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Essay on Health . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Essay on Health . THE DECLINE OF HEALTH . We doubt uot that mein in his primitive condition was perfect in bodily functions and perfect in health . He lived in and enjoyed a physical Eden , in the sense that all his physical powers acted in harmonious concert . ^ - Then life and full measure of sweets was enjoyed . Disease and pain were unknown . — In . the early periods of our race our fathers lived through centuries in the enjoyment of health . Age crept slowly on . Five , six , &lt; seyenand eight hundred years were the common age of man . Children outlived their fathers . The earth then held no infant grave . We read of no disease , no medical profession , of no . hospitals , of no epidemics , of no universal panaceas ; for the people were all well . Health flowed in all their veins . — - But as mind grewin power , passion augmented its strength , evil concupiscence poured its tides of visciousness among the people , ; dis ease crept m and increased in form and vh &a...
A Horse with the Heaves . j [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
A Horse with the Heaves . j I tried all sorts of heave powders on my patient , with no effect whatever . It is said that in a limestone couutry this disease is unknown , and lime water was prescribed with no apparent advantage . Some one told me to give the horse ginger , and strange to tell , I found that a tablespoonful of ginger given to the General with his oats would cure him for the day , in half an hour after he had eaten it ; but on giving it daily the effect soon ceased . It is a jockey s remedy and will last long enough to swap upon . Finally I was advised to cut my horses fodder and g ive it always wet . I pursued that course carefully , keeping the General tied with so short a halter that he could not eat his bedding , giving him chopped hay and meal three times a day , and never more than a bucket of water at a time . He improved rapidly . I have kept him five years , making him a factotum—carriage horse , saddle horse , plow and cart horse—and he bids fair to remain us...
Droughts—Whither are we Tending . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Droughts—Whither are we Tending . The destruction of our forests , a dsstruction which has been going on-now ever since the settlement of the country , and which has been remarkably rapid in the West for the last fifty years , is producing the following results , which must be very obvious to every observant person . The surface of the earth is more exposed to the drying winds , and to the beams of our sun &gt; mer sun . These causes quicken • the drying of the soils . The sources of many a well and stream are dried by the removal of trees from slopes and hills , from whose bosoms they once drew a permaneotsupply oi water . Par less rain falls on the earth during the summer months than would fall if the earth was more generally shaded with trees . Wide forests attract showers . Many a forest enjoys a generous rain , when the wide , open plain is scorched with drought . Forests act as do streams , to direct the courses of showers , and concentrate them upon their own area . P...
¦ Fall treatment of Asparagus . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
¦ Fall treatment of Asparagus . - As soon ; as the heavy frosts come tokillthe Cops , theyishprild be cut and removed to-the stye or to the compost heap , Tie surface of the bed which vba 8 ; become- hard and .. perhaps , weedy—8 houldbe ; thorottgh ! y 8 ea , rified with the hoe , or forked over , taking care not to injure thecrowns . About the last of the month ? - spread on a-heavy coating of stable manure , at least a half Cord to every two rods square .- The rains will carry down its fertilizing propertses tor the roots , and give them great strength and vigor for an oarly start in the spring . If r near the shore , where margh mud is accessible , a coating of this , one inch thick , in addition to the manure ,, wilt . &lt; io good service . We have : alsb found it anexcellent plan to cover the beds With sea-weed or old hay during the winter . The roots keep active , longer before the ground closes up ; the ground does not freeze so / deep , and starts sooner in the spr...
Packing Eggs for Winter Use . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Packing Eggs for Winter Use . About Christmas eggs are very searce , and consequently high .- With little- care in the summer when they are abundant ; they may be put up so as to keep sound and fresh until anew sup ply can be had in the spring . One of the best ways we have tried for packing eggs so as to keep them long , is to pack them in charcoal dust , in boxes , by setting them on end ; put the boxes in a cool , dry place , and turn them over gotten as once in two days . Put the boxes in aome place where they are sureto be seen ; or they will be forgotten and the turning neglected . Another plan , requiring less attention , and may-answer just as well , is to pack the eggs in Isrge earthen jars and fill them with lime-water , made by pour ihg water on quick lime , and letting , it stand a day-or two covered . The finer particles of the lime which run off with the water is deposited upon the shells of the eggs , and fills the pores and keeps the eggs periectly-sweet for , a long...
