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GERMAN BUDGET ESTIMATES AND NAVY PROVISION [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
GiERMAN BUDGET ESTIMATES AND NAVY PROVISION In the Extraordinary Budget Esti mates for the German Empire the ex penditure shows a decrease of £12,966,751 as compared with the last estimates (telegraphed Router to the "Dally News" on November 24). The Imperial Army Estimates show a de crease of £635,000, and those of the Imperial Navy a decrease of £1,012,000, The sum of £1,957,551 has to be raised by loan, a decrease of £1,072,698 as compared with last year. The following are points from tlhe Extraordinary Navy Estimates: "Of the legally authorised number of shllps, two battleships and three small cruisers, as In 191.3, were still unbuilt, since for 1914 only ships to replace obsolete units are to be asked for. "To carry out the navy law, tihe Exti'aordinary Estimates provide for the aplpointment of a vice-admiral In the place of a rear-admiral, eight captains, 15 frigate or corvette cap tains, 32 lieutenant captains, 78 chief lieutenants and lietutenants, and six chief engineers or...
POOR GENTILITY REMARKABLE LETTERS. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
POOR GENTILITY REMARKABLE LETTERTS. The "Daily Telegraph" published a short communication from a cor're-? pondent, stating that his daughter found difficulty in arranging for a stll clent supply to a business hirm of knit ting and crochet work done at home. It received close on 300 letters ask ing for employment or for further in formation, and many more were de livered in the course of the day. These letters came fromn all parts of England. London was , of course. largely represented, but the great North and West of England towns, many of our hest-known watering places and quiet villages in many counties sent a substantial contingent. Hundreds of witnesses have here filed their evidence of oeagerness to grasp at a possible addition of a few shillings a week to their incomes. Few showv traces of the "pin-money" spirit; many, on the other hand, have clearly a fight to make both ends meet. Who are these women? Their writing and notepaper give anll unmistakable and pathetic answer. By ...
EMPLOYER BEAT TYPISTS "RUSSIAN PRACTICES" [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
EMPLOYER BEAT TYPISTS "RUSSIAN PRACTICES" "If these practices are permissible in Russia they are not permissible here," declared Mr Allan Lawrieo, Do Sputy Chairman of the London Ses sions, yesterday, in sentencing Joseph Marcus Copelvitz Josephson to twelve months' imprisonment for assaulting Violet Sharp, of Paulet road, Camber well, one of his apprenticed typists (says the "Daily News" of December 5), Mr Lawric added that the priso nor would be recommended for de portation, Josephson pleaded guilty to a com mon assault, and added: "I misunder stood my position as a master. I thought I was justified in punishing." Mr Curtis Ilonnett, who prosecuted, re-told the story recently given' in evidence at the police court proceed ings. lie recalled the prisoner's writ ten declaration to a parent: "I a p a strict disciplinarian . I makd'no distinction of sex," and went on to relate how, a "book of faults" was kept. When seven faults were entered up against Violet Sharp Josephson said, "I m...
PUZZLED JUDGE MYSTERIOUS LETTERS. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
PUZZLED JUDGE MYSTERIOUS LETTERS. The strange divorce suit in which charges against each other were made by Mr Oran ldgar Starr, a Harley street dentist, and his wife, ended yes terday in the victory of the husband (reports the "Daily Express" of De cember 12). It was decided by the jury that there had been no cruelty by MAir Starr,. and that Mrs Starr had been guilty of mis conduct. Air Starr was granted a decree nisi, and his wife's petition for a judicial separation was dismissed. The principal figures in the case, apart from the husband and wife, are: Mr Cuthbertson, or "Gibson," the co-respondent, who was said to have visited Mrs Starr while her husband was in America, "Sammy," also said to have visited Mrs Starr, Miss Annie Hilliger, sister of Mrs Starr's mald'e sweetheart. "Sammly's" chauffeur, whom liss lIlliger believes to be a myth, It was stated by counsel that Mrs Starr horrowed mnoney from Miss tiil liger, and thet she handed Miss H31111 ger letters purporting to come f...
