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COMMERCIAL , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
COMMERCIAL , The Markets . We are of opinion the price of wheat will be sustained through the season , or undergo little fluctuation . The yield of wheat through the Union is rather above than under the average and is of superior quality . In England the harvest is not soabundantbut that considerable Imports will be required ftom us . The stocks from the Black Sea will be reduced in consequence ol the war . In France there will be a large demand upon us , and Spain , generally a bread exporting country , has at present but a limited supply . At home , with a liberal supply left over from last year , we shall be able to meet these deficiences and retain an abundance for our own consumption . Our Millers have almost destroyed the sale of flour in Europe by their wretched brands , and if some change for the better does not soon take place , we shall lose the manufacture in this country and export wheat alone . Europeans are not partial to our Indian Corn , and apart from famine seasons...
CONTENTS . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
CONTENTS . Tobacco and Opium . . 217 Fall of the Charter Oak —Hedge Fences 219 Sale of the Messrs . Browns Stock 220 Cultivation of the Grape in the UnitecfStates 221 Of the Moon—Cultivation of Fruit 222 Valuable Raspberry Patch—Poultry—English Durham Stock 224 The Eagle Fan—Apples for Food 225 The TuUp aud Hyacinth—Official List of Premiums 226 Education of the Agriculturist—Oreat Sale of Stock 228 Productive Orchards—The Fireside Forty Vears Ago . 229 Demonstration of Foreign Animals 230 Agriculture and Manufactures—The Railroad 231 MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS : Canvass Bags for Hams—A first rate Suit Pudding —How to Mend China—Rice Jelly—Linseed Tea for Sick Horses—Antidote for Laudanum—For Cooking Vegetable Oysters—To Make YeUow Butter in Winter—Pudding Sauce—Preserving Butter—Voice of the Water Melon—Musk Beds—The Turkey—Butter—Sheep—To Prevent a Cow from Fretting after her Calf—Stone Cement—Plant a Tree—BedBugs—Carpets—A Lesson from the Birds—Cure for Corns on Horses Feet—To Cure Shee...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
ME AND BIRLEf ; FOR FALL SOWING , JUST RECEIVED and for sale by FRANCIS &amp; BAR . REL . L . mSILESS BAGS * SEAMLESS BAGS—JUST RECEIVED AND far sale by FRANCIS &amp; BARRELL WHEAT AND FtOUR AND CORNMEA 1 FRESH AND FINE , FOR SALE BY sept 27 FRANCIS &amp; BARBELL .
Beneficent Ageneies of the Useful Arts . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Beneficent Ageneies of the Useful Arts . BT smntr c . DEMINO . Among the instrumentalities , which affect the condition of man , the precedence is quite uniformly , and rightfully given to those which address themselves to his spiritual nature , to Religion , Education , Law and the Fine Arts . But if these agencies were the first in order of time , as they are in rank , to which he is subjected , and after they had done for him their utmost , he should be bereft of others , equally indispensable to his welfare , he would find himself the most miserable and pitiable specimen of the mamalian family . He might be good , wise , upright , noble in reason , infinite in faculties , in form and moving express and admirable , in action like an angel , in apprehension like a god , but he would be naked , thin-skinned ,-hungry , thirsty , short-winded , shame-faced biped , without hide , fur or feathers . In such a condition the useful arts receive the paragon of animals from the hands of his...
The Chinese SugarCane . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The Chinese SugarCane . Last spring we received some seeds of this cane from the Hon . T . L . Harris , and we distributed it to individuals scattered in different parts of the State . Wehave only had returns from one parcel of the seed thus disposed of . Mr . J . D . Patterson , residing a few miles from this city , on the Jacksonville road , planted the seeds given him in good ground . They came up well , the plants grew rapidly , and perfected their seed . The plants have something of the appearance of the Chocolate Corn , but it is a distinct variety . Several stalks sprung from one root , and . a large crop can be raised from a small stock of seed . Thus it appears , that this Chinese Sugar Cane will grow to perfection in this climate , yielding a large quantity of stalks . Mr . Patterson . procured some of the juice from the stalks in an imperfect manner , and manufactured it into syrup . The syrup was delicate , without strong taste , equal to ; any syrup from the sugar cane ...
