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Remedy for the Borer . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Remedy for the Borer . Make a coneave mound of mellow earth around the tree , rising about six inches above the work of the insects . Thoroughly saturate this mound with a strong common salt brine , twice at an interval of four weeks at any time of the year when the ground is not frozen ; stale beef or pork brine in its full strength , isjnst the thing . The mound of earth holds the liquid in suspension , round the tree , until by capillary attraction it is carried into the holes and burrows of the insect—where the salt is sure destruction to every grade of this ravaging and pestilent enemy . Vary the quantity of the dose with the size of the tree . Be cautious with small trees . Old , large trees , three feet round , mav have a wailful at a time . I have revived trees by this application from apparent death ; Apple trees 30 years old , with their trunks perforated very badly , are now perfectly healthy , and their wouuds are healing over . Two golden Sweetings , 8 years old , last ...
Planting Strawberries , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Planting Strawberries , skillful gardeners can transplant strawberries at any season of the year , when the ground is not frozen , but if done during the summer months in this climate , much care and labor is requisite in watering and shading or mulching the plants ; so that few persons of any experience in the business will choose to undertake it at this season . In the month of September , or as soon as the heat and drought of the summer is over and the ground is well moistened with rain , is the best time for * planting ; and this will allow the plants to become well rooted , so that by covering them slightly for the winter , they will bear a moderate crop of fruit the next spring . If the planting is not done in September or October , it had better be deferred till spring . Spring planting is t the easiest and safest of all , but of course it involves a year s delay before any fruit of consequence can be realized . —Ohio Cultivator .
Change of Food for Animals . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Change of Food for Animals . The kind of food for animals should be changed frequently . A horse long kept on shorts will be affected by a fever in his legs and feet , producing a result similar to founder . Shorts , corn meal or cob meal ; should never be given except in a mixed state with cut hay or straw . . This will require them to eat slower and . the food is better prepared for uigestion . If given alone it ferments rapidly in the stomach , produces a general fever , injures the digestive powers and finally produces a stiffness throughout the limbs . When these results are discovered the remedy is a change of food . Continued feeding on oats alone , will produce the same result as shorts or meal , and many a founder is caused by it , is by feeding and drinking when the horse is warm . If necessity compels a person to feed a horse on shorts , corn meal , or cob meal , a supply of salt should be added to prevent fermentation in the stomach . J ®» ln private conversation between...
A ehair trade in New York [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
A ehair trade in New York A stranger , on observing the vast throng of operatives pouring from the ferry boats and through the main streets of the city , to and from their daily toil , is led to wonder oftentimes , how so many found employment and from their respectable dress and appearance of evidently so good a description . — Those who have such doubts know but little of the mighty business which is transacted in Gotham , and the extent of its commercial and mechanical operations . In proof of this , they need carry their thoughts no further as to one great branch , than the common chair they sit upon . This article alone , to say nothing of the mahogany or other descriptions of fancy chairs , employs in this city about one million dollars of capital , there being eight large houses and about one hundred smaller ones , engaged in the business . The number of such chairs manufactured in or for New York is about four millions annually , and the value some six millions of dollars . ...
A Certain Method to Secure wheat in wet Weather . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
A Certain Method to Secure wheat in wet Weather . Having seen from the newspapers , and heard from other sources , of the losses and damage which happened to the last wheat crop in this State from the quantity of rain which fell during harvest , I am induced to communicate the result of my experience as to the best method of saving wheat during a continued spell of rain after wheat cutting has commenced . About thirty years ago , I lived in Eastern Virginia , in the county of Essex . —At that time , there was the most promising crop of wheat growing , that I ever remember to have seen but once before . But , in the begining of harvest , a rainy spell set in , and continued during the whole harvest , and for some days after wheat cutting had been finished . The rain fell , in torrents , and to the best of my recollection without the interruption of a single day . Finding that there would be a total loss of the crop , if permitted to stand in the field , by the advice of an experience...
