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The Apple Crop . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The Apple Crop . This crop will be tolerably good in this section of Elinois . The fruit , however , will not be as large as usual . We wish more care was taken in preparing apples for market . Many varieties are nearly useless when shaken from the tree ; and all are worth a third more when gathered by hand than they are when shaken off . Apples , too , should be sorted and the different kinds kept separate , when brought to market . They appear better and bring ; better prices when in this condition . There are many calls for cider mills this season . Cider , if used for no other pnrpose than to make vinegar , is a valuable article . Cider vinegar is healthful and pleasant . The vinegar usually sold is a most villainous compound , and its use only benefits the dishonest manufacturer , doctors and dentists .
Green Corn . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Green Corn . What is more luxurious food than roasting ears ? The use of this luxury can be prolonged at least three months in summer with a little care . Get the earliest sweet corn—plant it early ; then the large sweet corn , plant soon after ; then the mammoth sweet corn ; plant that—and you will have sweet corn till September . Plant all of these two or three weeks later than the first , for a later crop ; and you will have delicious green corn , until Jack Frost comes . And with little further attention you can have green corn until it grows again ! How?—A young lady gives us this recipe : Boil the corn on the cob , and when done , cut it off ; dry it in the oven ; put it into a bag , hang it in a dry place , and . you have green com for the winter . And in the winter , it is capital . Now is thetime to lay in a stock of this article . 8 @ r * Prof . Mapes states that nine-tenths of the olive or sweet oil that is used in this country , is manufactured in France from American la...
Events of the Month [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Events of the Month Our foreign papers assure- ns that crops in Europe are quite an average thepresent season . In England especially they are fine;—so heavy , indeed ; that labor sufficient to save them is difficult to be had . The war with Russia has out off . much of the laboring population , which , with the emigration from Ireland to this country , has reduced the number of farm laborers so much that the best hands can obtain a dollar a day—and difficult to be had at that price . Labor in Ireland is also well paid for . War and emigration has thus been of benefit to the British Isles , and if high prices for labor continue , the laboring classes will be better fed and better educated , and -if these prices extend to the manufacturers , our country will be able to enter into more successful competition with England in the various productions of the loom and . the anvil . The revolution in Spain is about put down , and affairs in Europe exhibit little change . Our accounts from t...
"The Adjustable Prairie Plow . " [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The Adjustable Prairie Plow . It will be seen by advertisement in this paper , that Mr . FRYE is to commence manufacturing these plows immediately . There seems to be no doubt of the success of this plow among those who have witnessed its performances . Many have already spoken for them . We wish we could state their cost , but the proprietor is unable to do this at the present time . So soon as he has manufactured a few this will be done . We presume that arrangements will be made to test this plow sometime during the fair days of the Sangamon Agricultural Society . This exhibition will be worth the attentiou of all farmers , —especially of those who have laeds to break up . Mr . Frye has received several invitations to atteud other fairs with his plow , and will certainly be at the State Fair , and probably at the Morgan County Fair . The Adjustable Plow , is an original conception , and in our opinion will render the steam plow for breaking our prairies unnecessary for some time ...
The Season . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The Season . Lately we have had seasonable rains in this part of Illinois . The result is that the ears of corn are filling out well , and we shall have a good crop of that important staple . The grass has started up finely and late vegetables are coming in well . Early potatoes are a failure , but wo have some hopes of the late crop . The land is in good order for plowing for wheat , and prairie breakers can resume their work . More turnip seed has been sown the present fall than ever iu any season before . The fly has done some damage , but we still expect a large crop .
Strawberry Beds . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Strawberry Beds . Now is the time to set out strawberry plants . If planted out now , and they get a tolerable growth this fall , they will produce handsome crops the coming year . We have already given in detail plans for strawberry beds . Strawberries are a healthful and delicious fruit , and come when , they are most wanted , and produce well in our soils . Mr . FENNBE has a fine Variety of plants for sale ; and they can be had elsewhere in our city .
The Rail Roads [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The Rail Roads The Rail Roads of Illinois , are doing an immense business at the present time . This business will increase with the coming years , faster , we apprehend , than the ability of the companies to perform it . The Rail Roads of Illinois will ultimately become the best paying stock in the country . Wc see it stated that T . J . CARTER , Esq . has resigned the superintendency of the Great Western Rail Road , and that Mr . B . F . POND as appointed to succeed him . We also hear that Gov . MATTESON has purchased the lease of the Chicago aud Mississippi rail road for seventeen years . We are not certain of the correctness of this report , but we are sure of one thing , —that if Gov . Matteson has charge of the road , its business will be conducted with the energy , promptness and liberality which are the distinguishing traits of bis character . This road is doing an immense produce business . The road through from Naples to Toledo will soon be completed . That will most unque...