The want of Water . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The want of Water . In passing over the railroad north of Bloomington , at this season of the year , very little water is to be seen . A stranger would regard the country as likely to suffer for water when settled . We overheard the following conversation , in the ears , at the point spoken of , a few days since : This country cannot be settled by stockfarmers . Tliey could not obtain water for their stock . I see but few running streams , and those at great distances from each other . I live in McLean county , have considerable stock , and have watered 400 head , during the dry weather , from a single well . — The water is drawn by a pump moved by a wind-mill . The mill must give you trouble to regulate it , and bow do you get alongwhen there is no wind ? ¦ s &lt; We have now wind-mills , the speed of which is regulated by the wind itself . — I Get the right speed , and however heavy the wind may be , that speed will not be increased . You apprehend that the mill may not I ...
Drilling in Wheat , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Drilling in Wheat , Fields of wheat , the seed of which was drilled in the present fall , now look beautifully ; while many fields sown broadcast , in the usual manner , are suffering by the dry weather . Should the winter set in without rain , much wheat will be destroyed . The practice of drilling in wheat is increasing . Onr farmers are satisfied that it is the best practice for securing- good crops . It insures uniformity in the distribution of the seed ; it puts the seed so deep that the plants are not killed by unfavorable weather in winter . We takethis occasion to say that farmers who would use the drill for putting in gram , must prepare their grounds well . If they are weedy they must be plowed so deep that the teeth of the drill will not be interrupted by them . This is absolutely essential to success , in using the drill . If the ground is clean , it need not be plowed so deep , though we are sore that deep plowing will be well paid for by increased crops .
The Beauty of Trees . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The Beauty of Trees . A tree undoubtedly is one of the most bewutifnl objects in nature . Airy and delicate in its yoath , luxuriant and majestic in its prime . venerable and picturesque in its old age , it constitutes in its various forms , sizes , and developments the greatest charm and beauty of the earth in all countries . The most varied outline of surface , the finest combinations of picturesque materials , would be comparatively tame and spiritless without the inimitable accompaniment of foliage . — Let those who have passed their whole time in a richly wooded country , whose daily visions are deep leafy glens , forest clad hills , and plains luxuriantly shaded , transport themselves for a moment to the desert , where but a few stunted bushes raise their heads above the earth , or those wild steppes , where the eye wanders in vain for some leafy garniture , where the sun strikes down with parching heat , or the wind sweeps over with uabroken fury , and they may , perhaps , es...
The County Fairs [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The County Fairs Friends and Brtikrm : The last month was a busy season with your editor . He had scarcely time to prepare articles for this pa . per , and could not be present to read the proof sheets . The County and State Fairs are now passed , and he is again at his post . We-will now speak of our own County Fair . The beautiful grounds belonging to the Sangamon Agricultural and Mechanical Association , were considerably improved from last year , yet much remains to be done upon them to make them what we desire . That is a matter in which all our citizens have an interest ; and if all will lend a helping hand , by taking a small amouat of the stock of the Association , which will be a light tax , we can make those grounds a pride of our city and of the central county of the State . The lands cost the society $ 15 per acre ; they are now worth $ 150 ; consequently , the stock is worth more than par . We learn that a . committee will wait upon our citizens and receive subscription...
The Autumn [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The Autumn Has been a pleasant one . Farmers have had a favorable time for gathering their fall crops and preparing for winter . If they have not yet done this , they have no time to lose . It is much better to drive business , than to have it drive you . The past season , from spring till this time , has been dry . The crop of fodder has been , to a great extent , cut off Cattle will need all the food that can be saved for them the coming winter . Every thing that will answer for food for them should be saved—corn fodder should be saved—straw should be saved—buck-wheat straw should be saved —and the cutting box should be used , which which will secure economy in feeding . Our farmers have one advantage over the last fall : their stock is in better condition than it was then , and this will be a great advantage in wintering them . Another thing should not be neglected . Stock will consume more food when they have to undergo all changes and severities of weather without shelter , tha...
