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Building Silos by Cooperative Labour. HOW THE SMALL FARMER MAY SAVE EXPENSE. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 December 1913
Building Silos by Co operative Labour. HOW THE SMALL FARMER MAY SAVE EXPENSE. By W. FRANCIS AHERN. I once saw a pit silo built on the co operative plan by some small "dry" farmers. It was quite a new thing'/ and it had everything' to commend it. Boughly, half a dozen farmers combin ed their labour in digging the pit-one of the number, a plasterer with an assis tant did the cementing of the dirt walls, and all contributed towards the buying of a cutter. By this m.eans the farmers were able to carry their live stock through a fairly hard winter, and in ad dition they were able to turn milk and cream into cash when some of their less fortunate neighbours were obliged to pay high prices for winter feed, and others were forced to sell some of their stock for lack of feed. Had that silo not been built it would have cost them from £150 to £200 for feed to carry the stock through the winter. W W This silo, built on the co-operative plan, held about 150 tons of silage. It cost £60 to build--...
Tennis. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 December 1913
Tenn&lt;s. Mr. J. A. L. Thompson, Hon. 'Secretary, writes:-"The third consecutive tennis tournament, in the form of a sealed handi cap competition, "\yas held on the Leeton Courts, on. Saturday, the 15th . N"oyember. Very good form was shown by Mr. Hill house and Miss Lavery, who carried off the trophy. They were closely followed by Messrs. Carter and Larsen, running second, and Messrs. McShaiie and H. Hooper, who obtained third place, the general form being considerably above the average. * sji . "The matches were carried out on the American system, 1M games in all being played, and the tournament completed in sufficiently early time to permit of gene ral play."
Some Matters of Interest [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 December 1913
Some Matters of Interest i The Commissioner has replied to reso lutions of Advisory Board as follows: HOTEL FOR AREA. "I do not propose granting' permission for any person, during at least the next twelve months, to apply for a wholesale or retail license to sell spirituous liquors. The whole matter of the requirements of the settlement in this regard will be con sidered at the end of the next year 1914." LEETON RAILWAY. "This is a question of the general de velopment of the whole irrigation areas, which is contingent on the provision of a sufficiency of funds to meet requirements for all purposes. At the present time it is considered that there are many other works of greater importance than the construction of this branch railway; for instance, the provision of railway com munication for Mirrool." DRY AREAS FOR 2-ACRE BLOCK HOLDERS. "The. above is being taken into con sideration in the design now being pre pared of the dry areas. The matter of the pumping of water by windmills fro...
Starting as an Irrigation Farmer. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 December 1913
Starting as an Irrigation Farmer. IT will be remembered that in previous numbers of the Record expressions of opinion were invited as to the estimated amount of capital required by a settler taking up a 50-acre block on the Murrum bidgee Irrigation Areas. An estimate is now given hereunder which approximates the details of expenditure and receipts during the first years of occupation on a 50-acre block by a settler of average experience and ability, who intends eventually to take up fruit growing as his permanent source of revenue, and who elects, in the meantime, to follow dairy ing as'"a'"pot-boiler" until his trees sufficiently bear to justify his whole time being devoted to an orchard. * & * For ready calculation, each item, both in connection with expenditure and re ceipts, has been shown as a casli tran saction, and, of course, should an intend ing settler bring' with him any posses sions his outlay would be to that extent reduced; Similarly, should he consider the amo...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 December 1913
THE LEADING FIRE OFFICE IN AUSTRALIA @Assets exceed I22.295.656. Annual lDeoroei7.250.000. & Underwriter. IMERCIAL UNION PERSONAL ACCIDENT. __ » FIRE S Acci DENT As$c-ECob LOCIL REPRESENTATIVES-THE MURRUMBIDGEE IRRIGATION SETTLERS' SHAREHOLDERS AND INTENDING SHAREHOLDERS MAY EFFECT FA OPPDATIVP QOFLPTV I rnn I PPTHN ALL THEIR INSURANCES THROUGH THE SOCIETY'S AGENCY. VU-UFELYA I I Y E OUTLCL I, U1U«, LFDEIUIL.