The Potatoe and Corn Crops . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The Potatoe and Corn Crops . The potatoe crop is good in New York , Michigan and some portions of Northern Illinois . In Central and Southern Illinois , the early planting is an entire failure . We have some hopes from the late planting—not much , however . Potatoes are found to briug high prices , though , we think , when the crops at the North are matured , they will be lower than at present . There were but few sweet potatoes planted ; but these as a general thing look well . Some have been brought to market and sold at high prices . As the sweet potatoe will grow until there are frosts , most persons who have them choose to let them remain in the ground sometime longer . Corn has greatly improved under the effects of late rains . The ears are generally filling out well and there will be a tolerable crop . We are informed , that where the ground was plowed deep and the corn well tended , there are good crops . Such is the case so far as our information has extended . Three weeks ...
To our neglectful Subscribers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
To our neglectful Subscribers . When we recommenced the publication of this sheet , it was without any expectation that the income from it would pay the eost of its publication . In that we are not disappointed . But we did expect that our subscribers would pay us the amount of their subscriptions , which would enable us to defray a portion of the expense of printing . Maty have done this , and a good many have not . We desire to know what yet will be done to determine whether this work shall be continued or not . It is hot unreasonable , therefore , to ask those who are indebted to us , and who have not a convenient opportunity to send us the amount of their subscriptions , to enclose lis in a letter one dollar cash and forward it to us by mail . The small sum asked for this publication we cannot afford to lose , and we ought not to lose it . We hope those of our subscribers who are behind , will promptly attend to these suggestions .
Seed Drills . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Seed Drills . We notice that Francis and Barrell are disposing of several of Pennock s seed Drills . This instrument for Drilling in wheat , has been used in many of the adjoining counties with decided success . PEACHES . —The Delaware peach crop , it is said , is a total failure . The peaches are few and inferior in quality . With a large wheat crop well secured throughout the country , the people can endure the loss of their peaches . The crop in Jersey is also represented to be very small—not more than Quehalf of an average .
A Sermon on Fairs [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
A Sermon on Fairs The last Ohio Cultivator , gave us a sermon on Fairs . Its suggestions are of general application ; We copy it : MY DEAB HEARERS : —The season of agricultural Fairs has returned , and our rural population will join with the dwellers of towns and cities to celebrate the triumphs of Labor . The farmers and the farmers wives and daughters , will bring of the excellencies of their products to place alongside the handiwork of the shop and factory , and they altogether will rejoice in their own and each other s successes . It will be a day to be looked forward to and back upon , with , a relish that will compensate many an hour of toil and weariness . Of course you will go to the fair . Let no little sneaking jealousy rob you of that pleasure and duty . What if Mr . Smith did not get the premium last year , when yon thought you should have had it ? What if the judges did not decide in favor of Mrs . Jones quilt!—Mistakes will happen , they Say , in the best of families ,...
Bulbous Roots for Planting . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Bulbous Roots for Planting . These embrace Hyacinths , Tulips : Crocus , Jonquils , Narcissus , Gladiotus , &amp; c . It will be soon time to put them into the ground . No plan s make a more acceptable and beau-, tiful show of flowers in spring and summer than these . When a snpply is once obtained , there is no further trouble than to take them up occasionally and replant them . Young ladies should see to this matter before it is too late in the season to make beds and put out the bulbs . The beds should be of rich ground , partly sand or light soil , and the bulbs of all the plants mentioned should be planted out about eight inches apart . If a covering of spent tan bark or straw should be put over them during the intense cold . of winter , it would be all the better for the plants . . BLACK SPANISH RADISH . —There is a variety used in winter , by taking up and stowing away along with other root crops in November . It grows very large in rich soil , and will keep good till...
Millet [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Millet Mr . Editor . —I have noticed in some of the last numbers of the Farmer pieces recommending Millet as a profitable crop , which is no doubt the case in many instances , but one thing seems to present itself as an objection to its cultivation and that is the difficulty in getting rid of it again . When a boy I recollect of a field being sown with millet on my father s farm which was very troublesome for several years afterward . Othsrs tried it with the same result . On coming to Illinois I saw Millet growing . I enquired if it was not bad about seeding the next year and was told it was not . But now some of my neighbors have raised it and have as much trouble as with almost any other seed . Those who have raised it are unwilling to sow it again . So I have concluded that millet in the Yankee land is millet with the Suckers too . Do not think that I would discourage my brother farmers in the cultivation of a crop profitable and in itself harmless , but is it so ? Let us hear f...
