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Preservation ' of Potatoes for Seed , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Preservation of Potatoes for Seed , BY J . K . CHANDLER , OF ADRIAN , MICHIGAN . The potato , when first obtained from its native mountains , was a small , watery aud even bitter tuber . By cultivation it has been brought into so high and refined a state that most of the countries of the civilized globe look on it as one of the most important articles of food . How has this great change been brought about ? How has every one who has planted the potato assisted in refining it ? Generation after generation has adopted the same treatment which has wrought this change . It may be asked by what means ? I answer , by violating the laws of nature . . The natural place for potatoes is in the earth ; but most of those which are used for planting are out of the ground from five to Seven months in the year . When we d \ -r them in the fall , we lind them , if mature a , when baked or boiled , to Fie dry and mealy , They are generally put into cellars to remain until spring . As warm weather ap...
Dielytra Spectahilis . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Dielytra Spectahilis . So long as we see a garden or yard without this glorious plant being amongst the number grown , or meet with a person who is still ignorant of its transcendant beauty , at a season when flowers are scarce , we shall not fail to urge a plea in its behalf . Imagine a plant as hardy as a dandelion , and capable of furnishing a bush several feet in diameter of the current spring s growth , surmounted by rich pendant racemes of blossoms of a most singular form , of a bright pink or rose color , commencing to open in this latitude early in May , and at its greatest beauty by the middle of the mouth , and it hardly requires a greater recommendation to every body who loves flowers . Itis indeed a striking object , and the gem of the flower garden at the season when it blossoms . After it has done flow- ermg , it may be taken up and divided into as many pieces as there are eyes and planted again in a good border , air of which will make respectable flowering plants by ...
The American Goldfinch . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The American Goldfinch . There is a peculiar trait in the habits of this bird which I have never seen mentioned by any Naturalist and am at a loss to conceive why it should have escaped their notice , when such habits digress materially from the general custom of all other birds . I allude to the time of their breeding . It is a fact which I have for many years , noticed , that these birds do not commence building their nests until the mouth of July , while many kinds , who remain with us through the whole season , have reared their first brood , and have commenced laying their eggs for the second . By careful observation and study with regard to this fact , I am led to the conclusion that , although the old birds find a sufficient quantity of food at all seasons of the year , and the kind that is adapted to their wants , they would be unable to find in spring or early summer those- new and milky seeds which are the necessary food for their young , for those seeds that have escaped ...
Frauds in the Sheep Trade , . * [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Frauds in the Sheep Trade , . * The Wool Grower , for May , contains an article which we should copy entire , for the benefit of western sheep buyers ; but our space will not permit this ; so we give some of its points , to put our readers on their guard : 1 . Let the fleece grow two years , and pass off the fleece as one of a single year s growth . 2 . Overstate the amount actually shorn , by one or two pounds . \ 3 , Dope the sheep ; that is , put on oil and coloring matter to make the sheep look like the required breed ; that is paint the sheep as a common horse was once painted , and sold for one of a superior race . 4 . Always have .. a sheep or two on hand of just the breed the buyer wants , and that , too , though there was but one kind when the flock started . Such are some of the frauds practiced on unsuspecting men , who have not yet learned how to look for dishonesty , under the mask of fair profession , when some of these scoundrels make . We know some facts , which , if...
Psalmodv vs . labor . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Psalmodv vs . labor . Snooks had occasion to call on the reverend Dominie Thomas Atrachard while he was in Glasgow , Is the Dominie in ? he inquired of a portly dame who opened the door . He s at name , but he s no in , replied the lady . He s in the yard , soober intendin Sauners , the carpenter . Ye can see him the noo , if your business is vare precise . Snooks assented , and walked through the door pointed to him into tfee yard , where he beheld a carpenter briskly planing a joist to the air of Maggie Lailer , and the worthy dominie standing by . Unwilling to intrude on their conversation , Snooks stepped unseen behind a water cask , and heard : Sauners !—no answer from the carpenter . Sauners , I say ! Can ye no hear me ? Yes , minister , I hear ve ! What s your wull ? Can ye no whistle some mair solemn and goodly tune while ye re at work ? A weel , minister , if it be ye re wull , Ill e en do it . Upon which he changed the air to the dead march of Saul , greatly to the hindran...
Tlie Cultivation of Wheat . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Tlie Cultivation of Wheat . As another harvest is gathered , the farmers of New York again have an opportunity to judge of the products and value of the different varieties of wheat sown in the fall . Fearing the depredations of the midge many have sown the Mediterranean variety , believing that its long beards and early maturing would prevent the working of that insect . The long beard is useless , however , and the early maturing is its only protecton from these depredations . Taking into consideration the quality of the grain , and the yield per acre , it will not be advisable tosow the Mediterranean wheat , if two-thirds of a crop can be obtained from White Flint or Sole s variety . It is for the interest of the farmers of Western New York to furnish the millers with wheat which will make the best quality of flour made in any quarter of the globe . If they should cease growing the choice varieties the loss would be greater than that occasioned by the midge . To guard against mid...
