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The Farmer and the Shop-keeper . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
The Farmer and the Shop-keeper . The pent up shop-keeper not unfrequently refreshes himself when wearied ; of his daily monotonous drudgery behind the counter , and the dusty and arid aspect of the crowded city he inhabits , with pleasant visions of the green fields and shady woods of-the country , and forms the hearty resolve , thai by and by , when he shall have amassed a certain amount of money , which he deems necessary for all his objects , he will retire from business , buy a farm and be ever after happy in freedom , the inhalation of sweet , pure air , and the general peace and quietude which rural life only can furnish . On the other hand the farmer , when he considers his arduous toils , looks upon his sunbrowned features , hard hands , and the coarse garments he is obliged to wear , no doubt sometimes is disposed to regard with envy the delicate and genteel shopman , who has nothing to do all the . day long but handle costly and elegant goods , and all the time securely sh...
The Immigration . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
The Immigration . A few days travel on any of the lines of the great eastern thoroughfares tothe west , will enable one to form some idea of the immense hegira from the eastern States to the western States and Territories . There never was anything . before like it . The lengthened trains of passenger cars , three and four times a day , through Canada—by the eastern shore of Lake Erie , and by more southern lines of railroad , evidence the great avalanche of immigration that is pouring into the new States and Territories . As a general fact , this immigration passes over Ohio and Indiana , and spreads itself in Illinois , Wisconsin , Iowa and the new territories . The facilities offered by the Illinois Central Railroad Company for the settlement of their lands , is inducing thousands of families to locate upon them , and as is natural , their success inspires them to invite others to enjoy the advantages of these lands , and thus causes a continual and increasing flood of immigrants...
Cabbage Plants . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Cabbage Plants . There has been a great call for cabbage plants the present season . The flies have destroyed most of the young plants . Two or three sowings did not remedy the evil . One of our friends says he has no difficulty in raising plants . He fills a bos or trough with oarth , sows his seed in the same , and raises the box or trough some five leet , placing it on the top of a bench or fence . The flies never trouble the young plants in that situation . This fact may be of service to same of onr readers next year .
Farmers' Girls . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Farmers Girls . The time has gone by , we think , when a young woman is valued for her almost entire worthlessness . We mean such as have no other qualifications for usefulness than mere factitious accomplishments , which will enable her to pass off well in the street and in company , and who is ignorant of all the varied household duties , which specially come under the supervision and require the labor of woman . We have no liking for that system of drudgery which rnakts woman a perfect slave to her family . Circumstances may require her untiring devotion to their interests , which are her own , but her parents or husband , should always aim to make the performance of her laborious duties as li ght and pleasant as possible . All the arrangements about and in the dwelling should have this object in view . In this free conntry , where slave labor is not to be had , and if it could be had , is not wanted , our women have much labor to perform : hence it is , and we believe it , that ...
F . R . Elliott . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
F . R . Elliott . We visited a few days since the nursery grounds of this distinguished horticulturist , near Cleaveland . Mr . Elliott has for the last few years-been , engaged in carrying on with other business , an Agricultural Store in Cleaveland , and has not been able to devote that attention to his nursery grounds which he previously had done . * The improvements , however , show great taste , and his cottage , nestled among the evergreens and decideous trees , and surrounded with shrubbery : of all the choice varieties ever heard of , is most beautiful , exhibiting the fine taste of- its proprietor . The lwt winter was a severe one upon the nurseries of Ohio , as well as farther west . We believe the whole of Mr . Elliott s stock of peacb trees was killed as well as many other tender nursery trees . His grounds show that several of . the most beautiful foreign evergreens which had hitherto stood the rigors of winter , . were also dead . We understood that Professor Kirtland ...
