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UNKNOWN [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Published . Weekly by the Howard &amp; Wilson Publishing Gompany , MADISON and FRANKLIN STS , CHICAGO . Gen . Q V H . Howard , Jas . W . ^ Wilson , MANAGING E DITOB . BUSINESS MANAGER . . Subscription rates , Pne Dollar a year of 62 numbers . Single copies five cents . Advertising rates made known on application . B . S . THAIN , Manager Advertising Department . All communications should be addressed NATION AT , KCRAI , AND FA Mltr MAGAZINE , Chicago , 111 . EASTERN OEBTOEi ( for . advertising department only ) : Frank S . Smith , 4 Times Building , New . York . Entered at the Chicago Postoffice as Second-class Matter . Copyright , 1888 ,-by Howard &amp; Wilson Publishing Company .
Severe on Miles [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Severe on Miles DR . PHINEAS S . CONNER , the only physician on the War Investigation Committee , has returned to . ¦ his home in Cincinnati and been tendered a banquet by his friends . He does not seem to be calmly judicial in his temper . He is reported to have said : If the Board of Inquiry reaches the same conclusion as the War Investigating Committee , then the Commanding General will be dismissed from the Army of the United States . The Commanding General , who in time of great importance , the time that meant much to the destiny of the United States and the world , was in the rear of the victorious army , crying , Beef ! beef ! should be dismissed from the army , that he belongs to , and not reduced in rank . This Major General was the only officer-who refused to testify before the Investigating Committee . ¦ He was the only man who refused to speak a good word about his fellow officers , the only officer who belittled the efforts of the Administration and the War Department ...
One Year ' s Calendar [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
One Year s Calendar FROM February 15 , 1898 , to February 15 , 1899 , the following events are worth noting . The first date marks the . destruction of the Maine . The idea of rounding out a year of climaxes , ., beginning with that date , originates with the Times-Herald , as follows : 1898— . y . - „ Feb . 15 ........... .. Battleship Maine blown up . April 22 ... .. ; . . War against Spain declared .. May 1 Dewey destroys Montejo s fleet . June 22 Shafter invades Cuba . July 1 Battle of San Juan . JulyS —Cervera s fleet destroyed . July 17 . .... . Santiago surrenders . Aug . 12 . Peace protocol sighed . Dec . 10 . Treaty of peace signed . 1899Jan . 19 . Aguinaldo defies America . Feb . 5 Second battle of Manila . Feb . 6 Senate ratifies peace treaty . Feb . 11 ; ......... . . Fall of Iloilo . Feb . 15 . Keel of the new Maine laid . The explosion of the mine , or torpedo , or whatever it was that destroyed the Maine , occurred at 9 : 40 o clock of the night of February 15 . A Was...
Some Lessons of History [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Some Lessons of History OF course it was prearranged that the keel of the new battleship Maine should be laid on the anniversary of the destruction of the first and truly historic battleship of that name . This occurred last week ( Wednesday ) in Cramps yards in Philadelphia . In reviewing the year it appears that the war has cost us over $ 1 , 000 , 000 , 000 , and of lives about 5 , 000 . Spain s loss is greater ; in battleships alone it reaches $ 36 , 000 , 000 . She loses also 10 , 000 ,- 000 of her subjects and ceases to be a colonial power . The writer in the Times-Herald , before quoted , tersely says : Mediaevalism met Progress and succumbed . Continuing in his review and referring , again to the sacrifice of the Maine , the same writer eloquently sums up the historic lesson as follows : That over the bodies of 266 dead American sailors in just one year s time , civilization , liberty , the will of the Anglo : Saxon should have passed to that point where the hand of the Pres...
Better Outlook for Florida Fruit [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Better Outlook for Florida Fruit R EPORTS received by Florida s Commissioner of Agriculture indicate that the freeze of Monday andVTuesday of last week was less destructive to oranges-and other crops than the blizzard of February , 1895 . The line of killing freeze is at least ; fifty miles ; farther north than jtKat of 1895 . While early vegetables have been killed , orange trees are not seriousljr injured . The damage to the fresh growth on the . trees will be soon repaired in the peninsular part of the state . It has been found that bearing 1 orange trees will survive a cold 15 degrees above zero , though the new growth of the previous season will be destroyed . It is not yet known whether the pine apples which were protected by covering were injured . Probably the plants will be saved . The crop in the large fields on the Indian river and where there is no attempt at protection either from the sun or cold has apparently been frozen . Early vegetables will be replanted and will s...
