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The Grain Market. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
The Grain Market. California is beginning to be appreciated in the old States, in other places than Wall street, New York; Chesnut street, Philadelphia, and State street, Boston. The mint, the banks, and on 'change are the places where California character and worth were alone to be estimated in times past. How much gold did the steamer bring? was the main question. Now her character and influence are felt in another market. Tho Genesee country is feeling her influence now. The Gallego and Haxall Mills take an interest in California. Anymore ships with Grain and Flour to day ? The corn exchange aud the flour market feel the influence of the grain from the valleys of California as quickly as do the banks and money dealers the chime of the gold from our mountains, and it is well they should. The Agricultural interest is being felt there, and we rejoice to sec. It will work wonders. The announcement of ship loads of grain and flour, daily or weekly, will tell more favorably for Califor...
A New Machine for reaching Gold Deposits. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
A New Machine for reaching Gold Deposits. A new ninchine has recently- arrived in San Francisco, serving as a model to the great Hoosac Tunnel boring apparatus, which is destined, in the opinion of good judges, to effect a revolution in mining operations in this State, and so reduce the cost of that important branch of mining in-dustry—^w^ne/iMg-—that the richest deposits, now under almost inaccessible mountains, may be reached with compartively little labor. The machine, the miniature labors of which we witnessed at the Vulcan Foundry, where it was exhibited by Mr. Stcen, who has the patent for California, was invented by Charles Wilson, to whom the patent was issued in 1851, It is now in use in the Iloosac Tunnel. Massachusetts, where it cuts a diameter of seventeen feet a distance of five feet nine inches in twenty-four hours. .Smaller ones, however, are made, adapted to any size that may be required for mining purposes. With it Table Mountain may be honeycombed, and the rockiest...
Meteorological Observations. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Meteorological Observations. MADE AT THE STATE ASYLUM. OTTOCKTON CAX Fur the Month ending October 31, ihoo. BY ROBT. JC. KKID. Latitude, 37° 57' North.—Longitude, 131° 14' 26 Wc.-t. A.M. I' M P M. 8 2 8 i&gt; irtnnerer. A.M. P.M. P.M. 8 2 8 Winds, Clouds, Rain.-, Slc, myt. 1 ..(i0° ,-9" So 2.. 70 90 76 3..72 99 T9 4..62 tC 70 . r )..fi4 7fi 63 6..62 74 fit 7..CD 7? 6» 8..98 73 67 9..fit 7:i fi7 10..60 82 73 11..64 M 79 12..65 84 73 13..64 84 71 I1..H6 82 78 15..62 8" 70 16..62 89 79 17..62 fi 79 18..63 82 70 19-.62 7.- 64 20..G2 IfJ fi4 91..64 80 81 22..64 80 68 23..64 84 72 24..60 80 66 S3..38 80 68 HS..08 80 08 27.-64 77 00 28..58 72 57 88..53 68 58 30..52 08 57 31..53 70 57 I 29 iu 99.40 29.40 9S 43 39 23 BBfSS 39.39 39 37 29.83 29.30 25 98735 _ IS 89 13 39,34 39 62 2!'fio 39.60 29.67 3860 2SI..V. 39.57 39.53 29.50 39 55 Sfl r,2 89 50 89.08 89.37 89.5T 99 69 89.35 2!* 52 99.90 29.40 29.:i.&gt; 39.33 89.33 39.33 89.45 38.48 29.47 39.55 39.53 29.57 29.57 29.50 29.50...
Trees for a Lawn. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Trees for a Lawn. We have presented to our readers in back numbers several sketches of plans for the planting of trees for ornamenting grounds, and promised to present those for open lawns, parks, &amp;c. Those who desire to lay out large open parks or lawns should first study in some measure the size of the tree when grown, so as to plant with reference to the future, and thus they would have a criterion for the space the trees require. We have in our mountains and hills beautiful native trees that would grace any park or lawn. Few trees can exceed the beauty of the evergreen oak of California, when carefully grown; and it can be formed to the ey«. The beech, the maple, the black alder, and even the sycamore, (our old but-ton-wood.) should grace every large park. To these we would add the ledwood aud the true arbor vita}, and all the pines of our forest; and with those trees we have mentioned in former numbers for streets and dwellings added, a full variety can be bad witho...