Appreciation. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 December 1913
Appreciation. Sir. A. W. Gornitzka, Manager, Yanco ^tobacco plantation, has received;-thp-'fol: lb win 2' letter - /-> **?. ' tt- .i. ^".v"u"inr/nnnnn.n desire -to, vnddj .iTnrie»rtrialso^ hearty appreqi.Uion^f'the eTForts you are Tkin« ?' to^estalJlisii^f^^ioifaTfiiMustry. " '' . i- Yours &lt;Nsc., ; ^(S-gv^^WS^0imm - * - 1.
M.U.I.O.O. Lodge, Leeton. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 1 December 1913
M.U.I.O.O. Lodge, Leeton. Mr. W. Spears writes:-"An interest ing ceremony took place on Tuesday, 11th November, being the opening by the Grand Master G. C. Woolston (New castle) of the Loyal Leeton. Lodge, Man chester Unity I.O. Oddfellows, at the School of Arts. W W ' "This benefit society should be of par ticular interest to settlers on this area, being the strongest financially and numeri cally. It has more funds than the next four largest societies in N.S.W. combined, asked' by his prospects'- ih/, irrigation-?farming;,; ;at«r Leeton, and he;, was.^ to be able, to make a- good report, lie thariked the' offi cials for the courtesy extended to them. Bro. Moore, of Wagga, considered Leeton would be a great fruit growing centre, and he would be happy to advise any of the local brethren upon fruit drying and pre serving. &lt;JEEe wouId never forget his-visit." LA notice.relating to.the society appears in this j V y* ?; i i ? ? ? .. HHi ^Hi VT
Shelter Belts at Yanco Experiment Farm. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
Shelter Belts at Yanco Experiment Farm, The illustrations in this issue of var ious growths of treets forming shelter belts at the Yanoo Experiment Farm are intended to impress settlers with the necessity of making1, provision for these essential requisites for their holdings. There has been ample evidence recently of the power of the wind in damaging fruit trees and vegetables; and when it is within the reach of every settler to plant windbreaks they should make ready for planting suitable trees at once. The sugar gums are rapid growers, and may be planted now. The Kurrajong is also a good tree for the purpose. Later, almonds may be set out. These make an effective and economic shelter. It is not a question of experiment. The Yanco Experiment Farm' has demonstrated what is best to do. Settlers should visit this useful institution more often.
Rearing Calves. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
Rearing Calves. Mr. H. R. Alexander, formerly mana ger, Wollongbar State Farm, Lismore, N.S.W., and now manager of a large dairy farm at Inverell, in an address before the Agricultural Bureau, said that he was particularly emphatic on the necessity for the proper feeding and care of calves. It was not a good idea to get calves fat; it was preferable that they should be in good condition without being fat. If en couraged to put on fat when young, the tendency would probably never be lost. He advocated giving the calf beestings (the mother's first milk) for a fortnight or so, then gradually breaking it off on to skim-milk or whey, and finally on to lucerne. t He believed there was suffi cient in lucerne or lucerne hay to give all the nutriment the calf then needed. 5* * . Mr. Alexander mentioned the peculi arity that a heavy-yielding cow rarely pro duced a heifer as good as herself. The heifer would be as good in quality, not in actual results. The reason was that a cow which produced...
NOTES. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
1 NOTES. | Records of Danish cows are submitted as proof that improvement in milk yield by breeding is not a gradual process, as has been supposed, but is inherited in Mendelian fashion. That is, if a daugh ter is not on an approximate equality with her dam as a milk producer, she is either much higher or much lower. # * # Heifers in first calf . sometimes give bloody milk, especially just after calving, and if milking heavily. It is due to a weak condition of the blood vessels of the udder, and as a rule it will disappear as the gland grows stronger and accom modates itself to the work it has to do. Occasional doses of saltpetre (a table spoonful) and bathing with warm water is beneficial. # jfc # There are some nice young Berkshire pigs by the imported boar Hawkesbury Augustus-by Bluster Augustus, the best Berkshire blood in England, out of pedi gree sows, available for sale at the Yanco Experiment Farm.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
WELL DRESSED. " I have a great respect "for a man well dressed."-Di'. Johnson. You are not yet too late to be well dressed by the New Year. So come in right away and order your suit. MY GUARANTEE-MONEY REFUNDED IF DISSATISFIED. W. A. O. ALLEN, Tailor & Mercer, Kurrajong Avenue, LEETON. Strayed from Stony Point one flea-bitten.grey Draught Mare, branded W N near shoulder; wall eye near side. One Black Horse (no brands visible), and one Brown Pony, shod (no brands). Reward for information as to the whereabouts of above, apply Record Office. R. B. DICKISON. V WANTED. Work for Plant Chaff cutting'. 8/- per ton 15 up to 50 tons. Over §0 tons reduction made. No wood, water or tucker required. Chaff taken in payment for work done. Terms as arranged. Good sample assured For further information apply TAYLOR BROS.' STORE, \ A. E. COOK, j-Leeton C. MCCORMACK, Owner, j "POILITE" Asbestos Building Sheets (Genuine British Made) One of the chief features about " PQILITE " lies in the fact ...