The Horse . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The Horse . Hon . Zedock Pratt , in a lecture -on the Horse , g ives some valuable hints and suggestions . POINTS OF A GOOD rBORSKHe should be about fifteen anda . half hands high ; the head and neck clean made ; wide between the nostrils , and tbei nostrils tfien £ selves large , transparent and open ; broad in the forehead ; eyes prominent , clear and sparkling ; ears small , neatly set on ; neck rather short and well set up ; large arm or shoulders , well throw back , and high ; withers arched and high ; legs fine , flat , thin and small boned ; body round and rather light , though sufficiently large to afford substance when it is needed ; full chest affording play for the lungs ; back short with the hind quarters set on rather obliquely . Any one possessing a horse of this make and appearance , and weighing eleven or twelve hundred pounds , may rest assured he has a horse of all work , and a bargain well worth getting hold of . CABE OP HORSES . — No horse can endure labor all th...
Fruit Trees—What Becomes of them ? [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Fruit Trees—What Becomes of them ? At the recent Fruit Grower s Meeting- in Western New York , the question was raised : What becomes of all the trees that are propagated and sold in the nurseries of that section ? The opinion of the meeting , as expressed in th « discussion , was , that although many trees were lost and worthless from improper treatmant in the nursery , and many from damage sustained in transportation , yet more were lost by unskillful planting , and neglect afterwards , than from any and all ether causes combined . This , I believe to be the case . In all my observations of travel , I thinkl can safely say that I have not seen one orchard or one garden in a hundred even tolerably managed . By far the greater number look as though the proprietor had abandoned his trees to ruin . . Blown over to one side , anchored in a tough grass sod , buried up in groves of corn-stalks , torn and broken by cattle , barked and bruised by the plough , pruned with an axe—thus they p...
Boys and Girls at School Together , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Boys and Girls at School Together , Mrs . Jameson , in her Common Place Book of Thoughts , Memories and Fancies , says : I am convinced from my own recollections , and from all I have learned from experienced teachers in large shools , that one of the most fatal mistakes in the training of children has been the early separation of the sexes . I say has been , because I find that everywhere this most dangerous prejudice has been giving way before the light of truth and a more genial acquaintance with that primal law of nature , which ought to teach us that the more we can assimilate on a large scale the public to the domestic training , the better for all . There exists still the expression—in the hi gher classes especially , that in early education , the mixture of the two sexes would tend to make the girl masculine , and the boys effeminate , but experience shows that it is all the other way . Boys learn a manly and protecting tenderness , and girls become at once moire feminine an...
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS To male Hens lay in Winter . MESSRS . EDITORS : AS we are social beings , let us talk about poultry afew moments . Now to Hiy caption . First make ahbuseiJby 10 feet—a 16 light window on the South side , a double door on the west , ventilator eight inches square , in the top , let it run up 2 $ feet above the ridge board . Line the inside ol the room with boards , leaving a space of four inches ,,, fill the space with sawdust and tanbarki Let the room be 6 feet between joints ; lath , plaster and whitewash it . Bank it up on the outside f 6 ur feet high with horse manure . Now you havfe a room that will not freeze . This roj &gt; m is sufficiently large for 25 hens and 1 cock . Place in a corner , a box 6 feet long , 1 foot sauare , with 5 partitions for nests . Place the box on the end ; let the front be open except a four inch protection to each nest . Let the roosts be in the shape of a ladder . Your house is finished . Keep 2 inches of sand upon the f...
