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THE VALUE OF IODINE. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
THE VALUE OF IODINE. Among the drugs of particular value to the stockman wo wish to memiou iodine, in combination with alcohol, as n tincture, and with lard or vaseline as an ointment. The tetanus, or lock-jaw, bacilli ou ters with the parasite or infects the wound made by scratching. It acts in the'absence ot oxygen, being what is known as an anaerobic germ. Air and oxygen kill it, and ,*>o it is best to open up a wound of any sort to which air otherwise will not gain entrance; then swab freely with iodine. Tetanus often kills horses that sim ply have collar or saddle sores. The owner daubs the part with axle grease or some smear, salve or oint ment. thereby excluding air. Better saturate the wound with tincture of iodine, or with a 1-5LX) solution of cor rosive sublimate, which is deadly to all genus and the spores of some of the worst diseases, notably anthrax. Iodine tincture is also of great value in the treatment of all glandular swell ings and in lumpy jaw. Goitre on the n...
COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. FAT CATTLE MARKET. Wednesday. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. FAT CATTLK MAUKKT. Wednesday. 3,293 yarded, comprising 3S0 from South tlippsland. The demand was unseady throughout, and prices ruled in some in stances 10s lower than last week s rates. Quotations—Prime pens of bullocks from £10 10s to £11 15s, do. cows from £7 to £8 10s. Local sales.—Bullocks—4-1 Moore & Co., Toolooiiook, iivcr. £10 8s 8(1 ; 18 Geo. Morgan, Jack River, aver. £13 18s Ski ; 9 Jas. Morgan, Jack River, aver. £12 17s Od; 1(1 Jiio. Cotter, Yarrani, aver. £9 12s fid; 1J J no. Sexton, Jack ltivor, aver. £?l&lt;s; 10 M. O'Hourke, Woodside, to £10 as. Cows.—12 I'. Le Grand, Yarrani, aver. £j) 12s Cd, and 1 calf ut £3 15s; 10 Jno.Nicol, Agnes River, aver. £G 2s; 9 F. Bowdcn, Yarrani, aver.£5 13s Id; &lt; Bossiter Bros. & Co., Hedley.
WOUNDS OF THE EYELIDS. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
WOUNDS OF THE EYELIDS. This injury is not by any nuans r ic. it coi .si-»:s '1 the ja."\u.on &lt;-f the :;|* per 'i&lt;i, is gvu«:.*a'4y ty iho eyelid being torn on a nail projecting from a stable wall or shed. The lacer ation may not be extensive, but if not treated surgically will result in a per manent blemish. In treating this in jury do not by any means remove a part of the hanging lid. Kverv piece of tissue here must be preserved for the puvpose of suturing. First secure the animal by means of a twitch; in some cases it may be necessary to cast the patient. Then, after carefully bathing the part with a solution of boracic acid, gently bring the edges into apposition, and assure their remaining so hv means of two or three stitches; afterwards dress with boiic powder. Tie the ani mal up short after the operation by means of a double halter, and allow him to stand with his head facing the door. This will ensure linn not rubbing his head and so breaking the stitche...
Melbourne Letter. THE POSTAL KANGAROO. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
Melbourne Letter. (l'ltOM OUIt OWN COUltKSl'OXDUXT). TUB POSTAL lvANCAKOO. Mr Joseph Cook, as lViuti: .Minister is being made tho subject of attack over tlio disappearanee, of the kiiiipa roo from our postal stamps. Tin. "Bui Ietin " recently published a cartoon cleverly drawn by Norman Lindsay, in which Mr Cook presented as jlu'a° 'md the kangaroo as convicted prisoner. It is being explained to the latter tlint lie lias been found yniJty of being an Australian kangatoo on an Australian postage stamp" The idea is, of course, to make political capital against the present (iovcrnment. Since that cartoon appeared oilier journals supporting the Opposition have presen ted w-eak versions of the " Kuiletin'.s " eiiticisui. After all, I don't suppose the average citizen cares one dump what- is on the postage stamp sold to hiiu. I have asked several business and other people what they thought of the now.design, and the answer has been that they had not examined the old design and knew "nothi...
To the Editor of the Gippsland Standard [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
To tho Editor of the Gippslaiul Standard Silt,—It is astounding to believe that there lurks an individual in our midst who is so degraded, low and contemptible as to stoop to the thieving of one 9ft. x lOins. x oin. sleeper, which was lying on the roadside awaiting to be delivered at its destination. Although I am one of the unfortunates, which are deemed by one of tho councillors as undesirables, I .still claim the right to my own property, and cannot find any justification for this creeping thing taking what it has no right to. Moreover, in travelling up and down tho WouwroJi road, with my horso team, 1 have had the misfortune to lose one or two items in which was included a pair of long leading reins. I made all possible enquiries from everybody likely to furnish information in respect to these, but did not receive an\ tidings. I think that any person finding such things on the roadside would not he greatly inconvenienced to leave same with the Standard proprie tors at their olli...
