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The Excitement Among Homesteaders , [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
The Excitement Among Homesteaders , Commissioner Sparks of the General Land office of the United States , is not making friends by his late decisions . There is great excitement in Minnesota and Dakota over the results of some of his rulings . Settlers are seeing their land-marks of four or five years standing , swept away . The land which they supposed they owned and which , in many instances they had mortgaged to obtain needed teams , agricultural implements and other farming necessaries , is suddenly clipped , upon one side or another , or a corner is taken off , or perhaps an entire farm counted p . ut , _ witljpu £ so . much jaa saying by your leave , ~ r It has come about in this manner : Hitherto the land granted to promote the construction of railroads , has been measured on either side of the line of the road and with the boundary linos parallel to , and at right angles with the railroad . A railroad thus usually received the alternate sections and measured six miles , or w...
A Poor Man ' s Manure . " [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
A Poor Man s Manure . Snow has been called the poor man s manure . It has been chrystalized into a proverb , and practically is known to be correct in the sense that it adds fertility to the soil . Few persons , however , know how this is accomplished , and the how , is often as important to know as the fact . It is stated that wator in freezing acquires nitrous salts . Snow is frozen vapor , a form of water . Water in the act of falling absorbs and holds ammonia . Snow is a still more powerful absorbent than water , and thus in falling brings down from the atmosphere the impurities therein . Lying on the soil , its porosity allows free entry of air , and hence in the soil beneath , when not frozen , interoirculation may still go on . Again a covering of snow prevents exhalation . Snow absorbs these , and in melting again returns them to the earth , together with what may have been brought down from the atmosphere . Now if it be really proved that snow has the power of absorbing nit...
The Land-Rulings lilustated . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
The Land-Rulings lilustated . The system of land subsidies for railroads commenced with the grant to the Illinois Central Railroad in 1850 , and the language used in the Act of Congress making the grant to that road was subitantially followed in subsequent grants , until the grants were made to the Pacific roads . We quote from one of said Acts : Be it enacted , &amp; c . That there bo and is hereby granted , for the purpose of aiding in the construction of railroads every alternate section of land designated by odd numbers for six sections in width on each side of said railroads and branches . Under these Acts , commencing with that in aid of the Illinois Central Bailroad ( being under democratic administration ) the Interior Department construed these Acts and administered tho grants upon the following plan of admeasurement : The line of road after survey , in connection with the subdivision into sections , townships and ranges , was laid down on a map and lines drawn on e...
Wisconsin Patrons and Institute Work . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
Wisconsin Patrons and Institute Work . The patrons of husbandry are working hand in . hand with the FarmersInstitutes of Wisconsin . The worthy Master of the State Grange , Mr . S . 0 . Carr , hopes patrons will do all in their power to assist in making the Institute work of the Board of Agriculture a success . He says it is the first time that a dollar was ever appropriated by the Wisconsin legislature for the purpose of educating the farmers . And hopes patrons will see to it that the appropriation is well spent in that direction , so that when . the next legislature meets it will not for a moment hesitate to give us an Agricultvral College , second to none in our country . Then Iowa , Missouri , Kansas , Mississippi , Dakota , Michigan , Canada , Massachusetts , and other States we might mention , can no longer pay that Wisconsin farmers are sleeping at their posts .
HORTICULTURE . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
HORTICULTURE . Seeds and Seed Planting . The objection often made that seeds , especially the smaller ones , are bad , is too often unfounded . Seedsmen as a rule only send out good seed . If seeds are planted in well-fined soil , at the proper season , at a proper depth , in moist earth , thoroughly pressed to the seed . and they do not become dried out before the proper time for germination has elapsed , then the allegation might lie . How many persons give seeds those proper conditions ? Very many do not . As to the proper conditions , the following from Mr . Peter Henderson , gives precise directions for the germination of the seeds mentioned . Mr . Henderson says that : In testing the seeds of the Boston Marrow squash , he planted . six in the usual manner , and but three came up ; by their side he planted the same number , placing them edgeways ; these all came up . Again , he placed the same number upright , with the germ down ; these also came up , and in much less time than...