To PREVENT Cows FBOM HOLDING VP THKIB [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
To PREVENT Cows FBOM HOLDING VP THKIB MILK . —One of the best methods to prevent cows from holding up their milk , is to feed them at the time of milking . If this is done they will give down their milk freely . But if you neglect to feet them they will hold it up so that it is almost impossible to get any from them . Try the experiment of feeding them at milking . SCRATCHES IN HOBSES . — It is said that this often troublesome disease , unless very bad , may be cured by washing thoroughly with soap suds , and then tubbing with lard fried outof salt meat Keep clean and wash and grease every other day until a cure is effected . Leaning mud to dry upon the legs of a horse is one great cause of this disease , and many horses are in ? ured by want of care and cleanliness wen driven in muddy weather ;
Hasty Pudding—How to make it . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Hasty Pudding—How to make it . Corn meal . should always be coarsely ground . The finest meal Should be as coarse grained as mustard seed . Fresh corn should be ground at least as often as once in three our four weeks . — The meal should be kept in a dry cool room . — Second : Our favorite mush ia not a very hasty padding . It is made thus : For two quarts 1 of pudding put three quarts of water and one tablespoonful of salt into a kettle and heat it until it is quite warm . Then take out one quart of water and stir into it Indian meal enough to make a thick batter , so thick that it will scarcely run . Work it over with the ladle or wooden spoon until not the smallest lump remains , and then return it to the kettle where the other two quarts of water will by this time be boiling rapidly . It must now be kept boiling briskly with constant stirring , for not less than twenty minutes , and , until it hss boiled down so much as to be hard to stir . Nothing but constant stirring from the...
A Horticultural Hint [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
A Horticultural Hint Every year witnesses great , improvements in the . cultivation of all kinds of fruit , and we are glad to perceive that there are thousands of intelligent farmers in all sections of the country , who manifest some degree of interest in this matter , and are beginning to realize that few subjects are more worthy of their attention . Still , it must be confessed that good cultivation is the exception , and an unprofitable and shameful neglect the rule , among the generality of fruit growers . How many trees are planted every year in grain or in grass l and left to wither and to die ? How many are planted without judicious pruning , without due preparation of the • oil , without mulching , or that cultivation of the land which is necessary to insure the vigorous growth of all the superior kinds of fruit trees ? We have met with individuals who appear to think that the best way to secure good fruit , is to allow the trees to take ^ their natural growth . This is a ^...
Remedy for Borers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Remedy for Borers . Mr . N . S . Smith , of Buffalo , says , in the Ce-untry Gentleman , that he has found the following an effectual remedy for the borer : Make a mound of soft earth around the root , rising about six inches above where the borers are at work . Then saturate this mound with a strong brine made out of common salt . Make the application twice within four weeks , any time when the ground is not frozen . Old pork or beef brine is just the thing . Mr . Smith says the brine is taken up by the tree and thus destroys the insects . He adds that it should be applied cautiously to young trees .
Stopping [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Stopping Pinching off the end of a shoot or branch is called stopping , in gardener s phrase , because , the , growth of the shoot is arrested or stopped in that direction . It is often done unwisely , and with injury to the crop or tree . Sometimes weeds are pulled up when there is sap enough in them to mature all their seeds . If the person was experienced , he would remove the entire weed , root and branch , and a harvest of weed-seeds w ^ ould be avoided . Many people have the benevolent but rather officious habit of pulling up weeds , when walking in a neighbor s garden . It would be better to leave this matter for him or his gardener . The work would probably be better done , and certainly more to the taste of the parties concernr ed . It is not always best to see a weed in a neighbor s garden . [—Horticulturist .
Boot Grafting Roses . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Boot Grafting Roses . This has been done in England for a long time , and in this country for the last ten years , by Mr . Weston , of Ash wood , Tenn . He describes the manner substantially as follows : Take the root of any hardy variety , from a quarter of an inch to an inch through and cut it into pieces of six inches long . — Rub the thorn from the scion with the back of the knife , as far as the bandages will extend . Make the cut on the root two inches and a half long , and the cut on the scion to correspond . As early as possible plant the grafted roots , in two rows , two feet apart . ; the plants one foot apart in the rows . Plant the roots firmly . Leave only one or two eyes of the scion above ground . When the buds begin to push , loosen the soil with a hoe . — Pinch out all the flower buds as they appear . Pinch back the shoots when they are about eight inches long . Mr . M . says he has been quite successful in this mode . The kinds that make the stoutest wood do best b...