Church of England. SUNDAY, JANUARY 25, 1914. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
Church of England. SUNDAY, JANUARY 23, 1911. Yarram 11 a.jn, (II.C.), Rev. G. Cox Port Albert 3 p.m., Kev. (j. Cox Alberton 7.30 p.m., Kev. C». Cox Womerah 11 a.m., Hov..!. Compton Yarram 7.31) p.m., Kev..!. Compton
An Aviator's Dilemma. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
An Aviator's Dilemma. Mr. Huns J. Weideman, one of Amer ica's young aviators, is in a dilemma, lie wants to got married, and lie "wants to accept the worry and anxiety of hav liiui !>y an uncle in Germany; but lie wants to continue flying, ami the most eligible girl he has met so far declines to accept the worry anda nxietv of hav ing an aviator as a husband. As soon as he wys notified that he was heir to the fortune, his first idea was to develop his aviation scheme; but ho learned that there was a proviso in his uncle's will which prevented him from obtaining the money until ho was married. If he does not marry before leaching the age of fori v the legacy will go to a German eugenic fund. IIo promptly asked a young ladv in Los Angeles to marry him and sliare the fortune, but she insisted that he should give up Hying. This lie declined to do, ond ho is now disconsolately seeking an eligible girl who will not object to marrying an aviator.
How Animals Bear Pain. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
How Animals Bear Pain. One of tho most pathetic tilings is the maimer in which liio animal kingdom endures suffering, 'lake horses, for in stance, in battle. After the first- shock of a \v»mml they make no sound. They boar the pain with a mute, wondering endurance, and if at night you hear a wild groan from the battle-field it comes from their loneliness. The dog will carry a broken leg for days wistiully, but uncomplainingly. The cat, stricken with stick or stone, or caught in some trap from which it knows its way to freedom, crawls to some secret place and hears in silence pain which we could not endure. Sheep and cattle meet the thrust of the butcher's knife without a sound, and even common poultry enduro in tense agony without complaint. • The dove, shot unto death, flies to some far-oil' hough, and as it dies tho silence is unbroken save for tho patter on the leaves of its own life-ulood. The wounded deer speeds to some thick brake, and in pitiful submission waits for death. Th...
KITCHEN WRINKLES. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
KITCHEN WRINKLES. Cucumber rind cut into thin slips and put about where ants abound will in variably drive tliem away. To prevent flics from settling on pic tures and furniture, soak some leeks in a pail of water for some time and wash the articles with the -water. To break in a new pen point quickly, dip it in ink and hold it in the flameof n lighted match for a second. "NVijje and dry with a cloth ,and then it will hold ink as well as one much older. To clean old jewellery, niukc a lath er of warm soapsuds and add to it Half a teaspoonful of sal volatile; brush the jewellery in this, afterwards polishing with an old silk handkerchief or pierce of wash-leather. Before using a now saucepan fill-it with .water with a lump of sc&lt;?a4 and some potato peelings and lot it boil for i some hours. Then wash out thorough I ly and all danger from poisoning from the tinned lining will be gone. > To do away with excessive perspira tion under the arms, bathe the armpits with tepid w...
CO-OPERATION AMONG FARMERS. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
CO-OPERATION AMONG _ FARMERS. There is every reason why coopera tion should be fostered by fanners, who have much to gain by the movement. To do away with trusts, it is necessary to substitute something else in their place; and the only solution of the whole problem is the complete system of co-operation in which the profit re verts to those who create them. For example, in a complete co-operation of the fanners it would not matter whether they received the full market valuo for wheat or not; because if there were a profit mnde out of them of, say, £100,000, that profit would bo divided among those people out of whom the profit has been made. The same could be said regarding mnnufae turers—the co-operation could not only be among the purchasers, but among the men who mo working the factory, and the profit could be divided first among the purchasers on the amount they had purchased; and, secondly, among the persons*whose labor contri buted towards the manufacture of the article. Some...
FOR THE FARMER. THE FARMER'S PROCLAMATION. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
FOR THE FARMER. THE FARMER'S PROCLAMATION. I Come and let us be thankful to gether! Heaven, earth, field, sky, ! bushland, and running creek invito us j to he Rind. Forgetting tile sharp edge of care, I putting aside the tools of our every 1 day toil, shutting our ears fast against I tho noises of tin* world, let us re ( joieo and he glad. ! j Let us he glad for the power which : ; has kept us "through the,- past year.': i Let us shout for joy that time has . been so wondrously kind to us. Lot us j sing because of the Hand whrehhas. led us so tenderly along the rough experience that has come to us, a step pathwnvs of life. And because we are thus thankful for the golden past, lot us tijrn our ; eyes hopefully towards the glory ' crowned future of the n*>*v- year. J'Jie i yellow sheaves of the past are hut the promise of still more bountiful har I vests in the days to come. Let us make ready for it.' Let us plough and i sow and till, that we may, hy-and-byo, be worthy to gather'ou...