The India Rubber Tree . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The India Rubber Tree . The tree ( Siphilla Elasticaj is quite peculiar in its appearance , and sometimes reaches the height of 80 and even 100 feet . The trunk is perfectly round , rather smooth and protected by a bark of alight color . The leaves grow in clusters of three together , are thin and of an ovate form , and from ten to fourteen inches in length . The centre leaf of the cluster is always the longest . This remarkable tree bears a curious fruit of the size of a peach , which although not very palatable , is eagerly sought after by different animals—it is separated into three lobes , which contain each a , small black hut . The trees are tapped in the same manner that New Englanders tap maple trees . The trunk having beeri perforated a yellowish liquid resembling cream which is caught in a small clap cup , fastened to the tree . When , these beeome full their contents are emptied into large earthen jars , in which the liquid is kept until desired for use . The operation of...
American Race Horses going to Europe . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
American Race Horses going to Europe . Among the passengers of the steamship Asia , which sailed yesterday for England , we noticed the name of R . Ten Brack , the Napoleon of the American turf since the decease Col . Johnson , of Virginia The ^ object of Mr . Ten Brack s visit to Europe is to test the powers of the English race horse on English ground by actual experiment with those bred in America . For that purpose he takes out with him Lecompte , Prior , and the filly Prioress—three of the fastest hors es in this country . His horse Lexington , however , is left behind for reasons bestknoWn to himself , For last century , England lias been celebrated for the superiority of lief race horses , and it is to her principally teat we owe our fine stock . Most of our best stock stallions have been imported from that country . It is contended by English turf men that the horse in England has attained the maximum of speed and , no foreign horse is equal to them . In order to solve this p...
Care of Chickens . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Care of Chickens . In rearing fowls for the market , the early treatment of chickens isi ofthe highest , importance , they should be warmly sheliered and housed , and moreover fed most liberally at very short intervals . If a chick receives a check in its growth at an early age , it never afterwards attains a large size , as the boney frame becomes set , and a stunted growth is the inevitable result . , With good and abundant feeding , and the advantage of free run ; in favorable weather , Dorkings will become fit for . the purpose of fattening at the age of three to four mouths in summer , and four to five or six in winter . In order to be in the , highest perfection , fowls must be killed before , they have arrived at their full development ;^ the male birds must be taken when the sickle feathers of the tail begin to show , or as the country women say , when their tail tails begin to turn ; and the females , whilst still pullets , i . e . —befare they have laid . Life , we are tol...
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS , The New York TribuDe baa been furnished by an old Yankee with the following valuable recipes for making home-marie — WHEAT AND INDIAN BREAD . —Tu two quarts of sifted Indian meal add hot water enough to wet the same ; when sutficieDlly cooled , add one teaspoon full or more of salt , half a pint ot yeast and one teacup full of molasses . Then add wheac flour enough to make it into loaves , ( it should be kneaded well ) aud when risen light , bake or steam it three or four hours ; if this should get sour while rising add a teaspoon full of sugar and a little saleratus dissolved in water . BROWN BREAD . —Take equal quantities of Indian meal and rye flour : scald the meal , and when lukewarm add the flour , adding one halfpint of good yeast to four quarts of the mixture , a table spoon even full of salt , and half a cup of molasses , kneading the mixture well . — This kind of bread should be softer than wheat flour bread ; all the water added after scalding the me...
The Sangamon Fair [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The Sangamon Fair We again repeat that this Fair , will take place on the 23 d , 24 th , 25 th and 26 th , of the present month . We hope all who can , will bring articles for premium and exhibition . It is usual to hear farmers say that they would have beat such and such articles , if they had brought their articles of the same kind to the fair . And the same thing is often said by the ladies , and we have no doubt with truth . We trust our mechanics will show us what they jcanjdo in their several departments . Our citizens should feel an ambition and pride to show off their best on the occasion . There will . be new arrangements for exhibiting the fine articles of ladies , artist s and mechanic s skill the coming fair . New exhibition rooms are to be erected , and other important improvements are to be made upon the grounds . The coming fair is more important than usual , from the fact , that many strangers , who will be visiting our State , looking for locations , examining the c...
