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GREENRIDGE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
GRJtfiENRiDGE. The secretary, Mr. Joseph" GooJey, reports that his branch/ at a special meeting, agreed upon the , lollowing rates. Allowing 12s., per Aveek for keep, we approve , the, following rates : Maize picking : 10 hours per day, 60 hours per week, wages 20s. per week and keep. Ploughing : 10 hours , per day,, in cluding feeding and grooming, 60 hours per week, wages -20s. per week and keep. Dairying : G3 hours per week ; wages, adults 20s. per week and keep, youths, 17 to , 19, 20s. and keep; boys, 15 to 17,, 12s. 6d. and keep. The members of this association protest against any interference with child labour.
WARIALDA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
WARIALDA. The secretary,.:Mi'. D. Duncan, re ports " There is only one class of ?agriculture,?in. this district. The far mer contends that unless the men work according to the conditions of climate they must lose. l''or in stance, if wet weather is threat ened arid the men refuse to work overtime on Sundays, the farmer lias to stand the loss. We would sug gest that men be paid Is. per hour when working, anct to work reason able hours, even if they were called upon to work more than forty-eight a ?week ; the farmer to have the right to board them at, say, 14s. per week, wliicu would enable him to call tlicm when required without loss of lime. With permanent farm hands-ploughmen, for example-his time should nob start till his team is harnessed and standing ready for work. We contend that a regular wage of 30s. a week and found would suit both farmer and man, let ting the hours-be reasonable accord ing; :to weather, conditions. .
STOCKINBINGAL. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
STOCKINBINGAL. Mr. E. J. Perkins., secretary of this branch writes:-"At our last meeting of the Association/ a resolution was passed, opposing the claims of the .Rural Workers' Union. "It was considered by the members of the Association that no fast rule should be imposed upon the farmer, especially during harvest. Farm work is altogether different to any 'other class of work you could mention, for instance, a farmer is only paid once a year, and that is by his crop, arid immediately that crop is fit to har vest, not an hour's sunshine should be lostuntil it is in the bags, for the loss of that crop means, that the farmer has lost his pay for that year, and the biggest part of the- next, or even the loss of half the crop is a big item to the beginner, If the eight hour system had been in force this season, millions of pounds would have been lost by the farmers, which would mean a detriment to the country, as it is, many of them are heavy losers, owing to the wet; "The union claims t...
Association Doings THE R.W.U. CLAIMS. WHAT THE NEW ZEALAND UNION CLAIMED. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
THE R.W.U. CLAIMS. WHAT THE NEW ZEALAND UNION CLAIMED. In response to a number of inqui ries for information regarding the claims of the New Zealand Farmers' Union, which were heard at such length in New Zealand a little time back, Ave give the following particu lars. Seven thousand fanners were cited to appear before the industrial tribu nal, to say why this industrial sen tence, so to speak, should not be passed upon them, namely:; Hours of Labour. Ploughmen: 6 a.m. to 6 p.m., with following time off for meals-break fast, 7 to 7.30 a.m., at which time they will leave stables or camp; one hour and a half for dinner, the time to be taken from leaving work: until leaving stables to return to work. Leave off working horses at 5 p.m. No other work, except to unharness and attend to horses after 5 p.m. Day labourers, Sy3 hours first five days of week, 4% on Saturday. Harvesters: 7 a.m. to 7 p.m., with one hour for dinner, and a half-hour break both before and after dinner. Married coupl...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
ATTENTION is directed to the fact that " The Land" . is the only Journal entitled to speak officially on] behalf of the Farmers and Settlers' Association of New South Wales, It is commended by the Executive of that Association to the sympathy and support of Members and of countrymen in general It is a Journal owned and controlled by primary producers. It belongs to the country and exists to reflect country opinion. Get into touch with it! Send your suggestions for increasing its interest and usefulness CIRCULATION CERTIFICATE. The Managing Editor, "The Land" Newspaper Co., Ltd., Sydney. Dear Sir, . I hereby certify that I have inspected the necessary books and documents, relating to 'the circulation of "The Land," and that at least eighteen thousand (18,000) copies of the issue of the 27th January, 1911, "were printed and distributed. Yours faithfully, Sydney, 2nd February, 1911. ALBERT E. BARTON", F.I.A.V., A.G.P.A , Incorporated Accountant, Challis House, Sydney. I ' I certify tha...
