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Agriculture [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Agriculture Air and Oases in Soils Our readers who have followed the course of articles appearing in this journal from the pen of J . D . OBrien , M . D ., of Laytonsville ; Ky ., who modestly signs himself Experimenter , will be pleased to know that while the article which follows will conclude the present ssries , he shortly will take up one of equal importance : land terracing , converting steep grades into gentle slopes by hillside ditching , together with methods for conserving and increasing fertility , etc . Dr . OBrien is conducting experiments which are most valuable , and suggests that all our readers follow his example and give to the world the benefit of thentests and observations . We need not say that all such will receive a cordial welcome to these columns . Following is Dr . OBrien s article , recounting his experiments and results in finding the amount of air and gases in various soils : The writer filled two eight-inch cans two-thirds full , one with water and one ...
Shoe Box Butter , [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Shoe Box Butter , the kind that is graded in the market as ladles and grease , is the result of the old style milk pan dairying . Select dairies or choice creamery are the brands that bring money . SHARPLES DAIBT SEPARATORS make that kind of butter and make 25 to 40 per cent , more of it from the same cows . Further facts free . BRANCHES : P . M . SHAKPI / ES , Elgin , 111 . West Chester , Pa . Omaha , Neb . Dubuque , Iowa ,
Possibilities in Wheat Breeding [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Possibilities in Wheat Breeding The following interesting paragraph appeared in the special London correspondence to the Chicago Record afew days ago : Two young Lancashire farmers named Garton claim that after eighteen years of experiments they have increased , by cross fertilization , the flourgiving and straw-bearing properties of wheat and oats . They assert that the United States department of agriculture s agent has made an offer for the whole stock of new cereals , and also tried to secure its 1 future results for the benefit of the United States . The Gartons say they declined the offer , as they are anxious to benefit the English farmers . Aware of the fact that Prof . Willet M . Hays , agriculturist of the Minnesota Agricultural college , had for some time been conducting experiments along this line , we sent the clipping to him , asking for some word concerning the work and its prospects . Replying to our inquiry , Mr . Hays has sent us the following interesting and sugge...
Saving the Cornstalks [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Saving the Cornstalks Some investigators think the grain but half the value of the corn plant , while others , more conservative , estimate the value of the blades and stalks at onethird the total value of the plant . At the lowest estimate the value of the blades and stalks is great enough to make it an object to save them . They are practically wasted if the stalks are left to stand in the field . When left standing the blades become dry and are blown away , being altogether lost and the sugar , gum and other valuable constituents of the stalks and husks are washed out by the rain and lost , so standing cornstalks are of very little value by the time stock is turned on the fields . About the only use they are in this condition is to furnish wadding to prevent the grain ration from packing in the stomach , and for this purpose straw or swamp grass would be of more value than weathered corn stalks . In the East , where such things are more closely looked after , the selling value of...
A Blessing in Disguise [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
A Blessing in Disguise I dont know what weeds are made for , exclaimed a farmer to a friend , pulling viciously at a rampant cockle burr that had grown and thrived by the wayside . I have often thought they were to be counted among the disguised blessings , answered the friend , who is one of the kind who wants to know and tries to find out the reason of things . Id like to know where there s a chance to find a blessing in a cockle burr , said the farmer . I havent got that far yet , was the answer , but I look at it in this way . We must have variety in the shape , col or and characteristics of plants . If everything that grows was made on the same plan this would be a weary old world . I am not satisfied that this is the real reason , but that doesnt matter . Weeds serve a good purpose in many ways . They cover bare places on the surface of the earth and prevent the escape of valuable plant food , for they grow rapidly and soon shade the surface . Besides this , they convert the i...
Page 4 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Soon Cured Complaints Yield to Hoods Sarsaparilla . I was troubled with pimples on the , face and I have been afflicted with female difficulties . I began taking Hood s Sarsaparilla , and was soon cured of my troubles . I hope others who read my testimonial will also be benefited by Hoods Sarsaparilla . MRS . R . B . MILLER , 314 Malone Avenue , Peoria , Illinois . Hood s Sarsaparilla Is the uesfr-in fact the Ono True Blood Purifier . Hood s Pills euro indigestion . 25 cents .