Land Settlement. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
Land Settlement. #he following irrigation farms were granted iip to 8th December1: Bates, William Richard 615 Yarangery Yanco 2 0 0 Blight, George 604 " ,,1 3 ll| Grace, John 610 ,, " 1 2 28 Linton, Edward Morton 178 Edon ,, 55 2 0 Farrell, Kathleen 605 STarangery " 13 4 APPLICATIONS FOR SUSPENSION OF RESIDENCE RECOMMENDED FOR APPROVAL. Schultz, Arnold 411 Willimbong, Yanco 2 0 0 Satterthwaite Thomas 374 Tuckerbil " 51 0 0
Sorghum. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
Sorghum. ONE of the most useful and prolific fod ders for dairying- purposes is that of the sorghums. Among these are Planter's Friend, Early Amber Cane, and Sor ghum Saccharatum. w IP The general cultivation of sorghums is similar to that of maize. It is hardier than maize, and, will stand rougher treat ment when well up, although it is some what delicate when young. The seed is small, and is sown at the rate of 4 to 7 lb. per acre. It is more convenient when sown in drills, and hoed by horse hoe, but it may be broadcasted and fed off like any other crop, though more feed will be obtained by cutting and hand feeding. * * # Sorghums have a bad reputation for poisoning stock if fed at certain stages. They seem perfectly safe, however, if grown without a severe check, and not fed until in seed. w w Sorghums make good rough hay or silage, and a good food to give with lucerne. For hay, the crop should be cut when the seed has formed. It may be allowed to dry in windrows, and then made i...
Correspondence. (These columnsare open for the discussion of any question touching the development of the irrigation settlement. Letters must be accompanied by the name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publication. Matter intended for publication in the succeedingissue must reach the office, Leeton, not later than the 10th and 15th of the month. The Irrigation Record is published on the 1st and 15th day of each month.) BOUNDARIES OF FARMS. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
(These columnsare open for the discussion of any question touching the development of the irrigation settlement. Letters must be accompanied by the name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publica tion. Matter intended for publication in the succeeding issue must reach the office, Leeton, not later than the 10th and i'5th of the month. The Irrigation Record is published on the 1st and 15th day of each month.) BOUNDARIES OF FARMS. With reference to Mr. Frank H. Brewster's remarks on above in your esteemed paper of December 1st, would that gentleman kindly give me more information on the subject through the medium of the Record. I fail to understand that, seeing the survey pegs at the corner of each block are placed so that they come exactly iti the centre of the straining post, how one can place the straining post by the side of the survey pegs, as suggested by him. Does he suggest that one should place the straining post on the outside of the survey peg, or on the inside'...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
The Busy Irrig'ationist should secure the most Suitable Supplies at the most suitable time in the most Satisfactory Market Supplies, like water, must be "on time.'' There's no system of buying your requirements so satisfactory as from the man on the spot who knows your needs and fills them. Martin's came to succeed, just as you did, and are doing it on EXCELLENT STOCKS,REGULAR DELIVERY, and the INDISPEN SABLE ATTENTION TO THE LITTLE DETAILS which count these days. Time Means Money-The Right Goods at the Right Prices, at the Right Time make Money for YOU. No delays, which encroach on your time in getting supplies from Railway Station. MARTIIN MAS IT! Drapery, Groceries, Hardware, Galvanised Iron, Fencing Wire, Glass of all sizes, House Fittings, &c., &c. GOOD AGENCIES : Govt. Savings Bank of N.S.W., International Harvester, Kingloc and Cyclone Fencing, Droppers and Gates, Metters' Stoves, Yates' Seeds, Shirley's Manures. A. L. MARTIN, Irrigators' Supply Specialist, GR...