Schools . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Schools . Thers are many school districts where schools are only kept in winter . It is full time that the houses were put in order and instructors obtained . Dont employ cheap instructors . They are too dear for any valuable purpose . There are a good many of them about the country . — Obtain good men , well-qualified men ; pay them well and they will serve you and your children . Cheap labor in this country . is the poorest labor jou can have . Labor which would be well directed , whether it be training children or guiding a locomotive , should have mind as well as muscle to back it . The great advantage of free labor is found in this last important item . Parents want thtijr children to learn well at school ; then give them good instructors , provide rooms that are comfortable and pleasant ; encourage your children , make them realize the anxiety you feel on their account , and you will be likely to see your desires realized iu the progress they make in their studies .
Ground and Management for Corn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Ground and Management for Corn . James Beatty , of Lawrence county , Indiana , gives his experience in raising corn , at a recent meeting of the Agricultural Society . If we should criticize , his practice at all , it would be to discard the use of the plow entirely in working corn . We hope farmers will practice upon thfc closing suggestion ef this extract . Mr . B . says : I raised the best crop of corn last year that I ever did . The season was fine for eorn , bat I think the process of culti ration had something to do with the heavy yield . The principal part of the land I planted was old blue grass pastures . I commenced breaking in February . I broke deep , perhaps , on an average , eleven inches—the first plow running five , and the subsoil six inches deep . I planted the last week in April and the first week in May . I laid the ground off 3 J ft . apart , running four inches deep * The out worms did not do much damage to my corn , while some of my neighbors that broke later ...
Preparing Prodnee for Market ; [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Preparing Prodnee for Market ; This is an important subject for the consideration of that ehiss of farmers who supply our cities with market articles . It addresses itself , to their good taste as well as to their pockets The same articles will always bring a much higher price in market when well prepared , than if not so prepared . We have seen so much of carelessness in this respect , and so much loss , by it , that we think we may often refer to it , to the . advantage of all parties concerned . How often do we se ^ butter- brought to market in an untidy manner ; apples bruised , mangled , somejrottpn } and containing small and worthless fruit—sometimes fall and winter apples mixed together , white and . red , large and small . — Potatoes of . every odor , of every shape and of all sizes ; Beans , many of which are mouldy and . unfit for eating—and many other articles in the same slovenly style . Farmers may suppose that they make money by getting up market articles in this way—b...
• Farming Thoroughly . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
• Farming Thoroughly . i he following extract from a letter of Gen . Washington to Arthur Young , our young farmers would do well to copy out in a full , fair hand , and put in a frame . It is not the least of the lessons of wisdom which he left as a legacy to his countrymen . The agriculture of this country is indeed low , and the primary cause of it is , that instead of improving a little ground well , we attempt too much , and do it ill . A half , a third , or even a fourth of what we mangle , well wrought and properly dressed , would produce more than the . whole . Will such of our friends as think they have not capital to improve with , ponder it well ? If it be true that one-fourth , or one-third , or one half , well wrought and properly dressed , will produce more than the whole , then the wisdom of applying the whole value , if need be , of the remaining three-fourths , or twothirds , or one-half to the proper working and dressing of the remainder is apparent . Yet , nothing...
Hints for Autumn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Hints for Autumn . APPLES . —Gather winter varieties witn care and carry them to the fruit room . Pick them during dry weather and if they are put in barrels , allow the heads to remain off for a week or until the sweating process is completed . CHERRY TREKS . —Plant out standards during the latter part of the month , or at any time after heavy frosts . ECONOMY OP LAND . —Plant out an orchard of apple , pear or cherry trees in rows say 25 or 30 feet apart , and set out Raspberries or Blackberries between them , bringing the berries in a line with the trees so that the whole ground can be worked for a few years with the plow or cultivator . Both of these smaller fruits do well in a partial shade , which the fruit trees will soon make . The ground must be manured , commensurate with the crops expected from it . EVERGREENS may be transplanted early in this month . FRUIT TREES of all kinds may be set out this month though the Peach , Nectarine and Apricot are more certain to live when t...