LAND AND LABOR PREMIER'S VIEW. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
LAND AND LABOR PRIIMEfl I'S VIEW. "We.have met to inaugurate an or ganised movement whose primhnary pur pose it is to inform and to stimulato Public opinion as to the urgency of land problems and the necessity of land reform," declared Mr -Asquith at a dinner td Inaugurate the now Central land and Housing Council. Dealing first with the condition of the rural population, the Premier said the prospects of the mass of the agrlcul tural community depended on the wages of the rural laborer. "In Durham and Northumberland the average weekly earnings of the agri cultural laborer were 21/ and 22/, In Oxfordshire and Norfolk they ranged from just below to just above 15/. "What do I mean when I say 'mini mum wage?' I mean a wage such as to ensure to the laborer of avorage indus try and prudence reasonable conditions of living, among which I include the ability to pay commercial or economic rent for the house in which he lives. "The three salient features of the housing conditions are these:-(...
VOLUNTARY INSURANCE GAIN TO FRIENDLY SOCIETIES. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
VOLUNTARY INSURANCE GAIN TO FRIENDLY BOC?iETIES, (By Margaret Douglas, in "The Daily Mall.") if the compulsory Insurance Act had no other defects, the multiplicity of cooks would probably spoil the Insur ance broth, The officials of friendly eocleties who have for years past car ried on their quiet but magnificent work have now to be in constant touch with a number of committees, referees, audi tors, and inspectors, while the Insur ance Commissioners are always hover ing in the background armed with a spoonful of now regulations, special or ders or provisional special orders, to stir into the refreshing decoction, This multiplication of authorities is not only costly to an absurd degree, but it will restrict the free development of the mutual benefit societies to a very serious extent. No movements in his tory have been more spontaneous, more true to national tradition, and less ham pered by official interference than the friendly society and trade union move ments in this country, ...
MIXING MANURES. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
MIXING MANURES, In mixing manures, unless care and judgment are exorcised, much loss will result. If sulphate of ammonia enters into a mixture, no manure containing lime should he put with it, as the ant monita is thereby~ -volatilised and lost. It is quite safe to mix it with super., guano, bonedust, kainit, and sulphato or muriate of potash, and it may be added to stable manure if an extra amount of nitrogen is desired. On no account must slag or hulime come in di. rect contact with it. These remarks apply equally to dried blood, blood and bone, or any organio nitrogenous ma nures, On the other hand, nitrate of soda will mix with slag or lime. If it is desired to use sulphate of anumonia or blood and bone where slag is used as the phosphatic manure, the latter should he some three or four weeks before the nitrogenous manure, and harrowed in. On, the other hand, al though nitrate of soda will mix with slag, it is not advisable to sow them together, as the nitrogen is so extreme ly ...
NITROGEN FIXING PLANTS. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
NITROGEN FIXING PLANTS, The question often arises whether there are any other plants besides the great family of legunmes that are capable of acting either alone or with bacteria and fixing nitrogen. Our knowledge in regard to this subject is as yet very incomplete. 'Some ex perimentalists have insisted that the property of fixing atmospheric nitro gen is quito general among plants. It ihas been claimed to exist in wheat, oats, mustards, and a variety of other plants, including algae. T'he claims have been advanced that the property is a general one, and that the legumes only differ from other plants in that their poiwer in this respect is greatly comes from the presence of tubercle bacteria in their toots. These conclu sions are certainly not demonstrated, and are quite generally discredited, There is practically no evidence for a belief in such a general nitrogon-flxa tison power, nor have ieo any reason for beholieving that the property of living in symbiosis with bacteria, and t...
MAGAZINE MOTOR CAR VAGARIES OF WRITERS [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
IAQAZI.NE MOTOR CAR VAGARIES OF WRITERS One of the most remarkable pro ducts of the twentieth century is that triumph of mechanical engineering, the Magazine motorcar, It has been remarked that the gentlemon who write the glowing advertisements of "Houses to Let" have obviously never lived in them." It is equally obvious (says "Motor News") that the worthy folk who write, in the popular magazines, hair curling short stories about motorcars have never dr'iven in them. It was, of course, inevitable that with the rapid advance of the motorcar in popular favor there should be a cor responding advance in the popular imagination on the subject, In this ease the lli'overh must be revel'sed, for assuredly the short story-tellers make lctihon stranger than truth, There are several different models of the magazilne Motorcars, but, so far as essentials are concerned, the speellhation is common to all, It fro (uently lhas eight eylinders; seldom fewer than six, It has a gigantic body, painted i...
