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Change of Seed. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Change of Seed. ----o There is a good deal of discussion amongst our farmers with respect to change of aced, and several have determined to treat the question during the forthcoming season. The question is whether the seed wheat from a colder district will prove to be any earlier and more prolific than that grown locally; also whether an earlier and more abundant crop can be expected from seed produced in a wanner district. Taking the locality of Petersburg, for instance. where would be the advantage of procuring seed wheat from Mount Gambier, or would aLv better ret suits be attained if the seed were obtained from Hawker: If, by a change of seed, only one bushel per acre additional can be secured, the advantage to the individual farmer and to the colouy at large would be somewhat considerable and therefore these experiments will be watched with much interest. The Woodlands of the United States nowcover1 50,000,000 acres-about 26 per cent. of the whole area,
Garget in Cows. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Garget in Cowi.. A well known veteri?arino le '.. tldy o!.red thefollowin4 notes one. very prev?leat d sadte, viz., garget in cows. The subject of this paper is" Afsnmiis,' or inflammation of the milk gland. enomiouly called garget. It is an affectionto which cows and heifers areprone at any time of the year. Mfmmitis is of rare occurrecoeiutho mare or fillies. gAU-oxo. Irregularities of diet; the direct application of colder heat; exposure to cald and damp; retention of milk insulticieutand careless mili. ing; overstocking ; everdriving with distended udder; contusions and external injuries, as blows, ltuiees or wounds, or a too plethoric conditon of the system. OTt'TOlc. Enlargemnt of the udder, with heant; ra. nes ; exeasively tender and a hard. con. solidated feel of the panr more particulsrly affected,attendednot uutrequeetly, when the hind quarters are affected, with a straddling gait : the subcutaneous veins are distended and corded. On drawing the teat instesdofnor .eal milk...
Relation of Food to the Produce of the Cow. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Relation of Food to the Produce of the Cow. ? o--.-- 2Mr John Spier, Newton Farm, has written all exeelle,.t pallet on the above subject to the re cently iooued volume of the British Iiry Fanuero' Association. We gvea the llalu -i summa y of his expition : - That whens cow is in full m1lk and f ill ot h, she will give her normal quantity of milk f.,r at least a limited time, even although the qeality and quantity of the food be very deti, oat. That when in good condition a c se will take offher bodywhateveris deficient in the food, in order to give her normal quantity of mi k. That an extra supply of nutritious food at all times increases the quantity of milk, hut the percentage of fat is not in any way imlreatd by it, if anything the tendency b.neg rather the other way. That an extra supply of nutritiousf aJd a'moet invariabtl very slty increases the solids, ot fat of the milk. That a ration poor in food iagredients has a very slight tendency to reduce the solids not fat of the mil...
Agriculture in Italy. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Agricultute in Italy. In a aketch of Agriculture in Italy, and nith specialreferenceto the crisis now prevaili?g there, Signor Galanti gives some particulars Ie to the actual state of affairs, which are of con. siderable interest in view of the present depres sion. He states that the area of land under cultivation is about 60,000,0t00 acres, of which nearly one-fifth is in wheat, with a yield efI about II bushels per acre, while alout .5,00)t,000 acres are devoted to Indian corn, the yield being about 17 bushels per acre. About 500.000 acres are devoted to rice, or rather more than is sown in oats: barley and ry* occuping very little apace, while about two million acres are occupied by leguminous plants. Pasing ver a very interesting enumeration of the various fruits which are grown in such large quantities throughout Italy, it may be added that, so far a the live stock is concerted, Signor Galanti puts the total at 5,000,000 head of cattle, 6,000,000 sheep, 1,S00,000 goats, 1,100,0...
Milk and Cheese as Brain Food. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Milk and Cheese as Brain Food. Is skim milk or cheese brain food ? A paper by M. Becamp, which M. Freidel has just read to the Paris Academy of Medicine, gives an affirmative answer. 1. Becamp, it seems, has for some time been devoting himself to the study of casein. He has found that it chenically differs from all other albuminoids with whice he is acquainted. One ot its yrvperties is when burnt pure to make no ashes. He experimented on burntcasein, not with the view of coming to the conclusionbe now enunciates, but to an opposite one, namely, that there is no phos phorus in casein. In a number of experiments he found that absolutely pure casein contains 753 parts out of 1.000 of organic phosphorus. He has also demonstrated the presence in casein of sulphur, and therefore that this substance is made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus, sulphur, and oxygen. Milk and cheeseare accordingly brain restorers.