White Swedish Oats . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
White Swedish Oats . The handsome illustration on this page represents a head of the new White Swedish Oats , offered in the Free Seed Distribution , for the FABM , FIELD AND S TOCKMAN . The picture is of an average specimen from life . These oats were brought from Sweden and introduced into Minnesota by some Swedish emigrants . They proved of such excellent quality that , we are informed , they are taking the place of all other kinds in the neighborhood where they were first introduced . They are early and very heavy yielders , averaging nearly seventy-five bushels to the acre , on-fair soils . Although not barley oats they weigh very heavy . The seed received by our Mr . Wilson from Minnesota , a year ago , weighed forty-seven pounds to the measured bushel , strike measure . The crop this year is not so heavy , and is slightly discolored , on account of the very bad weather at harvest time . We believe we are conferring a lasting benefit on our subscribers by sending • out this ne...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
Must Farmers Produce Lean Meat ? Produce less fat and more lean , is now the advice given the farmer . But before accepting it let us take a business view of the matter , and consider if it is to the interest of the farmer to do so . We have nothing to say of the advantages of lean meat for the table , nor do we deny that the advice is improper , bat the question is , can the farmer afford to do so ? Fat can be produced cheaply compared with lean , and after the hog has attained a certain age , he will add fat to his weight every day , while the lean will be but slightly increased , no matter how well fed the animal may be . . Such advice cannot be easily complied with . There is no way to prevent corn from making fat , and as all kinds of food contain at least a proportion of the fatforming elements , the matter of producing lean meat in a hog is a task that no farmer wishes to undertake . Certainly he cannot be expected to exercise his hogs in order to develop the muscles and work...
Page 4 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
JERSEYS ! AfewoBo ee young Cows , Bred Heifers and Calves of unexcelled butter ancestry and pedigree . . AlsoafewBulls . Prices low . Send for catalogue , and state what you want . Prize Herd at Iowa State Fair . RICHARDSON BROS ., Davenport , Iowa . Clydesdale and English-Shire Horses . Q V ^ s ^ l ^^^^^^ . 2 * . wMW ** W ^ MWE ui * ^^ meMamm ^ i * U WmO *¦ m i _ ^^ aAmW ** B m mm m m » w — Prize-winners at Chicago Fair , the Worlds Fair at New Orleans , the Royal Society of England , etc . I . nigeiinEortation arrived Aug . Vi , and more to follow . Onr living facilities being unequalled there is no such opportunities offered elsewhere to procure iiiHt-clnsg mil . nulls of choicest breeding at very lowest iiiiccs . Every animal duly recorded and guaranteed . 1 enns to suit all customers . Catalogues on application . UAL . BRAITH BROS ., Jancsvillt-, Wis . Janesville is 91 miles from Chicago , by C . &amp; N . W . It . B .. and 120 miles from Kock Island by the O . M . St S...
Does Miik Exhaust the Soil [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
Does Miik Exhaust the Soil Many farmers who make a specialty of selling milk content themselves with the solace that they do not impoverish their soils . They labor under the impression that only the crops carry off . tho .. fertility of the soil , and that . by keeping stock and manuring the land it will retain its productiveness for any length of time . We admit that one at the greatest advantages of the dairy system is that of keeping stock and feeding the crops on the farm to be sold in the shape of milk . It certainly enables the farmer to make a large amount of manure which he can use for increasing the yield of his crops , but it should not be overlooked that all of the food is not converted into manure , for a portion must be manufactured by the cows into milk , and hence when the food in the manure is returned to the soil it represents but a portion of that which ¦ was taken from the land . Every pound of milk sold represents a certain propor tion of nitrogen , phosphoric a...
VETERINARY . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
VETERINARY . The several departments of the FABM , FIELD AUD STOCKMAN are for the use and convenience of its patrons . Subscribers wishing advice will please state their questions plainly and concisely . In relation to diseases and ailments of live stock , it is necessary that we be informed fully of the symptoms as observed , else it will be impossible to fully understand and prescribe for the case . P B K . ~ -Sell the sow if fat . There was nothing the matter with her except indigestion , which seems to have left her The symptoms now would indicate what is popularly known as Blue Soldier . Worms and Thumps . MB EDITOB : I believe worms are largely the cause of what farmers call hog cholera . Copperas is excellent as a preventive . J . 0 P . Catawissa , Mo . Our correspondent says in addition that he has had success in curing hog cholera and also thumps in hogs by the use , twice a week , of flower of sulphur , soda , coal oil , and concentrated lye , fed in the slops . But propor...
