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TO THE PEOPLE OF CALIFORNIA [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 9 January 1847
TO THE PEOPLE OF CALIFORNIA. On my approach to this place with the forces under my command, Jose Castro the Commandant General of California, buried his artillery and abandoned his fortifiied camp "of the Mesa," and fled, it is believed, toward, Mexico. With the sailors, the marines, and the California Battalion of mounted Rifleman, we entered the "City of Angeles," the Capital of California on the 13th of August, and hoisted the North American Flag. The Flag of the United States is now flying from every commanding positions in the Territory, and California is entirely free from Mexican dominion. The Territory of California now belongs to the United States, and wilI be governed as soon as circumstances may (extra line) permit, by officers and laws, similar to those by which the other Territories of the United States are regulated and protected. But until the Governor, the Secretary and Council are appointed, and the various civil departments of the Government are arranged, military ...
ALOS HABITANTS DE CALIFORNIA. [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 9 January 1847
ALOS HABITANTS DE CALIFORNIA. aVessaasMßje a aate pUacoa laa farrzu *&gt; mi ssasMs De. ioae Catfre CesMSMawte Ceacxal £&lt;■ CaH&amp;raia eaten* »v trt J'.cr.a j.i)-;;dc :-.o 1 1 nia— iiali fsftsfieMM it U Mesa v m fngo w crrr bacii Mr cinv. Cm U» taahaeroa wJUadx marura* y el Batm!!oa C«!i&amp;ruq KaVess taaatadiM el 13 c- A^acsa rstrafflM «a el t mdii or lev Aafdes Capital it faiifama « ans— a el p&gt;bt!loa ii Nor* BMMBSe, El pabe2lca if las Eatastas laaiss tssasa » a tad* el Tesriieney^CaMsrsMseaißi iigimai aliM—eXeV. asiaii Minraei si Terhtsri* ya pertesrec sJaa BsUMaa Csidat y taa prod* cast* lo prna:taa !a» circsntaacias scm fcsxtsaaV par ses cor: &lt;•»;&gt;&lt;) odirstr* issiriliin j '.eye* r ii alii ism alss 4eaMaT««nMnaa ie lea B*as» CmCam c ifehs IMI am prawji4s &gt; citiamli Flare keate, «MsW el iakls^BWiß^Bß^Br ri Hi cirttr.o y el *"• - - - - tales aom. *&lt;f^w ■ " ■ ■■ ammmmske a J fa fi...
lu.pnrUißit Irosm Camasla. [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 9 January 1847
Important from Canada. Letters have been received in this city from Canada, stating that fifteen hundred volunteers have been organized in Quebec for the Mexican war, and that an agent is now on his way to Washington, delegated to offer their services to the President of the United States. It is highly probable that volunteer companies will be raised in Montreal and other cities of Canada, and that a large portion of the force requisite for the prosecution of a war with Mexico will be furnished by our Canadian neighbors. So that, in fact, the blustering and hostility manifested by tha Canadian press towards this country, is not endorsed by the people of Canada. We understand that a vast majority of the Canadian people, probably nine-tenths, entertain the most friendly and sympathetic feelings towards this couutry. The Canadians are preparing to manifest that sympathy by tangible proofs, and we should not be at all surprised if they should send five thousand troops to the banks of th...
1-ileM ireMst llatti [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 9 January 1847
Latest from Hayti. We have received our regular file of papers up to the 17th ult., by the brig Hayti, Captain Mores. The Haytian, or negro part of the Island, is still disturbed with insurrections, and may almost be said to be in a state of anarchy and civil war. There appears to exist much apprehension relative to the course which France intends to pursue towards the country in the indemnity to be paid, in annual annuities, to the old colonies of St. Domingo, as concluded upon by the treaty between France and Hayti in 1838, which has not been paid for the last four years. Much alarm is now felt from the menacing attitude of France; a ship of war is expected every day from that country. What with foreign difficulties and domestic and intestine troubles, this country, like Mexico, is in the last stage of political consumption and death.-- N. Y. Sun.
i •rrtipt*dr»rt tf Ikr .-»,« Ymrk UrrmU [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 9 January 1847
Correspondence of the New York Herald Washington, June 3, 1847. Nothing later from the wars. Hon. W. Thompson's book most exclusively corroborates all our previous impressions of the physical weakness, the military inefficiency, the utter imbecility of the Mexicans. The valor which they displayed in the two late battles was the valor of the superiority of numbers, certain of victory, and expectant of large quantities of plunder. They formed the crack army of the magnanimous nation. And yet, what a poor show for a fight they made. The victories of Gen. Taylor are, therefore, not to be measured from the fact that he whipped the enemy so completely, but from the evidences that he was prepared for them, had every man been one of Napoleon's old guard. With ten thousand such troops as he has, there is not a doubt of his ability to march into the Mexican capital. If the Comanche Indians, in detachments of a hundred strong, can penetrate for hundreds of miles into the Mexican States, captur...
