOL. RAPIDLY SELLING OUT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
The Market Mirror WOOL. RAPIDLY SELLING OUT. Wool-growers whose clips were de layed in finding places in earlier cata logues are to be congratulated in coming on to a market when the de mand is as strong as at any time ?during the season, and certainly bet ter than it was for the first fort night in all markets after the open ing of the new year. Values during the week have not been up to the rulings of the best part of the current statistical wool year, commencing on July 1, 1910; but the rates have been well up to the best point touched since the Christmas-New Year recess. This is due to the fact that trade in manufacturing centres" is continu ing on very sound lines, and that supplies are now seen to be well within, if not somewhat short of, probable consumptive requirements. It is now, at the last moment, as it were, that it is absolutely certain that the 1910-11 Australasian clip will show only a very moderate in crease; and those manufacturers who were "warned" to go very slow...
BRADFORD TOPS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
BRADFORD TOPS. Bradford is nursing the position now. The cables have dropped all reference to quotations for future de livery, based upon the usual "bear" tactics. All the while there is a possibility of beating down raw wool values in the Australian markets. Recent cables stated that the top market was quiet; merino tops were without change, while crossbred qua lities were quoted *4d lower. How prices compare with the quotations on the corresponding date last year are shown as follow: Merino. Feb. 15,1911. Feb. 16,1910. 64's 26 .. 27% Super 60's .. 25% .. 26% Common 60's 24% .. 25% Crossbred. 46's (medium) 14% .. 17% 40's (coarse) 13% .. 15
Miscellaneous. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
Miscellaneous. Millthorpe Branch has forwarded fees for 22 additional members. Sec retary Evans expresses great appre ciation of. the Association newspaper, and predicts great popularity for "The Land" among Millthorpe set tlers. Burrawong branch is urging the Wakool Shire to instruct the Engi neer to report as to the prevalence of star and saffron thistles on the Balranald-Swan Hill and Balranald Moulamein stock route. Burrawong branch has been inform ed by the Department that no fur ther action would be taken with re gard to travelling stock routes, pend ing a decision on the general ques tion of leasing or curtailing travell ing stock reserves. Cunningham branch strongly urges that the control of the Flemington sfi,le yards be removed from the City Council and vested in Government on the abattoirs area. The authorities to be impressed of the need for ur gency in the removal of the above yards. Baan Baa branch urges the remov al of the Flemington sale yards, and for them to be pla...
SUSPECTED POISONOUS PLANTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
SUSPECTED POISONOUS PLANTS. The necessity of conducting experi ments to determine which of the many suspected plants are acfoially poisonous, lias long been recognised. Among plants suspected of causing death are the .following:-Wild Par snip, Thistle, Cape Weed, Wild Poppy, "Caustic Bush, Lantana. Cattle re ported to have died during the year ending June, 1910, number 1037, but this probably was much exceeded.
TICK AND THE COMMONWEALTH. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
TICK AND THE COMMON WEALTH. The Under-Secretary, in submitting the annual report of ' the Chief In spector, of Stock, draws special at tention to two matters of vital im portance in connection /with liis de partment: 1. The time lias come when some thing should be done to causc the neighbouring state of Queensland to realise its responsibilities with re gard to the tick question, which is an ever-present dread to the dairy farmers of our North Coast, and the stock-owners of this State in gene ral. Tlie expenditure by this department 011 preventive .measures, which are '?practically undertaken to prevent tlie invasion of the southern States of Australia of a dangerous foe, in. the shape of this animal pest, has been over £1S,000 per annum, and this should, I maintain, be paid to the Commonwealth on behalf of the whole of Australia. Two courses seem to be open: (a) : To move the Commonwealth Government to undertake this essen tially Federal quarantine work, oil be half of New South Wa...
A REMINISCENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
A REMINISCENCE. Mr. J. S. Lamacli has bought "Lec liolme," owned by the Plon. George Lee, M.L.C. This is the bare an nouncement which appeared recently in a contemporary. Yet "Lecliolme" is one of the most historic-places that binds the breeding of high-class stock in .the past with the present. The Lee. family have always been noted for its cattle, horses, and sheep. The late "John Lee,', whose estate was sit uated close to Lecliolme, both near Bathurst, was noted up to the last, for his shorthorn cattle. The father of John and George, William Lee, was one of the foremost breeders of the shorthorn in the early days, and the first cow recorded m the "N.S.W. Ilerdbook", was owned by him. She was Lorina, calved in 1836, in Eng land, and imported by him shortly afterwards. My first acquaintance with Leeholme dates many tycars back, and it was in connection with the fine merino stud flock 011 the place, many of its members having won battles year after year, on the Batliurst, and other ...
WHY THE MILK VARIES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
WHY THE MILK VARIES. Some farmers claim that the fat content of milk can he increased through methods of feeding, while others claim that it cannot. This is an old question, which has been much discussed. Whether we can increase the fat content by feeding or not, there are other causes of variations (says a dairyman to the "American Agriculturist"'), which are sometimes overlooked. Thus, changes in quality are often attributed to feeding, when they are due to something else. The nervous system of a cow has much to do with the secretion of milk, both as regards quality and quantity. Time of Milking Affects Flow. The time between milking also af fects the test. Milk a cow late in the evening .and the udder will be unusually full and hard. Many of the glands will not be in a free and normal condition. The milk will be rather blue and low in fat con tent. During the night,- however, the fat-secreting cells have more free dom and the morning's milk will be richer. I have noted this to be...
INCREASING THE MILK FLOW. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
INCREASING THE MILK FLOW. "There are many ways/' says an" experienced breeder, "of increasing the flow of milk in cows. Some are tolerably good, others are most ob jectionable. One of my stockbooks informs me that-"If a yield of good, rich milk is desired give your cows every day slightly salted water, in which bran at the rate of one quart to two gal lons of water has been stirred.1 It further states that the flow will in crease 25 per cent, immediately. Re garding the increase I have nothing to say, for I have found this much perfectly true, but what I object to is the statement that the millc will be good and rich. This is entirely incorrect. The richness of the milk is greatly lessen ed. The bran in the salted water is calculated to cause the cow to con sume an extra" quantity of >vater, which is tantamount; to downright cruelty. The stomach thus filled up the gastric juices are seriously di luted, and the animal's digestion injured. If the cow is also being well fed a loss w...
Dairying. Illawarra Dairy Cattle. A DEFENCE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
Dairying. Illawarra Dairy Cattle. A DEFENCE. The hesitation of Professor. Wa,.t to accept the Illawarra _cattlo_ us a distinct breed, has moved Mr. In ank McCatrvcv, honorary secretary oi K Illawarra Dairy Cattle Associa tion, to the following protest. Writes Mr. McCail'reyThe Ilia warra Dairy Cattle Association very carefully considered all the obstacles, that might be thrown in their path when the members thereof set t» work to define the breed. 1 here used to be a whole lot of debating in days cone by about the wisdom of calling these cattle Illawarra Shorthorns. It was said that the word "shorthorn should not be applied to a breed of cattle, however much they may re semble the shorthorn, provided the animals in question contained, the slightest taint of Ayrshire or Devon blood in their veins. The word short- ? horn' then, as now, caused all the trouble. . , " , The breed was often enough defined and redelined, in those discussions, but the term Illawarra shorthorn was afterwards...
VETERINARY STAFF WORK. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
VETERINARY STAFF WORK. The enlargement of the Govern ment's veterinary staff will permit of the investigation of a large num ber of ailments which cause loss to the farmers of the State. Attention, therefore, of stock-owners and farm ers iii. general is, drawn to-, this ?work, which will be carried out in conjunc tion with the Bureau of Microbiology. The Department requests. the- neces sary assistance by an early,. Report of any undue mortality amongst their stock. ..... The cheap stallion or bull is dear at any price^ just as is the counter feit of any kind. Horses sleep but little-usually three to four hours in the 24. Con sequently whatever can be should be done to make them comfortable.