THE FARMER'S POSITION. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
THE FARMER'S POSITION. row many of the well-groomed, well. fed people in the cities over stop to think what would happen to thoemn if the farmer should leave the land, or to ask whoen?o camon their daily bread? The only occasion on which they think of the farmer at all is when they scan their grocer's bill and conjure up vis ions of ai. rapacious robber out on the land, who in fiendish glee is boosting the cost of living. They do not know, or if they (do very often they do not care, that the man on the farm, at the mercy of flood, drought, pestilence, and all the insect plagues of Egypt, is patiently and industriously doilg his duty, andm that very little of the ulti mnto price of his product finds its way into his purse. It would be well if our cousins in town could seon the map on the land from a noeyand more correct angle. Reverses may have their uses. Until a man is down lie has but small chance to look ulp; but, being down, lhe then sees things from another view. point, which g...
POLICE SAMARITANS [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
POLICE SAMARITANS "I think it is right that the pullie should know they have men like this in their police force," said Captain Jacobsen a Scandinavian, in telling the "Daily News" on November 141 of an act of humanity by a sergeant of the city police. Captain Jacobsen has charge of a Scandinavian shipping bureau in Fen church street, This little affair, he went on, has so touched me that, whether the sergeant likes it or not, I am going to tell it. Itecently this police olfficer came to me and said ihe had found in a city street at night an elderly seaman, stranded and destitute. The man was a Dane. The sergeant kindly said he did not want to lock the follow up. The man was a seaman all right, and locking him up, said the sergeant, would do him no good. The police. man had been feeding the man, and had fixed him up in a lodging-homuse. Captain Jacobsen explained that of course he got numbers of such` cases, and had to be careful. But he invited the city police officer to bring the ...
SAROJINI NAIDU POETESS AND LEADER. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
SAROJINI NAIDU 41 POETESS AND LEADER, Mrs Sarojini Naidu, B.A., whom AIMr Edmund Gosse describes as "the most brilliant, the most original, as well as the most correct, of all the natives of Hindustan who have written in Eng lish," and who is in England, has been interviewed by a representative of the "Westminster Gazette." Mrs Naldu, who is small in stature and frail-looking in appearance, is a typically dainty and sweet-tempered woman of the East, She is a student, an orator, and a poetess-a poetess who dreams continually of that land of which she has said: "My ancestors for thousands of years have beeoon lov ers of the forest and mountain caves, great dreamers, great scholars, great ascetics," Mrs Naldu comes of a widely re spected Brahmin family of Bengal, Of her father, Dr. Aghoronath Chatto padhyay, who Is well known in India, she says: "My father is a dreamer himself, a great dreamer, a great man whose life has been a magnificent fail ure, I suppose in the whole of India ther...
CLUB ELEVEN. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 31 January 1914
CLUB ELEVEN. The club eleven had to abandon their match against Thornbury Socials. The first and second elevens were short and the committee had to take five of the club eleven to complete the teams. Socials must accept this apology. To-day the club eleven play Ivanhoe on the ground of the latter. Players are requested to catch 2.27 train from Westgarth. Preston club eleven play Fern Tree Gully to-day. Train leaves central sta tion at 1.35. 1.O.R. competition.,-Northcote com menced their return match against Port Melbourne last Saturday at Port Mel bourne. At the close of the day's play the scores were-Northcote, 72 (J. Angus 22, T. Smith 14); Port Melbourne, 8 wickets for 69 (C. Clarke 4 for 16, B. Godfrey 2 for 17, B. Webb 1 for 9, H. Angus 1 for 22), To be resumed to-day. Presbyterian association. -Northcote 7 for 90 (Brown 19, E. Richardson 18, N. Richardson 17, Hayes 10) v. North Carlton 113 (IHayes 4 for 82, W. Thom son 4 for 83, E. Richardson 1 for 9). Preston 20 and 6 for 65...