Maize-Growing. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
Maize-Growing. 'SETTLERS are making inquiries regarding maize-growing on the irrigation areas. A very useful pamphlet has been prepared on this and other subjects associated with the development of the settlement. This pamphlet is available to settlers and can be obtained on application at the Commissioner's Offices, Leeton. # # # In the pamphlet referred to the ex perience at the Yanco Experiment Farm is the most reliable guide for the area generally. Mr. Chomley, the manager of the Experiment Farm, in referring to maize-growing, says that: Maize may be grown in a similar man ner under irrigation to that of ordinary farming. The land should first be irri gated, and after cultivation, furrows should be drawn at spaces of 3 feet 3 inches, and the seed either dropped by hand or set by a good pattern corn planter. If the planter is used, the fur rows are unnecessary, as the corn-planter makes its own furrow, and marks the next row. The land may be harrowed after sowing, and as soon as ...
Noxious Weeds. [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
Noxious Weeds. Settlers may sometimes desire to know... the botanical names of the weed pests which show on their holdings. For gen eral information the two names of these weeds are given:-r- - . ' . &lt; . . ? Amsinckia ' dngustifolia; "Lehm ' (Narrow-leafed1 Am sinckia).. Anthemis arvenSis3 L. (Corn Chamomile). ?Anthemis Cotula, L. (Stinking Mayweed orj Fetid 1 Chamomile) ^ Arptium^ Lappa;, L. " (Burdock). . ' ' . Argemone mexicana, L. (Prickly Poppy)., r Asphodelus fistulosus, L. (Asphodel or Onion Weed). Brapsica sinapistrum, L., (Charlock). Bartsia, spp. (all species of Bartsia). Calandrinia (Claytonia) &lt;caulescens, H.B, and ,,K. - (Purple Calandrinia). Capsella Btirsa-pastoris, Moench' (Shepherd's Purse). Carduus sp. (all Thistles). Cenchrus tribuloides, L. (Hedgehog or Burr Grass). Centaurea, sp. (all Star Thistles) Chrysanthemum, leucanthemum, L. (Oxeye Daisy). Chrysanthemum parthenium, Hoffm. (Feverfew). Chrysanthemum segetum, L. (Corn Marigold). Conium m...
Getting Ready for Lucerne [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
Getting Ready for Lucerne SOME advice given by Mr. A. M. Ten Eyck, Professor of Farm Management, Kansas Agricultural College, should be useful to our irrigation farmers: Lucerne will succeed in a variety of soils, grading from sandy to heavy clay, although with unfavourable soil condi tions it becomes more difficult to estab lish a good stand. The crop, however, does not thrive alike on all soils; per haps a deep, fertile loam or clayey loam well supplied with the mineral elements of plant-food is the most favourable soil for growing lucerne. The crop needs a deep, well-drained soil. On wet land, with underground water too near the surface, lucerne will produce poorly and the plants soon die. # * # Lucerne will not thrive on land de ficient in lime, which shows an acid re action. Some old lands being originally rather deficient in lime, after years of cropping have become deficient in humus and organic matter, and so deficient in lime that they will hardly produce lu cerne successfu...
Raising Chicks in Autumn [Newspaper Article] — Irrigation Record — 15 December 1913
Raising Chicks in Autumn A LADY poultry breeder, writing in an exchange, says:-I often wonder why so few people try to raise fall chickens. I have found it an easier problem to raise them then than in the spring. Every year I aim to raise about 50 in the fall. As we have but a small place I do not raise any to sell, but would if situated so that I could. I also raise that number each spring and usually more and, therefore, have plenty for our table the whole year round. We are particularly fond of fried chicken. We like them roasted equally well, and I must say the same of stewed chicken, pressed chicken, chicken pie and pot pie, soup, sandwiches, chicken with dumplings, etc. There are so many ways of fixing up chicken that we never tire of them. As other meat iis so.very expensive and is considered less whole some than chicken, we substitute chicken for other meat whenever we can. Some of the advantages in raising fall chicks are as follows: There is no trouble in- getting , the se...