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Juice of the Water Melon . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Juice of the Water Melon . A correspondent of the Prairie Farmer presents the following method of using water melons : I endeavor every year to raise . „ a good water melon patch . They are a healthy and delightful fruit , I think . I cultivate the icing variety ; plant early in May ,, and again towards the end of the month , so that they may come in succession . When they commence ripening , we commence cutting , and use them freely during the hot weather When the weather becomes cool in September , we haul a quantity of them to the house , split them open , with a spoon scrage out the pnlps in a cullender , and strain the water into vessels . We boil it in an iron vessel , then put in apples or peaches , like making apple-butter , and boil slowly until the fruit is well cooked , then spice to taste , and you have something that most people will prefer to apple-butter or any kind of preserves . Or the syrup may be boiled without fruit , down to molasses , which will be found to be ...
Husk Beds . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Husk Beds . We find in Drew s Rural Intelligence the subjoined very useful paragraph . We can also add our testimnony to the great superiority of husks over straw for unerbeds . As each autumn has returned for several years past , we . have advised all corngrowers to save their husks , for under-beds , believing they are the best snbstance for this purpose that is or can be used . They should be the inner husks , clean and whob , and spread on some airy floor for a few days , in order that they may become perfectly dry . Then they may be put inlo the ticks . and they will last for many years . We have some of the under-beds now in our house which have been in use more than twenty years ; and with an annual ventilation and beating , by being emptied on a chamber floor , and with a little replenishing with new eusks , they are as good and as lively as when new . The husks had better not be stripped np as some have done . This makes the substance finer and more liable to mat up . Let t...
Plant a Tree [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Plant a Tree There is no way a man can so effectually rear a monument to posterity , and one for which he shall receive their blessing , as by planting a tree ; no matter whether a shade tree that shall protect From the scorching heat of the midsumrasr s sun , or one that shall yield a luxury iu its wealth of delicious goldun fruit . From the window by which I am sitting , I see a row of m .-iples planted by my father twenty years since , that suggested this word to you , kind reader ; and that row of maples , that cost but a few hours labor then , is now the admiration of all who see it , and an ornament to that old homestead , that is valued above price . Have you never in riding over the country , passed a hou * e entirely destitute of trees and shrubbery ? and has not its dreary , forsaken , uninviting appearance , painfully impressed itself upon your remembrance ? And then again have you not passed another in direct contrast with it ? here and there scattered around it a flower...
Bed Bugs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Bed Bugs . My family having an irreconcilable hatred to these pestiferous creatures , have , for years , been trying to keep them in subjection by the constant use of the brush , hot water , turpentine and various other bug medicines , but until lately everything , except constant labor , proved to almonst an entire hum-bug . At last , some one gave the following recipe , as bsing effectual : Take ten cents worth of quick-silver and the white of one egar , beat them well together , and apply the mixture around the pins and joints ot the bedstead with a small brush , or feather . — This has proved to be . entirely effectual . The above quantity will serve for about two bedsteads . CARPETS last longest by being often shaken , preventing the dirt under and in them from grinding out the texture ; and by not being swept too frequently .
A lesson from the Birds . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
A lesson from the Birds . A gentleman observed in a thicket of bnshes near his dwelling a collection of brown thrushes , who for several days attracted his attention by their loud cries and strange movements . At length curiosity was so much excited that he determined to see if he could ascertain the cause of the excitement among them . On examining the bushes he found a female thrush , whose wing -was caught in a limb in sue a way that she could not escape . Hear by was her nest , containing several half-grown birds . On retiring a little distance , a company of thrashes appeared , with worms and other insects in their mouths , which they gave first to the mother , and then to her young ; she in the meanwhile cheering them in their labor of love with a song of gratitude . After watching the interesting scene until curiosity wassatisfied , the gentleman released the poor bird , when she flew to her nest with a grateful song to her deliverer , and her charitable neighbors dispersed t...
