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Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 24 March 1841
OPEN FOR CHARTER. jl^nnHE brig 'EAGLE? WlflBflJIfr -I lately arrived from Cir imS$£m cular Head, Van Diemen's *' Land, is open for charter. — For particu lars, application to be made to the Captain, on board ; or to L.&W. SAMSOtf, Agents. March 17, 1841. NOTICE TO CONSIGNEES AND OTHERS. jjjyjgl- A LL persons having goods WMfiKjmuLA on board the Sterting are «BhHEh requested to land the same immediately, as after Wednesday next, the 24th instant, the same will be landed and warehoused by the undersigned, at the risk and expense of the owners. L.& W.SAMSON, Agents for the barque ' Sterling' March 17, 1841. ? NOTICE. fi APTAING. FOSTER, ofthebarque \J Sterling, hereby gives notice, that he will not be answerable for any debts incurred by his crew. Fremantk, March 17, 1841. SALES BY AUCTION. — ©a— SALE AT FREMAJHTLE. TO BE SOLD~BY AUCTION, BY MESSRS. L. & W. SAMSON, On Thursday next, the 25th instant, at one o'clock, ABOUT 14,000 feet of sawn timber (of the strin...
Family Notices [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 24 March 1841
MARRIED. On Wednesday last, at the Government Resi- dent's, Fremantle, by the Rev. the Colonial Chaplain, W. H. Sholl, Esq., to Jane, daughter &nbsp; of Peter Crocker, Esq., of Plymouth, Devon.
IX. ON AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
IX. ON AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE. . The system of agriculture adapted to Western Australia is of so peculiar a character, that the experienced English farmer has much to learn, and must be prepared to adopt many practices at variance with his previous habits ; a short time, however, will be sufficient for his initiation. His first care should be to attain a competent knowledge of the seasons, and of the nature of the various soils he has to deal with, for it is observable in this country, that those which are apparently barren, are not so in reality, and that lands which appear to be perfectly sterile produce the finest timber, and of gigantic growth. This can only be accounted for by the influence of a genial climate, counteracting the deficiency of natural fertility. The safest practice, however, is to appropriate the richest land for the produc tion of corn, and to indulge only to a limited extent in untried experiments. It is the opinion of competent judges, that the wheat pr...
VIII. STATE OF CRIME. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
VIII. STATE OF CRIME. In analyzing the following returns, which embrace a period of two years and a half, it Will appear that only fifteen individuals of the whole number indicted, belonged to the bonafide settler population, which makes an aver age of six persons per annum, throughout the colony. Without arrogating any moral superiority, the smallness of the number may possibly be refer able to the following causes. The high wages of labour, and abundance of employment throughout the colony, remove temptations to practices of dishonesty ; and notwith* standing the exposure of property to depredation, from many of the settlers having been for years in the habit of leaving their premises unsecured at night, no ill consequences have ensued. Many mechanics, and labourers, have acquired considerable property, and the prospect whieh is o^en to all, of raising themselves to higher stations in society, is a great stimulus to good conduct. The value of character is duly appreciated, and alt...
THE INQUIRER WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31,1811. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31, 1811. We observe, by the Government Gazette of last week, that a Bill- to impose a tax of one halfpenny per acre upon all the assigned lands in the colony, is to be submitted to-morrow to the consideration of the Legislative Council ; also a Bill to impose a duty ot£l per cent, on each and every transfer of landed property, — beyond all doubt the most important measures that have ever yet been laid before the Council. The first mea sure is a modification of that recommended by the Land and Emigration Board, and is exactly six times less objectionable than the absurd and wicked proposal put forth by the Commissioners, but it will nevertheless meet with our steadfast and determined opposition, and we trust that our fellow-colonists generally will take instant steps to manifest their disapproval of the enactment with which they are threatened. We cannot help here observing, that the Council has been called together on too short a notice ; the members not resident i...
V. EUROPEAN POPULATION. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
V. EUROPEAN POPULATION. The increase of population by means of immigration, has been very inconsiderable for several years past, but as the causes have been sufficiently explained in the introductory remarks, we shall not repeat them in this place. The few settlers who have arrived within the period, have been principally connected with persons in the colony, and thus obtained information which may be supposed to have been sufficiently satisfactory. If we have gained few, it is gratifying to know that we have scarcely lost any, as of the numbers who have from time to time visited England from hence, almost all have returned. The various classes of our society appear to bear a just relative propor tion to each other, and their social habits differ little from those of England. There is, however, a very marked superiority in the condition of the mechanical and labouring classes, and the substantial comforts they enjoy. The total absence of pauperism must be very apparent to persons re...