Beet Root Coffee . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Beet Root Coffee . A very good coffee can be made of beet root in the following manner . Cut dry beet root into very small pieces , then gradually heat it in a close pan over the fire for about fifteen minutes ; Now introduce a little sweet fresh butter and bring it up to the roasting • heat- The butter prevents the evaporation of the sweetness and aroma of the beet root , and when fully roasted it is taken out , ground and used like coffee . A beverage made of it is cheap , and no doubt equally as good for for the human system as coffee or chickory . [ Sci . American .
The Next Volume [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The Next Volume The first volume of the ILLINOIS FARMER is drawing to a close . It has beenpublished under some disadvantages , which will hereafter be avoided . The next volume will be improved in typographical appearance , and it is designed to embrace illustrations which maybe of service to its readers . We are indebted to many individuals for the interest they have taken in this publication . We hope it has been of some service to them and the public . We aim to make it a practical work , which every reader may understand , and especially design it for farmers and laboring men of Illinois- — Eastern agricultural periodicals , although conducted with distinguished ability , are not suited to the agriculture of the West . We are impressed , too , with the belief that there should be published a paper devoted to agriculture in Central Illinois , and that it should be presented at a cost that will enable every farmer to subscribe for it , and in a form that will allow of its conveni...
Poultry—Does it Pay ? [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Poultry—Does it Pay ? Within a few years there has been a poultry mania over most of the country . Much money has been spent in procuring and propagating divers varieties of the dunghill fowl . The great Chinese fowl , which in our younger days was considered merely as a curiosity —unworthy of raising as an article of profit , jp late years has obtained a high reputation , which it is hardly entitled to . In cities and towns , and the country , where feed is scarce and high , such is their inordinate appetites and the immense quantities of food they devour , that they will not pay the cost of keeping and the care bestowed upon them . They may be kept for fancy , in order to see what monstrous birds can be raised , and as things of curiosity , but they will not pay , so far as dollars and cents are concerned . In the country , such a country as ours , where there is plenty of food constantly going to waste , there may be some reasons in favor o ^ rearing the large Chinese fowls . Whi...
The Wheat Crop in Kentucky . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The Wheat Crop in Kentucky . The Western Farm Journal , a monthly paper published in Louisville , Ky ., hask statistical article which shows a great falling off in the production of wheat in that State , The figures stand as follows : Product of 1840 4 , 803 , 152 bushels . - Product of 1850 2 , 142 , 330 buheto . Decrease in ttn years 2 , 661 , 822 bnshsls . The writer furnishes figures to show that Kentnckyhad 909 , 199 bushels of wheat for sale in the year 1840 , and 2 , 750 , 134 bushels to buy in the year 1850 ! The sum of these two quantities is 3 , 660 , 533 bushels , which at $ 1 per bushel , is the exact difference in the money value of her wheat crop , to Kentucky , between the year 1840 and the year 1850 . A decrease of three and a half millions per year , in the value of the most important element that goes intothe production of the breadstuff s of the world , is certainly , not a very encouraging picture for any State .
Emigration . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Emigration . Ton have spoken of the richpraries of the West ; but can you fancy the dull monotonous employment of sowing and harvesting grain always upon a dull , monotonous level surface , out of which the sun rises gloomily in the morning , and into which he sinks in selitary sadness at evening , staring with his great whiteeye all day ; his glorious light undivided , unvaried by the beautiful prisms of nature that everywhere surround you here ; the mountain , the forest , the vale , the river , the cloud ; violet , indigo , blue green , yellow , orange , red , and all the variety of their combinations . Heje can you realize the sublimity of the simple though wondrous words , God said let theie be light , and there was light , Are you sure you will not find among the strangers you meet there , the trace of numerous and fatal diseases ? Will you not burn with fever and shudder with ague ? Is it a pleas ant thing to pass through the purgatory of acclimation ? Do you believe that the...