The Corn Market . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
The Corn Market . We have seen some notices of late in the papers on the trade of Cincinnati , and observe a striking fact that the Whiskey trade consumes more corn than is demandedby the export to all Foreign countries . This would hardly be the general impression , when the one exercises the greatest influence on prices , and the other is a comparatively unknown matter . During the year ending August 31 st , 1856 , there was , according to these-fjg-ures 6 , 420 , 015 bushels of corn used in the distillation of Whiskey in Cincinnati , while the average annual shipment from the United States to Foreign countries was but 5 ,- 218 , 585 bushels . Certainly the temperance lecturers have something to expatiate upon in view of these things . The trade in Whisky is flourishing—not from any increased consumption amongst ourselves we imagine , but from the fact that France and Southern Europe are taking our spirits to fill up the vacuum caused by the failure of their own vintages ; and the...
Morgan County Fair .. . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Morgan County Fair .. . There was a good show of cattle at , the Morgan county fair . It beat the exhibition ^ of stock at the first stock fair—and , that is saying a good deal . There was as good stock , ; as can be found anywhere . There -was a good ¦ exhibition of Horses and the largest Jack we ever saw . There was not a great exhibition of Hogs or Sheep * There were some fine apples , vegetables and ladies work , several cheese and many other , articles . . - . The grounds of the Morgan Agricultural Society , are valuable , and in the immediately vicinity of the town . But there is , not a tree upon them . There is no beautij ful promenades upon them , where you can avoid the hot sun or belree from dust , and no seats or benches provided where the weary can rest . On the whole , the near vicinity of a town under such circumstances , will not counterbalance the advantages of shade and shelter , found at a farther distance . The idea of growing groves in fair grounds is a good one...
Pall Visiting . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Pall Visiting . Our farmers and their families hare worked - hard the past summer and sosoon as they can get their fall grain , sowed , 1 they should enjoy a little respite from their toils . By all means they must attend the fairs within their reach , and should make short visits to their friends ^ This should be done to keep up the associations and friendships of earlier years ; and if your visit be short , and you make yourself useful &amp; give as little trouble as possible , your friends will be glad to see you—they will enjoy your visit;—it will be a source of great pleasure to them and they will be glad to have it repeated . We are allpassingdown the vale of life , and it is pleasant to kapw that it is well with our friends . We oft : en see wagons with families , now passing about the country . We know why it is , what are their objects , and we love them better for it . On their return home they will resume their work ; gather their late crops ; see that their fence...
Potatoes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Potatoes . The late potatoes in this section are looking well and it is hoped will make a tolerable crop . The tnbers at this time are growing rapidly . In the North part of this State the crop is a fair one . Under the rush of potatoes upon the market prices have fallen to 50 and 65 cts . These will be higher in a few weeks , If there is not a sufficient supply for consumption provided at home , we can readily obtain them from the counties north ot us . We hope onr farmers will take measures to secure their crops from frost the coming winter . They had a severe lesson upon this point last winter . Potatoes will undoubtedly keep well , if well covered , in heaps , upon the ground . Mr . Gardner Cox , in St . Lawrence Co . Mo ., has given his method of preserving potatoes . Last spring many potatoes were sold in this city which were raised in St . Lawrence county . Mr . Cox says : My experience is this . In the Summer of 1846 , I erected a cellar sufficiently Jarge to hold eight thou...
Domestic "Port" Wine . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Domestic Port Wine . This article when pure , is most , unquestionably , in many uses , a valuable remedial agent . But little ot what is called Port Wine has that character of purity . Often , itis believed , it is an entirely spurious article , made up of drugs and alcoho 1 . In our country , we can scarcely rely for a pure article of wine on any other source than our own domestic manufacture;—and it is said now , that even the American Wines manufactured in the neighborhood of Cincinnati , are adulterated . We have said in another place that a valuable medicinal wine can be made from our native grapes , the grapes of our woods , approaching maturity . Charles A . Peabody , the Horticultural Editor of the Soil of the South , published at Columbus , Geo ., and known as a successful fruit grower , —has an article in his last number , on the manufacture of wine from the wild grape of Alabama . It is employed by medical men for cases in which port wine is usually prescribed . He says ...
