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MEANING OF POULTRY TERMS. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 3 April 1908
MEANING OF POTTLTRY TERMS. The -.meaning of various poultry terms, which often perplex the amateur, Is ex tracted from "Farm Life": Beard.-A bunch of feathers under the throat, as in the Houdans and Polish. Carunculated.-Fleshy protuberances on the; neck of a turkey cock. Carriage.-The upright attitude of a fowl. Clutch.-The eggs set under a hen, duck, or turkey. Cockerel.-A young cock, hot a year old. Crest.-Top knot of feathers, as on heads of Polish. Crop.-The first stomach of a fowl, where the food is masticated, as It were, preparatory to digestion. Ear-lobes.-Fold of skin hanging from the e'ars. ' Face.-The bare skin from top of bill around the eyes. Flight Feathers.-The primary wing feathers, used in flying. Fluffs.-Downy feathers around the thighs. Hackles.-The narrow lance-like. feathers on a fowl's neck and the pos terior of the back. Hen-Feathered.-A cock without long, sickle-shaped tail feathers. Hock.-Elbow joint of the leg. Keel-The breatsbone. Lei?.-The shank from elb...
THE POULTRY YARD. PRESERVE THE BREEDS. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 3 April 1908
THE POULTRY YARD. PRESERVE THE BREEDS. It Is frequently remarked (says the "Otago Witness") that breeds like game, Hamburgh, Polish, and bantams arc rapidly becoming of less and less im portance at shows. The reason given Is, as a rule, that fanciers nowadays fa vor only those breeds which, Irrespec tive of show attractiveness, pay for their "tucker" as producers. It is, of course, desirable that birds should be profitable, but those who would pose, as genuine fanciers will And that they must show a leaning towards beauty for Its own sake. The man or woman who has spent months, or, "perhaps, years, In breeding for points, such as shape, color, lacing, or size, can take no inter est In the company of those whose only object is phenomenal egg yields. Whilst the fancier may not look to pecuniary profit from his hobby, ho certainly likes to see his surplus stock regarded as of valuq For such encouragement he naturally looks to the fancier clubs. Yet what happens when prizes are being al...
LADIES' COLUMN. HOMELY FARE. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 3 April 1908
LADIES' COLUMN. HOMELY FARE. Easter Cakes. - Required: lib. butter, 21b. flour, %lb. sugar, 4 egg a, %lb. cur rants, X glass of brandy. Mix well to gether, and put by for four hours. Then roll into cakes In any desired shape and bako on tins In a quick oven. . Caramel Pudding. - Required: % pint milk, 2 whites of eggs, sugar to taste and flavoring, 2oz. lump sugar. 1 This Is a very nice and delicate pudding, which Is equally good hot or cold. Put the lump sugar into a mould with two tablo?poon fuls of water or lemon juice. Place tho mould on the hottest part of the fire, stirring tho sugar and water till it be comes a dark brown. Take tho tin In a cloth wrung out in hot water, and turn It round and round to coat It evenly with the caramel. Make a custard of tho milk, eggs and flavoring, and when tho sugar sets, which will be in two or threo minutes, strain In the custard; fitlr It, place a sheet of buttered paper on tlfl* top, put the mould In a pan of boiling water which reaches th...
FEEDING DAIRT COWS. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 3 April 1908
FEEDING DAIET OOWS, j The food which ono cow cats with avidity another cow dislikes and eats with reluctanec. The ration that is per fectly balanced for ono member of the herd, and by the use of which she pro duces greatly ond economically, Is en tirely out ot" proportion for another, and she produces far below her ability in amount of milk, butter tat, and profit. If the person in charge of g herd is endowed wltfc ttie qualifications of an expert feeder ho can easily stimulate to handsome profits. He should be a man who is capable of studying and learn ing tins-peculiarities of each animal in the herd, and should know the character of the ration demanded .by each beast. Ho should alFO bo able to balance up the ration accordingly.
Some Homely "Dont's." [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
Some Homely " Dont's." Don't laugh over other peoplo's mis-, takes-you soon may bo caught trip ping. Don't expect acorns,.to become oak trees in a (lay or "a year. Don't loso faith in humanity because you find an occasional hud egg. Don't quarrel with circumstances or frot over what cannot bo altered.' Don't decide that "charity" is.a great-mistake, because you havo some times boon imposed upon. Don't expect big things from a small mind.