Paulonia Imperiallis. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Paulonia Imperiallis. This beautiful ornamental tree is now being placed in California as one of a class of trees that will show to a very great advantage. The tree is of very rapid growth. The body and form of tlie tree, and tho wood, resemble the -Tree of Heaven," the Allanthu* ; but the leaf of the Paulonia. single, is very large, nearly round or heart shaped, ami often measuring a yard in diameter. It is a stately tree, and should be in every collection.
The Catalpa. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
The Catalpa. The Catalpa tree, is a beautiful ornamental tree, and can now bo had at several of our best nurseries. We have seen beautiful specimens at Messrs. Provost &amp; Co.'s, at San Jose. This tree is of very rapid growth, leaves very large, bright glossy green, and pretty clusters of blossoms. It seeds well, and the seeds form in pods sometimes a yard long. This tree should be found in every fine collection.
Australian Accacia. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Australian Accacia. We have spoken of many beautiful ornamental trees that can now be had at onr nurseries, such as should grace our dwellings, our streets and our lawns, we have named many varieties, all good, and all fully equal to what we have said of them. There were some few we did not name in the groups, because we wished to name them in a distinct manner, so as to call particular attention. We have in this number named two, the Paulonia Impei iallis, and the Catalpa. We now name the third —the last named, but the first in character and beauty. There has no one tree yet been presented to the eye, that is more perfectly beautiful than the one we have described as the Australian Accacia. This Accacia is of the most rapid growth of any we have yet known. We have seen trees the present year that have attained the hight of ten, twelve and even sixteen feet. Its broad pendant branches, its beautiful shining foliage, its delicate leaves so gracefully drooping from their waving branch...
Grafting Beets. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Grafting Beets. At tbe beginning oi September. 1853, Dr. ' Allan Maclean, of Colchester, an ingenious experimentalist and good physiologist, grafted a young plant of the white Silesian Beet upon a root of Red Beet, and vice versa. At the time ef the experiment the plants were each about as thick as a straw. A complete junction was effected. There was a slight contraction at the line of junction, much like that formed by "chocking"' a rocket case; above the line of contraction the plant was absolutely white; below it was ibso lately red. Not a trace of blending the two colors could be discovered. By similar experiments on other vegetables and plants, Dr. Maclean had so far assured himself of the perfect independence of scion and stock as to acquire the belief that neither the coloring nor any spcitic characters of one or the other would or could be altered by their union. The result of the trial wholly confirmed that view, and demonstrated that the White Beet adhered to the Red Beet ...
Sunflower, or Helianthus. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Sunflower, or Helianthus. This is a highly ornamental and extensive genus of plants, und from their tall growth they are particularly well adapted for the back of flower gardens, or the front of shrubberies, in which situation they make a splendid appearance in autumn. They grow well in any common garden soil; tho tender kinds being protected in winter. It appears to possess far more profitable qualities than were hitherto supposed, and besides forming a beautiful object in a bed of flowers, it may be cultivated with advantage, and applied to many useful purposes. An acre of land will contain 25,000 sunflower plants at 12 inches distant from each other. The produce will be according to the nature of the soil and mode of cultivating; but the average has been found to be 50 bushels per acre of the seed, which will yield 50 gallons of oil. The oil is excellent for table use. burning in lamps, and for the manufacture of soaps. Th j mash, or refuse of the seeds after the oil has been exp...
Vitality of Seeds. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Vitality of Seeds. I he vitality of seeds, under favorable circumstances, according to Schenck's Gardener's Text Book,can becountedtipon for the following periods: Parsnip, Khubard —and other thin scaly seeds —for one year. Balm, Basil. Beans, Cardoon, Carrot, Cress, Indian Cress, Lavender. Leek, Okra, Onion, Peas, Pepper. Bampion, Sage, Salsify, Savory, Scorzonera, Thyme. Thomato, Wormwood—aud small herbs generally—for two years. Artichoke, Asparagus, Corn Salad, Egg-Plant, Endive, Indian Corn, Lettuce, Marigold, Marjoram, Mustard, Parsley, Rosemary, Rue, Skirret, Spinach and Tansey—for three years. Borage, Borecole, Brocole, Brussels Sprout, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Radish, Sea Kale, Tarragon, and Turnip—for four years. Beet. Burnet, Celery, Chervil, Cucumber, Dill, Fennel, Hyssop. Melon, Pumpkin, Sorrel and Squash—from five to eight or ten years.