Frnit Convention . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Frnit Convention . We have received the Report of Transactions ot the Fourth Session of the North Western Fruit Grower s Association , at . Burlington , September 25 , 1855 . These transactions make a pamphlet of 140 pages , and embrace a vast variety of information most , useful to the growers of fruit . The information thus given is practical , what is wanted and needed by our western people . We shall draw liberally from this work . Plum Culture was the first subject considered . Mr . Fahnestock said that he had been intrusted by Mr . Matthews with ^ niB remedy for the great enemy of the plumy the Curculio ; that he had given ittosev- eral gentlemen of known integrity for the purpose of making a trial of it ; and that he had received letters from four out of six ,, all of whom spoke of it with the fullest confidence of its efficacy . Mr . Young , President of the Louisville Horticultural Society , had written to him that his p lum orchard had not produced any fruit for six years ...
Pnces of Produce . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Pnces of Produce . Our Prices Current for the last month show that prices of produce were then receding , and it is our opinion that they have not yet reached their lowest point . We especially refer in this case to two of our staples , wheat and sora . Of the latter there is yet a large amount in the hands of farmers , as well as a good supply of the former article . The wheat crop , as a whole , promises a large yield this season , much larger than that of the last . The severity of the winter injured some fields , but the stimulation of high prices caused an unusual breadth of land to be sown ; and hence we anticipate a very large crop . As a general thing , the corn promises well . Some of it came up badly , but the weather has- been such as to favor the success of re-planting , and our farmers feel assured of a good corn sea-son . We will have but little foreign demand for these articles . In a state of peace , Europe can nearly supply herself with breadstuffs . The country on ...
Wheat . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Wheat . Our farmers are at this present writing cutting their wheat . They , will have a , busy time . , There is some -diversity of opinion in regard to the proper time of cutting wheat . R . N . ALLEN ; in his American Farm Book , says : The grain should be cut . immediately after the lower part of the stalk becomes yellow , while the grain is yet in the dough state , and easily compressible between thumb and finger . Repeated experiments , have demonstrated , that wheat cut at that time , will yield more in measure , of heavier weight and a larger quantity , of Bweet , white-flour . If early cut , a longer time is , required for curing before storing and threshing . ¦ =. The same authority says— When stored in the straw , the grain should be so placed as to prevent heating or moulding . Unless very dry , when carried to the barn , this can only be avoided by laying it on scaffolds , where there is a free circulation of air around and partially through it If placed in a stack , it...
Buckwheat . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Buckwheat . Some farmers are prejudiced against the growing of buckwheat . Few , however , carry their prejudices So far as to refuse to eat the product when put into proper shape and duly . prepared . In fact , there is a certain and large demand for buckwheat flour , during the winter , in this country , and it will be had , even if extravagant prices are paid for it . Buckwheat cakes , are , in truth , an institution of the country , and worthy of being cherished . It shall be no fault of ours if it shall not prove perpetual . Buckwheat is from China . It is grown largely in Europe . In 1850 , New York produced 9 , 000 ; 000 bushels , and Illinois 134 , 500 bushels . It furnishes nutritious food . Itcwill grow on any common soil ; but will yield well on light poor soils . The crop can be raised with little expense . Plow the ground well once ; harrow it well ; sow two to three pecks of seed to the acre , and harrow it well in . It will do well to sow from 20 th of June to the mid...
Morgan Connty Fair ! [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Morgan Connty Fair ! Morgan county is in the field with a handsome premium list . The Fair will be held in Jacksonville on % the 16 th , 17 th , 18 th and 19 th days of September next . - The premiums are offered for thorough bred horses ; horses of all work ; draught horses ; jacks and jenhetts ; etfttle , short horns ; natives and cross cattle ; hogs ; sheep ; poultry ; agricultural implements made in the State ; manufactured leather ; flour : grain ; fruit and vegetables ; flowers and paintings , and ladies department . The entrance fees are one-fifth of the premiums . Competition open to all citizens of the State . All articles intended for competition must be entered by 9 o clock on the day of exhibition . All articles in the ladies department , will be exhibited on the first day of the fair . Cattle will be exhibited on the second day , and horses on the third day , agricultural implements and manufactures on the fourth day Pedigrees for stock in the thorough bred class will b...