LANDS FOR SETTLEMENT. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
LANDS FOR SETTLEMENT. Tiik following Crown Lands liavo boon giv/.cttcci as availablo lor Settlement on the dates given below : CONDITIONAL PURCHASE LEASE: CASINO LAND DISTRICT, within Dy raaba Holding (partly), 2,7dli aoros, in 7 blocks, in areas ranguig from 258} to 523 J acres; distant 11 to 13$ mUcafrom Kyoglo, and 12 to 18 miles from Casino; suitablo for grazing, agriculture, fcc. ; animal ronta from £13 OH. 8d, to £33 2s. 6d. Availablo 16th April, 1908. (C.l\L. Area No. 105.) MOREE LAND DISTRICT, partly within Slaughtor-hoiiHo Plains Holding, 17,101 acrcs in 2 blocks of 8,571 and 8,590 acres; distant 20 miles from Morcc and 5 miles | from Biniguy, suitable for grazing ; annual rents £71 8s. Gd. and £71 Us. 8d. rcspcc* . tively. Availablo 23rd April, 1008. (C.P.L. Area No. 107.) WAGGA, WAOCA LAND DISTRICT, 1,7-10 aercs in 3 blocks of 500, (100 and 629 acres; distant 5£ miles from Illaho ; suit able for agriculture ; annual rents £23 10a. 8d., £25, and £22 5s. 0d., respectively. ...
NOTED SYDNEY SEEDSMEN. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
I ! NOTED SYDNEY SEEDSMEN. A visitor to Sydney writes:-No one treading Itis way amongst tlio busy I traffic of Hint busiest of Sydney thoroughfares-Sussex Street-anil catching sight of tholegend: "Arthur Yates and Co., Seedsmen," in saffron tinted letters, would imagine that be hind is tho most extonsive a:ul compre hensive depot for seeds in Australasia. Yet it is so. Mr. Arthur Yates is the Australian representative, in the third generation, ot the name, and perpetu ates in this State the reputation of the Yates family, as seedsmen. > "Yates" is a naino as well known, at all ovents in tho. British Isles, in rela tion to the wholesalo business in seeds, as is Keen's to mustard, or Cadbury's t&lt;> cocoa. Boing told of Yates', and, thinking a visit of inspection would provido interesting reading for his agricultural readers, tho writor called at "184." Mr. Yates was a courteous guido. Wo visited first tho "testing-house." This is a substantial glass-house heated with h...
THE PROBLEM OF IMMIGRATION. III.—The Political and Economic Effects of Immigration. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
THE PROBLEM OF IMMIGRA . TION. -Tliti Political anil Economic Hfiects of Immigration. IT is obvious that «n influx of immi grants must havo some olfect upon the political lifo of n country. Whatever tlio cliarnctor of tlio immigrants, it .is not probable tlit-t tlioy havo lmd tlio same politicnl traditions tind training as tlio descendants of tlio original settlors. Through tlio institution of universal suffrage and tlio , short naturalisation period, this inlluenco.is very soon measured by their numerical strength. without regard. to ,their education, oharaeter, or ability. ' Tlio history of immigration to tlio 'United States affords us ample proof of tlio influonco of a largo influx of foreigners on tlio body politic. Al though tlio number of foreign-born in tho United States does not equal tlio native-born, still in nlany eases it bears a largo proportion to tho latter; and if wo tako into account tho . foreign parentago, tho proportion is still greater. Tndecd, in somo localitie...
HOME-MADE CHEESE-PRESS. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
HOME-MADE CHEESE-PHESS. A serviceable and satisfactory cheeno press Is shown In tho following Illus tration (taken from "Hoard's Dairy man"). In figure 1 the press is shown complete. Tho bottom pleccs may con venlently bo a wide plank, tho standards 2tn. by 41n. wood of almost any kind that Is tough and strong; tho crossplece botweon tho standards needs to bo a tough, .strong pieco, BO as to bear tho loverago. Tho part with tho holes &lt;n is best when rnado of Iron. .This is .ad justed hy an Iron pin to suit, Tho lever Is weighted by a largo stone. The choose-hoop, which is shown in figuro 2 . is place*] on the bottom plank. - A'square block of . wood in which a short post Is ' Inserted Is placed over the follower and makes the fulcrum for the lever. The cheese mould or hoop shown Is of DCtag-on shape and made oflln. boards. vTho corner plccts arc shaped triangular .o form tho octagon. Tho, follower (figure 3) is R.iwn from a 2ln&lt; plank lo fit tho hoop easily. It...
JUICE FROM HERBS. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
JUICE FROM HEBBS. Green herbs can be submlted to pow erful pressure in a tincture press sim ilar to the illustration. What little' juice thero Is will then fio*? out. The usual methods are, however, to prepare infusions or tinctures. Infusions aru made by boiling the herbs with water and straining. If the infusions will not keep, they are preserved by evapttra ting them to a syrup or'paste, or sugar . or alcohol are added to them to prevent tho growth oi moulds. Tinctures are mado by. percolating or macerating tho herbs' with rectified spirit. ?. o To give the pigs a goptf'-start In life", the ,so\v must be well fed before as -.yell as after farrowing. It Is not necnasary that sho beicept very fat, but she should be kept In good flesh, thrifty and vigor 0U3' . .... &lt; . j ... V-.. - v ?