THE NEW GOODS RAILWAY. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
THE NEW GOODS RAILWAY. A very important work is shortly to be undertaken for the purpose of relieving the main suburban railway of the whole of the goods traffic. The unfortunate part of the proposal is that the line will take nearly three years to construct, and mean while, the railway traffic is expanding with alarming rapidity every year. From 1900 to 1909, the total goods tonnage in and out through the "Bottle Neck," at Redfern, increased from 1,936,000 tons in 1900, to 3,313, 000 in 1909, or an advance of 71.1 per cent. As a result of the enor mous addition to the traffic it has been found impossible' to use the main suburban line for goods trams, except during stated hours of the day and night, and for six hours of the day it is practically side-tracked. From Mondays to Saturdays on the main suburban line up-goods, stock, mine ral or ballast trains and light en gines are not allowed to leave Ilome bush or Stratlilield on the fast line, except at certain specified hour, and the...
SOUTH AUSTRALIAN DRIED FRUITS. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
SOUTH AUSTRALIAN DRIED FRUITS. Practically the whole of the. 1911 apricots are now in the sweat boxes in the various sheds, and some have already been lifted by the steamers (writes a Renmark correspondent of the "Register."). The crop is consid erably above the average, both in quantity and quality. Last year the yield was a little short, and possibly the enforced rest did the trees good. Many orchards never befor.e known to go more than a few hundredweight per acre of dried fruit, this'year ran close up to the ton. .A-few of the best orchards bore,a ton to the acre --a fine rettirn, although the work was hard. The sample will be equal to, if hot better than, any other bulk sample put on the market. The crop of peaches is turning out exceedingly good, and the sample is capital. If only some of the "peach" men will retain a few pounds for show pur poses they will provide a convincing advertisement for the district. Gene rally the fruit is heavy and fleshy, and two halves make quite ...
RIVERINA PEACHES. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
RIVERINA PEACHES. Mr. S. Trcthowan brought us a few samples of peaches grown on his farm (says the "Clear Hills Standard"), and;for size and sweetness it would he difficult to secure better, even in districts where fruit-growing is the staple industry. Mr. Trethowan has had considerable experience in fruit growing;' extending'over 22 years, and as a result of recent experiments :s strongly of opinion that the soil in this district is admirably adapted for the growing of stone fruit. The fruit grown lias been free from the dis eases so common in most classes of fruit, and added to this the fact that irrigation was not resorted to, it speaks well for the possibilities of the district. Mr. Trethowan is cer tainly to be congratulated for his en ergies in this direction, and we see no reason, with railway communica tion and the consequent ready access to markets, why fruit-growing should not become one of our important in dustries. ' J'. "" ' ? '?
INCREASED DEMAND FOR FRUIT LAND. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
INCREASED DEMAND FOR FRUIT LAND. There is a great demand for suit able land on the higher levels from Batlow to Moss Vale, and wherever it can be got on the hills back from Wollongong, and about that part of the State where fruit-growing has proved a success. More apple and pear trees are being planted every year, even by people who commenced this work four or five years ago, and there is a method and system about it indicating that these people mean to make a business of fruit culture. The fruitgrower will find the hen a useful["ally. She Avill eat off many of the pests, though there are some she has no use for. . The Agricultural Department ia making preparations for exporting trial lots of fruit to some markets not yet exploited, particulars of which will be forthcoming later on. ftruit tree labels used on trees in an exposed situation may be preserv ed from the ill effects of the weather if the following plan be followed: - Thoroughly soak the pieces of Avood in a strong solutio...