natrvtlir Trlrtrrapb [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 9 January 1847
Magnetic Telegraph. We understand, through Professor Morse, that the magnetic line is now complete between New York and Washington. The pulsation was first felt this day, and the first intelligence it conveys to us is the arrival of the steamer Hibernia at Boston. A commencement is now about to be made at the other end of the line, from Mobile northward. It is said that a proposition may be laid before Congress to-morrow towards this ob-ject.--Washington Union, June 2.
liKitii l.itM-rtv. [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
li\Kitii l.itM-rtv. What has Mexico gained by the revolution against Spain ? Mexico was governed by a Viceroy from Spain. A great portion of the products of the mines found its way to Hi«panoU When the Viceroy became unpopular he was changed — but liberty, Independence, and a republican form of Government were the watchword* of the revolution; Mexico should be governed only by the Mexican* and Mexico became independent What improvements have b*en made in the condition of the people, since the in dependence of Mexico 1 Not one. Independence and Republicanism have no real existence in the country. All has been snatchy or despotism. Schools have not b«en established: roads, canals and internal improvements have not been made ; labor has not been rewarded or encouraged ; liberal principles have not been cultivated ; freedom of religion has not been established, and military ehieftans have succeeded military chieftans in bloody struggles for supremacy and control The country under Spain ...
*UuUm* la Imw VWrleL [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
Starting in the World Many an unwise parent, labors hard and lives sparingly all his life for the purpose of leaving enough to give his children a start in the world, as it is called. Setting a young man afloat with money left him by his relatives is like tying bladders under the arms of one who cannot swim, ten chances to one he will lose his bladders and go to the bottom. Teach him to swim and he will never need the bladders. Give your child a sound education, and you have done enough for him. See also, that his morals are pure, his mind cultivated and his whole nature made subservient to laws which govern man, and you have given what will be of more value than the wealth of the Indies, You have given him a start which no misfortune can deprive him of. The earlier you teach him to depend on his own resources, the better.
"Blow Ye the Tram pet! Blow.' [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
"Blow Ye the Tram pet! Blow.' The New York Herald says that the Mexican general's make their revolutions by printing presses, and not with powder and ball ; that when ever "a long, low, black schooner has been built at the ship-yards of New York, for the Mexican government, which has frequently happened, a printing press and type have always been part of the armament ; that these things are used for manufacturing pronounciamentos— we cannot say how they pronounce it — and that General Paredes lately tried the experiment, though unsuccessfully, in General Taylor's camp. We take for granted that the Yankees, Germans and Irish composing his army, are not very expert in pronouncing Spanish. Or perhaps like Cromwell, they "do not care for paper shots." But the best of the joke is the offer of the Herald to the Federal Government. It says, if the Government will accept the services of one or more of the clipper schooners of the New York pilots, the Herald man will furnish one of Hoe's bes...
"oral C«mnure iv Evd| lot Life ot [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
Moral Courage in Every Day Life Have the courage to discharge a debt while you have the money in your pocket. Have the courage to do without that which you do not need, nowever much you may admire it Have the courage to speak your mind when it is necessary that you should do so ; and to hold your tongue when it is better that you should be silent Have the courage to speak to a friend in a "seedy" coat, even in the street, and when a rich one is nigh ; the effort is less than many people think it to be, and the act is worthy a king. Have the courage to set down every penny you spend, and add it up weekly. Have the courage to pass your hosts lacky at the door, without giving him a shilling, when yet know you cannot afford it — and what is more, that the man has not earn--ed it. Have the courage to own that you are poor, and you disarm poverty of her sharpest sting. Have the courage to tell your personal defects, and the world will be deprived of that pleasure by being reminded of thei...
Water Running up Hill. [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
Water Running up Hill. Dr. Smith in a lecture on geology at New .York, mentioned a curious circumstance conwith the Mississippi river. It runs from north to south, and its mouth is actually four miles higher than its source, a result due to the centrifugal motion of the earth. Thriteen miles is the difference between the equatorial and polar radius; and the river in 4000 miles, has to rise one third of this distance -- it being the height of the equator above the pole. If this centrifugal force were not continued, the river would flow back, and the ocean would overflow the land.