Hic et ubique. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
Hie et ubique. .Wheat at Finley 4s id. Chaff ou rails Finley, 135s. Everything on the move locally. Even the churches are pushing. One exception-Recreation trus tees. _ True to their own recreation. Presbyterian service Sunday next at 7-.30 p.m. Cemetery trustees gave two hours of their time on Wednesday to tlie departed. They talked a great deal. Let us hope for the sake of decency they will do more than that. Mr G. R. Hillson the lion sec. of the Jockey Club has arranged for a special train from Numurkah on Easter Monday. Services will be held in the Methodist Church ou Sunday next at 11a.m. and 7.30. p.m. Prea | cher-Rev. D. Hunter of Denili quiu Fancy! only eight hundred and fifty sheep trucks on the whole of the lines in the State. Just about enough to shift 85,000 at one time. Imported Commissioner Johnson is designated by a 'pastoralist as a "blob" Several residents of Berrigau township complain bitterly because the "Advocate" published the Sani tary Inspector's report. Same ...
CULTURE OF ROOTS FOR FEED FOR STOCK. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
CULTTfRE Or ROOTS FOB FEED FOR STOCK. "The Culture and- Varieties of Roots for Stock Feeding" 13 the title of ft bul letin recently issued by the Cornell Ex periment Station, U.S.A. The work is based on the results of from two to three years' experiments in the growing of different varieties of roots most suit able'for stock feeding under New York conditions. As regards cultural methods, the work is general and adapted to'any Ideality where roots can be grown. The following is a summary of tho re port: Tho seeds of root crops are small, and consequently not capablo of over-com ing adverso soil conditions. A mellow, well-fitted seed bed, with nn abundant supply of moisture, but not wet, is es sential. The land should be ploughed . deep In order to give the' long-growing roots a chance" to expand. Moreover, deep ploughing ensures a more uniform supply of moisture in the growing sea son. After the clods were subdued, tho last'fitting should be made with a light straight "disc harrow or...
DEVICE FOR KICKING COWS. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
DEVICE -FOR KICKING^ COWS. To cure a "kicking". cow Is often a difficult and tedious task, and unless somo method of restraining them la" adopted more loss than profit may re sult through spilt milk. When the. cause of kicking can only be assigned to vfco or an acquired bad habit, the lit tle: arrangement .illustrated in the ac companying sketch (from "The Farn\ Field, and ^Fireside"), will be. found useful. At tho same time, it is simple, harmless, effective, inexpensive, and easily applied. A str^ptabout 1 in. wide should be buckled rotind each leg a lit tle above tho hock, as shown, sufficient ly tight to compress the hamstring. The animal cannot Jcick, and if flies are troublesome, and cause her .to switch her tail, the fcost plan is to cither strap it to her leg, or secure It to one of the straps with a plcce of cord, as illustra ted. Use the straps every time tho ani mal is milked, and after three, week's or so, omit, to ascertain whether a cu*e has been eflected or not.
Silver Jubilee of Rev. M. Vaughan. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
Silver Jubilee of Rev. M., Vaugtian. On Monday, March .30th, the Sacred Heart Convent School was the scene of a very interesting and. pleasing function, when the pupils gave a short entertainment in honor of Fr. Vaugliau's Silver Jubilee of Ordination.> A number of the parents and friends of the children were present, and every item of the short programme was rendered with a whole-hearted earnestness that be tokened the joyous sentiments of affection and gratitude towards their . beloved Pastor, that auimated their young hearts. The programme was as follows :-. llunornrtu Duct, Musical H«," Misses Leo am] M. Fowell. \ oca] nolo, "Tho AraVu Fanmell." n?ll " *?*' i "ThoPrinter"* 1?®,1!l M'MJ'thi Hurlicrte. Vocal Dnet, "Friend ship, I 'iffih. rjjiuofortu Solo, "Le (kim vieiiK »?Tn?n " i?"1!'?,111' J. DavicB. Chorus. Jnt.ileo Grrattofw," Pupils. Hesitation, "Tho. Frieit» I,call, Miss A. Popper. Vocal Qiwrtottc, aS.-'pu^h'. chorus, "SoaBatth At the conclusion of tho nroinsmme Mas Doll...
