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To Reconstruct Sydney. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
To Reconstruct Sydney. The whole of the city of Sydney eould be rebuilt; gradually, without borrowing a single shilling, were it not that, this is the era of the capi talist class who control the environ ment — political, financial, and in dustrial. Half or three-quarters of a million of Treasury notes could be issued at a time, and declared if deemed necessary legal tender — to be after wards redeemed out of the rente. And then another three-quarters of a mililon issued to rebuild a further portion, and so on until the whole eity was rebuilt. The notes in cir culation by the banks in this 'Hate amount to about £1,335.000. and of the opinion that this private currenoy should be exploited by tpe Government — meaning by Govern ment the people ; Treasury notes could be issued equal in amount to this private currenoy, to be re deemed as we have s'ated. Under capitalism the community can only consume a limited amount of any currency, whether gold, silver, or paper ; hence the need to pre...
Changed Conditions. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
Changed Conditions. To modify the fell operations of the present system various protec tive systemB have been formed by the workers, amongst which trade unionism stands first. But the trade-unionist must recognise how modern invention has changed the world for him. Telegraph, tele phone, and express train makes the world smaller daily. To the politi cian the globe is still large, and national boundaries are the sub jects of wars and rumours of war; to the trader there are no boun daries, no race, no country. If /the furnace' of England are damped down, those of Pennsylvania spew ont more molten streams ; if the whirr of the Lancrshire factory ceases, that, of the Calcutta mill gets more deafening. The change matters nought to capital. Pound, dollar, or rupee — it is all one. It poys'to gather them in. Oopital draws its profits from . the ends of the earth. To the worker, Britain is a world ; to the capitalist it is a parish. —I.L.P. Pamphlet.
For the Unemployed. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
Por the Unemployed. The present capitalist system is a failure, inasmuch as it claims to give enployment to all, and doesn't. We in this State, notwithstand ing our immense area of virgin soil, have a lar/e unemployed army, likely to be permanent as long as capitalism lasts. Sooialism is the only care for en forced idleness. But we recognise that while Socialism is coming, men must live ; and to live we must do something now- That being the position, we urge that the people should notify their servants, the Government, to immediately organ ise the umemployed and set them to work constructing a new reser voir for the Sydney water supply, a a need of the near future. Also to construct weirs on the rivers and out canalB, for the twofold purpose of conserving water and irrigating parts of the country. These works to be relief works ; only those em ployed to receive a living wage and to be at liberty to go and come at will. No man need starve then, and no man's energy need, go to waste.<...
Advertising [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
WATeH THIS! Subscribers are specially notified that a BLUE MARK through this para graph signifies that their subscription is now OVERDUE. Subscribers whose papers are so marked are re quested to forward along their sub. before the end of present month otherwise they will be struck off the list, and the amount due called for.
WAGE-LABOR AND CAPITAL. WHAT ARE WAGES AND HOW ARE THEY DETERMINED.—CONTINUED. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
WAGE'LABOR AND CAPITAL. Bt Karl Marx. WHAT ARB WAGES AKD HOW ABE THET DETERMINED. — CONTINUED. Capital can only increase when it is exchanged for labor, when it calls wage-labor into existence. Wage-labor can only be exchanged for capital by augmenting capital and strengthening the power whose slave it is. An increase of capital is cnereiore an increase 01 ine pro- 1 letariat — that is, of the laboring clasB. ' The interest of the capitalist and the laborer are therefore identical, assert the bourgeoisie and their economists. And, in fact, so they are ! The laborer perishes if capi tal does not employ him. Capital perishes if it does not exploit labor ; and in order to exploit it, it must buy it. The faster the capital de voted to production — the produc tive capital — increases, and the more successfully the industry is carried on, the richer do the bour geoisie become, the better does business go, the more laborers does the capitalist require, and the dearer does the laborer sell ...
In the Trade Onions. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
In the Trade Unions. Our work is the conversion of trade unionists to Socialism, not to ally ourselves as a party with trade unions, which are composed of men of all shades of opinion. It may not be an easy task to convert them ; but, however that, may be, thev renreBent the beBt of the working class, and if we could not win converts from among them the outlook for the spread of Socialist ideas among the working class at all would be a black one. For, if we cannot win the trade unionists, those outside the unions are not worth appealing to. As a matter of fact, we are winning our way among them. But we must not weary in well-doing, and then we shall reap if we faint not. — London 'Justice.' A strike has occurred in the Government Arms Factory at Tuia, 110 miles sonth of Moscow. Troops fired blank cartridges at the strikers. An officer ordered the soldiers to nse ball cartridges. U pon a sergeant-major refusing t.o order the men to use the ball cartridge, the officer threatened him w...