POMONA. CHAPTER XV. Glad and Well aware [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
POrIONlA By the author of "Laddie," "Tip Cat," "Lil," etc. CHAPTER Xv, Olad and welt aware 0 'te moeioenial brightnoes. a aa tnee Ta antl it irove to meet the noontlee hiere, no l0-sle ehe in lore's light eontee.lltr. "Her Iayaship's love, Miss, and she would eto glad if you would go to her room." Mona Lester had just, come in from her morning ride in the Row. Itwas a beautiful morning, early in May, and the Park looked greenand bright, and the horse chestnuts were lighting up their tapers pink and white, and the laburnum's golden chams tossed in the fresh, little breeze which ruffled theglowang bravery ci tie lilae. MIna han ha d a very pleasant ride. The day was fresh and exhilarating ; her new little hestnur.t more was all that heart could desire, with a ske, hke satin, and a mouth like velvet, wshi:h, br the way, are contemptible similes, as umoet of the similes we use about nature are, fcr " Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these." Mona looked, as most girls...
Judging Ayrshire Cows. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Judging Ayrshire Cows. The correspondence on the judging of Ayrshire cows still goes on in the "Kilmarnock Standard," and the later contributions are more favorable to the milk test than were the earlier ones. Hon. 0. R. Vernon writes a letter, in which he says:-- In my opinion the milk test is of the utmost importance for enhancing the value of our Ayrshire cowst and should have far more attention given to it by our agricul tural asociations. A farmer or a cow-keeper, when pulrchasing a cow for dairy purposes, requirce to get the best and richest milk. producer to make his occupationaremunerative one. It is my belief that nothing runs so truly in the blood of Ayrshire ptock as the milk producing qualities. Symmetry of form, upstanding horns, square vessels, and well. shaped teats are all very pleasing to the eye, and when combined with a long, good record of milking qualities, necessarily enhances the value of the animal; but the first-men. tioned are too easily improved upon natur...
Tricks in the Dairy Trape. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Tricks in the Dairy Trape. 0.-~-- In illustration of th method by which New Zealand producehas been placed on the British market, the following incidtnt (saysthe "Otago Daily Times"), which camne to our knowledge recently, may not be withoutinterest :-An Auckland merchant thinking that cheese was about to advance in price, purchased from a well-known Southern factory ninetons of that commodity. His anticipatious as to the rie were not realised, and he stored the unsold por tion of his lot in an out-house,leaving it in the original packages to be the prey of fluctuating temperatures and rats. One of the dairy in. spectors had subsequent occasion to examine a cargo of produce that quite recently left INew Zealand for London and to his surprise recog. nised as coming from Auckland 39 cases of cheese purporting to come from the Southern factory before mentioned. As he knew the circum stances of the case, and also knew that 13 months had transpired between the makingand the shipment, and...
A Quaint Feudal Custom. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
A Quaint Feudal Custom. In the Queen's Bench Division the other day, Mr Justice Charles delivered judgment in the case of Harrisony. Powell, which arose out of a quaint feudal custom, dating back, according to the records of the Courts Baron in the County of Kent. for between three and four hundred years. The plaintiff sued the defendant, who is lord of the manor of Shieldhurst and Holland, near Tuunbridge Well, to recover damages for trespass and wrongful seizure, on 3rd December, 1591, of two horses and a cow belonging to plaintiff. The defendant, it appeared, made the seizureo mplained of on the ground that by the enstum of the estate, he, as lord of the manor, was entitled to three "heriote," three of the best animals, payable by the plaintiff as executor upon the death of James Harrison, deceased. The question to be decided by the court was whether the lord of the manor was entitled, upon the death of a tenant, to claim payment of one "heriot'" in respect to each tone. ment, me...
THE PURSUIT OF PLEASURE. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
THE PURSUIT OF PLEASURE. An American gentleman started in his yacht the other day oen a ten months' cruise. Hesailed from New York, and the newspapers published long descriptions of his departure, illustrated by pictures of his vessel inside and out, and en. livened by much gossip about her stores and fittins and her owner's plans. A dozen people, more or less, including most of the yachtsmau'e immediate family, went with him. They sailed in what is probably the biggest and most sumptuous pleasure ship in the world. So far as material ap pliances go, the people who went off on that yacht seemed to start with a com plete outfit of delectable properties. More over they seemed to be intelligent people, in good health, and there were enough of them to afford one another congenial soelety; so the chances seemed to be that they would have a very goodtime indeed. That was a striking. and picturesque example of one of the ways in which human beings go about the business of getting satis. fa...