CRICKET. NORTHCOTE V. PRAHRAN. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 7 February 1914
CRICKET. NORTHCOTE V. PRAHRAN. Upon winning the toss at Northcote, Prahran had first use of a splendid wic ket. Northcoto made a goodbcginning, as with the score at 20 Cusdin, who had made 13, was bowled by Lugton. With only 5 added Vernon caught Carney off Lugton for 4. Immediately afterwards Healy was missed by Vernon off Lugton, and the miss proved a most expensive one, as Healy and Stephens added 283 runs without being separated. For the firstthree hours the scoring was very slow. After two hours' batting there was pnly 90 runs on the board, and at the end of three hours 130. After this the batting was more attractive, and when stumps were drawn the score stood at 808. Healey was missed by Chesswas, and through a misunderstand ing between Hiscox and Lugton was again lot off, as neither fieldsmen went for what was an easy catch, Lugton bowled well and secured both wickets at a cost of 55runs off 25 overs. Prahran's captain has closed his innings, and an interesting finish should ...
SECOND ELEVENS. R. DALEY 121. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 7 February 1914
SECOND ELEVENS. R. DALEY 121. At Prahran, Northcote, batting first, made good use of an excellent pitch, and at call of time had amassed the fine score of 8 for 347. Two wickets had fallen for 15 when Daley and Wilkinson became associated and added 174 runs before Wilkinson, who had scored 78 by dashing cricket, was given run out, a palpably wrong decision. This was un fortunate, as Wilkinson looked certain to reach the century coveted by most batsmen. His score included two 6'(s and nino 4's. James was also run oult after scoring 2, and with the score un altered Heron was clean bowled, With the score at 221 Daley, who had madel 121, was also run out, the third in the innings. This young player, an ex Wesley Collegian, was chosen in the first eleven oearlier in the season, but did not produce the form expected of him, and it is gratifying to see him come along in such decisive fashion, as his runs were got by dashing and errorless cricket, including fifteen 4l's, He was accorded a g...
TRAM ACCIDENT. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 7 February 1914
TRAM ACCIDENT. Mr. Eustace Jmnes\Whitehell, buildter and contractor, 192 Hligh street, North cote, met with a serious neCcident on Saturday last by falling from the bauck platform of a tram car. At the time of the accident Mr. \Vitchell was leaning against tlhe wire gate at tile side of the brck platform, and when the car was swinging round the blnd in the track ol)posite the Itridge Ilotel, the gate suddenly olenedl, precilitating Mr. Whitchell on to thle road, Lie fell on his head alld sustained ollctlessionll of tlthe rain. lie is been in a seni-conscious state bince' th ic ide llt, aind his collli tion i:s considered Icritical, 1)rs. Mendetl sohn and l0. J. lird have bsen in attend alice1 II ihinh,
Amused the Old Lady. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 7 February 1914
Amused the Old Lady, Thero was a worried look on the gro. cer's face as he rushed hatless down the steps of Acacia Villa. "I-I'm sorry to say there's been a slight mistake, Mrs. Grumble," he pan ted. "YTou ordered two pounds of oat nieal yesterday, and by mistake my nap prontco put up some sanwdusl t that our grpes came packed in I" h," replied the lady. "Then I ree kon my 'usban' must 'avo got through about arf a pound o' woodjfor break fus'." "Course 'o did," was the reply, The lady leaned back on the door post and for three minutes indulged in a laugh that brought all her neighbors to the scone. "Wal, that's right down funny," she observed, with a laugh. "Funny P" queried the grocer, "Yus, funnyl I 'Ero we'vo been mar ried thirty years comeo first of April, and Charles 'as never paid me a com. pliment till this mornin' at bronkfus' when blast if 'o didn't pass 'is plato for another go o' that sawdust, an' told me 'it reminded 'im of the porridge 'is moth er used to make l"
TORN TOGS MENDED—WITHOUT SEWING. [Newspaper Article] — Preston Leader — 7 February 1914
TORN TOGS MENDED- - WITHOUT SEWING, When we are taking a brisk cross country walk our pleasure is sometimes marred by a.nasty three-cornered tear in our dress or sult. Heoro is a simple and eflicacious way of repairing the damaged cloth. Go to the nearest farmhouse or cot tngo and buy an egg. Place the cloth flat on the table and smear a little white of the egg all around and over the tear, on the reverse side. Now cut a piece of linen (a handkerchief will do) a little larger than the tear and place it over the rient so that it ad heres to tihe white of egg. Then got a hot iron and simply press it, without ironing, over the linen. The linen will adhere firmly to the cloth and will not come off even if wash. ed. Tihe rent in tihe material will now be almost invisible on the outside, and the mending will last as long as the dress or suit.