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A DYING SCHOOL SYSTEM [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
A DYING SCHOOL SYSTEM For Children Who Are Just Beginning to Live—By Macy Campbell JOHN SILVERS has moved out of my district and has taken half of my school with him , said a rural teacher in despair to the writer recently . Now we do not have pupils enough left to give life and interest to the school or secure financial support from the people . Another teacher said , Since the first of March when three new families with school children moved into my district , my school has been large enough that we can try to do something again . It will be better until next March anyway . Only we miss the Johnsons and Edwards who have moved to town so the children can go to high school ; they were such a help in keeping up the school . A third teacher spoke up , I wish I had somebody in my district interested in keeping up the school . The old school house is in such bad condition that it is not as good as the hog houses on several farms in the district . We have no dictionary and no supplies an...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
Twenty-five Open-Country Consolidations in North Dakota By R . P . Crawford , la The Nebraska Farmer Total number of children enrolled 1 , 752 Average enrollment per school 70 Number schools doing high school work • 18 Number pupils doing high school work 125 Number pupils transported at public expense 1 , 410 Number schools using public system of transportation 8 Number schools using private system 8 Number schools using combination of both systems 9 Average cost per year per child transported - i $ 25 Average salary per driver per month $ 55 Average longest drive one way in miles 6 Average drive one way in miles 4 Average area of district in sections ; 36 Average assessed valuation $ 120 , 000 Lowest valuation , $ 80 , 000 ; highest $ 180 , 000 Average tax rate in mills 21 Lowest tax rate , 11 mills ; highest 30 Average cost of school building $ 5 , 000 Lowest cost , $ 2 , 500 ; highest $ 12 , 500 AFTEB CONSOLIDATION Average increase in tax rates in mills 6 Average increase in tax...
HOW TO SHIP LIVESTOCK [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
HOW TO SHIP LIVESTOCK The Way to Load , Forward and Mark Your Animals--By W . W . Hill DURING the past few years there has been a great change in the personnel of livestock shippers manifested on the market on which live stock is shipped . This change has come about through an increase in the number of independent shippers and the representations of cooperative associations . As in all business the new shipper finds difficulties which he had not anticipated and also finds that there are many details to be considered in making livestock shipments in the most satisfactory manner . The lack of knowledge in this connection has cost many shippers a pretty penny and it is with an earnest hope that this undue expense may be eliminated that the accompanying suggestions are made . In handling livestock shipments the common carrier—the railroads—has problems , too , and while these suggestions are made primarily for the shipper , adherence to them will help the railroads in handling shipments...
GOOD ROADS THE NATION'S NEED [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
GOOD ROADS THE NATIONS NEED Better Schools , lMarkets , Churches—All Depend Upon Better Highways THE condition of the roads of any given section play a large part in determining the market advantages which may be enjoyed by the local producers . Market conditions determine to a great extent not only the profits received by the producer , but they also have a decided influence on the kind of crops which may be produced to advantage . And more indirectly , since the market conditions affect the profits of the producers , the condition of the roads reacts on every phase of farm life and activity . Thus , the conditions of our roads have a direct bearing , not only on the methods and means of marketing itself , but also on production , transportation and distribution and more indirectly on the social and economic conditions of the entire community . Moreover , improved roads have a marked effect as a market factor on both the amount and character of production . For example , around the...
BACKERS ! [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
BACKERS ! DO your farmers know what the American Bankers association and the bankers state associations are trying to do to help agriculture ? .. Do they know that your bank is sincerely interested , in the movement for a better agriculture ? Do they know that the banker isnt merely a counter of money behind a wicket but that he is as human as other people ? If they dont know all this , it s your tault . But It can be remedied . The best plan is to arrange to distribute The Banker-Farmer among your farmer friends . It will do a lot of good things . It will pave the way for your banker-farmer activities . It will make your farmers think about some of the things which must be done to make agriculture more profitable and country life more likable . It will make them think more of bankers and more of your bank . Begin your distribution with the current issue . Get in line for the big campaign of the Agricul- ,., , tural Commission to better rural schools , to contribute to the solving o...