The Kill. Xt turn-lit. [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
The Rifle Regiment. The Washington correspondent of the North American says, that Gen. Persifer Smith, of New Orleans, has been appointed Colonel of the mounted rifle regiment ; Capt. Freemont Lieut. Colonel, and Col. Burbidge, of Kentucky, Major. The latter is a Whig, of which party there are several others, including a son of Mr. Crittanden, who is appointed a Cpatain (Captain).
f|a rrccdom of (*• BaPaaaaaV •P^P y rf*^W"*l(l •*■ "^aWaj aj a aaaai [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
f|a rrccdom of (*• BaPaaaaaV •P^P y rf*^W"* l(l •*■ "^aWaj aj a aaaai ri to tall kaawnto every A ainata ta Call- j fjpjaja, laV the freedom of th« prwea af eaaaftd by the great charter of our Liberties; that it is by that instrument, placed above all law, and beyond the reach of those clothed with a little brief authority." So long as that instrument stands the press is free in all countries under the STAR SPANGLED FLAG. Nothing but the abuse of power will retard its operations or destroy its usefulness. That sacred instrument which every American boasts of with pride, denies even to Congress the power to abridge the freedom of the prater to latedere with it* privileges ia any man- . ncr whatever. U Congress tke great national Legislature of the Vaiud States, uai not the power to j ', abridge the liberty cf the press, it mast be evident ' i ta ali that no one nowtrer exalted his station, act- &gt; ' ing under tie Canatilaliia under the laws pis- j &gt; scd ender this...
EaUcnißU ia the [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
Emigrants in the Mountains. It is probably not generally known to the people, that there is now in the California mountains in a most distressing situation, a party of emigrants from the United States, who were prevented from crossing the mountains by an early heavy fall of snow. The party consists of about sixty persons, men, women and children. They were, almost entirely out of provisions, when they reached the foot of the mountain, and but for the timely succor afforded them by Capt. J. A. Sutter, one of the most humane and liberal men in California, they most have all perished in a few days. Captain Sutter as soon as he ascertained their situation, sent five mules loaded with provisions to them. A second party was dispatched with provisions for them, but they found the mountain impassable, in conseqence of the snow. We hope that our citizens will do something for the relief of these unfortunate people.
pjcwi from !■«• Jkraaf. [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
News from the Army We have just received information of the arrival of General Kearney in the lower country. with his regiment of eight hundred mounted men. A few days after his arrival he was joined by Col. Fremont with his company of between five and six hundred men. After maneuvering a few days, they succeeded in bringing the Mexican Californians under Jose Castro and Peo Pico, to a general engagement in the vicinity of the Pueblo de los Angeles. The Mexicans were completely routed, losing in killed and wounded, about one hundred. Castro and the rest surrendered unconditionally. Two of the Americans were killed, and three or four wounded in the battle, It is supposed that about four hundred of the Mexicans escaped, and took the route to Sonora. Col. Freemont was to surrender his command to Gen. Kearney, as soon as he had an interview with Comodore Stockton, and repair immediately to this place, to enter upon his duties as Civil Governor of California: and may be expected here in ...
■Vatcr Lots nn:l t*r>-r^iutiuti I.nr' [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
Water Lots, and Pre-emption Laws In-order that our citizens may not be lead into an error in relation to the pre-emption laws of the United States, and to their ability at the present, time to acquire a title or the shadow of a title to the Beach land in front of the Town; we lay before them, our own knowledge of the one, and information in regard to the other— There is no general pre-emption law now in force in tho United States: not has there been since 1840, when it expired by its own limitation. All the pre-emption laws now in force only .extend to particular divisions of country and for a limited time; consequently can not be construed to apply to California. And if there was a general pre-emption law in force' it could not possibly apply to this country at the present time . because. none of the general laws are yet extended over it; therefore, one cannot acquire any preference over another, by occupancy ; — nor will the government, or any future purchaser have to pay the SQUA...
•rh.ol. [Newspaper Article] — California Star — 16 January 1847
Schools The importance of some immediate action on the part of the citizens of Yerba Buena in reference to the establishment of a school in the place, must be apparent to every one who has passed through our principle streets, in good weather. We counted the other day, about forty children from the age of five to thirteen, in the different streets at play ; who ought, instead of wasting their time in idleness, to be at school. Childhood and youth, are the seasons for mental culture; the impressions then made are lasting: and the mind then being free from the cares incident to after life, is better prepared to receive knowledge and general moral improvement than at any other age. Therefore, this period of life should not be suffered to be passed in frivolous amusements or unprofitable employment. We hold it to be an inexcusable dereliction of duty on the part of parents, and those having influence and means, to suffer the children in the community in which they live to grow up in ign...