Gov. General Hopetoun and the Unemployed. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
|-Gov. * General Hopetonn 1 and the Unemployed. Timb was when the Australian iworker had some grit and self Teepect and refused to abase him self to the level of a toady or the Apolitical flunkeys. But all that is i changed ; he now fights for the Empire,' kills Boers to gain ?; ' equal rights for all men in South 1 Africa, and leaves his wife and family to starve here. The unem ployed are increasing in every State :in Australia; they are congregating in the streets and waiting upon all [sorts and conditions of politicians ?and sec'arian bodies. Here is a jcutling from a daily paper, head dines and all, which speaks for it self : ' ION THE STEPS OF THE ! TREASURY. i,I.ORl- IIOl'ETOUS A.NI» THE CXEMl'I-OYKI). ] s Mki.!:oi;usk, Thursday. — Lord Hope Stoun ipiite by accident to-day found Kim Jself confronted by a huge crowd of Mel bourne unemployed. His Excellency, jaceompanied by Captain Wallington, ?was at noon going up the Treasury steps £wlien liis attention was attracted by the jp...
The Socialist Press Assistance Fund. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
The Socialist Press As sistance Pond. O.C.2s, Mrs. S.O.O. 6d, S.C.O. 2s,. J M'D. U 6d. Miss Y. Is, H.R. 2s 6d, J.H. 2s, J O.M. 2s, J.S. 6d, T.TVT- 6d, N. R. 1», -H. 2s 6d, J.B. Is, R.D. Is, F.H.D. Is, R.H. 3s.
War and Work. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
War and Work. Thk wonder has always been great to me that heroism has never been supposed to be in any wise consistent with the practice of supplying people with food or c'othes, but ratber with that of quartering oneself upon them for ? 3 at.-: ? : ? 1UUU ttUU DU1 ippiug UUCUi W* wuwn clothes. Spoiling of armor is an heroic deed m all ages ; bnt the selling of clothes, old or new, has never taken any color magnanim ity. Yet one does not see why leedrag the hungry and clothing the naked should ever become base businesses, even when engaged in on a large scale. If one could contrive to attach the notion of conquest to them, anyhow ? So that supposing there were any where an obstinate race who re fused to be comforted, one might take some pride in giving them compulsory comfort and, as it were, occupying a country with one's gifts, instead of one's Times ! If one could consider it as much of a victory to get a barren field sown as to get an eared field stripped, and contend who should...
The Guardian of the Constitution. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
The Snardian of the Constitution. The machinery of the Federal Constitution is slowly evolving in the intervals of '? billet ' ma iDg. [ The Federal Parliament has been nparly twrlve months in existence, and as yet the geniuses of Australian politics have not enhanced their re putations by any brilliant display of | what they are pleased to call ' sta'esmanship.' The People and the Socialist movement fought against the Constitution Bill, aad pointed out with constant reiteration the reac tionary provisions it contained, more particularly with regard to the tremendous p;wers given to the judiciary. A. constitution framed by lawyers and men whose past actions have proved them to be the greatest enemies of the working class, could not be expected to operate otherwise than in the in terests of the class they represent With the experience of Americi to guide us, the note of warning was sounded by the Socialist, but outride their own ranks very few regarded the dangers pointed oat. Last w...
SNAP-SHOTS. CORN AND CIRCUS [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
SNAP-SHOTS. CORN AND CIRCUS Last week the follow ing was cabled from London : London. Wednesdav.— Kins Edward has decided to entertain as his -nicsta at dinner 300,000 of the poorest- persons in London dnring the Coronation fes tivities in -Tune next. The estimated cost- of the dinner is L30.000. His Majesty has asked the Lord Mayor and sheriffs of the eity, the chairman of j the London County 'Council, and the various borough Mayors to make ths necessary suitable arrangements. I This is the good old Roman custom of quieting and lulling the poupular discontent though as for that, there seems to be very little desire on (he part of the ' children of the Empire ' for any alteration of things. Bat yet, think of it half a million of semi-starving people in London, more than the whole population of Sydney and suburb^ to be given a meal for one day! What about the following day and succeeding days, though ? Hearl; two hundred millions spent on the capitalist war in South Africa; while mor...
Labor & Capital are One. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
Labor & Capital are One. 'Times are hard,' said thePicked Chicken. 'Why,' said the Rat, ' this is an era of prosperity ; see how I have feathered my nest.' ' But,' said the Picked Chicken, ' you have gotten my feathers.' ' You must not think,' said the Rat, that because I get more com fn.r ? ? ? II »VILU juu KCU yuuior. ' But,' said the Chicken, 'you produce no feathers and I keep none — ' 'If you would use your teeth — interrupted the Rat. ' I— 1' said the Picked Chicken. ' Without consumers like me,' I said the Rat, ' there would be no demand for the feachers which you would produce.' ' I will vote for a change,' said the I'icked Chicken, ' Only those who have feathers should have the suffrage/' remarked the Rat. — 'Life,' Till a man is independent he is not free. The man who iB in danger of want is not a free man, and the country which does not guard him against this danger or does not in sure him the means of a livelihood, is not a free country, though it may be the free...
