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THE RAMBOUILLET IN HIS HOME. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
THE RAMBOUILLET IN HIS HOME. . Professor Perkins, of the llosewor tliy College, S.A., who visited the famous Rambouillet Farm in. France, .whilst recently in Europe, has stated that after 123 years' breeding true to type, the merinos were undoubt edly line animals, but he considers they have been too much- pampered, and would not stand the Australian climate. He gives an instance of an attendant rushing up to close the window in one of the sheds, fearing that a choice ram might catch cold. There is 110 doubt that the Rambouil let in his home to-day is a different animal to what he was 25 to 30 yrars ago. The Director of the Farm lias of late years gone in for breeding for more quality in the wool, and Australians who have seen these fiheep agree with Professor Perkins, in that tliey are 'still1 fine animals, but Australia car now produce bet ter. The professor's assertion that they would not stand our climate must not he entertained for one mo ment. They are not a whit more pampered...
HORSE-BREEDING IN THE NORTH-WEST. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
HORSE-BREEDING IN THE NORTH-WEST. Mr. M. Durack, one of the leading squatters in the north-west of Aus tralia, during a brief interview with, a representative of the' Adelaide "Re gister." stated that he read with in terest the interview with Mr. Sidney Kidman relative to the supply of "gunnens" for the field artillery. While he agreed that it would be' diflicult at the present moment ta supply the requirements of the De fence Department in this connec tion, and acknowledged Mr. Kidman's wisdom .in suggesting that the -Com monwealth Government should sup ply its own requirements, he consid ered the former's general condemna tion of the tableland coin-, try for horse-breeaing purposes far to» sweeping. Mr. Durack was a mem ber of a family who pioneered the north-western pastoral lands of Aus tralia, and who took their cattle and horses from Queensland across the Northern 'territory to the Kimberley country, in the face of much opposi tion from the blacks. Since that time they have op...
How the "Big Factory Works. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
How the "Big Factory Works. The big factory at Byron Bay is a striking proof that the farmers are , quite capable when they have a mind, to manage their own business affairs. This season the combined output of ; the central and the branch factories will reach colossal figures. Each fac tory is complete in itself, and the manager must accept responsibility. All books of accounts, however, are kept at the headquarters. All pay ments go from that ofiice. If by any chance the farmer misses the morn ing train, or there is any oversight, the can of cream goes in the after noon to one of the factories in the other direction, as there is not a very heavy train service on the line. Sometimes the officials purposely di rect consignments in one direction; sometimes in another. It depends entirely upon the management. It makes no difference to the farmer. He gets his cheque all the same from the one source. There are four fac tories in the different districts undei the company's control. At oth...
COWRA BRANCH. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
COWRA BRANCH. ' The secretary advises the adoption by his branch of . resolutions, as fol lows - "That the rate of wages of 25s week and keep, and the care of horses be not considered as overtime. "That the weekly wage system is not acceptable to farmers during, har vest time, and that all wages fan raid by the day. Tliat the wages be 7s per day and keep; the day to be ten hours during harvest time. "That the minimum wage be not applied to hands under 21 years."
PRESERVING RABBITS AT PAMBULA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
PRESERVING RABBITS AT PAMBULA. Anent tlie movement to initiate a rabbit-canning industry at Pambula, the "Bega Budget" says:-? Present appearances would indi cate that the matter of establishing rabbit canning works has been initia ted in a systematic and business-like way. At a meeting held at Pambula, it was, decided to issue a prospectus forthwith, the nominal capital of the proposed company being set down at £10.000, in £1 shares. When 3000 shares shall have been applied for, the company will be duly formed, and it is anticipated that the neces sary buildings will be commenced some time during the present month. Already over 1000 shares have been promised in Rocky Hall alone, and solid promises of support have come from Monaro. Under the circumstan ces the promoters have every reason to be delighted with the success that has already attended their public spirited efforts. They have expressed a strong desire that the works should be ready by April, in order to get the full benefi...
RINGWOOD. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
RINGWOOD. The Ringwood branch, at its an nual mooting, after discussing for some time the claims of the Rural Workers' Union in rcspect to wages and hours of labour, adopted the fol lowing scale:-Threshing machine men, 8d per hour; chaffing, 9d per hour; binder and harvester drivers, 42s per week of 54 hours; general harvest hands, 35s , per week of 54 hours; plough men and drill drivers, 25s per week of 48 hours, and while occupied at unskilled labour £1 per week; drivers in all cases to look after their own horses over and above the hours>-mentioned; time -of starting work to commence from when drivers leave the stable to the time work is finished in the field; improvers or learners to be paid 25 per cent, less than full wage, and that full wage only apply to skilled la bourers, certified to as such by the union. It is intended to make appli cation to have evidence taken in the country.
MANILLA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
MANILLA. The Manilla branch met and con sidered the R.W.U. claims, and adop ted a scale of rates for transmission to the executive. Keen interest has been aroused by this new factor in the situation, and the. branch is re ceiving many new members.