IMPORTANCE OF POTASH. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
IMPORTANCE OF POTASH. Mr. A. 1). llall, in Ins invaluable work on "Manures anil Fertilisers," says:---'"There is abundant evidence to show that potash makes the plant more resistant to the attacks of the fungoid diseases." He also places particular emphasis«on the inthieiKe of potaVdi silts in tin* production of carbo-hy drates. He says:- "Further inquiry' Hoes to show that in some way potash | is an essential part of the mechanism of the process of assimilation ; when it is deficient the manufacture &lt;»f carbo hydrates, like starch, sti^ar. and cellu lose, is greatly reduced, and in pvacUc* it is the crops rich in carbohydrate which are most dependent upon lull supply of'potash." When it is remember ed that potatoes contain 1- to 4J0 per cent, ol starch, the importance of the above quotations is seen. To sum, up. practical experience in all the old p» tato->:!owiji&lt;x countries shows tint | o tash is the important constituent ot po tato manure, and science ex...
IMPORTANCE OF FALLOW. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
IMPORTANCE OF FALLOW. It is hardly ncecssary to reiterate tlio arguments in favor of sowing cereal crops on well-tilled fallow, especially in 1 those districts whovo the seabons aro cold and wet, or, on the other hand, short and dry. In the first case, the conservation of moisture is not iinjiort aut, lint the amelioration of the soil to a condition of sweetness and friablcncss is. On heavy wet soils, the beneficial influence &lt;if rain and sunshine, and wind cannot he over-estimated. Whore under-draivaije can lie supplied, so much the better: if this cmnot he done, then surfq/e drains wili often be found to keep the accumulated winter rains from mahinji ponds or sudden swamps of the low-lying ground. Work'ing the soil will help bi aerate it, ;aul v, ill hare an important hearing upon results. Hut in many cases drainage is essential; on the oth'M hand, this provision Is sel dom 'Jitwe>sary in the drier uh»at growing areas, where ••v.-ry opportun ity may he availed ol t&a...
CROP ROTATION. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
CROP ROTATION. * Kotation'of crops arc maintained for three principal purposes: (1) to main tain soil fertility, (2) to provide pro fitable cash wops, and (3) to provide roughage and frain for live-stock. A proper balance must be secured be tween all these. It is always essen tial that fertility be maintained, so that this is a prime requisite in arrang ing a rotation. Live-stock farming is seldom profitable unless ' some cash crops are grown for sale. Kven as spe cialised an industry as poultry-raising is rarely as profitable "when carried on alone as when it is a non-competing part of a general farm system. Cush crops are, therefore, important. The growing of roughage for livestock is almost equally essential. It is not al ways advisable to try to produce the grain required lor live-stock lurvewr. as on much of the land adapted to the raising of live-stock grain cannot be produced as cheaply as elsewhere. It may, therefore, he cheaper to i urehase the* grain than to raise it. A cr...
SOIL FERTILITY. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
SOIL FERTILITY. The whole problem of the soil fer tility is inextricably woven with bac terial fermentation. From the origin of the soil through its use by plants, and the subsequent destruction of their original condition of the products form ed, we find nearly every step accom panied by bacterial action. The con tinual fertility of the soil is thus asso ciated. with bacterial life, in the fu ture the problem of ihe proper treat ment of the soil for the use of agri culture will be, in a veiy large de gree, a problem of the proper control of bacteiia. Agriculturists must loarn to stimulate the bacterial actions which are advantageous, and chcvlc those which are disadvantageous, if they would ensure the continual soil fer tility. .Perfect cultivation is one of the best means of encouraging the right kind of bacteria, moisture and warmth being the most essential items in en couraging this increase, therefore, to cultivate the land thoroughly means to increase soil fertility.
VALUE OF THE EARTHWORM. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
VALUE OF THE EARTHWORM. The earthworm is to some extent an indication of tile nature of the boil. Whore the land i.s full of heart tho worms present a full-grown and fleshy appearance; where the soil is poor, they are small, thin and attenuated, ami sometimes of a .pale and gieenish color. As a rule, when the worm comes to the surface it keeps its tail within the narrow opening of its bur row, so that, possessing a keen sense of hearing, it can retract its hody with the greater ease. The mould left »n the form of casts on the surface of the land has manumit value, although it may spoil the appearance of :m other wise well-kept lawn.
SPRAYING POTATOES. [Newspaper Article] — Gippsland Standard and Alberton Shire Representative — 23 January 1914
' SPRAYING POTATOES. The attention of potato growers is drawn to the importance of spraying their crops with Bordeaux mixturo as a protection against potato disease. In wet seasons spraying is of groat value, while even in dry seasons, although no disease may be apparent, the treatment is found to he beneficial, producing a longer period of growth and an increas ed view. T lie crop should be sprayed twice, and the first spraying should take place as soon as there is good de velopment of haulm. About three weeks later the treatment should be repealed. The ordinary Hordeaux mix ture, which has proved to he very ef fective, is made as follows:—Sulphate of copper or "Milestone," 121b.; quick lime, Gib. water, iCOlb. In purchasing the sulphate of copper, it is necessary to j»et the material with 03 per cent, purity, ami to have a guarantee to that effect. Substances offered morel v as "agricultural sulphate nl copper'' should be aflmded.