CONSTITUTIONALISM, IMPERIALISM, SOCIALISM. [Newspaper Article] — People — 29 March 1902
CONSTITUTIONALISM, &nbsp; &nbsp; Imperialism, socialism. The People, a paper published &nbsp; entirely in the interests of the working class, confines its attention as a rule to those things in political and social questions which most Erectly affect tbose interests. Bnt there are matters which seemingly may have no direct bearing upon the workers as a class, yet do have a bearing Such a matter is found in the evidence which the last few months have brought forward as to a conspiracy between on the one hand the British ruling political party and their nominees to Aus talian viceroy-ships, and, on the other, the Federal Government and several of the State Governments, It has been pointed oat that Gover ipr-General Hopetoun, when he announced that ' me and Barton ' had consulted on points of Federal policy— i.e , the advisability of send ing troops to South Africa — had violated one of the established cus toms of 'constitutional practice,' Ijal the Governor-Gen...
Eleventh Commandment. [Newspaper Article] — People — 5 April 1902
Eleventh Commandment. The capi'alist class blasphemes against holy writ by denying that plough, and sow, and reap, that they may eat ; build that they may inhabit ; weave and spin in order that they mav be clothed. It not only withholds its assent to this biblical pronosition, but for such a protracted period has it enforced its will that only that which it can sell shall be produced, that this absard dicfate is n'-w numbered as the Eleventh Oommandment. It is the Socialist who is accused of out raging morality when he asserts that no 'righs' of private pro. perty should be allowed to invali date man's natural right to live by labor and to enjoy the full measure of well-being he can secure by co-operation wit.h hi* fellows. 'Thou shalt. not, work unless thou create a profit, for thy master,' is for the cnpitalist all the law and the prophets — J. Huntek Watts
Waterloo Branch. [Newspaper Article] — People — 5 April 1902
Waterloo Branch. This branch held its usual fort nightly propaganda meeting at the corner of Redfern and Betany streets on March 25. Comrade W. A. Johnson acted as chairman on this occasion, and the speakers were Comrades G. Isaacs and .J Neill. They dealt at some length with trade-unions in connection with the Arbitration Act, showing clearly that this lavr had destroyed trade-unionism by making it inef fective as an industrial weapon; and also touched on the unemployed and the plague, pointing out how both had their origin in the same source, namely 'private ownership.' The speakers alluded to some fal lacies regarding Socialism, and ridi culed the idea that Socialists desired to take people's weal'h from them and divide it ; they did not propose to take any one's wealth, their aim was to prevent the owners of wealth using it as a means to crash the workers. Socialists proposed' to take from the present possessors the land and tools of production, to make them common property and ...
MEETINGS. MARX HALL. [Newspaper Article] — People — 5 April 1902
MEETINGS. MARX HALL. ' The Message cf Socialism ' was the subject d*alt with on San day night, Comrades Batho and Moroney being the speakers, with Com. H. Long in the chair. The first speaker (Batho j said that there were times when he was inclined to view social develop ments with feelings mingled with fear and hope. Socialists were apt to view the result of their effort from a pessimistic viewpoint be cause the effect was not directly apparent. It was a mistake to imagine that the efforts of the Aus tralian Socialist League during the past five or six years had been wast ed, as qaite the reverse was the case. Even the capitalist daily press were forced to acknowledge tho trath of the Socialists' econo mics and the correctness of their predictions. They see clearly the dilemma the capitalist and working class are approaching under capital istic economic development. That in itBelf was a sign of the effect of the work of the Socialist. The fin ancial editor of the ' D.T., ' in a lea...
WAGE-LABOR AND CAPITAL. WHAT ARE WAGES AND HOW ARE THEY DETERMINED.—CONTINUED. [Newspaper Article] — People — 5 April 1902
WAGE'LABGR AND . 6APITAL. . By Karl Marx. WHAT ARE WAGES AND HOW ARE THEY DETERMINED. — CONTINUED. Real wages may remain the same, or they may rise, and yet the I relative wages may none the less have fallen. Let us assume, for example, that the price of all means of subsistence has fallen by two thirds, while a day's wages have only fallen one-third, as, for in stance, from three shillings to two. Although the laborer has a larger amount of commodities at his dis posal for two shillings t»an he had before for three, yet his wages are nevertheless diminished in propor tion to the capitalist's gain. The capitalist's profit — the manufactu rer's, for instance — has been aug mented by a shilling, since for the smaller sum of exchange value which he pa/s to the laborer the laboier has to produce a larger sum of exchange value than l-e did be fore. The value of capital is raised in proportion to the value o! labor. he division of social wealth be tween capital and labor has become more d...
Annual Picnic [Newspaper Article] — People — 5 April 1902
Annual Picnic The first, annual picnic of the Australian Socialist League was held at, Long Bay on Easter Mon day, and turned out, a puccpb. The attendance was good, and the facilities for enjoyment many. There was amu«ement for old and young, race3, dan'-ing, and gimes. Everybody voted i* the best, dav's ou'ing experienced. A derailed report will appear next wee1'.