The Stock Show . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
The Stock Show . The stock show at our fair must be fine if our farmers will bring forward their stock . The arrangments will , be ample to receive it , and we learn that many stock purchasers will be present . Sangamon county will be hard to beat when her horses , her cattle , hogs and sheep , are brought out . It will be a gloririous sight when this is done—and we believe it will be done .
Planting Orchards in ttii Fall . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Planting Orchards in ttii Fall . -On some accounts , the fall is the best time for planting out orchards , if the grounds are in good order . These in all cases should be well worked , that is ; deeply and wetf plowed , and should be in locations where the roots of the trees will not be in standing water during the winter . Where trees are in good condition , are planted out in suitable grounds , and a bank of earth thrown up about the roots , so that they will not be swayed by the winds and become loose , they will undoubtedly do well . , The pedlars are already in the field . Our farming friends will do well to recollect that trees grown in Illinois Nurseries , are best suited to onr soil and climate—and of course are likely to do better than when brot from Eastern Nurseries ; they embrace all the desirable varietiesandare usually more thrifty , healthy and larger , than trees brought from a great distance , and grown in soils unlike our own and in climates very different ; beside...
Morgan County . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Morgan County . The fair in Morgan county will come off a week before ours . We trust arrangements will be made with the Great Western Rail Road Co ., and other companies for transporting stock free to that fair , and in all cases for carrying passengers to and from the fairs on the usual terms half price . This will bring revenue to the companies and greatly benefit the public . We hope the people of Sangamon and the adjacent counties , in . goodly numbers , will be at theMorgan fair . The fair grounds are near Jacksonville , are well fitted np , and every effort will be made by the citizens of Jacksonville to accommodate the people who will be in attendance .
Sowing of Grass Seeds . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Sowing of Grass Seeds . Timothy sown in the spring , as a general thing , did not do well . If there , was moisture enough to bring it np , the drought with the hot sun , dried it up and burnt it out . Many farmers prefer sowing it in the fall . If well put in , it will be likely to do well . If put in with wheat and the ground rolled , we are sure it will . We would suggest that our farmers pay more attention than they have done to the saving of timothy seed . They will agree with us that this can be effected with very little labor . The timothy perfects its seed here as well as in any part of the country . Thousands of dollars are sent out of this county every year for timothy and clover seeds .
Cool Weather . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Cool Weather . At the close of last month and the first of the present , we had some days of that peculiar weather which precedes the fall . Cool evenings , warm days , still atmosphere , pure skies—everything betokening that a change of the season was about to take place . Some of the birds of passage had already taken their departure for the South—the leaves of the trees were exhibiting a hue that told that their office was nearly performed—the fields of corn were losing their green— -and even the insects which seemed to abound in the fields and groves , were chanting their last song of the season . Well , be it so . Nature has performed its duty ; the time is rapidly approaching when it must lay off its livery of life , and repose for the winter season and until time produces a resurrection , —when the same seasons of spring and summer and autumn will return to greet the glad vision of many of our readers . We will not say that wo have not serious thoughts when we think of the pa...
Rye for Wiater Feed . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Rye for Wiater Feed . A number of of our Sangamon farmers are sowing Rye for fall , winter and spring feed for stock . It is found to be most excellent and valuable feed . One farmer will sow 200 bushels . Late in Spring the stock is turned off ; a crop is secured and , if the farmer chooses , he can turn in his hogs upon it , which grow rapidly and get fat upon the grain . It is not grown here for flouring or for distilling . The use made of the crop in Illinois would be considered almost sacrilege by those farmers who grow rye on the sterile hills of New England for breadstuffs . Rye flour however , even here , has admirers , who can seldom find it in market .
Winter Barley . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
Winter Barley . This grain is quoted iu the St . Louis papers at $ 1 , 65 . Many large sales have been made at these figures . The article is in good demand , and this demand seems to be increasing . Here many of our farmers are desirous of sowing barley this fall . Mr . Hensley of Morgan , the present season , has raised some 45 acres , which yielded forty bushels to the acre . FRANCIS &amp; BARRELL have a portion of his unsold stock of barley for sale . It is designed for seed . It is a plump and clean grain . The prospect is fair that for some time to come , the cultivation of barley will pay the farmers better than wheat .
County Fairs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 September 1856
County Fairs . All the counties around us will hold fairs . We have already stated that Macon , Mason , Tazewell , Cass , Logan and Scott , havo made arrangements for holding fairs . All these counties have their fair grounds , which . are being handsomely improved . Christian county—as good a county of land as there is anywhere , and rapidly filling up with substantial farmers—has recently organized an agricultural society which is about to purchase a tract of land for the use of the society . From the character of the gentlemen engaged in this matter , we are sure that success will attend their efforts . There is some fine stock in Christian , and some farms that cant be beat anywhere .