THE STATE FAIR [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
THE STATE FAIR We have just returned from the State Fair at Alton , and have only time to say that it more than realized bur expectations . The drouth and the cold weather for the first two days were unfavorable ; but there was a large attendance of people , and on Thursday , according to the most reliable estimates there . were from 16 , 000 to 20 , 000 people upon the grounds . The cattle exhibited were fine , and more numerous than at any preceding fair . The same fact may be stated in regard to horses , mules and jacks . There was a good show of sheep ; and a tolerable show of hogs . We say tolerable , because we think there were better hogs in Madison County than were exhibited at theFair . The fruit department was well sustained in apples ; there was little other fruit presented . There was much worthy of admiration in the ladies departments ; and the farm products were superior to our ¦ anticipations . The dairy was well represented ; there was present more fine butter than w...
Facts to he Understood . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Facts to he Understood . BBTTEB . —Sometimes butter is so much salted , as to lead to the belief that salt is added , more than required , to increase the weight of the butter ; Is this honest ? BUTTER . —A good clean vessel , with white delicate cloths covering butter , add materially to its value , in the estimation of the consumer . BUTTER . —If brought to market in a buck : et from which to appearance hogs have been fed , the fact gives rise to suspicion , that the milk was set in a pig trough ; SENTENCE OP ARRISON . —Arriison ,, the torpedo fiend , at Cincinnati , has been sentenced to ten years imprisonment—the utmost limit qfihe law / - .. ¦ , ¦ ¦ ¦¦ •¦ - &gt; si ., \ -j-v . ,- , ¦ *}_ &gt;&lt; - &gt;¦
Early Vegetables . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Early Vegetables . Who does not like early vegetables ? With what anxiety do we look for them ? How eager to get them ? The Country Gentleman gives the following direction for obtaining early cauliflower , cabbage , lettuce and radishes : Cauliflower . —About the middle of Sept * is the time to sow cauliflower for wintering in frames , pits , or a cold vinery as the case may be . The seed should be sown on a warm border , and transplanted to their winter quarters when in rough leaf , or large enough to handle nicely—three inches apart more if room is plenty . As long as cold weather keeps off , they must be kept exposed as much as possible , or they grow weak and spindly , and arc susceptible of injury from frost . Although frames and pits are the most convenient to winter them in , many succeed in preserving them by other means , as shutters on old boxes , oiled muslin , and the like . Cabbage may be sown any time from the middle to the 25 th of September , for supplying early plan...
Hydraulic Cement for Walks . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Hydraulic Cement for Walks . I have now a walk through an avenne , ten rods in length , floored with a sort of cement or stucco , formed of hydraulic cement , lime and sand , which has been laid two years , and which presents , at present , no sign of flaw or fracture , although it has been used daily since it was laid down . The proportions observed in mixing the stucco , was one part cement to one part of lime , ( unslaked ) and one part of sand . The sand was sifted thoroughly , and the mass after being mixed , allowed to remain undisturbed for a week ; it was then laid down evenly , and was not again touched or trod on till dry . It has a very neat appearance , and is quite cheap compared with brick ; it is also much preferable to sand and pebbles . The question of its durability remains yet to be decided . The same article is also extensively used to supply flooring for cellars , dairies , and even out buildings ; but when used for the latter purpose it requires to be laid thic...
Buckwheat Porridge . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Buckwheat Porridge . Take a quart of rich milk , and after boiling it hard , stir in as much buckwheat meal as will make it of the consistency of thick mnsh , adding one tea spoonful of salt and a table spoonful of fresh butter . In five minutes after it is thick enough take it from the fire . If the milk is boiling hard , and continues to boil while the meal is being stirred in , very little more cooking will be required . It should be placed on the table hot , and eaten with butter and sugar , or with molasses and butter . This is sometimes called a five minute pudding ; it is excellent for children as a plain dessert , or for supper . TSome add a seasoning of ginger or grated nutmeg before sending it to the table .