REPORT ON THE STATISTICS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA IN 1840, WITH OBSERVATIONS, BY THE COLONIAL COMMITTEE OF CORRESPONDENCE. PROPERTY ANNUALLY CREATED AND COMSUMED, OR CONVERTED INTC OTHER PROPERTY, MOVE ABLE OR IMMOVEABLE. (MONTGOMERY MARTIN'S FORM.) [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
REPORT ON THE STATISTICS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA IN 1840, WITH OBSERVATIONS, BY THE COLONIAL COMMITTEE OF CORRESPONDENCE. PROPERTY ANNUALLY CREATED AND COMSUMED, OR CONVERTED INTO OTHER PROPERTY, MOVEABLE OR IMA1OVEABLE. (MONTGOMERY MARTIN'S FORM.) n« *» A Property annually created. -W*w8 0 ° Sheep 30,161. £ ,. d. Animal food for 2,554 T~irT Z I ? Bouls,atl501b.cacli 84,770 0 0 Horned Cattle 2,318. 17,650 0 0 per an.; 353,1001b. — T ~ ~ ~ ? at Is. per lb., not S5-00° ° ° Horses 500. includiugialtincat 3,463 0 0 Goats 4,604. Fish for 2,354 6ouls,ut ? nn n n ? 735 0 0 251bs. each per an., 3,100 0 0 Swine 1,595. 58,8001bs., at 3d. ? S ? 1,177 0 0 Poultry. % Vegetables and Fruit — -! — ZZ~T~Z ? £ 5,374 19 4 for 8,354 souls, at 25,000 0 0 Furniture, Plate, &c. « 1 \d. per diem each. i- ? _ _ ^_______^^___ _ t* _____ _______ ______________ 11,770 0 0 Clothing for 2,354 J 537419 .Butter, Eggs, Milk, ' ? souls, at 10/. g °'d74 iy 4 and Cheese, at I \d. 1 ? * ? — ? : ? 80,000 0 0jfill8....
IV. INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
IV. INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS. The management of roads, bridges, and other internal communications; is vested by the Legislature in a body of Trustees. All magistrates, and proprietor* of one thousand acres of land in fee-simple, are Trustees of the General Trust; and all magistrates, and proprietors of allotments in fee-simple in the towns, of the respective Town Road Trusts. The busi ness of the Trustees is conducted by Boards of Directors, which, with their chairman and officers, are elected annually, at which periods the accounts are examined, and transmitted to the local government. General meetings of Trustees are held quarterly, when the applications from the various districts are taken into consideration, and the money voted, according to the urgency of the case, and the amount of funds available. New lines of rotid are improved by the Trustees, by merely removiug obstructions, and bridging the.watercourses. Where population is greater, more labour is bestowed ; thus the roadB...
I. INTRODUCTION. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
I. INTRODUCTION. Changes, remarkable for their nature and extent, having taken place in Western Australia since the date of t'.ie last Statistical Report, by our late Governor, Sir James Stirling, in the year 1837, and frequent com plaints having been received from England as to the want of information which exists relative to our actual condition, it has been thought desirable to supply this want by means of the present Report. Eleven years have now elapsed since the foundation of the colony, during which period the little progress made in population may seem to afford evidence of some inherent defects to those uninformed on the subject; the facts, however, contained in the following pages, which have been col lected from the most authentic sources, will enable the impartial reader to come to a more correct conclusion. The real causes are attributable partly to the injudicious zeal of friends, whose extravagant descriptions of the country, when compared with the sober reality, gave...
II. DESCRIPTION AND BOUNDARIES. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
II. DESCRIPTION AND BOUNDARIES. 'The territory of Western Australia includes all that portion of New Holland situated to the westward of the 129th degree of longitude. Its greatest length is therefore 1,280 miles from north to south, and 800 miles from east to weet,' as defined by the Royal Commission. In its infancy, when the banks of the Swan River alone were occupied, it was better -' known as the ' Swan River Settlement,' but that name has long ceased to be appropriate, many other rivers and districts having since been located. Bounded by the 129th degree of longitude, and a coast of 2,000 miles on the Indian Ocean, its maritime importance is very considerable, and owing to its westerly aspect, the prevailing winds being from that point, cause such abundant rains to full during the season of tillage, as to relieve the farmer from all apprehension for the safety of his crops from droughts, which unfortunately prevail so much in other parts 01 Australia. The coasts and estuaries f...