Butter-MaMng in Northern New York ... [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Butter-MaMng in Northern New York ... . The following interesting article we copy from the Rural New- Yorker of the 12 th July , for which paper it was fnrnished by a correspondent in Jefferson county : I propose briefly to hint at the process of Butter making , as practised by the best dairymen in Northern New York . I shall endeavor to confine myself to the usage of the best makers , rather than to . advance theories of my own—simply premising that for several years I have been extensively engaged in the butter and cheese trade , and ought perhaps , to be considered as conversant with the best methods of manufacture . It may be necessary here to state—what may not be known to all your readers—that the farst class butter dairies of Jefferson , Lewis and Oneida counties are very much sought after , and principally , depended on , by the Boston dealers , for their winter and spring trade . In the first place , our best dairymen deem it very important to provide a suitable place for s...
¦ / System in Farming . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
¦ / System in Farming . Success in farming , as in every other operation , is a consequence of order , system and thoroughness . The following extract from an address before the Oakland ( Mich ) County Agricultural Society , by Hon . J . B . Hunt , pictures to the life , the practice of the Make-do family , who undertake farming . It also gives at a glance , the requisites to success . , There is no great branch of business carried on at the present day , which is managed with as little system , as farming . On looking over the whole cpuntry , how few you find who conduct the whole operation right . We are happy to say that we can find many successful farmers among them , but they fall infinitely short of what they should be . The whole business appears to be carried on withont any certainty ; not one farmer in ten knows the exact quantity of land he has in each field on the farm , and when he has sown his seed , he is not certain whether he has sown a bushel or a bushel and a half ...
Our Vinegar Plant . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Our Vinegar Plant . We spoke last April of a Vinegar Plant given us by a lady friend , in Webster . We took it home to our office , procured at an apothecary s store one of his largest glass jars , holding some two gallons , filled it with common sweetened water , committed the plant to it , and there it has been ever since spreading its folds upon the surface , till it was evident that the vinegar had become strong enough almost for the death of the plant ; whereupon , this week , we removed the original sweetened water , and supplied its place with new for the plant to work upon . On drawing off the vinegar it was found very strong indeed , almost as strong as ley , and for ordinary table purposes it will require to be diluted with fresh water . There is no mistake about , this vingear plant will keep our family in the purest vinegar as long as we shall need such ah article . —Rural Intelligencer . , Fo * KICKING COWS . —Take a short strap and fasten the ends together . Next prepa...
To Divest Calves of Vermin . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
To Divest Calves of Vermin . It often happens that calves become covered with vermin , causing them to lose flesh and look very dull . To clean the calf is a very disagreeable piece of work ; but if the following recipe is adhered to , they will become clean with a very little trouble . Give the calf a tablespoonful of brimstone three mornings in succession ; if one trial does not completely rid the calf , the second will never fail . I have tried it several times , and once has been enough in each instance . POTTED CHEESE . —I send yoH a recipe for making cheese that may benefit some who have but a cow or two . Prepare your curd as you would for the press , then put it in a bag secure from flies , and hang in an open room until thoroughly drained , then chop fine and pack in a brown earthern crock , ( stone is not as good J put in a layer of cheese , a very little saltpetre , and sprinkle in a little good braudy , say half a pint to twenty pounds . When your crock is full press dow...
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS . From the Wlscoasln Farmer . COSTIVENESS IN SHEEP . —Two table-spoosnfull of castor oil , every twelve hours . Or give one oz . epsom salts . This may be assisted by an injection of warm water , weak suds and molasses . SCOURS IN SHEEP . —A pint of new milk , thickened with wlieat Hour . To be given twice a day till the discharge is stopped . ITCH IN SWINE . —Rub the animals with equsl parts of lard and brimstone ,, and put them in a clean pen . WOUNDS IN SHEEP . —Take the leaves of the elder tree , and make a strong decoction , and wash the paris affected-two or three times a day , and yon will not be troubled with flies or worms . It also removes fever from the wound and is healing . CORE FOR BOTS . —Make some sage tea , and sweeten it well ; when about milk warm , drench the horse with it . If it turn out to be the colic , and not the bots , the sage tea will be good for that . ANOTHER REMEDY FOR BOTS . —A half pint good gin , half pint molasses ; shake well ...
