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The Wool Question , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
The Wool Question , The eastern manufacturers have been laboring for sometime to induce Congress to take off the duties upon wool , so as to se- ^ cure to themselves the home market for the cloths they manufacture . The Secretary of the Treasury has yielded to their desires , on the ground of a wish to reduce the amount of revenues from importations . It is contended by the manufacturers that the taking off of the duty will not lessen the demand for nativewools , or reduce their prices . Now if this reduction of duty induces importations of foreign wool , we cannot conceive why this should not lessen the demand and the prices for native wools . It seems to us that the case is so clear as not to admit even of the shadow of a doubt . By reducing the prices of the wool grown by our farmers , the manufacturers , protected by twenty per cent , duties on foreign cloths , they can monopolize the home market , we believe to be true , and probably they will be enabled to furnish their cloths...
For tan Illinois Farmer [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
For tan Illinois Farmer Tne Farmer . Of all pursuits on earth invented . The Plowmen are the best contented ; Their calling good , their profits high , And on their labor tfiey rely . Their hands give meat to all around Up from the beggar to the crown ; The milk and honey , corn and wheat Are by their labor made complete . Our cloths from them first arise , To deck the fop and dress the wise ; We then by vote may justly state The Plowman ranks among the great . More independent than them all , Who dwell upon this earthly ball . All hail ye farmers , young and old , Push on your plows with courage bold Tour wealth arises from the sod ; Your independence from your God . If then the Plow supports the nation And men who rank in every station—Let kings to farmers make their bow , And every man procure a Plow .
Learn a Trade . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Learn a Trade . It is a great mistake in boys not to learn trades . He that has a trade , has an estate , is an old saying . When you see young lads , hanging about stores and corners , with their hands in their pockets , and segars in their mouths , without any steady employment , you may make up your mind that the day will come when they will be likely to see hard times . They have no particular purpose in life—but calculate to take hold of some profitable business hereafter , of which they know nothing and will be likely to know nothing until they engage in it . Such lads will be a tax on their parents until they are of age , and be of little ac . count afterwards . Learn a trade—have some purpose in life . A few days since , a young man from the east called at the Farmer office , and wanted employment . What can you do ? was the question . I am willing to work at almost anything . Have you a trade ? I have not . Was you brought up to any regular business ? My father was tolerabl...
lowers and Reapers . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
lowers and Reapers . We have advertised on our advertising sheet several Mowers and Reapers . The advertisers tell their own stories of their machines and their peculiar merits . First , there is Manny s Mower and Reaper ; next Danforth s Mower and Reaper ; next Atkin s Mower and Reaper ; next Seymour and Morgan s New York Self Raking Reaper , and Mower Attachment ; and finally , Henderson &amp; Co . s new Mower and Reaper , which run s without gearing and is of very light weight . All these Mowers and Reapers have their friends . We only say to our farmers , examine them well and be fully persuaded in your own minds , before you make a selection . They are all at hand for examination as well as the published evidences of their value .
Coming to the West [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Coming to the West A eastern gentleman who arrived in this city , in the middle of April , from the east , expressed his great surprise at the avalanche of emigration he witnessed coming to the west , as he leisurely pursued his journey to this city . There are several trains a day on the Central New York road and on the train in which he passed were thirteen cars crowded with emigrants . He was told by an officer of the road that every train would average an equal number of cars filled with persons moving to the west , and this had been going on ever since the first of March , and before . The Southern New York road is also crowded with emigrants . We suppose that emigration from New Jersey , as well as that of Pennsylvania , passed over the Pennsylvania road . There are no pressent means of estimating the number of emigrants from the eastern states who have and will come to the west and settle in the new territories and states the present year ; but it must double , if not triple ...