Fruit Trees . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Fruit Trees . Many varieties of young fruit trees were injured by the winter . The tops will be killed down , more or less . This will not be a serious injury if these trees are properly attended to . The tops should be cut back just above where they sprout . The main reliance of the tree is upon the root . If this is sound the sprouts will soon take the place of that cat down , and if you desire it , will will form a low head , which is the best form of the tree for our prrairies . The dry weather is unfortunate for new trees planted out ; but much can be done for their benefit by mulching about the roots . We again say that if the tree throws out sprouts above the graft , you can make a good and valuable tree of it—and the killing of the top will not seriously injure it . BgURichter says , No man can either live piously or die righteously without a wife . , Another says to this , 0 yes ! sufferings and severe trials purify and chasten the heart .
The Crop of Hay . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
The Crop of Hay . The prospect is that hay will be short . The grass is now thin in the meadows , and even if we should have rairi , the yield will be light . What is to be done ? Our farmers have a recourse in millet and corn sown broadcast . Millet seed well put in will yield three or four tons of most valuable fodder to the acre , which cattle and horses will prefer to the best timothy . Corn will produce an equal amount of good fodder . It is time the attention of farmers was turned to these crops . The seed can be sown as late as the middle of July , and at a time when other crops do not press upon the farmers attention , There is no little circumstance which will make a farmer feel more comfortable in winter than to know that he has plenty of food for his stock .
Potatoes . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Potatoes . The writer of the following communication has made a discovery—at least it is new to us—which may be useful . The object is to renew the seed of potatoes which has run out , or become worthless , from being planted long in the same locality . The experiment he proposes , can be easily tried . In this latitude , we suppose that the planting can be deferred even later than the second week in July . Potatoes planted near the first of July often make a handsome yield . . We invite our friends to try the plan proposed by Mr . Seager . To Renew Potatoes that have been run out by constant planting . —Save back seed till the first or second week in July and then carefully harvested , the product will be potatoes not larger than walnuts , if these are planted the next spring at the usual time Of planting they will produce large sized potatoes as sound and mealy as the particular species of potato planted ever was . The advantages of this plan , is , the saving of time over the old...
Turnips [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Turnips The season has come for the sowing of turnips . The prospect being that in the coming winter , fodder , including hay , may be limited in supply , presents an inducement for an extensive cultivation of turnips . Tliey can be used to advantage in feeding cattle and sheep . It is well known that English agriculturists place their chief reliance in fattening cattle and sheep on their turnip crops . To succeed with this crop , the land should be well prepared . It should be clean of weeds especially . Sand or gravel mixed with loam , it is said , produce the best flavored roots . The land should not be too rich . Grounds which have been newly cleared from the ferest , and burnt over , are troubled the least with the fly . It would not be a bad plan to burn the ground over with straw-or other substance , if this can be done conveniently . The ground being well prepared , good seed should be procured , and if danger of the fly is apprehended—and there , is danger from this rascall...
Open to All . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Open to All . The Prairie Farmer , in a handsome notice of our proposed County Fair in September , says : From the Premium List we cannot learn whether the premiums are open to adjoining counties for competition or are exclusively offered to citizens of Sangamon county . Had the Editor examined the premium list fully , his eyes would have met the following resolution : Resolved , That we invite a free competition from every portion of the State in articles for which premiums are offered . ; That s to the point , we think .