How to Make Hens Lay . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
How to Make Hens Lay . A correspondent of the Poultry Keeper has this to say on how to make fowls lay : Take eight quarts of water and two teaspoonfuls of red pepper , and put in a kettle ; when the water boils stir in enough bran and corn meal to thicken it . and take , some horse-radish , chop it up fine , and put in with the rest ami let boil an hour . . We hear a good deal of complaint from other people about not getting eggs , so I ask them to try this and feed once a day ; about one handful of this feed to one hen , and they will get plenty of eggs . Charcoal is good for poultry , so is corn burned or charred on the ear , so as to keep its shape , is excellent . It must be mixed up in soft feed , and to get a yellow yolk I will tell you , young and old breeders , take red beets , cook them for your fowls and feed them , and in two days you can see the change ; the yolk will be as yellow as gold . And one of the most important things in feeding poultry , yet too often neglected...
APIARY ., [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
APIARY ., Bees in Florida . Florida is sending honey North , and has been for the last four or five years . In relation to bees and honey in the State , Mr . W . S . Hart , Yice President N . A . Beekeepers Society , in relation to the surmise that Florida honey is of poor quality , small in quantity or uncertain in its flow , or that the bees , learning that they can get enough to eat at almost any time , get lazy and will not store much BLCTB 3 DIOI 5 C . surplus , says neither of these surmises is true . It is shown by the experience of Mr . Hart , who , eight years ago , took home two swarms of bees , since which time he has increased his apiary to 148 stands , and never until this season got an annual average of less than 130 pounds of extracted honey . The present season has so far given a yield of about 100 pounds per stand , and an increase to the present number from 117 , spring count . The season of 1884 he started with eightyeight stands , increased to 117 , and took a li...
Page 6 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
t IMPROVE TOTJB POULTRY . I have a large lot of LangBhan , Llght Brahma and Plymouth Bock Fowls , all of strictly pure StrainR , for sale at reasonable prices . Write for circulars . Correspondence cheerfully answered .. MRS . W . C . Kfn , l , ER , Union Poultry Yards , Union Mills , la Porte Co ., Ind . mention tbe Farm , Field and Stockman .
MISCELLANEOUS . [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
MISCELLANEOUS . Values vs . Ornamentals . V ALUABLE new seeds that have been narefully tested , are always valuable to the farmer . They are in the legitimate line of the profession of agriculture and that of the household . More good has been done in this way in the introduction of new and valuable varieties in neighborhoods than in all the cheap toys , jewelry etc ., ever offered , and money has been made from the sale by the farmer of the products of the seeds . They grow in value year by year . Making Winter Butter . A contemporary tells us that one trouble with the dairy business is that its products are not well distributed throughout the year , and that too large a proportion is made in summer , forcing prices down . With more winter dairying , and less product in summer , the markets would be likely to rule steadier throughout the year . The admonition is well enough , but as the pastures are used in summer , and the cost of producing butter less , we do not see how there ca...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
A DVEETISE JUDICIOUSLY ! - - A motto wise and trite . Do not invest a penny Until your ad . is right ; Vain will your every effort prove , If you forget this rule . Effective ads . are flsh that cant Be caught in every pool . Remember well another thing , An ad . must be displayed To catch the eye so quickly That the rs ^ , der cant evade Tn glancing o er his paper , ¦ * ¦ The points you would impress . Select the mediums which are read By those you should address ; E special care in this regard Is time and thought well spent . Just whom to choose to blow your horn , And where he should be sent ; Unless he goes to blow your horn Where your horn should bo blown , Dont let him blow your horn at all , But let him blow his own . In other words , insert your ads . Where they will do you good , / ontemplate well vour methods—- * - * You unquestionably should . f n case you are In doubt at all , i- Regarding tho result Of this perplexing matter . It were better to consult U pon the importa...
Page 7 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farm, Field, and Stockman — 26 December 1885
Talks with Homely Girls . t Talks with . Homely Girls : On Health and Beauty , their Preservation and Cultivation . By Frances Smith . A manual ot advice and Instruction upon the general ca : e of the health , exercise , bathing , tho caroof tile head , hair , teeth , hands , feet , and the complexion , with chapters upon dress , manners , conversation , and all topics pertaining to a young lady i appearance and deportment The twenty chapters ore replete with Information on Brace andTBeauty of Form , Bathing Exercise , Caroo * ttieHead , Hair , Teeth , Face , Hands , Complexion , Carrlageoftne Body , Dress . Doportnient . Convention , and General Care of the Health . A very useful book For every lady . Handsome cloth limning . Price 50 cents . Address H 0 WATD &amp; WILSON PUB . CO ., Chicago , HL