A Trusty Public [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
A Trusty Public THE New York Tribune says that the organization of some $ 850 , 000 , 000 of trusts inthe last half of 1898 has meant for at least half of this vast sum , or at least $ 425 , 000 , 000 , the mere transformation of previous title-deeds of factories , etc ., into shares in new trusts . Whereat the Philadelphia Press , Postmaster General Smith s organ , says :, The Tribune might have added , but did not , that this transformation has been followed by the prompt sale of these shares to a public which is buying plants at three to five times their intrinsic value . Previous booms have been turned in this country upon the speculative development of new strips of frontier and their cities , factories , railroads and farms . The United States has no frontier left . Instead there has been a vast change of security ownership . Europe has sold on a great scale , and great insurance and investment companies , with private purchases in multitudinous number , have bought their hold...
Nicaragua Canal Has a Setback [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Nicaragua Canal Has a Setback THE attempt to attach the Nicaragua canal bill to the sundry civil bill as a rider failed in the House . The House , • by a vote of 127 to 109 , sustained the chair in its ruling that the amendment was not germane , and wa-= therefore out of order . The vote was preceded by a spirited debate . Inasmuch as Congress had made an appropriation to pay for survey , Grosvenor and others held that the amendment was germane . The result of this action willprobably be to postpone all work on the canal for a year . This seems to be against the wishes of the people , since all three parties had favored the immediate construction of the canal . It is a singular fact that Congress often cannot do what a majority of its members clearly want to do .
Sharp Criticism of the Bench [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Sharp Criticism of the Bench THE Civic Federation of Chicago is a voluntary association which has been very useful In reforming civic affairs in one way and another . But Attorney Clarence S . Darrow , who is nothing if not a radical reformer , declines membership in the federation and not only cuts pretty closely in his criticism of that body , but uses plain talk relating to the judiciary of our country which is worthy of careful consideration : The Civic Federation hesays ,. does not seem to be aware that we are forming a new trust every hour of the day , and that the rights of the , people are more in danger from judges occupying high positions who sustain these iniquitous and illegal combinations rather than inferior justices of the peace , who on the whole do very well . They do not seem to understand that the shyster lawyer who operates around justice courts is comparatively harmless beside the corporation lawyer and the promoter of trust organizations , and that the bucket-s...
A Distinguished-Citizen Gone [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
A Distinguished-Citizen Gone IN mentioning the death of M . W . Dunham last week we promised to give a sketch of his life in this number of the National Rural . , . . ¦ . . • M . W . Dunham was born in the old brick house hard by the four corners on the county line road between Kane and Dupage counties , in 1842 . His father , Solomon Dunham , moved to Illinois from Saratoga , N . Y ., in 1833 , locating the farm , which some years later he left to his son Mark . The farm contained some 240 to 300 acres then ; the farm that Mark Dunham left to his son , Wirth , contains some 2 , 000 acres . More than thirty years ago Mr . Dunham began- the importation of Percheroh horses , and in a short time had become the largest handler of these horses in the world . No importer and breeder in America ever approached him in the magnitude of his operations , and the champion anrd other jgreat prizes won by his horses far outnumber those won by horses belonging to any other farm . His judgment was ...
RURAL AFFAIRS [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
RURAL AFFAIRS Edited by W . B . Lloyd . Foreign Markets for American - Horses A SPECIAL Report on the Market for American Horses in Foreign Countries hns just been printed by order of Congress . It was prepared in the Department of Agriculture , and in submitting it to the President for transmission to Congress , the Secretary states-that the report is principally a compilation of reports of diplomatic and consular officers of the United States , whose individaiai impressions-are given without comment . A summary of the information collected precedes the correspondents letters in which the Secretary states that at the time of assuming office he was much impressed with the necessity of an output abroad for our surplus horse production . On account of the extraordinarily low prices for horses in this country , which had prevailed for some time , horse breeders aiid horse raisers throughout thp country were-much depressed : that this apparent cause for discouragement was possibly a ble...