Musical Practice among Birds , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Musical Practice among Birds , Many people imagine that birds sing , by instinct and their songs come to them without any labor or practice . But ornithologists , who have made the habits of the feathered tribes a life study , hold a different theory , and tell of long and laborious practice in species and individuals , to acquire facility and compass of song . Tbe following information from a practiced observer will be new to many of our readers : Birds all have their peculiar ways of singing . Some have a monotonous song , as . the bay winged sparrow . The yellow bird has a continuous chatter without any particular form of song . The cat-bird is a mocker . The golden robin has a song of its own ; but each one may have a song of its own , though those of the same locality are apt to sing the same tune . The hermit-thrush has a round of variations , perhaps the sweetest singer of the feathered choir . But the song sparrow has the most remarkable characteristics of song of any bird t...
Steam Plow . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Steam Plow . Mr . Obed . Hussy has sent his steam plow from Baltimore to Ohio , and proposes to introduce it into Illinois , if means are furnished by some of our public spirited and able farmers . We learn that the Hon . H . C . JOHNS , President of the Illinois State Agricultural Society , has now propositions of Mr . Hussey to that affect . We should be glad to see the steam plow at the State fair at Alton .
For Curing Beef . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
For Curing Beef . Eight lbs . of clean coarse salt , 2 ozs . of nitre , 1 1-2 lbs . of sugar , and 4 gallons of water to the 100 lbs . of meat . Remove the scum , and let the rounds and other drying beef remain in pickle from 9 to 14 days . Beef is not improved by smoking . Boiling meat will keep-all winter in this pickle .
Grapes and Wine . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Grapes and Wine . N . Longworth writes to the Cincinnati Commercial saying : In your paper this morning yon remark , The wine manufactur ers of our city contemplate raising the price of their wines , in consequence of a failure of the grape crop . I have heard of such intentien , and believe there will be cause for it . I last spring had upwards of 40 , 000 gallons of old wine , which I had been selling , and still sell , at one-fourth less than cost . It is true that last winter was very destructive to the crop . But in our vicinity many will have a fair crop , and a better yield in Kentucky and Indiana , south of us . And I believe increased grape culture will give us as large a crop as we had last year . But little injury has been experienced from the rot , and believe the season of danger is passed . , To MAKE TOMATO KETCHUP . —The tomato should be squeezed up in the hand , salt added , and then allowed to stand 24 hours . After passing through a sieve , add cloves , allspice , ...
COMMERCIAL . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
COMMERCIAL . SPRINGFIELD , Sept . 4 , 1866 . Wo have no important changes to note in the markets the present month . Wheat has slightly advanced and as the latest European advices represent the market for breadstuff s there as improving , we may anticipate that present prices for breadstuffs here will keep up . All the means of onr railroads are unable to remove the pressure on the depots . There are stiU vast amounts of wheat remaining with the farmers . On the 3 d , flour advanced in New York 0 and 10 cts . per barrel . At the close of the market , however , the rise was barely sustained . Wheat advanced the Bame day from 3 to 5 c per bushel . We make the following quotations , and believe them to be nearly correct . WHEAT—95 c @ $ l $ bushel . WINTER BARLEY—For seed , $ 2 &lt;&amp; bUBhel . SPRING BARLEY $ bushel . CORN—25 c $ bushel . OATS—23 c &lt;&amp; bushel . POTATOES— $ 1 @ $ 1 50 $ 1 bushel . ONIONS— $ 1 50 @ $ 1 75 $ bushel . FLOUR— $ 6 ^ b...
. . CONTENTS . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
. . CONTENTS . Teaand Coffee 194 Domestic Wines—Department of Agriculture 195 Fall in tho Price of Wheat 196 Preparation for Sowing Wheat—Sangamon Co . Eair ... 197 Fryes Adjustable Prairie Plow 199 The State Fair—The Garden Raspberry 200 The Wheat Crop for 1857 201 Planting and Caro of Fruit and Ornamental Trees ... 202 Fruits in Summer—Salting Asparagus Beds .. 203 Preservation of Potatoes for Seed—Dlelytra Spectabilis 204 The American Goldfinch—Frauds in tho Sheep Trade 205 Psalmody vs . Labor—The Cultivation of Wheat—Tho India Rubber Tree , 266 American Race Horses going to Europe—Care of Chickens 207 MISCELLANEOUS ITEMSWheat and Indian Bread—Brown Bread—Virginia Corn Bread—Indian Bread—Mush or Hasty Pudding —Fried Mush—Rheumatism : A Remedy—Strychnia : Lard an Antidote—For Seasoning Sausage Meat—To Improve the Wicks of Candles—For Soft Ginger - bread—Good Yeast .. . 208 EDITORIAL NOTICES : The Sangamon Fair—The Stock Show—Morgan County—Planting Orchards in tho Fall—Sowing of Gr...