The New Plow [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
The New Plow Mr . Jesse Frye , of this city , has invented a new plow , for which he claims , that it is made and arranged on mechanical and philosophical principles —and that it requires only the fourth of the team to do the same amount of work that the common plow now requires , and at the same time the driver sits npon an easy seat , from which he has perfect , control of every part of the plow instantly . He calls it the ASWUSTIBUE ANTI-FBICTION CARRIAGE PLOW . This plow has only been urranged for prairie breaking . It turns a furrow of twenty six inches . Two trials have been made with it in the hardest and strongest prairie sward . The plow was drawn by two horses ; it cut a furrow four inches deep and twenty-six inches wide , and did the work well . The following is as accurate a description of the plow as we can give : First . It is supported on a carriage which runs on four wheels . This carriage takes all the weight of the plow , aud the weight of all the aod and earth whe...
County Fairs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
County Fairs . The progress of Illinois in Agriculture is distinctly marked in the organization of agricultural societies in counties which have not before had such organization , aud in the numerous fairs which are to-be held in all parts of the State , we verily believe , at least one half of the counties , Clinton co ., ha 3 now her agricultural society , and proposes a fair the coming fall . Other southern counties are organizing societies , and with those already existing there , by another year , she will not be behind , if indeed , she will not be in advance , of some other portions of the State . The counties around us will all have their fairs—Logan , Macon , Macoupin , Cass , Marion , Tazewell andiMenard . Morgan county has a splendid premium list . Her fair takes place a week before Sangamon county fair , and wc anticipate a strong competition between the two couuties . All we have to say , ( as a couple of chaps once said when they were about to pitch in , ) let the figh...
Mowers aud Reapers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Mowers aud Reapers . A vast nnmber of these machines have been disposed of in our State the present season . We understand that 140 of Manny s have been sold in our connty ; nearly the same number of Rngg s , and some seventy of Atkins , besides many others . — Mr , T . W . Kidd , the industrious and well known agent for Atkins mower and reaper , has made an estimate by which it appears that within a year more than $ 100 , 000 have been sent out of Sangamon County in the purchase of Reapers and Mowers . This is a large sum aud which , if it had been kept here , would give employment to a great many mechauics , who , in their turn would employ other mechanics , add business to our mercantile establishments , and furnish consumers for the products of our . farmers . We suggest that Springfield is a great and commanding point for the manufacture and sale of Agricultural implements , and we have reasou to believe that an establishment got up for this purpose , with an adequate capital ,...
Reaper and Mower Trials [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Reaper and Mower Trials In our last we referred to the proposed Reaper trials under the supervision of the State Agricultural Society . The arrangements on the part of the Society were , as we have understood , perfected ; but at the same time it was quite convenient to the parties most interested to postpone the trials-. We are beginning to think that tbeBe trials do not prove much . All the machines , if in good order , and every thing occurs in in their favor , are likely to do well . Sometimes a capital machine , from some defect , will fail to do good work , while an inferior one , all circumstances favoring , will do excellent work . Mr . Kidd , the agent for Atkins Reaper , made his head quarters at Francis &amp; Barrell s store , before and during the harvest season , and we know something abont the opera tions of the seventy machines he sold . Some five of them did not work well at first , and three were returned . These returned machines were imperfect ; but , with...
Oiage Orange . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Oiage Orange . We give below a communication from a citizen who desires information from some grower of the Osage Orange , which he deems important to himself and others . We shall send this paper to several individuals engaged in the cultivation of the plant with the hope of procuring a satisfactory answer to the euquiries of our correspondent . The last winter injured in many localities the Osage Orange hedge . But few plants , however , were killed . Where they were injured , new and vigorous shoots have put out , raid the rcsulL is that the severe winter instead of lessening confidence in the value of the Osago Orange plant for a hedge , has increased it . SFraxtJKiELi ) , July 30 th , 56 MR . EDITOR : Having beeu a constant reader of your useful paper siuce its commencement , aud wishing to obtain information in regard to planting and cultivating the hedge plant , from those who have experience on that subject ; I beg leave to make a statement in regard to my own limited experi...