New Grains Recently Introduced into the United States. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
New Grains Recently Introduced into the United States. We present our readers with the report upon the new Grains recently introduced into tlie Patent Office from diiferent countries, and as these various specimens have been kindly forwarded to the State Society here and been distributed by them, those who have received such Grains will hero learn of their quality, character and culture. They are of great value to this country, and we hope care will be bestowed upon them. CEREALS AND OTHER PLANTS, CULTIVATED FOR FARINACEOUS HEEDS. STRAW, OR HAULM. Turkish Flint Wheat, from Mount Olympus, in Asia; v fall variety, with rather large, long, flinty berries not very dark-colored, and possessing remarkable properties for long keeping in a moist climate, or for transportation by sea without kiln drying. It has proved itself both hardy and prolific in the Middle Sates, and its culture deserves to be extended. The spikes are of good length and size having only a light beard. Algerian Flint Wh...
Halle de Vins of Paris. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Halle de Vins of Paris. As the subject of vineyards and wine making is attracting so much attention in California, we present our readers with a sketch of the famed wine market or wine vaults of France, as presented previous to 1850. Since that date additions and improvements have marked the age by an extension of space and more skill in the arrangement. We remember our visit to these famous halls or vaults, and no description we can give will so well describe them as the brief and comprehensive term of boundless. The long rows of casks, some of immense size, covered with a heavy coating of blue mold ; the various grades of casks of the different wines, bearing the names of different provinces, were all attractive and interesting. One feature was remarkable —the vast amount of all kinds of wine at market; its free use all over the city ; being used by all classes of citizens free as water: for the common claret and Bordeaux are drank morning, noon, and evening, freely — vet for week...
Physical Education—Dancing. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Physical Education—Dancing. A few weeks since we spoke of the necessity of Physical Education in our Schools. Every day we live we see more and more proof of the importance of urging the attention of our citizens to this subject. If any one will notice the difference between the various nations that are now congregated in California, if they will but notice individuals of each nation, they will see in their movements and gestures, in their address, speech, looks, health, all and singular, sufficient evidence to prove that those nations and people that give free scope to their physical powers are more accomplished, more active, better looking, more healthy, cheerful and happy, than those who have disregarded its importance ; and it is worthy of note, too, that the kind of physical training— whether it be active, cheerful labor, or excessive hard work—in door, confined labor, or open air toil, gymnastics or recreations and sportive exercises—each and all sufficient to keep the body co...
THE YOUNG EMIGRANT TO CALIFORNIA. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
THE YOUNG EMIGRANT TO CALIFORNIA. MRS. MARIA G. BUCHANAN While traveling on the Missouri river a few days ago I hod the pleasure of becoming acquainted with Mr. nnd Mrs. L. of Connecticut. They hnd with them their only child, Metella. This lovely little girl, not quite three years old, attracted universal attention, and won every heart by the sweetness ol her disposition, her gentleueoe, and her perfect obedience to the commands oi her parents. She was, indeed, the pet of both cabins. Mr. and Mrs. L. are on their route to California, nnd the following lines were suggested while contemplating the little Metella —the sweet flower so early transplanted to anot her soil : Young traveler to that distant clime Of golden dreams and sunny skies, Sweet is the memory of the time When first 1 taw thy dove-like eyes, Respondent with tlie purity To spotless childhood only known— Oh! thy bright smile of infant glee, Thy voice, with its low winning tone, So sweetly woke the lyre of feeling, Thut t...