The Crops , Weather , & c . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
The Crops , Weather , &amp; c . The season in this part of Elinois , ( April ! , ) is very dry . Wheat has suffered and is now suffering greatly from drought . We must have rain within a few days or there will be a short crop . We already notice that papers published in some of the towns on the Illinois river , are advising farmers not to sell off their present stock of wheat too close before they shall be satisfied that there will not be a failure in the coming crop . It is a bad plan , we think , for farmers to rely wholly on one staple crop . If one crop should fail , they ought to be able to fall back on another . If wheat fails , they should have corn , oats , barley , potatoes , buckwheat , &amp; c . If the meadows fail , they should be able to fall back on corn sown broadcast and on millet . Both will do to sow late , and yield heavy crops . Some of our farmers will try parrots as a field crop the present season . They yield well in our rich and deeply pulveri...
Agricultural Fairs . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Agricultural Fairs . There seems to be great disappointment in Southern Illinois on account of the location of the State Fair . We give an article on the subject from a citizen of Union county . We have the proceedings of a meeting held in Marion county on the same subject . The executive committee are severely censured for the decision they conceived it their duty to make . The main point in the proceedings of the meeting referred to , seemed to be to get up a fair in Southern Illinois , and a committee was appointed to act in concert with other commitees to be appointed in the southern counties , for this object . We are in favor of this measure . Let the fair be held at the best point , a week , or two weeks , after the State Fair , and we believe that much good can be effected . We are for it , and will do all we can to carry out the project . We believe in the benefits of agricultural fairs , and especially have we confidence that such a fair as is contemplated , will benefit S...
Corn Planters , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Corn Planters , Our farmers are invited to examine the Corn Planters left with Francis &amp; Barrell , for sale . First , we have the Wakefield , a single Corn Planter ; then Randall &amp; Jones , a double ditto ; then Woodward s , by horse power ; then Barnhill s , to plant in drills ; and last , ( which has just come to hand , ) a new double planter . We venture to say that we can prove by the testimony of the inventor of each of those machines , that his is the best ! But experience must determine this *
The State Fair . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
The State Fair . The Alton Courier of the 2 lst ultimo , says : On Saturday last , Dr . H . C . Johns , the able President of the Illinois State Agricultural Society , in company with a committee of our citizens , visited the different localities around our city , which had been mentioned as Suitable places for holding the next annual State Fair , and after a careful examination of each tract , and duly weighing the advantages of each , the decision was finally made in favor of the Hopkins tract , immediately north of and adjoining the northern boundary of the city , and just one mile back of the river . The piece selected comprises about thirty acres ; twelve acres of which are entirely clear of timber , the balance being a fine open grove , with a firm blue grass sod , and in point of natural beauty far surpasses , so we are informed by Dr . Johns , any piece of ground he has ever examined with the same view . J . A . Miller , Esq ., Architect , of this city , has been employed to...
Frozen Cherry Trees , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Frozen Cherry Trees , What can be done with them ? WM . HEAVES , a distinguished nurseryman , thus answers this question , in a communication to the Ohio Farmer : I would advise you to leave your cherry trees alone , until after the time the cherries are in leaf , when , if there is any life in them , it will show itself . Should the main trunk be killed nearly down to the stock , allow all the sprouts above the original inserted bud , to grow until they attain the length of ten or twelve inches ; then select the stoutest shoot , and secure in a perpendicular position , to form the future trunk of the tree ; nip off about half ah inch of the top of the oilier sprouts , and continue nipping them back as long as they continue to grow through the season , allowing- them to mnke from four to five inches of growth each time . Select the strongest bud for your leader , whether it may be the upper bud or not , and let it grow unchecked . By pursuing this course you keep the vital principle...
State Fair at Alton . [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
State Fair at Alton . At the adjourned annual meeting of the Bond county agricultural society , held at Greenville , April 21 , 1856 , Hon . Benjamin Johnson , president , in the chair , it was Resolved , That this society have learned with much regret that the executive committee of the agricultural society of the state of Illinois have chosen Alton as the place for holding the next state fair . The disregard to the interests and feelings of all southern Illinois in such selection , is perhaps less to be deplored than its injurious effect upon the influence of this society in the great object of its institution , to promote agricultural improvement throughout the stateNot only by failing to encourage this improvement in quarters where such improvement is most needed , and where the influence of its example would prove most salutary and efficient , bat by thus giving just cause for sectional jealousy , all hope of uniting the fanners of the whole state in one harmonious and general ...