The Price of Cotton . [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
The Price of Cotton . EVERY man who seeks to break down the price of cotton is to the extent of his ability ahd influence striving to impoverish the cotton grower , to keep small children in the cotton field instead of in school , and to keep hundreds of thousands of Women at work in the fields instead of caring for their homes , their husbands and their children ; he Is striving , consciously or unconsciously , to keep millions of people in the slavery of poverty and ignorance more desperate by far than the slavery of the black man prior to the Civil War . Every manufacturer , every cotton factor , every -speculator who seeks to bear the cotton market is guilty of a crime which in this day is more culpable thanwas the trade of the slave-driver in olden days . — Richard H . Edmonds , editor Manufacturer s Record .
To Train Leaders [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
To Train Leaders To be a successful leader , it is necessary that the farmer be qualified to express his opinions and the opinions of others iri a public way . To do this successfully it takes training of the leaders among the farmers and we must secure this training in one way or another If we are to retain the leadership among the practical men on the farms . I do not know of any better way than through local community clubs . If these local community clubs will have programs where they use at every meeting some local talent , it will develop the ability of the farmer members to express their opinions In a public way . We need more public speaking aollity on the part of the farmers . —E . D . Heaton , Du Page County ( Illinois ) Agent . .
. Better . Paid Teachers [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
. Better . Paid Teachers FROM a survey conducted , by . the National Education Association in communities outside , the large cities , it estimated that there are . 100 , 000 teaching positions in .-the United States which are either vacant or filled by persons admittedly , unqualified to do the work pro perly . Low salaries is the sole cause , according to United States Commission 61 of Education ,, P . P . Claxton . • ¦•• ¦
Teacher vs . Farm Hand [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
Teacher vs . Farm Hand ON account of the low salary the principal of a rural school in Kentucky resigned to accept better pay in other work . A man WHO had had a normal school training and several years qf . ex : perience as a teacner accepted the position , In order to assist in supporting his family , f he bought a small farm . To work it he had to pay farm hands who could hot read or write a dollar a day more than he received for his service as principal of the school . The salary is not sufficient to enable him to live and pay board in the district in which the school is located . He must therefore remain at home and ride on the train fifteen miles each morning and evening .
What They ; Say [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
What They ; Say The last issue of The Banker-Farmer was . the first I had ever seen and as I thoroughly believe there is a tremendous field tor work along , such lines of cooperation • among the bankers and farmers as you are discussing in the papers—I congratuate you on your work . Surely it will serve to bring a better understanding . between the farmers and ourselves .- ^ E . S . Bender , cashier First National hank , Orange Cove , California .
As Seen Bv Business Men [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 August 1920
As Seen Bv Business Men THE large amount of cooperative business handled by farmers is causing more or less concern in the world of organized business . The business man sees in the development of cooperation the possibility of a revolution in both the system of marketing farm crops and also a possibility of a revolution in the sale to the farmer of the manufactured products used on the farm . While cooperation in farm production and in marketing farm products is advantageous to both the farmer and to the business man , who gets the money in the long run , cooperation in the purchase of manufactured products is considered as very ; . detr 4 m , ental- . to organized .-business , For , this reason , many business men believe that cooperation of all kinds among farmers should be discouraged . This explains why state and national agricultural institutions have been urged to desist from their efforts to organize farmers into cooperative units . It will be a great misfortune , not only t...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 September 1920
II Reviewing the Bankers Activities for a Better Agricultural and Rural Lite &lt; $ Conducted HI II by ihe Agricultural Commission of the American Bankers Association . | I VOL . VII . ^ CHAMPAIGN , ILLINOIS , SEPTEMBER , 1920 \ Q . 10 . 1 SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE 1 I AND EXPERIMENT STATION | 1 fENNA . STATE COLLEGE # 1 I . \ PTATE COLLEGE . PAS . V „ J \ n This Issue I IBostons Chamber of -Commerce -.. IJ . Big City Business Men Help Agriculture J | IVHow the Railroads Help I . Our Carriers Are Cooperating in Many . Ways- ¦ If 1 ; First Aid . to Farm Women IJ What : the Home Demonstration Agents Are : Doing I Cooperation Down in Tupelo ¦ IIThe Banks Woman Agent . li Consolidation of Schools I¦ . ¦; jj ^ Seile . ^^ 11 The New York FarmersFund
BOSTON'SCHAMBER OF COMMERCE [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 September 1920
BOSTONSCHAMBER OF COMMERCE What Its Committee on Agriculture Plans—By Robert W . Merrick rpHE question is sometimes asked , * J _ What can a committee on agri- —* culture of a chamber of commerce in a large city really do to assist agriculture or the farmer ? One writer has put it very well when he says a chamber of commerce may render a great service to agriculture and to the chamber by bringing information about agriculture to the business men and manufacturers and by bringing information about business and manufacture to the farmers . There is great ignorance in the country both by the farmer and business man and manufacturer of the absolute interdependence existing between these industries . It is true there is a general feeling that such inter-dependence and inter-relation exists , but is too hazy . It was this broad view of the situation which the Boston Chamber of Commerce had in mind when it established its first cpmnaittee on agriculture in 1909 . It was one ; of the first ...