The Orchard . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The Orchard . Apple orchards can now be planted out with advantage . Many of our best fruitgroweisprefer to plant out apple trees in the fall . This is especially the case where lands have a dry bottom—so dry that water will not stand about the roots of the trees . Nursery trees which stood the trial of the last winter , and have been growing this summer , can be relied on . Our farmers have more leisure to plant out orchards in the fall than in the spring ; and besides , they can plant the trees out better in the fall than in the spring season , The ground is in better condition for the purpose , and they have more time to do the work well .
lahoi . " [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
lahoi . What profit hath a man of all his labor which he taketh under the sun , is a scrip , ture saying and ascribed to Solomon . That the writer of the Ecclesiastes viewed labor with great respect , is evident ,, though there are frequent allusions to the vanity of human effort , rather as questions to be afterwards answered in lessons of practical wisdom , that whatsoever thy hand findeth to do , do it with all thy might , and the hand of the diligent maketh rich , and summing up with these words , that God shall bring every work into judgment , with every secret thing , whether it be good , or whether it be evil . Paganism has never given encouragement to labor ; its civilization was of quite another order . War and the warrior were ever held up to its esteem and delight . Of what are the songs of Homer ; of what sentiment does the heathen mythology most abound , but of contests , stratagems and wars ? Yirgil wrote on pastoral and agricultural pursuits , but not as a main purpos...
To Preserve Potatoes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
To Preserve Potatoes . . Last winter nearly the whole crop of potatoes in this section of the State , and South of us , was destroyed by the intense cold . — We trust that effectual preparation will be made for securing the present crop the coming winter . Mr , Henry Euders , of Freport , in this State , has published in t le American Agriculturalist , his plan for preserving potatoes . He says : We dig a pit one foot deep six feet wide , and as long as may be needed . If deeper than one foot the potatoes are more liable to heat . The potatoes are then put in and heaped up as high as they will lie , in the form of a long ridge . We then cover them with the soil removed from the pit . We use no straw at all , because it adds to the warmth and makes them sooner germinate and decay . Let any one try two heaps side and side , the one with straw under the earth put on , and the other without , and he will find a marked difference in favor of not using any straw . We do not leave any air-...
Vaeanciss in Orchard [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
Vaeanciss in Orchard The last winter destroyed the most tender varieties of the apple trees . Trees the most valuable , and as we supposed the most hardy , were killed . Among those destroyed were the Milam , the Jeneting , the Baldwin . Many , which were not destroyed , were so much injured that they will probably die within another year . What is io be done ? We cannot think- of abandoning orchards . Probably a winter of equal severity with the last will not occur again in fifty years . We must fill up the vacancies in our orchards with new trees from the Nurseries . Nursery trees now living , having withstood the cold weather of last winter , may be considered hardy . In planting out trees it will not do to remove an old apple tree and put a new one in its place without subjecting the soil to some preparation . Experience has shown that apple trees thus planted out will never make good and flourishing trees . To succeed well the old apple tree must be removed and the soil about i...
The St . Louis Fair . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 November 1856
The St . Louis Fair . This has been a splendid affair . Great expense was involved in getting it up . The land and fixtures cost some $ 150 , 000 . St . Louis will now have her annual fairs , which will draw much patronage from onr own State . The permanent fixtures for the fair give great advantages , and these will be improved to the extent of making the Pair Grounds of St . Louis one of the leading objects of interest near the city . We have not yet seen the list of premiums awarded . We are told that several first premiums were given for Illinois stock . S ® = » There axe ten times as many newspapers printed in German in the United States as there are in Germany .