Salt Tonr Cattle . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Salt Tonr Cattle . An 61 d farmer says that this should not be forgotten at this season of the year . The green food they eat is of a highly fermentable nature , and the use of salt in such case is indispensable to health . A mixture of salt and ashes ,- kept in boxes , within the reaeh of cattle , but out of the way of the weather , is just what they want . If they have a constant supply , there is no danger of their taking too much of it . VARNISH TO PHEVENT THE HAYS OV THE SUN FKOM PASSING THROUGH THB GLASSES OP WINHOWS . —Pulverize gum tragacanth and put it to dissolve for twenty-four hours in whites of eggs , well beaten . Lay a coat of this on the panes of your windows with a soft brush and let it dry . —Mrs . Hates Receipt Book . j @ r * The United States has housed in one ol the Arsenals near Philadelphia , no less than three millions of pounds ot salt petre .
Silesian Sheep Shearing . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Silesian Sheep Shearing . Ihe annual sheep shearing of Silesian sheep , at Red Hook , New York , is an occurrence of great interest to the growers of fine wool in the northern States . We have aa account of the late shearing at that place in the Boston Cultivator : The annual shearing of Silesian Merino sheep by Chamberlain , Campbell &amp; Ladd , took place at the farm of Wm . Chamberlain , Esq ., Red Hook , New York , on the 13 th and 14 th instant . We had the pleasure of being a spectator on the occasion , as we were at the last year s shearing , and had thus an opportunity of adding some items to the information we previously possessed concerning the success of this variety of sheep in the United States , The Silesian Merino sheep are remarkable for the great amount of fine wool which ¦ they produce in proportion to their weight of carcass , and also for the uniform quality of the fleece over the whole body—the belly , in particular , which in many sheep is either naked...
The Wool Trade [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
The Wool Trade On account of the coldness of the spring , sheep shearing is rather late ; but in a few days the clip will begin to seek a market . Last season wool was received at the Cleveland Depot May 5 th , This year the first was received May l 8 th . This consisted of 1000 bbls . from Licking county . We have obtained of Goodale &amp; Co ., a list of prices of their last sales , which , compared with sales of nearly the same date last year , show an advance 4 to 7 cts . M » J 30 , 1866 , June 1 , 1866 . Super at 6 2 c Super at 660 XX •&lt; b 6 XX 48 X « 60 ¦ • X « 44 No . 1 « 46 No . 1 40 No . 2 « 40 No 2 36 No . 3 &gt;« 38 No . 3 » 3 No . 4 « 35 No . 4 30 No . O •« 33 No . 6 « 26 Ohio Farmer _
Weaning Lambs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Weaning Lambs . The time of weaning differs materially , according to the locality of the farms and the quality of the pasture . In a mountainous country , and where the land is poor , the weaning often takes place when the lamb is not more than three months old , for it requires all the intermediate time to get the ewes in good condition by the time of blossoming , or to prepare them for market . In a milder climate , and on better pasture , they are not to be weaned until four months old , and that is the period usually selected . On the other hand , if the pasture is good , and especially if it is the system or the interest of the farmer to sell his lambs in store condition , they frequently are not weaned until they are six months old . The first thing to be attended- to is , to remove the Iambs and the ewes as far as possible from each other . There will be plenty of confusion and unhappiness for a while , and which would be prolonged until it was iujurious to both the mother a...
Frauds in the Sheep Trade . . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 July 1856
Frauds in the Sheep Trade . . The Wool Grower , for May , contains an ¦ article which we should to copy entire , for the benefit of Western sheep-buyers ; but our space will not permit this ; so we give some of , its points ; to put our readers on their guard : 1 . Let the fleece grow two years , and pass off the fleece as one of a single year s growth . 2 . Overstate the amount actually shorn , by one or two pounds . 3 . Dope the sheep : that isj put on oil and coloring matter to make a sheep look like the required breed ; that is , paint the sheep as a common horse was once painted , and sold for one of a superior race . 4 . Always have a sheep or two on hand of just the breed the buyer wants , and that , too ,, though there was but one kind when the flock started . . Such are some of the frauds practiced on unsuspecting men , who have not yet learned how to look for dishonesty , under the mask of fair profession , which some of these scoundrels make . We know some facts , which ,...