HOW THE RAILROADS HELP [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 September 1920
HOW THE RAILROADS HELP Our Carriers Realize Their Obligation to Agriculture—By Luther D . Fuller IT is said that the farmer is the backbone of the world ; and the railroads are the arteries . This would seem especially true at this time of uncertainty in the stability of our economic conditions . Never before has the world been so entirely dependent upon the effective operations of these two . It is fully realized by farmers that the success of their efforts in producing bountiful crops and in satisfactory distribution of the products of the soil is measured largely by the regularity of operation on the part of the transportation companies . This is thoroughly demonstrated in the movement of seed and fertilizers during the planting season , and later the distribution of the harvest to the markets . That the prosperity of railroads is parallel with the prosperity of the farmers has long been recognized by the officials of the transportation companies . For the purpose of aiding in th...
The Farm Business [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 September 1920
The Farm Business A FAKM to be successful should maintain its productivity and should return a reasonable wage for the labor of the farmer and his family , after paying farm expenses and deducting a fair rate of interest on the investment . Four important factors in the success of the farm business are size of business , yield of crops , returns from live stock , and efficiency in the use of labor . What is the size of your farm business ? What part of your investment is in land , buildings , live stock , machinery , and other capital ? Is your area properly proportioned to the various crops with regard to profits ? With regard to labor distribution ? How do your crop yields compare with the average yields of the locality ? What classes of live stock return you the most money ? How do the returns from your live stock compare with the average of your locality ? How many acres of crops do you raise per man ? Per horse ? Is your farm so organized that each part of the business is yield...
Whv Thev Left the : Farm [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 September 1920
Whv Thev Left the : Farm ¦ TWR some time past statistics have ¦ • - shown that an increasing number of farm families are moving to town . If those who left were surrounded by conditions as unfavorable as some of those brought out in a survey , their exodus is not surprising . The whole body social will suffer with the abandonment of any considerable number of farms . On the other hand , if conditions were as satisfactory on the whole , as the majority wrote of , it is doubtful whether in the end they will find themselves happier or more prosperous in town than they would have been if they had stayed in the country . In those localities where the conditions on the farms are such that the occupants are dissatisfied , a remedy must be found , for the farmer and his family are entitled to living conditions which are the equal in comfort and healthfulness of those he would find in a town or city . —Secretary of Agriculture Meredith .
FIRST AID TO FARM WOMEN [Newspaper Article] — Banker Farmer — 1 September 1920
FIRST AID TO FARM WOMEN What the Home Demonstration Agents Are Doing—By Florence E . Warren WOMEN everywhere are welcoming the services of the home demonstration agent much as farmers welcome the agricultural county agent . This trained home economics worker , employed on federal , state and local funds , and devoting all her time to the advancement of home efficiency , is studying with home-makers the needs of individual homes and communities , and is thus able , by linking her technical skill with the practical knowledge and experience of the housewives , to cooperate in the accomplishment of large results by providing a channel through which the state agricultural college and the Department of Agriculture can deal directly with rural home-makers . Increased moral and financial support of local communities during the present fiscal year , 1919-20 , for the nearly 300 agents now employed has shown the belief of the people of the North and West in home demonstration work , and has p...