Social [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Social. The following is the programme of songs ,Sc.. of a very successful coffee social in connection with the United Methodist church, held at Mr. Richard's, at Bailieston on the i8th ult:-Glee "The Village Choristers," tastefully rendered by Misses Fothergill and Richards and Mr. Fothergill. A children's action song, "Is a body tired of lessons," was given in a forcible and pleas ing manner by school children. Miss Fother. gill gave the solo, "Twilight Queen," very tastefully, and a recitation by Miss M. Cumming, "Guilty or not Guilty," was given very feelingly, Mr. Cottle sang," Ye Gallants of England," right loyally and in good style. Mr. Richard's family sang, " Nature's Lulla by," very nicely, whilst Miss Dora Barnett rendered correctly the solo "Hope." Mr. and Miss Fothergill gave "Albion, on thy fertile plains " very impressively, and Mr. Rannard recited "Modern Logic." Mrs Parris and Miss Fothergill sang the duet, '" Flow on shining river," in a pleasicg and acceptable man...
Melbourne Letter. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Melbourne Letter. -;o: [BY OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.J THe reconstructed banks are issuing their half-yearly balance-sheets, and those of the City of Melbourne, Colonial, and Natiortal, have, no doubt, been eagerly scanned by thousands of interested in vestors. The City and the Colonial do not call for particular mention, beyond that the latter, though not indicating any great earning power, seems to be working its way slowly into a more healthy posi. tion than might have been expected from the nature of the crisis through which it has passed. The City distributes a very small dividend among its preference shareholders only; but if it is legitimately strengthening its resources, nothing need be said against the policy. The surprise, however, comes in connection with the National Bank, whose balance sheet ex hibits vigor "in every limb." Thisinsti tution distributes a handsome sum to its preference and ordinary shareholders- over £3o,ooo-and from the manner in which the business of the b...
Commercial. LIVE STOCK REPORT. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Commercial. o: LIVE STOCK REPORT. Fat Sheep.-23,000 yarded. A ruch larger proportion than usual, consisted of good and prime quality crossbreds, with a scarcity of best merinocs. The general tone of the market was inactive with a weaker tendency, and for crossbreds prices ruled lower, while for seconds and inferior de. scriplions, of which the greater portion of the supply consisted, sales were much more diflicult to effect at quotations. Prime cross. bred wethers, from 12s to 1is; extra prime and heavy do, from 15s Od to 17s; prime caossbred ewes, from 9s 6d to lls 6Od; extra prime and heavy do, from lts to 14s; prime merino wethers, from 10s to 12s; a few do, do, to 13s; giod do, do, from 8s to 9s; others from 8e to 7s; prime merino ewes, from Is to 7s; o'hlrs, from 3s Od to Ss. Fat Lambs.-4,600 penned. The demand was dull at about late rates. Prime sold at from 7s to Os; extra sold at from Us to 10s ; good sold at from 5s Od to 6s 9d ; middling and inferior, from 4s to 5s. Fat Ca...
Ringing Pigs. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Ringing Pigs. A Californiabreeder describes his method If ringing pigs a follows : -First, my pen is about 20ft1. lng and 0loft. or 121t. wide at one end, and rune to point in the other for convenlenoo in catching. In the broad end is a small door ea to open and shut. This pen will hold 29C' 0 pigs, according to Lze, and leave room !o work. The operator stands near the small door. If the pigs are small one assistant will do, but it large two are necessary. They catch the plgti each one taking hold of one of t hind legs an drawing it back to the operator, and holding st so that it stands upon its front feet, with its hind legs stretched out straight behind it, and held firmly on the ground so that it cannot more backward. The operator steps astride of its neck with his face toward the pig's head, thes, placing the palm or heel of the leoft hand upon the pig's snout with the fingers extended hack out of anger hepresses down until he gets a reasonably firm pressure, then carefully clos...