PARKES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
PARKES. Not so much exception was taken by the Parkes branch to the R.W.U.'s scale of wages as to the hours of labour. If the eight hours meant exclusive of the care of horses, the meeting held last Saturday, decided there would be no objection, but it was characterised as absurd that a man should come on to feed harness horses, and have this all reckoned with a day of eight hours. The prin ciple of "give and take" was refer red to. Conditions were different to those of tradesmen, and in harvest time it was absolutely necessary that men should work more than eight hours. As they were often idle on account of showers they made it up by working longer hours when the weather was fine. The meeting strongly protested against union offi cials interfering with the hands in harvest time.
GOULBURN FRUIT-GROWERS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
GOULBURN FRUIT-GROWERS. Claims put forward by the Rural Workers' Union, are viewed with alarm in the fruit-growing districts. In Goulburn, for instance, growers say emphatically that it will mean the extinction of the cherry indus try, which is of considerable import ance to the district, because they will not be able to pay the wages asked, .'and carry it on. What is more they do not intend to try, and they threat en to root up their, cherry orchards. Meanwhile, - further extension of cherry .growing lias been suspended.
Stock ENSILAGE FOR SHEER [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
ENSILAGE FOR SHEER v BY "THE SHEPHERD." There comes a time in the career .of the man on the land when he lives only for the blessings of to day, and forgets that there is a to morrow that will dim his happiness. Travelling through the country now one is met almost everywhere with an abundance of grass, clover, and other fodder plants, more than suni cient for the stock, and a good deal of it going to waste. How many have thought of turning this surplus feed into ensilage, a method of pre serving plants that has stood the test for over a quarter of a century, and which has been the means, wher ever tried, of saving hundreds of thousands of sheep, besides cattle and horses? Not very many, although the various Government Experimen tal Farms in all the States have taken trouble to demonstrate the great benefits to be derived from it. Some graziers that can afford it, will buy extra stock to eat the surplus grass, etc. In some instances, this pavs well, but should the next year be" dry, ...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA. FEDERAL LAND TAX. NOTICE TO LAND OWNERS. Returns must be made for purposes of the Federal Land Tax, and must reach the Department on or before the first day of March next. All persons owning land the unim proved value of which is Three Thou sand Pounds, and upwards, must fur nish Keturns. The Penalty for not doing so is One Hundred Pounds. 1 Forms, with directions for filling in same, may be obtained at the prin cipal country post-offices, and at the Office of the Deputy-Commissioner, Sydney. A. F. TWINE, Deputy Federal Commissioner of Land Tax, Sydney. January 11, 1911. MYALL CREEK SUBDIVISION OF FAMOUS OLD INVERELL ESTATE, 9,748 ACRES FREEHOLD, IN 12 COMPACT FARMS, from 371 to 2673 ACRES. | RICHEST LUCERNE, MAIZE, WHEAT and DAIRYING LAND, IDEAL LY SUITABLE FOR MIXED FARMING. 130 SURROUNDING CLOSER SETTLEMENT HOLDERS TESTIFY TO ITS WONDERFUL CAPABILITIES. WARDEN HARRY GRAVES, LTD., 10 Castlereagli-street, Sydney, in conjunction with Borthwick and Bice, In...
HORSE-BREEDING POINTS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
HORSE-BREEDING POINTS. Several rules, both negative and positive, the "Farmers' Gazette" re marks, that the well-known breeder, Robert Pratt, considered should stu diously be observed in the breeding of horses, are maxims worth repro ducing: Unhealthy or unsound animals should never be used. Ill-tempered animals should never be used. Parents that are greatly dissimi lar in their breeds and shapes should not be mated. Great stallions fend small mares should never be mated. Half-bred stallions should not be used. Avoid breeding in-and-in. Do not breed from coarse, loose made mares or horses. Do not breed from black or grey mares or horses. - Do not breed from mares and horses which, . having bred, produced bad colts. Determine exactly in your mind the character of the horses you wish to produce, and never lose sight of ,it. . Avail of any opportunity that offers to procure the finest animals and; blood that will suit your pur pose; To .breed half-bred horses, se lect a pure thoroughbr...
RAPE FOR SHEEP. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
RAPE FOR SHEEP. Rape, which at one time was thought not suitable for culture in the warm districts of this State, has proved itself a good friend to many of the small landholders in these dis tricts. A few of the large sheep breeders in Riverina, and on the Liv , erpool Plains, have also tried rape with success as a sheep-fodder. It is less harmful to sheep in wet wea ther than lucerne, and if properly cultivated Will carry nearly as many sheep per acre as lucerne, but not all tne year roundv It is a grand stand by during lambing time, and as soon as the lambs are fit to travel, put them with tlieir mothers on the rape, and leave them for four or five weeks, and you will see a marked difference in both as compared to ewes and lambs on the native grass es, especially as regards the increased size of the lamb on the rape. It is not advisable to keep sheep too long on rape, as a sheep requires a change of food to keep it in perfect health, and it gets this on the native pas tures, whic...