Finley Post Office. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
.Finley Post Office. Mails close at the Office as fol lows : . - Daily-For Sydney, T.P.O. south, west, Naraudera, Jerilderie and Berrigan, at 7 a.m. Train leaves, at 7.35. . Daily - For Melbourne and. Tocumwal, at 8 a.m. Coach leaves at 8.30. For . Deniliquin, 011 Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, at 7.30 p',m. Coach leaves at 8 p.m. For Pine Hills, Fridays only, at 7.30 p.m. For Jerilderie via Springfield, on. Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Satur days, at 6.30 p.m. Coach leaves at 7 p.m. ARRIVALS From Sydney, T.P.O. soutll west, Narandera, Jerilderie, and Berrigan, at 7.10 p.m. daily. From Melbourne and Tocumwal,, at 7 p.m. daily.. From Deniliquin on Wednesdays* Fridays, at 12.30 a.m., On Sun day at 4 p.m. From Pine Hills, on Sundays, at 4 p.m. - From Jerilderie, on Tuesdays* Thursdays, and Saturdays, at 8.30 M. W. CLIFFORD, Post Master.
Defect in Action. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
Dcfcct in Aotion. tiy "defect lr> action" In a horse one generally understood the striking 'f one hind fetloelj with the shoo of the op posite foot This fault is probably*, more often met with than any other defect In horses with good conformation. Horses which stand wide at the hocks and plant tho feet closely together usually strlko . the forward part of the shoe, while those than stand witlh the toes turned well outwards and the fee.1 cUse together will* strike with the back"part. Striking Is often noticed in young horse? when first shod. It disappears when they became accustomed to the shoes and road «wor'k. Shoeing with light shoes that conform well to the ohape of the foot will often cheek tho fault, but the pfactlco too often adopted of shoeing with a shoe thicker on the In side than on the outside, in order to change the position of tlie fetlock-polnt outwards when the foot Is planted, can not be'too strongly condemned. It places the foot and limb in an unnatural posi tio...
Racing. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
Racing. Uv THE Or.I) 'L:N'. "The. question is often asked "Why "is country racing not what it used tob«?" There nre many reasons, . first and foremost, the cheapness of Melbourne racing. An owner can Tent loose boxes for a nominal sum, he lias the best of com, hay etc. to his hand, and at a reasonable price ; he has good tracks to work his horses on, grass, sand and cinders, plenty of light weight jockeys -tol ride work, sometimes for nothing but the chance of a ride in a race, race- courses handy and freights ^cheap, and if all reports are true, lie can at plenty of courses norni .nate and see his weight, on the ex press understanding that if he does : not start'-be does not pay, and be^ -sides the stakes at a suburban meet ing are far, above those of an orcii .-nary country meeting, and if he wants to back his fancy, providing ? ihis horse is unknown, he gels a ? price from the bookmakers that! -would beundreamt of upconntry. Then again in the majority of " : .'cases ..we have a d...
Tocumwal Post Office. ARRIVALS, [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
Tocumwal Post Office. AKKIVAT.S, Kerrigan, Sundays, Wednesdays,. Fridays, n a.m. Fiiikvy daily at n a.m. Jerilderii.1, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, II a.m. Sydney, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays at n a.m. aud 9 p.m.. Tuppal Mail, Tuesdays, Thurs days, atid Saturdays, 2 p.m. - Deniliquin, Tuesdays and Fridays 5 p.m. Barooga and Mulwala, Tuesdays,. Thursdays, and Saturdays, 9 p.m. Yarroweyah, Cobram, Numur kah; Melbourne, daily at 3.40 p.m.. . DEPARTURES. Barooga and Mulwala, Mondr.ys,. Wednesdays, and Fridays, 9 a.m. Finley and Sydney, daily 4 p.m. _ Berrigan, Tuesdays, Thursdays,, and Saturdays, at 4 p.m. .. Deniliquin, Wednesdays, and. Saturdays, 6 a.m, Tuppal Mail, Tuesdays, Thurs days, and Saturdays, at 6 a.m. Yarroweyah, Cobram, Kumurkabi. aud Melbourne, daily at 11.10 a.m.
Race Club. [Newspaper Article] — Tocumwal Guardian and Finley Free Press — 10 April 1908
Race Club. A meeting' of the Finlev Jockey Club was held in the !i;ill on Satur day evening last when .Mr Tindale presided over a good attendance. The balance sheet as presented by Mr Askew showed a debit of ,£7 ios. Mr Win. Fuller said it was a pity to allow the annua! meeting to fall through, and he" believed a good day's sport could be arranged for a few days after the Tocumwal races. He had spoken to several about the matter and they were willing to give liberal donations towards a pro gramme, and lie would like to see the meeting conducted on straight and proper lines. N The following then promised dona tions :-Messrs Dalton £3 3s, Phipps £2 2s, Mitchell, Close, Fuller Bros, Guthrie, Burbury and Tindale £1 is. D. M'Gillivray 10s 6d. Mr Murphy said it was indeed very encouraging to find so many willing to support I the meeting, and he would do his I utmost to assist and would also I donate £5 3s to the funds, | Moved by Messrs Murphy and 1 Mitchell that a meeting be held 011 22n...