III. FORM OF GOVERNMENT, AND ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE, [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
HI. FORM OF GOVERNMENT, AND ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE, The Government of Western Australia is administered by a Governor, who is also Commander-in-chief and Vice-Admiral, assisted by an Execu tive Council of four members — viz., the Officer Commanding the Troops, the Colonial Secretary, the Surveyor-General, and the Advocate-General. This Council usually sits once a week, but can be assembled at any time. The Legislative Council is composed of the members of the Executive, with the addition of four influential settlers nominated by the Crown ; and the laws of the colony consist of those in force in England at the time of its foundation, in 1829, and those enacted by the Legislative Council, together with such subsequent English acts as, being considered applicable to the colony, may be adopted by it. It meets annually, and observes, as far as possible, the forms of Parliament. These acts are subject to the royal approbation, as in Great Britain. The chief distinction consists in its...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
WESTERN AUSTRALIAN AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. THE quarterly meeting of the mem bers of this Society will be held at Devenish's Hotel, Guildford, on Friday, the 2d of April next. JOSEPH HARRIS, Hon. Secretary. Strelley, Upper Sicanf ) March 18, 1841. j rjlHE house at present occupied by I Captain Fisher, 51st Regt., lute residence of G. F. Moore, Esq. The premises have recently undergone altera tions and improvements. gjgff3 To be seen daily between 12 and 3 o'clock. Perth, March 31, 1841. YAN Diemen's Land flour, oats, and wheat. also, — A superior 7-feet new mahogany Bagatelle Table, complete. Agett & Stokes. SEED WHEAT. SEED WHEAT of a superior descrip tion, grown by Mr. Armstrong, Murray, now on sale. G. Shenton & Co. MR. L. PREISS gives notice, that he intends to leave the colony for some time by the first convenient op portunity. March *29, 1841.
METEOROLOGICAL TABLE. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
METEOROLOGICAL TABLE. Extract from a Meteorological Journal kept in the office of the Hon. the Surveyor-General, Perth. Date. I Time. I Thirro 1 Bur. Wind. Weather & Remarks. 1841 ! i March i | 24 | 10 AM i 71 ! .30 .35 SW Light wiud.fine.dear I 4 PM j ?J- ! S2 SW [Fresh wtatfiep-fine 93 jlOASli n j .40 j ESE jLipltf airs— fine clear ;4PM '* ; 31 gW ,Mod. sea breeze— do. M 10 A M 78 ! .81 EKE Light ttire— fine 4PM 60 .28 SSW 'Mod. breeze— fine »7 10 A M j 82 i .22 W 'Light airs— fine ; Lightning to the i ; j northward M 10AM ? T« ' .88 NE [Light airs — pawing ! clouds 8PM f 8« -«8 SW Mod. sea lir^w, fine W 10 A M ; 63 ' 33 N , Light airs— passing j : | clouds 4 P M 80 I .54 SSW M«d. breeie— cMj-. ? Bhwre.dur. the night 00 10 A M 79 | .25 SSW Fresh brtesc-cJdy. 9PM I 75 I .86 SW Fresh brrczr— fine
SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. Sailed.— On the 29th instant, the Champion, for Leschenault and King George's Sound. — Passengers, Dr. Crichton, and Mr. Austin. OritfieSOthjtheiSiCowf, for Adelaide and Laun ceston. — Passengers, Hon. W. Talbot, and — CJerk, Esq. Lying in Gage's Roads. — The Sterling, and Eagle.
RURAL ECONOMY. ENGLISH AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. [Continued from No. 32.] [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
RURAL ECONOMY. ENGLISH AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. [Continued from No. Si.] Mr. Pusey on the same subject (that of the comparative merits of swing and wheel ploughs) says, ' before commenc ing I acquainted MeBftre. Ransome, that I had found a plough (by Mr. Hart, of Wanthall) of lighter draught than any in my possession ; and they sent me two others mark ed FP, precisely the same in all their parts with each other excepting that cue was a swing plough and the other en wheels. In u trial the numbers stood thus — cwt. 6tone. Hart's ? 1J equal to 15 FP, swing ? 3 24 Rutland NL, ? 3$ SO It was suggested by Mr. Harris, of Hinton, that Messrs. Ransome's ploughs were rendered much heavier in draught by the coat of coal tar, with which their iron mould-boards had been covered ; and he undertook to polish their iron work by using them in a gritty soil for two or three days before the final trial took place. The points of inquiry toward which I was desirous of di recting our trials, were chiefly th...