Culture of Carrots , [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Culture of Carrots , EDITOR ILLINOIS FARMER : As this is the proper season for sowing the Carrot , a few remarks about its value for stock feeding and the mode of culture , may be of use to those who are unacquainted with the mode of managing that crop . ( I will hereafter give the mode for keeping it in the winter season . ) For the dairy farmer no root that is known is of more value . The milk and butter from cows fed on it is of superior flavor , besides increasing the quantity in winter , and at the same time they will fatten on this food . The three first weeks of May is the best time for sowing . The soil most suitable is a deep sandy loam , bnt they will yield a large crop on deep black loam . The ground should have , at least , two deep ploughings , and then well harrowed ; lay off the drills about two feet wide so as to admit of horse hoeing , and if the land is in poor condition , some well rotted manure will be of great benefit . After covering over the manure with the pl...
THE MARKETS [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
THE MARKETS Springfield Market . Wo have but few changes to note in our market the past month . Wheat and Flour have fallen , and may yet even lower . There is little wheat , hut an immense amount of Corn in the country . But few Oats are in market . The recent heavy rains have greatly improved the fields of wheat and oats—tho somo of the former are lost beyond recovery . Potatoes still rule high in market , and good potatoes are scarce . The farmers seem to be more particular in regard to the seed potatoes to be used the present season , than usual . Farmers are busy preparing their ground for corn , and many are already planting . Butter and Cheese are scarce articles in our market . For small farmers the dairy business must be very profitable . A fow cows well attended to , would give a family a certain and profitable employment . Our market is nearly bare of garden vegetables ; but from the number of persons in the neighborhood of tho city who have engaged in the gardening busin...
COMTENTS [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
COMTENTS PACK . Immigration . 97 Our Politics 98 State Fair 99 Sangamon Fair .. 9 ? Cultivation of Beans 100 Onions •• 101 Corn ; Premium Crop 101 Zampson s Broad-cast Sower . 101 Wool 102 Early Flowers 102 Evergreens 102 Potatoes 102 Grapes 103 Purple Chili Potatoes 103 GrapeTines 103 Tho Cyprus as a Prairie Tree , ..... 104 Reapers and Mowers 104 Agricultural Implements 104 Improvements in Breed of Horses 105 Communications 108 TheKobin 109 Moral sense of Flowers 109 Miscellaneous Items ..... 109 EDITORIAL NOTISES . Wool Question ; The Fanner ; Learn a Trade ; Coming West ; Mowers and Keapers ; Peach Trees ; Crops , &amp; c ; Fairs ; Verbenaa ; Jfews of month ; Corn Planters ; State Fair ; spireas ni Officers Agricultural society 116 Frozen cherry Trees 110 State Fair at Alton . 116 Culture of Carrots 117 Markets .. . 117
Page 22 Advertisements Column 1 [Newspaper Article] — Illinois Farmer — 1 May 1856
Sales of Property at Auction , MAXCY &amp; MCALLISTER , AT ALL TIMES READY TO SELL , BY . auction , real estate and personal property , in the city and country . ( gg 1 Auction room , centre room of the Journal Buildings . They also attend to the private sale and purchase of farms and lands in the country , and lots and houses in the city . Journal Buildings , May 1 , 1856 . The Springfield Woolen Factory , IS Prepared to Card , Spin , or Manufacture Wool into Cloths and Blankets in good style and with despatch . They have added to their Carding Room , new and improved Custom Cards , which enables tham . to Card in first rate order Mm ® pounds of wool per dav . Customers from abroad can have their wool attended to without delay . CASH PAID FOR WOOL . May 1 . ARMSTRONG &amp; . CO . © SAGE ORANGE PLANTS . FOR Sale by May 7 , 1856 FRANCIS &amp; . BARBELL . FAMILY GROCERIES , FRESH and good , of almost every variety , for sale by FRANCIS &amp; BARRELL . M...