PASTORAL RETURNS FOR 1910. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
PASTORAL RETURNS FOR 1910. As the official returns of stock in tlie State at the end of 1910, is not likely to be available, we will pub lish detailed district returns as tliey are received by us. Following ai'e to hand*. Wagga. Sheep .. .... .. 874,508 Lambs .. .. .. .. 270,000 Total .. .. .. 1,144,568 Wool yield per head Sheep .... .. 71b 2ysoz Lambs .. .. .. 21b 12ysoz. West Maitland. Sheep .. .. 2,719 Cattle .. .. .. .. 98,535 Horses .. .. .. .. 16,034 Coonamble. Sheep .. .. .. 1,403,376 Cattle .. ........ 20,037 Horses .. 6,375 Gundagai. Sheep 1,083,324 Cattle 38,547 Horses 13,346
HORSES FOR ARMY PURPOSES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
HORSES FOR ARMY PURPOSES. "Mounted Infantry" writes: - Senator Pearce recently made some interesting statements to the press, with reference to the Federal Go vernment intentions in respect of providing the artillery with horses, and arranging for a supply of horses for the mounted forces of the Com monwealth generally. The Imperial authorities are to be asked to co operate in the establishment of breeding farms in the Northern Ter ritory or Central Australia, and the Minister is reported to have stated that 1300 remounts for the artillery are to be purchased, broken in, effec tively trained, and used in the com ing Easter camps. Anyone with a knoAvledge of horses and their use under military conditions will open their eyes very wide indeed at such a statement. If it is seriously meant, then one of two things must happen, either the batteries will get very little training, or a large proportion of the horses will suffer seriously. We can imagine the appearance of a battery '.command...
TOMINGLEY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
TOMINGLEY. The Tomingley branch, at its last meeting, decided to write to the head office, agreeing with the scale . of 'wages for farm' labourers, but that they consider that each farm hand should attend to one team of horses in his own time-that is if the em ployee is engaged in horse work. The secretary will move at the next meeting tha t they be represen ted at the W.D.C. meeting. , Tlie meeting wish this communica tion to be sent to Western District Council's meeting in March next.
BREEZA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
BREEZA. A meeting of the branch was held to consider the K.W.U. proposals. It was decided that a district council of the Association would he the most suitable organisation to: deal with the problem. Other' branches: in the dis trict are to be written to, to get their views on the subject. Any hard and fast "time" system is regarded as quite impracticable till the weather can be regulated to fit in with it. A wage of 20s a week and keep, was considered a fair min.' mum.
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
MISS SCHOLEFIELD 41 Elizabeth St. Sydney Agent for Every Kind of Farm and Station Labour. WANTS WORK FOR Farm Hand,. Ploughman, good refs., asks 25s; Teamster, general farm hand, good man, 27s Gd; Bullock Driver (or horses), good experience, 30s; Horse Driver, manage team well, sober, respectable man, 30s; Experi enced Boundary Rider, good all round hand; Ploughman and general farm hand wants work, Cootamundra district; Blacksmith, able to shoe, and general repairs; Bush Carpenter, can build, make gates; Young, Gene ral Hands, farm, 15s; Youth, gain ex-, perience, wheat, sheep farm, 7s 6d, 10s, to start; Married Couples for farm or station, good, respectable people, can be recommended. MAITLAND DAIRYING LAND 882 ACRES Freehold. Twelve miles from a Railway Station. Rich soil, will grow anything. Watered by creeks and dams. Fine Residence, Dairy, etc. 9 Paddocks. PRICE £5, On Terms. For Finn Offer, or Full Particulars, Wire the Agents. JOHN BRIDGE & COMPANY, LIMITED CIRCULAR Q...
BENA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
BENA. Mr. C. T. Field, of Bona,-writes "That we are not governed by our representatives, but by a class wliose interests are antagonistic to the in terests of the majority of the people, and especially against the producers. "I hope the executive will put up ? a good fight against the Rural Work ers' Union, as it will mean ruin to many of us if we have to comply with their demands. "However, another drought will soon be due, and when that comes along it will steady the workers con siderably, although the farmers will also Buffer, but next time tliey should be better prepared."
MONARO. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
MONARO. At the meeting of the branch on 27 January, the following officers were appointed for 1911:-Mr. John Mur doek, J.P., of Bungaroby, president; Messrs. J. II. Alcock and P. McLaughlin,, of Springfield, vice J.P., * of Bungarboy, president; Messrs. J. II. Alcock, of Springfield, and P. McLaughlin, Springfield, vice presidents; and Mr. James Drum mond, of Hazeldean, secretary and treasurer. , The pi'incipal business was the site of the Iioinebush sale yards, Monaro being chiefly a pastoral district, large quantities of stock are trucked at Cooma for the Sydney market, the site of the Ilomebusli sale yards is, therefore, a matter of considerable importance. After a full discussion, Mi% J. H. Alcock, vice-president, was appointed to give evidence before the Public Works Committee.