VI. ON THE ABORIGINAL RACE OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
VI. ON THE ABORIGINAL RACE OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA. We have been favoured with the following communication on the con- dition of the Aborigines, by G. F. Moore, Esq. : — No statistical report of this colony can be considered as complete which does not include also some account of the numbers and condition of the aborigines, at least so far as regards those who may frequent the inhabit- ed districts of the settlement. Scattered as they are over a large surface, and wandering for the most part without any fixed residence, it is difficult to obtain an exact census of their numbers ; but, from the observations which have been made from time to time, and the accounts which have been taken at different places, there is little doubt that those actually fre- quenting the settled districts amount, to no fewer than 3,000 individuals. A great proportion of these, derive the principle part of their subsistence from the colonists, either by gratuitous support, or for services performed. This is a f...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
OPEN FOR CHARTER. jggmHE brig 'EAGLE/ fffijSjjjfflr JL latel^^ arrived from Cir iQHlWlfS cular Head, Van Diemen's Land, is open for charter. — For particu lars, application to be made to the Captain, on board ; or to L.& W.SAMSON, Agents. March 17, 1841. NOTICE. CAPTAIN G. FOSTER, ofthcbarque Sterling, hereby gives notice, that he will not be answerable for any debts incurred by his ere w. Fremantle, MarchAl, 1341. SALES BY AUCTION. — oo — SALE AT PERTH. EX 'STERLING.' TO BE SOLD~BY AUCTION, BY MESSRS. L. k W. SAMS JN, At their Auction Rooms, Perth, on Wednesday, the 31st instant, at a . very small advance on original invoice, PORK in barrels, Flour in barrels, Irish butter (prime) in firkins, Rum in puncheons, Brandy in quarter casks, very supe rior, English gin in hogsheads, A great variety of useful and enter taining books, ladies' albums, &c., Split peas, Oatmeal, Prime Yarmouth bloaters in jars, Loaf and moist sugar, fiottled ale, Ale in draught; with a variety ...
VII. STATE OF RBLIQION. [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
VII. STATE OF RELIGION. There are at present only two clergymen of the Church of England in the colony, holding clerical appointments, viz., the Rev. J. B. Wittenoom, M. A. Colonial Chaplain, and the Rev. W. Mitchell; the first residing in Perth, and tbe latter on the Middle Swan. An additional Clergyman, the Rev. - Wollaston, M. A. is shortly expected at Australind. There is also a Wesleyan Missionary, the Rev. Mr. Smithies, who resides in Perth. On Sundays, the service of the Church of England is performed twice in Perth; by the Colonial Chaplain, and at Guildford, the Middle and Upper Swan districts, by the Rev. W. Mitchell, with occasional services at Fremantle, and the Canning district. The church service is also read by the 'Government Residents at Fremantle and Albany, by the Protector of Aborigines at York, and by several other gentlemen in their respective districts. The practice also prevails to some extent among the settlers in their various households. The Wesleyan Missi...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
FOR SALE, OR TO BE LET ON LEASE, ALL those valuable and substantial premises situated on the South beach, Fremantle, and now in the occu pation of the Local Government as the Bonded Stores. There are four allot ments, three of which are enclosed with high stone walls. — For particulars, en quire of the undersigned. T. R. C. Walters. Perth, Feb. 21, 1841. TO BE LET OR SOLD, THE unexpired term in the lease of the ' Western Australian Brewery,' &nbsp; formerly known as the Perth Hotel. The premises consist of a convenient dwell ing-house, with out-offices, a brewery, with an excellent supply of water, fitted up for carrying on an extensive business ; a malt kiln, 12 feet square, on the most approved principle, and an excellent malt-floor ; stable, garden, &c Immediate possession may be had, and the premises viewed, by application to Mr. Hall. Perth, March 8, 1841. WANTED, AN apprentice, to learn the trade of &nbsp; a millwright and wheelwright. &nbsp; Ap...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — Inquirer — 31 March 1841
VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE, BY PRIVATE CONTRACT. THAT well known garden situated in the centre of Perth, lot L. 13 Bazaar Street, together with the house attached containing 5 rooms ; the garden is plant- ed with the choicest vines, apples, pears, oranges, lemons, shaddocks, peaches, nectarines, &c, &c, selected with the greatest care and expense, the vines now yield from 3 to 4 tons yearly, and are capable of an increase of at least one ton per year. The above splendid pro- perty is too well known to need any comment. For further particulars apply to the proprietor Charles Brown, Perth, March 15th, 1841. VALUABLE PROPERTY. TO be sold, the farm of "Ravens- &nbsp; wood," on the Murray, consisting of twelve hundred acres, a large propor- tion of which is superior wheat land ; from 30 to 40 acres are cleared, from which only one crop has been taken. There is an excellent house, built in the cottage style, consisting of five rooms, with kitchen adjoining; also a ...