Garden and Orchard [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Garden and Orchard Garden Notes For two years my potato crop has been a comparative failure and I am beginning to believe that it is impossible to grow potatoes in our Illinois prairie soil without special fertilizers .. Last year and this I planted potatoes in new prairie land and the crops in both years were very small . This year four of the newer varieties were tried , but the results were the same in all of them . Vaughan s early potatoes yielded the best and ripened soonest , while Vick s White Beauty were of excellent quality and would no doubt in favorable localities prove to be a valuable acquisition , * * * While potatoes fail with me almost every other kind of garden vegetable does well . I planted four bran-new kinds of lettuce this year , but not one of them were in any way superior to the old and . well-known varieties . All of them made good growth and came into use very quickly , but this might be said of any of the kinds I planted . Cabbage grows on the new prairie ...
UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
POTASH To underfeed and overwork an animal is not economy . It is equally unwise to treat your soil in like manner . In these days of small profits it is necessary to get the largest crops from the least number of acres . This can be accomplished by thorough cultivation , suitable rotation and proper use of fertilizers . Failures occur whenever fertilizers are deficient in Potash . If you want to learn all about fertilisers , their composition , use and effect , send for our free illustrated pamphlets on this subject . GERMAN KALI WORKS , 93 Nassau St ., N . T &gt;
Plantin g Bulbs [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Plantin g Bulbs Tulips ; narcissus , hyacinths and other bulbs should be planted in the fall in order to make a good showing next spring . It is best to plant them as soon as frosts come in order that they may make some root growth before they freeze . This will give them a chance for an early start in the spring and bring them into bloom almost as soon as the snow is off the ground . The beauty of growing bulbs is that they can be used to decorate the flower garden early in the season and then other flowers may be planted in the same bed without the two kinds interfering with each other in the least . When the bulbs have become well ripened they may be taken up and kept until time to set again . Bulbs are of the easiest culture and perfectly hardy in any part of the country , as freezing does not injure them in any way .
Exhibition Fruits [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Exhibition Fruits The need of a liquid preservative for fruits that are to be exhibited out of season has long been felt . The mere matter of preservation has not been of importance , for a solution of salicylic acid would do this , but preserving the delicate colors has been found to be impossible . It is now said that the new disinfectant formaldehyde will preserve fruits both in substance and color for an indefinite period . The method of using is to take a 40-per-cent solution of formaldehyde and use 2 per cent in 98 per cent of water for apples , peaches and pears ; 5 per cent , a little sugar and 5 per cent glycerine for grapes . This is said to keep the fruits perfectly . They would , of course , be unfit for food purposes but could be kept as examples in condition to show at their best .
tne indica The Apple Crop [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
tne indica The Apple Crop From all reports to nana , - tions point to a reversal of conditions in the apple crop from that of 1897 . Last season the eastern operators were compelled to look to the West for supplies , and this season the West shows an apparent shortage , with indications that supplies will have to be drawn from the East . To all appearances at present the apple crop the coming season will be a fair one , and while some heavy producing sections show considerable shortage i in the yield , the quantity will be made up to some extent in others . What apple shippers should consider of paramount importance is the quality of fruit they propose to handle , which should be merchantable , and they should see to it that the fruit be packed in standard size barrels , as decided upon by those who have made that a question of study for years—Fruit Trade Journal .
The Matter with Those Berries [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
The Matter with Those Berries To the Editor : —Can you or anyone tell me what is the matter with my strawberries ? Let me tell my tale of woe : In the spring of 1896 I planted four rows of strawberry plants , which I ordered from a good eastern house . One row of Parker Earle , one of Greenville , one Hilton Gem , one Timbrell—that is , two bi-sex and two pistillate , planted alternately . The bed was a fine loam , neither light nor heavy , ground that had been abundantly enriched with manure for several years before , on which potatoes and corn had been raised the two previous years . The plants were strong and healthy when I planted them . They grew vigorously . I did not allow them to have fruit that year , and only a few runners in the fall . They were covered with snow all winter , and in the spring of 1897 they came up like a house afire . They blossomed and had any amount of fruit buds . Then the leaves began to wilt . Very slowly . At first I thought it was lack of water . I...