Influence . of Cold and Storms on Butter Fat [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Influence . of Cold and Storms on Butter Fat By n . H . Otis . , THE Manhattan Creamery received milk February 3 , . . which according to the usual calculations -. would make 288 pounds of butter : but when the cream was separated and churned it yield-ed only 227 pounds , or over 21 per cent short of the usual run . . In looking for the cause it was noted that on February 1 the weather turned cold and it snowed for two days . This goes to show that dairy cows especially should be provided with conditions as nearly uniform as possible . Any sudden change in temperature , feed or care may not permanently affect the-percentage of butter fat in milk , but it will cause a temporary change both in quantity and quality , and may in a large measure account for the flue- . tuntions in the butter fat test experienced at so many of-our creameries . Kansas .
Ayrshire Breeders Meet [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Ayrshire Breeders Meet THE 24 th annual meeting of the Ayrshire Breeders Association was held at Fifth Avenue Hotel , Feb . 1 , 1899 , with about thirty breeders present . The officers elected , for , the ensuing year were : President , L . S . -Drew , South Burlington , Vt .: vice presidents , Obadinh Brown ; Providence , R . I ., H . R . C . Watson , New York ; B .--C . Sears , Blooming Grove , N . Y ., and John Stewart , Elburn , 111 . ; secretary and editor , CM . Winslow , Brandon , Vt . ; treasurer , Henry E . Smith , Enfield , R . I . ; executive committee for three years , Charles H . Hayes , Portsmouth , N . TEL :, J . Andrew Casterline , Dover , N . J . ; executive committtee to fill out the unexpired term of Johii Bratten , deceased , John W . Scott , Austin , Minn . ; The report of the treasurer showed a balance in the treasury of $ 3421 . 51 . The general report of all the breeders was bf ah increased demand for Ayrshires ; The association voted to expend $ 400 in prize...
Nitrogen Can Be Grown [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Nitrogen Can Be Grown By Bryan Tyson . . PERFECT fertilizers contain three essential elements of fertility—nitrogen , phosphoric acid and potash . All commercial fertilizers sold on the market as perfect fertilizers , contain , or should contain , all three of tliese * elements . Most crops ,, such as corn , wheat , cotton , etc ., require a perfect fertilizer . But there are other crops , known as the legume family , such as clover , cow-peas , beans , vetches , etc ., that draw the needed nitrogen from the air and consequently do not need a direct application of nitrogen tothe soil . Hence , if plants of said family be properly supplied with phosphoric acid and potash , a very rank growth can be produced . I will state here that phosphoric acid is -usually , suppliedby acid phosphate , known to the farmers as acid , that kainit , muriate or sulphate of potash supplies , the potash , and that nitrate of soda ( Chili saltpeter ) is the most convenient from of nitrogen . Kainit conta...
Stop the Waste of Fruit [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Stop the Waste of Fruit By W . L . Hall . | N the fruit industry the waste often con- * sumes the profits . An inopportune rain or wind at the -time-when the fruit is just ripening often ruins the hopes and anticipations of a whole year . The failure to use the right kind of a package and to make the fruit look its best in it often degrades the quality ill the estimation of the buyer from first to second class with the corresponding reduction of price .. The crowded market of : Saturday often leaves on hand of the grower a few crates of berries which are worthless when the market opens the following week . The insects somehow find their way : to the fruit and just at the time when it : should ripen we find that it is ruined . Nine cases out of ten of failure in : the fruit business comes through loss due to waste . The successful fruit grower must learn early in his career ; that his proaucts are at all times tender and quickly perishable . He must , so far as he * is . able , preve...
Lincoln ' s Agricultural Address [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Lincoln s Agricultural Address THE annual address at the Wisconsin State Fair held in Milwaukee in 1859 was . ; delivered September 30 , bv Hon . Abram Lincoln of Illinois . By the courtesy of Capt . PI . A . Chase : of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Library , we are in possession of a ; copy of this address and will from time to time publish parts of it till we have given the whole to our readers . Lincoln-said : * Members of the . Agricultural Society and Citizens of Wisconsin : Agricultural Fairs are becoming an institution of the country ; they bring us together , and thereby make us better acquainted , and better friends than we otherwise would be . From the first appearance of-man upon the earth , down to very recent tinies , the words stranger and enemy were quite or almost synonymous . Long after civilized nations had defined robbery and murder as high crimes , and had affixed severe punishments to them , when practiced among and : upon their own people respectively , it w...