AGRICULTURAL What Makes Butter Sell Well? [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
AGRICULTURAL What Makes Butter Sell Well? Extract from a paper readby W. H Tivy, at meeting of the Missouri Dairymen's Associa. tica:- The first important stepin that line is to make the butter not only good, but of the best, which can usually be done by observing the require. menta adapted to the different methods for pro ducing a fine article; for instance, if one has neither separator, Cooley creamer, refrigerator, cool spring nor ce waterto submerge in, there cant neveroheless, good batter be made by open setting, in a nice, cool, sweet, or odorless room, cellar, or outhouse. Temperature may very, and in proportion to that variation will the fermen. tatien the mill; bh slow in low temperature, and even at sone stages, rav, 35 to 45, forming a different ferment, prouaning a peculiar bitterness in the butter, while as tempera'ure increases fermentation is more rapid until it may even sour and clabber the milk before the cream has had time to rise; but evenbere there is a remedy-ch...
Her Intended. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Her Intended. The two sweet and gentle maidens were holding converse after the manner of their kind as they walked along, when they met a young man, who bowed and passed on. "' Ur," said one, with a toss of her nose into the air. " He's been to see me twice this week," remarked the other. " Well, I don't like him just the same." " He's coming to see me to-morrow night." " What do you let him come for P' " He's my intended." The other girl stopped square and gazed at her companion. " What? Him " she exclaimed. "I thought you despised him." "Then why do you say be is your in tended Y" "I intend to give aim the great big bounce when he comes again," and they went twit tering on their way.-" Preeas. It heas been ascertained (says the "Irish Times") that the seven skeletons found in a vault at Limerick are those of convicts who were executed. The vault has accordingly been closed ep by the prison authorities finally.
Ladies' Gossip. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Ladies' Gossip, The sensible, economical woman will keep a millinery piece.box, into which will go every shred of ribbon or silk or velvet which remains of cast-off hate. Before laying them away steam and press them, so that they will be ready for use whenever needed. Have another receptacle for flowers, feathers and ornaments. In this way the woman who hoeas a knack for trimming need never lack a prettybonnet and often she will find that it can be easily fashioned at the expense of a few cents. Sleeves are still cut after the leg-ofmoutton shape very tight below the elbow and full above. It is sometimes made on a lining cut as a duplicate or fitted over the close coat, sleeve lining. The lower part is either left open and buttoned or there ts a simulated opening by sewing the buttons on very close to gether. Gloriosa makes a stout, glossy and beautiful skirt, and is light withal. Trim it with _ flounce that is shirred on a cord. This skirt never loseo its silky luster and is a bean...
Illustrations. FASHIONABLE BONNETS. THE "MARIE STUART" BONNET. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
Illustration:. FASHION'ABLE BONNETS. TUE "MARIE SrwAsT" BOfloqP. The "Marie Stuart" shape in jet, velvet, cloth and straw is now so much in vogue, and as it is usually extremely becoming to most faces, we think our readers may be glad of a pretty idea for trimming the model. For very young ladies this shape without strings is best, and it is often worn very far back on the head. Narrow velvet and satin strings are a nice addition for a young married lady, as illustration shows. Some of these bonnets are composed of a shape flatly covered with velvet, and are then often edged with jet, a full bind of velvet, ostrich feather trinjing, or even narrow far, and finished with U ge bow of satin ribbon, rather at the bechf ta owu,-ana s null faontain osprey. THE "DUTCH " BONNET. Our readers will doubtless be glad of a style for trimming the "Dutch" bonnet, which is an extremely quaint but becoming little " capote," especially adapted for tho hair worn low im the neck. It is worn quite far b...
English Nurses. [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
English Nurses. ' The German Empress was (says a Lon don paper) at her stay at Felisatowe so much impressed by the perfections of the British nursemaid bien elevee that, shortly after her return to Germany, she commis sioned an English lady friend to engage an English nurse for the Gernan Im. perial children. One of the conditions under which the nurse was engaged was that she was not to be told, until the en gagement was settled, who her charges would be. This, the Empress considered, was the only way of obtaining a thorouhly competent nurse, and not a personage who would come for the sake of the position merely, and in order to be able to trade for ever after on the glories of her office.
No Title [Newspaper Article] — The Broadford Courier and Reedy Creek Times — 4 May 1894
An amusing story comes from Edin burgh University. The other day Dr Andrew Seth, the well-known Professor of Logic, received an addition to his family.This fact somehow became known; and next morning the Professor entered his classroom to the sthains of Molly and I and the Baby, which was duly followed by The Alabama Coon. While the songs were being sung. the Professor stoodat his table, quite helpless; for the students numbered hundreds. After the strains had died away, he nervously said, " I can but bow my acknowledgments ;" and proceeded with his lecture.