Preserving Fruit in . Air-Tight Cans [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Preserving Fruit in . Air-Tight Cans As we experimented pretty freely the past season in preserving fruits by the exclusion of the air , some of our friends may desire to know how they have stood the test of the hot weather we have now had . We reply , they have fully answered our expectations . Those recently opened were as fresh as those first inspected . Those put up without sugar being simply scalded , were not only fully equal in . flavor to the others , but equally fresh also , and we prefer the flavor when sugar is added at the time of eating , to that produced by scalding the sugar with the fruit . —We found no superiority in one kind of can over another ,, and the tomatoes ( the only vegetable we put up ) have kept as well as the fruits . The various cans of berries and small fruits , put up by the same process , and sent us by our friend Mrs . Hornbrook of Wheeling , Va ., have stood the warm weather , perfectly , anol have elicited praise from all who tasted thera . We ta...
Fertilizing Properties from the Air . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Fertilizing Properties from the Air . A quantity of ammonia and nitric acid , equal perhaps on an acre to 100 weight of guano , is annually brought down to the soil by the rain ,. for the benefit of vegetation . Let not , however , the farmer deceive himself , and imagine that he may indulge m idle repose , while nature is thus keeping up the fertility of his lands . But he may profit by this newly-discovered bounty of nature if he will take full advantage of the atmospheric manure by meanure by means of drinage , which promotes the equal flow of water through instead of over his soil ; by deep cultivation , and thorough pulverization of the laud ,, which brings every part of it into contact with the air . The atmosphere is to the farmer like the sea to the fisherman —he who sreads bis nets the widest viill catch the most .
— DIED . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
— DIED . ^ , NESB 1 TT—At the residence of V . H , Mallory , Esq ., on the night of the 29 th ult ., at 12 o clock , Emma Katurah , daughter of Mr . S . O . and Mrs . M . B . Nesbitt , of Clear Lake Prairie , Sangamon county , aged about 9 years . « 6-Decatur papers copy . JOHNS—On the morning of the 23 d ult ., Mrs . Almira E . Johns , consort of E . 0 . Johns of this city , in the forty second year of her age . This estimable woman , -whose sudden departure has carried such grief into the hearts of a wide circle of friends , was too well known in this community to require any description other character or a lengthened eulogy . A residence herefrom childhood , a connection iu the Church of Christ , for nearly thirty years , and close and intimate association with many who only knew to love and esteem her ; all combine in render ng her loss one to be deeply felt . But wo cannot say , depUn-ed —for surely , why deplore the death of those , who die in the Lord ? She sleeps in Jesus ....
MARRIED . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
MARRIED . . &lt;« , CHIIiDS—MARSHALL—On the 6 th inst ., by Rev . B . E . Perkey , Mr . William W . Childs , formerly of Philadelphia , and Miss SalUe L . Marshall , of this city . * HALE—MANTLE—In Mechauicsburg , on the SOth ult .. by Rev . W . T . Bennett , Mr . Wm . Hale and Miss Sarah A . Mantle , all of Sangamon county . LYON—GOULD—On the 24 ult , by L . B . Adams , Esq ., Mr . Jason Lyon and Miss RosellaGould , both of Sangamon county
Improvement in Soap . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 October 1856
Improvement in Soap . The wife of an American agriculturist has been experimenting on soaps , and finds that the addition of three quarters of a pound of borax to a pound of soap * melted without boiling , makes a saving of one-half in cost in soap ; and three-fourths the labor of washing , and improves the whiteness of the fabrics ; besides the usual caustic effect is thus removed , and the hands are left with a peculiar soft and silky -feeling , leaving nothing more to be desired by the most ambitious washwoman . A BULL DOG AND A BEAR—A man in Chicago , whose stock consist of horses , has a novel way of preventing constables from levying on his property . At one side of his door is chained a fierce bull dog , With rope enough to enable . him to guard half the entrance . At the other side is a savage bear , which has chain enough to barely reach the dog . Between Tray and Bruin it is impossible to effect an entrance , as a certain fat constable found to his cost after walking a cou...