RAISING THE STANDARD. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
RAISING THE STANDARD. If our growers would go in for a systematic cutting-off of their trees, which yield an inferior quality of fruit, and graft on the stocks, the better sorts," said a leading Batliurst street fruit merchant, to the writer, a few days ago, the standard of the fruit coming to this market would soon be raised. The growers would not feel the loss if it were done gradu ally and systematically, the amount they now receive for the inferior fruit being barely more than suffi cient to pay the cost of sending it to market. "Here is a case in point that illus trates the wisdom of getting rid of low-grade fruit trees. When a cer tain grower took up a fruit orchard in the Orange district he found him self possessed of a considerable num ber of cherry trees, yielding very in ferior fruit, but by cutting them back, and grafting better and more up-to-date sorts on them, adding at the same time a little more to his area, he was rewarded with splendid results. "This year that grow...
THE GRANDEST PROFESSION. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
THE GRANDEST PROFESSION. "There is no grander profession than that of farming. Surely man can, cherish no better ambition than to make the paternal acres yield as they have never yielded before. The city man, cooped up in the dark and dismal canyons of the sky-scrapers, getting but lleeting glimpses of God's good sunshine now and then, can never reach the same conception of .the wondrous beauty and order of creation that the farmer can. Na ture's great bosom is the one incom parable resting-place for us all." "New York »Sun."
POTATO GROWING AT TAMWORTH. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
POTATO GROWING AT TAM- , WORTH. Growing" potatoes promises to lie a profitable industry at Tamwortli, if the following, from the "Daily Observer," may be taken as a crite rion:-"Mr. A. R. Cork, who has re cently taken: up land on Muggleton's subdivided estate, on the Manilla road, and has gone in for potato growing, has achieved remarkable results. He has about six or seven acres of potatoes under crop, and lie lias clearly demonstrated the fact that really fine potatoes, equal to any produced in Australia, can be grown in the Tamwortli district. Tue sam ples,shown us are very large, healthy looking Brownells. They have not yet,finished growing, but even at this stage are several times larger than the ordinary-sized potato. Some fine specimens left at this office, are real ly an object-lesson as to the potato growing possibilities of the district around Tamwortli. Mr. Cork came from Ivuiton, on the South Coast, and has been farming in this part of the State for about 12 months.
CULTIVATION, THE FIRST ESSENTIAL. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
CULTIVATION, THE FIRST ESSENTIAL. It cannot be too often insisted ?that the absolutely indispensable .condition of successful fruit-growing is intelligent and continuous culti vation. Water, of course is essen tial, but water, without cultivation, .will avail little. It is the men who have thoroughly assimilated this fact .that make fruit-growing pay, and .there is no other way of doing it. At the , same time all unnecessary work .must be avoided, if fruit-growing .is. to be made a profitable business. Amongst the unnecessary work-which' ?some orcliardists impose on them selves is root-pruning. Trees which .require such troublesome attention .are better rooted out altogether, and .replaced by something more profit able. It is best to grow sorts that do not require root-pruning. The ob jective of the fruit-grower should be to get the best results from the mini mum amount of effort. All unneces sary labour means extra cost, and, ?therefore a handicap as against cont pofcitors who have...
Orchard Notes. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
Orchard Notes. The excessive rain has done consid erable damage in the orchards and vineyards during the past few weeks. .On some steep hillsides, hundreds of tons of soil lias been washed away .or banked ^ up against the bottom fences, which means weeks of work re-carting. Newly pla,rited trees have turned yellow and lost foliage, whilst Lisbon lemons have started to gum, arid show signs of "collar rot." In the vineyards, absence of sun has checked the formation of sugar in the grapes, and prevented their, ripening. So far very few berries 1iave split, probably because the wet weather extends back several weeks. Sudden rainstorms, after a month or so dry weather, is the most liable to cause splitting. Any grapes -market-.' ?ed have been slow in selling, as, in ?fact, is most fruit during such wea ther. . Budding. Amongst nurserymen many young trees will have; to be re-worked, OAV ing to rain entering the buds. The present is a most favourable time for "budding deciduous trees, bujf...