Association Doings ORGANISING CAMPAIGN. Executive Meeting. The R.W.U. Claims [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
ORGANISING CAMPAIGN. Executive Meeting. The R.W.U. Claims IMPORTANT DECISIONS. An important meeting of tlie Ex ecutive of the Farmers and Settlers' Association was lielcl in Sydney this week, a full report of which will ap pear iii our next issue. Organisation, botli; for the purpose of political action and industrial: de fence, claimed chief attention. The affiliation of ten new branches was reported. ; Vice-President Perry gave particu lars of ? his organising tour in the Monaro, far South Coast, Tenterfield and Tainwortli districts, and stated that in all centres visited lie found the farmers more alive to the neces sity of organisation than they liad ever been before. Other members of the executive confirmed the view that the time was ripe for a big organising effort, and to this end it was decided to map. the State into districts, allot ting a district to each executive offi cer and other leading members: The districts are grouped in shires as follows:- ? . No. 1.-Tweed, Byron,...
The Right Class of Australian. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
The Right Class of Australian. By W. iu. Sherrie. It was the last day but one for the ??compulsory; enrolling of Corn- ' niomvealth cadets. The central fig ure of a motley group of boys and yqting men was the inland Area Offi cer, who in mien and personal ap pearance was curiously suggestive of the mighty Mogul of militarism, whose level gaze focussed 021 the Sudan magically tamed and tranquil lised the fierce, restless spirits respon sible for generations of disorder, bloodshed, tyranny and savagery in that Avarlike region. Like the hero of Khartoum, the Area Officer was tall, straight, brown, and muscular, and as he faced them the would-be Australian soldiers at once thought of the Sphinx-like personality which Had impressed itself upon the whole civilised world's sense of power, and felt, with something approaching a sensation of awe, that they were in the presence of a "real" military man, not a mere amateur in imposing regi mentals. When he came, in the course of his interrogat...
THE ROBERTSON ACT. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
THE ROBERTSOn ACT. Mr. Ncilsen's condemnation of the 1861 Land Act has been warmly re sented in different parts of the State. The other side of the question is thus put by "A :C1 Selector/' "who writes thus to the "Yass Tribune." in defence of the Father of Free Selec tion:- .. "Kindly alloAV me, an old selector under the 1861 Land Act, to warmly congratulate you Upon your sub leader in your issue of 26th Janu ary, where you so nobly defended that grand old statesman, Sir John Robertson, from the public sneers of the Hon. Niel Nielsen in his policy speech at Yass. You are right; tlie effects of the Land Act of 1S61, with all its crude defects, will live and be appreciated long after the Lands pol icy of Mr. Nielsen will have stunk in the nostrils of the community. /.'When such as I, then waiting to get on the land, recall the obstacles, not to speak of the sacrifices Sir John had to overcome at the time to consummate that measure, and the after results it produced in thousands of st...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
WARNER ESTATE, WYONG At Wyong; LESLIE A. WARNER, "The Camp" WYONG. 10 to 1000 acre blocks, 62 miles from Sydney; 52-inch rainfall. On the 23rd, 24th, and 25th Feb ruary, Wyong holds its 6th Annual Show, and if you can make it convenient, come down and see what the district can produce. An inspection can be made any day, and provided a couple of days' notice is given, you will be met at the Station, shown over the Estate, and can get back to Sydney the same day. Tell Leslie Warner the day you will be at Wyong. 10 Ycars Tertns. At Sydney: ALBERT H. WARNER (Owner) London Bank Chambers, Pitt and Market Streets.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 17 February 1911
MISS SCHOLEFIELD 41 Elizabeth St. Sydney Agent for Every Kind of Farm and Station Labour. WANTS WORK FOR * Capable Teamster (bullocks, hor ses) ; General Farm Hand, able to plough; Ploughman, care own horses; Rough Bush Hand, able to clear, burn off and fence; Carpenter, able to build; Young Farm Hands, milk, general work, 15/; Youth wants work mixed farm; Married Boundary Rid er, asks 25s; Man Cook, thoroughly clean and highly recommended; Mar ried Couple. Sell Your Wool , THROUGH New Zealand Loan and Mercantile? j Agency Co. Ltd. I SYDNEY Large Clips and Small Clips are sold under Expert Supervision-Unsurpassed Accommodation.