Language of Animals. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
Language of Animals. "We make the following extracts from an article on this subject in Putnam's Magazine: How easily spiders are made to know the voice of their master, is familiar to all, from many a sad prisoner's tale. When the great and brilliant Lauzun was held in captivity, his only joy and comfort was a friendly spider. She came at his call; she took her food from his linger, and well understood his word of command. In Tain did jailors and soldiers try to deceive his tiny companion. She would Dot obey their voices, and refused the tempting bait from their hand. Here, then, was an ear not only, but a keen, power of distinction. The despised little animal listened with sweet affection, and knew how to discriminate between not unsimilar tones. So it was with the friend of the patriot, Ouatermere d'Jionville, who paid, with captivity, for the too ardent love of his country. He also had tamed spiders and taught them to come at his call. For, when the French invaded Holland, the p...
LITTLE AT FIRST, BUT MIGHTY AT LAST. [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
LITTLE AT FIRST, BUT MIGHTY AT LAST. CHARLES MACKAY A traveler through a dusty road Strewed acorns on the lea, And one took root, and sprouted up, And grew into a tree. Love sought its shade at evening time, Th breathe its early vows, And Age was pleased at heats of noon To bask beneath its boughs, The dormouse loved its dangling twigs, Tlie birds sweet music bore, It stood a glory in its place, A blessing evermore 1 A little spring had loßt its way Among the grass and fern , A passing stranger scooped a well, Where weary men might turn. He walled it in, and hung with care A ladle at the brink— He thought not of the deed he did. But judged that toil might drink. He passed again—and lo I the well, By summers never dried, Had cooled ten thousand thirsty tongues, And saved a life beside ! A dreamer dropped a random thought; 'Twas old, and yet 'twas new— A simple fancy of the brain, But strong in being true; It shone upon a genial mind, And lo I its light became A lamp »f life, a beacon...
Page 174 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
SPECIAL NOT ICE S. PRINCE'STIIOTEAN FOUNTAIN TEN. [patented jan. 23, 1855.J T. O. STEARNS, General Agent, 110. 271 Broadway, Cor. Chambers Street, New York. rz\f Advantages.—An incorrodible and durable Ink Reservoir, made of Protean, under Gooayear's Patent, tided with ease nnd rapidity, supplying tbe pen for six or eight hours, and saving aliout &lt;»n«?-thircl of the time. A Gold Pen of the very best quality, with a holder of the most beautiful, light, and elastic material Its structure is simple, nnd not liable to get out of order. Opinions' or tlie Press. We must regard XhU Pen as one of toe grand improvements of tbe hw.—Portland Transcript anil Eclectic. As n Reporter's Pen. I have never seen or heard any th tog te equul it. It Is just tlie facility wanted in this department, so that it may keep up with the age ol e'ectrity and steam. Geo. Kellog, H ■porter, §23 Broadway, N. Y. Eureka 1 Eureka !! We have liiuud it nt last: a * ountnin Pen that will write for liours with...
Page 174 Advertisements Column 2 [Newspaper Article] — California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences — 30 November 1855
MISCELLANEOUS. Valuable Books FOR FARMERS AMD BUSINESS MEN. Vountt on the Ilonwv, Their Structure mid DUeasns, with their remedies ; also, Practical Rules to Hover- 1 , Breeders, Breakers, Smith", Sec ; Notes by Broonft*. "An account ot breeds in the United Slntes, hy H. S, Itandall—with (10 illu nations, muslin, 4ti3 pp„ ISnio. $1 . r )(). Twenty-si* thousand copies of this valuable book have beef! sold within the last few years, nnd the'demand is constantly Increasing, Tlie American Fruit Culttnlst, With directions for the Orchard, Nursery and Garden, by J. J. THoma- ; :i(X) accurate Hgares, revised and enlarged, niucHn, 4-21 pp., 12mo. $1 50. The Dairyman's Manunl, A complete Guide for the American Dairyman, by G. Evans, 2.'15 pp., Bvo. $1. Tke American Farmer, Or, Home in the Country, by J. L. Blake, D. D., 23 illustration-, niu-liii, 460 pp., tSmo. $1 50. Itlnki-'a Fnrmn's Every Uny Rook, Or, Life in the Country, with tbe Elements of Practical and Theoretical Agricultures also,...