Babcock Tests vs . Churn Tests [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Babcock Tests vs . Churn Tests By George Rice . IN reply to recent inquiries on . this subject , Prof . W . A . Henry , of Wisconsin Experiment Station , Madison , Wis ., writes to me as follows , under date of December 27 , 1898 : Replying to your inquiries , will say : first , without being able to prove my statement , but basing my judgment on the results of the most carefully and , fairly conducted dairy tests , I believe that most , of the records showing thirty pounds or more of butter in seven days are unreliable , I do not affirm that the parties did not get thirty pounds of something which they called butter for the seven days , but I am firmly convinced that a large part of these so-called records were not honest , merchantable butter . I believe that private tests with dairy cows , and those where the milk and butter are not analyzed , are no more reliable than private trotting tests . would be with horses , for human nature is the same in the .- owners of both these anim...
Farming the Ocean [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Farming the Ocean WE are told in a recent New York Press that , there are about 1 , 696 . 000 , 000 pourids of . fish annually caught in American waters . We are also told that , this source of food , including the oyster , represents ! over $ 47 , 000 , 000 in value . We should not scrutinize the accuracy of . these figures too closely , as people whortellfish stories have won bad reputations for veracity . As so large a portion of our fellow citizens are engaged in fishing regularly for a living , and as we partake to-a certain degree of the results of their labors , you may , enjoy this chat concerning the oyster , fishing Industry ., We have made a special draft on an article contained in the ; Evening Post , : of Philadelphia , treating of this branch ol fishing , under the title , Farming the Ocean . As the oyster is the special subject , we might remind our readers that it is said that the nutritive substance in a-quart of oysters is about , equivalent to -, a quart of milk o...
Page 9 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Rirfik MONEY SAVED IS MONEY EARNED . jlffTfil KO / . CiXI IA If you buy an article of the proper quality you immediately cut off tho ^ iVXI f Ml ¦ 7 a VB expense of repair . To save repair saves money . To save money earns M \ « 1 / H sml k \ . jgg _&gt;*» : money . You stop all expense o £ repair when you buy a set ot sml i \ . W JswL ¦ flH ELECTRIC STEEL WHEELS . H 0 PPfl WrJt \\ R 7 } lV r , ^ S i ^ , 1 ii r . c ^ . a ? n - ynP- l-. Ett loom , or Khed the tire and ¦ rjT ^ XBK , W / I N ¦ / IM • naeflnltelj • - *? I ade * -, ° nt an &gt; - 8 kein . any heitrht . anv width of tire I »\ / l N T BJ Vmsi / I l \» Send for free lllustdcatalogrueol these andour ELECTRIC HANDY WAQON ^ B . / I l \ Hit l % t . \\ W ELECTRIC WHEEL CO ., Box 31 . QUINCY , ILL .- - ^ jLJ \ W \
Cowpeas [Newspaper Article] — National Rural and Family Magazine — 23 February 1899
Cowpeas A MONG the publications in press and soon to be issued by the U . S . Department of Agriculture is Earners Bulletin No . 89 , Cowpeas , by Jared G . Smith , Assistant Agrostologist . Mr . Smith in this bulletin calls attention to the fact that thousands of tons of hay from . the northern arid western states are each . year mark-eted ; in the south : and shows the great necessity for the more extended , cultivation of grasses and forage plantsin that section . Many ofthe farmers and planters of the south still confine themselves to growing cotton , sugar cane , or tobacco and buy meat products and forage instead of producing them . This is no longer profitable , because of the low prices to which the staple crops have fallen . ¦ ¦ The bulletin says that the -south has asgreat an abundance of varieties of grassesand leguminous plants as any other section . There is perhaps greater need for the cultivationof leguminous crops than in the north : The soils are more liable to the ...