The Kitchen Garden—Sonic things that may he Planted at this Season . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
The Kitchen Garden—Sonic things that may he Planted at this Season . TURNIPS . —These can be sown from this time to the middle of the month . The later the seed is sown , if it does well , the tenderer and sweeter the turnip . The red top is probably the best for fall aud early winter for the table . The white Dutch is a good winter variety ; and the white globe for late winter and spring . The English have several varieties , hybrids , being crosses of the white turnip and Ruta Baga , which are excellent for cooking . Indeed the Ruta Baga itself is the richest ,- sweetest and most nutritious of all turnips , and it possesses the excellent quality of keeping well until late in the spring . Indeed , wc have eaten them iu June , and they then seemed to be in perfection . The seed of the Ruta Baga ought , however , to be sown in July . All turnip seed with the exception of the Ruta Baga , should be sown , if possible , on new ground . BEETS . —The seed of the early beets , including th...
Great sale of Durham Stock . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Great sale of Durham Stock . The great sale of Durham fctock belonging to J . N . &amp; Win . Brown , at Island Grove , in this county , will take place on Monday , the 11 th day of Sept . next ,, near the Island Grove station , on the Great Western Rail Road . For particulars , see advertisement . Persons who desire to obtain fine stock , will find a most excellent opportunity to do so at the said sale . CHIVALRY . —The religion of chivalry was that of the motives of the heart . It was love , faith , hope , gratitude , joy , fidelity , honor , mercy ; it was a devotion of mind and strength of the wh 6 ! eman , of his soul and body , to the discharge of duty , and the sacrifice of every selfish and dishonorable feelings .
News of the Month [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
News of the Month European news is not important . France and Russia seem to have a slight misunderstanding ; but it will result in nothing serious . —The Crimea has been evacuated , by British and French troops . Crops iu France and England promise well . There have been no late strange events in the United States . There are the usual number of steamers burnt and boiler explosions , and deaths by these and railroad collisions . Politicians are becoming excited on the subject of elections ; but there has nothing unusual as yet taken place . A stranger dropping from one of the planets would conclude at every Presidential election that the earth was shaking to its base . But , the election past , every mangoes about his business , and the country and the masses plod on their way as usual . Walker still maintains his situation in Nicaragua . His prospects are not the brightest . There is much fighting in store for him , if the signs are to be relied on . The vigilance committee are st...
Preserving Eggs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Preserving Eggs . The Scientific American says that W . C . Thurgar , of England , has recently patented in the United States an invention whereby fresh eggs or their equivalent , can be had at all times and in all places . The invention consists in taking fresh eggs , breaking them , and p lacing their matter in proper shallow trays ; where they are subjected to a stream of , moderately hot air to evaporate all the moisture . When perfectly dry they are reduced to powder in a proper mill , and are employed for the making of pastry , &amp; c . The air for drying the eggs must not be allowed to exceed 180 deg . ; the object of this is to evaporate the moisture and not coagulate the albumen , so as to render the egg powder soluble in water . On the Atlantic side this process , if it is really - practicable , will be of great advantage .
Fine Stock [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 August 1856
Fine Stock At the recent sale of Wm . Hunt s stock of short horned Durham cattle , in Lexington , Ky ., several citizens of this State purchased some of the most valuable animals offered , at large price ? . J . N . Bsowx , Esq . of Island Grove , in this county , purchased the cow , Sally Campbell , at $ 402 , the heifer Queen Victoria , at $ 502 and the heifer Orphan , at $ 502 , Mr . J . Jacoby . also of this county , purchased at the same sale , the heifer young Splendor , at $ 600 , and the heifer Snow Drop for $ 125 . the heifer Red Bird , at $ 460 ; the heifer Flora at $ 180 . This stock arrived in this county two or three weeks since . Those who have examined the animals , speak of them in the highest terms .