Notes on Tree Planting [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Notes on Tree Planting In setting out trees in nearly all cases better work can be done with a saving of time if two work at it together . One person can trim the roots , cutting off any that may be injured or broken and then cutting back the top to correspond with the roots , while the other is digging the hole for the tree . Then one can hold the tree in place and can sift the soil close in among the roots while the other fines and shovels it in . * * * It is very essential to have the soil and roots . come in close contact and much loss is occasioned in setting out trees from a failure to look closely after this matter at the time of setting out . After the roots are covered well with soil it should be tramped or pressed down well , and then the place filled a little above the level , so that it will not sink below the level in settling . * * * Root pruning is one way of dwarfing fruit trees , but it is considered rather the most troublesome method . Budding on certain slow growi...
Page 5 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
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Live Stock and Dairy [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Live Stock and Dairy Farm Dairying Plain Farmer thus writes : There seems to be a widespread notion that farmers butter cannot equal in quality the product of the creamery . Go to any country store and ask the price of butter and you will be told that creamery is worth so much while farmers butter is at least two cents , and often five cents or more , lower . The cause of this discrepancy is largely due to a lack of uniformity not only in the product of neighboring farms but several samples of butter from the same place and made by the same persons often show a marked difference in quality . This uncertainty in the quality of his product reacts on the dairy farmer to his pecuniary hurt , for the selling price of his butter is too often lowered permanently , even when it may nearly or quite equal the product of the nearest creamery . Now dairying is or should be the most profitable line of employment a farmer can pursue ; and if he make from twenty-five to two hundred or more pounds ...
Our Need of Sheep [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Our Need of Sheep Today the United States stands more in need of sheep than any other kind of live-stock . With a population of probably above 70 , 000 , 000 we have only one sheep to every two inhabitants . The average fleece in this county weighs less than five pounds , and this produces when scoured scarcely two pounds of wool in condition to be spun and woven into cloth . If our people were compelled to depend on the wool from our own sheep for clothing we would be a badly clothed people . It probably requires as much as one - third the whole number of sheep in this country to supply the demand for mutton , so the prospect for over-production does not seem good . If we had 100 , 000 ,- 000 sheep in this country the products from them in the shape of mutton and wool could be used to good advantage . There is no reason why we should import either mutton or wool except that our sheep-breeders are not awake to the importance of the industry and are not making the proper effort to in...
Hints on Hog-Growing [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
Hints on Hog-Growing I have watched the hog market for thirty years , and the best market we have is in September , commencing somewhere about the 6 th to the 11 th of the month and continuing into October ; usually they sell for 1 cent a pound more than at any other time in the year . We want to feed our pigs so they will weigh from 200 to 260 pounds in September and then sell them . If you want to keep pigs through the winter have them come in August , and they will feed just as well in proportion as the spring pigs . Bearing these things in mind , I am satisfied we might make a wide difference in the profit we get from taking care and feeding the hog . —S . M . Todd , Wakeman , Ohio . * * * I was written to a few years ago by a bacon-packing firm in Toronto asking me if I could supply them with several carloads of hogs , dairy raised . They wished them for bacon . They wrote me they would pay 1 cent above Chicago market prices . It was impossible , however , to get the average fa...
DAIRY , STABLE AND PEN [Newspaper Article] — Farmers Voice — 27 August 1898
DAIRY , STABLE AND PEN A yoke of well-broken steers always sells for much more than two untrained animals would , and an ox team is a handy thing to have on a farm . There is not as many of them as there should be . In the South a single ox in a cart will do as much hauling of light loads as a team of mules and is much easier to keep . Keep the stable cleaned out these hot days . Any accumulation of manure soon develops the fumes of ammonia to such an extent that the health of the horses is affected by , them . It is not safe to trust any bull , no matter how tractable he is . The mildestmannered bull we ever saw killed his owner one morning and stood over him until shot down . , Put the lambs in the corn field and let them trim out the weeds and eat the lower blades from the corn stalks . They will do very little damage to the ears . In feeding any kind of live stock feed up to the limit , but not any more . Try to feed so the next meal will be eaten with a good but not ravenous ap...