BARMEDMAN. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
BARMEDMAN. Barmedman Branch has decided to order "The Land" on behalf of all members of the branch, and to ap point two members-Messrs. Smith and Laurence-to canvass for share holders and subscribers. The branch appointed the vice-pre sident and secretary as delegates to the district meeting, to be held at Wyalong, in regard to the demands of the R.W.U. The meeting's previous resolution that the stock sale yards now at Fle mington be shifted to the abbatoirs' area, and placed under Government control. The first issue of "The Land" was highly commended for the high-class tone and general get-up, and that all present, who had not already done so, become subscribers and share holders.
WALLA WALLA. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
WALLA WALLA. This branch has resolved that it "lias no objection to the rate of wages struck by the Rural Workers' Union, providing there is no limitation to the ordinary harvest hours, as the har vest has to be dealt with in the quickest way possible. Stockinbmgal branch passed a re solution in favour of the removal of the Homebusli saleyaras to the abat toirs area, and their transference to Government control, but cannot send forward a representative to give evi dence . The general secretary lias received affiliation fee from Wean branch,, re cently visited by V. P. Perry. , Councillor TretliOAvan wires to the general: secretary that he will be pre pared to meet branches in Wagga district immediately after the execu tive meeting on the 13tli. Mr. Tre thowan will probably oe requested by the executive council to meet the Eastern Riverina District- Council at taeir meeting at Wagga on the 16th instant. The general secretary lias written to the secretary of the Wagga branch, and sugg...
F.A.Q Wheat. Season's Standard Not Yet Fixed. SOME VIEWS ON THE SYSTEM. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
F-AoSL Wheat. Season's Standard Not Yet Fixed. SOME VIEWS ON THE SYSTEM. The F.A.Q. wheat standard cannot be fixed until the grain section of the Chamber of Commerce is in posses sion of more samples. The section invited the representa tives of the various bodies interested in the matter to meet at their room on Friday last. Various brandies of the Farmers and Settlers' Association, the P. and A. Societies, the millers in their re spective districts, and wheat shippers and metropolitan millers had all been invited to furnish samples, but the responses, particularly from the country districts, had been disap pointing. Owing to the excessive rains which have fallon in the latter part of the season, it was deemed ad visable to postpone the fixing of the date for the striking of the f.a.q. so as to allow of any alteration due to wet weather and consequent bleaching of wheat, to be arrived at by the committee. Practically very little information liad been received by the coimnittee from ...
A LITTLE AT A TIME. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
LITTLE AT A TIME. "Is it profitable for a man to run in debt for a large farm, that calls for a great outlay in farming imple ments, horses, and other stock; a farm larger than he can work with out keeping two or three hired men, making a slave of himself, his wife, and all around him, living under a heavy mortgage all the best years of their lives? Is it not much bet ter to begin as one can afford, adding a little at a time? How many times we see some one jrnt a mortgage on a home all paid for to buy more land, or blood stock; or to build a large and expensive house, when the one they now occupy is comfortable and convenient."-"ivlicliigan Farm er." The vendor of fresli-boiled shrimps had experienced an unexciting day. Money was scarce and customers non existent. At length, however, in a street of dismal aspect he observed a woman beckoning. He hurried up. "Pen'orth, mum?" he asked, eagerly. "No," replied the woman, sharply. " 'Ap'ortli; d'yer think we've got company 1"
Veterinary COLIC IN THE HORSE. [Newspaper Article] — The Land — 10 February 1911
e - - ^ q Veterinary . j>o) ^ - =0 &lt;j - ' Correspondents, when asking for advice on general cases of . disease, should be careful to supply the following information: 1. Age and Sex.j.. , 2. Date on \frAich sickness commenced. 3. Full symptoms of disease or "injury, with particular reference (when indicated) to the breathing, presence or absence of pain, condition of the bowels. 4. State if other animals are affected. , 5. If hand-fed, state nature and quantity of food given. 6. Mention what treatment has been already carried out. COLIC IN THE HORSE. The term colic is used to describe iMominal pain. The condition is unfortunately only too prevalent as many owners find to their cost. It ;an to a very great extent be pre sented when people understand how to treat the horse under working conditions.. There are several varie ties, the principal being spasmodic, flatulent, and engorgement colic. Each of these forms has its own particu lar symptoms by which it can be re cogn...